Javanrud

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Javanrud

جوانرود
City
Iran location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Javanrud
Coordinates: 34°48′24″N46°29′19″E / 34.80667°N 46.48861°E / 34.80667; 46.48861 Coordinates: 34°48′24″N46°29′19″E / 34.80667°N 46.48861°E / 34.80667; 46.48861
Country Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
Province Kermanshah
County Javanrud
Bakhsh Central
Population
 (2016 Census)
  Total54,354 [1]
Time zone UTC+3:30 (IRST)
  Summer (DST) UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Javanrud (Kurdish : جوانڕۆ, romanized: Ciwanro; Persian : جوانرود; also Romanized as Javānrūd; also known as Qal‘a Jūanrūd, Qal‘eh Jūānrūd, and Qal‘eh-ye Javānrūd, all meaning "Fort Javanrud", and Jūānrū) [2] is a city in Javanrud County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 43,104, comprising 9,591 families. [3] The city of Javanrud is located 79 kilometers north of Kermanshah and is 1300 meters above sea level. [4]

Contents

Etymology

The city is apparently named after the Kurdish Javanrud tribe which dominated the area in the past. [5]

Demographics

The city is populated by Kurds, from various tribal backgrounds, who adhere to Sunni Islam. However, the Jaff tribe is the main tribe in the city. The two Sufi branches Naqshbandi and Qadiriyya have a strong presence in the city as well. The locals speak Gorani, Sorani and Persian. [5]

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References

  1. https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. Javanrud can be found at GEOnet Names Server , at this link , by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3797685" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  4. https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2019/11/iran-more-than-100-protesters-believed-to-be-killed-as-top-officials-give-green-light-to-crush-protests/
  5. 1 2 Marduk, Abdallah (2008). "JAVĀNRUD". Encyclopedia Iranica .

See also