| Athletics |
|Men||Jan Železný 98.48 m (1996)|
|Women||Barbora Špotáková 72.28 m (2008)|
|Men||Andreas Thorkildsen 90.57 m (2008)|
|Women||Osleidys Menéndez 71.53 m (2004)|
The javelin throw is a track and field event where the javelin, a spear about 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) in length, is thrown. The javelin thrower gains momentum by running within a predetermined area. Javelin throwing is an event of both the men's decathlon and the women's heptathlon.
The javelin throw was added to the Ancient Olympic Games as part of the pentathlon in 708 BC. It included two events, one for distance and the other for accuracy in hitting a target. The javelin was thrown with the aid of a thong ( ankyle in Greek) that was wound around the middle of the shaft. Athletes held the javelin by the ankyle, and when they released the shaft, the unwinding of the thong gave the javelin a spiral trajectory.
Throwing javelin-like poles into targets was revived in Germany and Sweden in the early 1870s. In Sweden, these poles developed into the modern javelin, and throwing them for distance became a common event there and in Finland in the 1880s. The rules continued to evolve over the next decades; originally, javelins were thrown with no run-up, and holding them by the grip at the center of gravity was not always mandatory. Limited run-ups were introduced in the late 1890s, and soon developed into the modern unlimited run-up. 435–436:
Sweden's Eric Lemming, who threw his first world best (49.32 meters) in 1899 and ruled the event from 1902 to 1912, was the first dominant javelin thrower. 436,441 :478 When the men's javelin was introduced as an Olympic discipline at the 1906 Intercalated Games, Lemming won by almost nine metres and broke his own world record; Sweden swept the first four places, as Finland's best throwers were absent and the event had yet to become popular in any other country. :437 Though challenged by younger talents, Lemming repeated as Olympic champion in 1908 and 1912; his eventual best mark (62.32 m, thrown after the 1912 Olympics) was the first javelin world record to be officially ratified by the International Association of Athletics Federations. :436–441:
In the late 19th and early 20th century, most javelin competitions were two-handed; the implement was thrown with the right hand and separately with the left hand, and the best marks for each hand were added together. Competitions for the better hand only were less common, though not unknown. 441 After that, this version of the javelin rapidly faded into obscurity, together with similar variations of the shot and the discus; Sweden's Yngve Häckner, with his total of 114.28 m from 1917, was the last official both-hands world record holder.At the Olympics a both-hands contest was held only once, in 1912; Finland swept the medals, ahead of Lemming. :
Another early variant was the freestyle javelin, in which holding the javelin by the grip at the center of gravity was not mandatory; such a freestyle competition was held at the 1908 Olympics, but was dropped from the program after that. 478 Hungary's Mór Kóczán used a freestyle end grip to break the 60-meter barrier in 1911, a year before Lemming and Julius Saaristo first did so with a regular grip. :440 :214:
The first known women's javelin marks were recorded in Finland in 1909. 479Originally, women threw the same implement as men; a lighter, shorter javelin for women was introduced in the 1920s. Women's javelin throw was added to the Olympic program in 1932; Mildred "Babe" Didrikson of the United States became the first champion. :
For a long time, javelins were made of solid wood, typically birch, with a steel tip. The hollow, highly aerodynamic Held javelin, invented by American thrower Bud Held and developed and manufactured by his brother Dick, was introduced in the 1950s; the first Held javelins were also wooden with steel tips, but later models were made entirely of metal. 478–479 These new javelins flew further, but were also less likely to land neatly point first; as a response to the increasingly frequent flat or ambiguously flat landings, experiments with modified javelins started in the early 1980s. The resulting designs, which made flat landings much less common and reduced the distances thrown, became official for men starting in April 1986 and for women in April 1999, and the world records (then 104.80 m by Uwe Hohn, and 80.00 m by Petra Felke) were reset. The current (as of 2017 [update] ) men's world record is held by Jan Železný at 98.48 m (1996); Barbora Špotáková holds the women's world record at 72.28 m (2008).:
Of the 69 Olympic medals that have been awarded in the men's javelin, 32 have gone to competitors from Norway, Sweden or Finland. Finland is the only nation to have swept the medals at a currently recognized official Olympics, and has done so twice, in 1920 and 1932, in addition to its 1912 sweep in the two-handed javelin; in 1920 Finland swept the first four places, which is no longer possible as only three entrants per country are allowed. Finland has, however, never been nearly as successful in the women's javelin. 479:
The javelin throw has been part of the decathlon since the decathlon was introduced in the early 1910s; the all-around, an earlier ten-event contest of American origin, did not include the javelin throw. The javelin was also part of some (though not all) of the many early forms of women's pentathlon and has always been included in the heptathlon after it replaced the pentathlon in 1981.
The size, shape, minimum weight, and center of gravity of the javelin are all defined by IAAF rules. In international competition, men throw a javelin between 2.6 and 2.7 m (8 ft 6 in and 8 ft 10 in) in length and 800 g (28 oz) in weight, and women throw a javelin between 2.2 and 2.3 m (7 ft 3 in and 7 ft 7 in) in length and 600 g (21 oz) in weight. The javelin has a grip, about 150 mm (5.9 in) wide, made of cord and located at the javelin's center of gravity (0.9 to 1.06 m (2 ft 11 in to 3 ft 6 in) from the javelin tip for the men's javelin and 0.8 to 0.92 m (2 ft 7 in to 3 ft 0 in) from the javelin tip for the women's javelin).
Unlike the other throwing events (shot put, discus, and hammer), the technique used to throw the javelin is dictated by IAAF rules and "non-orthodox" techniques are not permitted. The javelin must be held at its grip and thrown overhand, over the athlete's shoulder or upper arm. Further, the athlete is prohibited from turning completely around such that his back faces the direction of throw. In practice, this prevents athletes from attempting to spin and hurl the javelin sidearm in the style of a discus throw. This rule was put in place when a group of athletes began experimenting with a spin technique referred to as "free style". On 24 October 1956, Pentti Saarikoski threw 99.25 m (325 ft 7+1⁄4 in) using the technique holding the end of the javelin. Officials were so afraid of the out of control nature of the technique that the practice was banned through these rule specifications.
Instead of being confined to a circle, javelin throwers have a runway 4 m (13 ft) wide and at least 30 m (98 ft) in length, ending in a curved arc from which their throw will be measured; athletes typically use this distance to gain momentum in a "run-up" to their throw. Like the other throwing events, the competitor may not leave the throwing area (the runway) until after the implement lands. The need to come to a stop behind the throwing arc limits both how close the athlete can come to the line before the release as well as the maximum speed achieved at the time of release.
The javelin is thrown towards a "sector" covering an angle of 28.96 degrees extending outwards from the arc at the end of the runway. A throw is legal only if the tip of the javelin lands within this sector, and the tip strikes the ground before any other part of the javelin.The distance of the throw is measured from the throwing arc to the point where the tip of the javelin landed, rounded down to the nearest centimeter.
Competition rules are similar to other throwing events: a round consists of one attempt by each competitor in turn, and competitions typically consist of three to six rounds. The competitor with the longest single legal throw (over all rounds) is the winner; in the case of a tie the competitors' second-longest throws are also considered. Competitions involving large numbers of athletes sometimes use a "cut": all competitors compete in the first three rounds, but only athletes who are currently among the top eight or have achieved some minimum distances are permitted to attempt to improve on their distance in additional rounds (typically three).
On 1 April 1986, the men's javelin (800 grams (1.76 lb )) was redesigned by the governing body (the IAAF Technical Committee). They decided to change the rules for javelin design because of the increasingly frequent flat landings and the resulting discussions and protests when these attempts were declared valid or invalid by competition judges. The world record had also crept up to a potentially dangerous level, 104.80 m (343.8 ft) by Uwe Hohn. With throws exceeding 100 meters, it was becoming difficult to safely stage the competition within the confines of a stadium infield. The javelin was redesigned so that the centre of gravity was moved 4 cm (1.6 in) forward. In addition, the surface area in front of centre of gravity was reduced, while the surface area behind the centre of gravity was increased. This had an effect similar to that produced by the feathers on an arrow. The javelin turns into the relative wind. This relative wind appears to originate from the ground as the javelin descends, thus the javelin turns to face the ground. As the javelin turns into the wind less lift is generated, reducing the flight distance by around 10% but also causing the javelin to stick in the ground more consistently. In 1999, the women's javelin (600 grams (1.32 lb)) was similarly redesigned.
Modifications that manufacturers made to recover some of the lost distance, by increasing tail drag (using holes, rough paint or dimples), were forbidden at the end of 1991 and marks made using implements with such modifications removed from the record books. Seppo Räty had achieved a world record of 96.96 m (318.1 ft) in 1991 with such a design, but this record was nullified.
The weight of the javelin in the Under-20 category is the same as the senior level.
Unlike other throwing events, javelin allows the competitor to build speed over a considerable distance. In addition to the core and upper body strength necessary to deliver the implement, javelin throwers benefit from the agility and athleticism typically associated with running and jumping events. Thus, the athletes share more physical characteristics with sprinters than with others, although they still need the skill of heavier throwing athletes.
Traditional free-weight training is often used by javelin throwers. Metal-rod exercises and resistance band exercises can be used to train a similar action to the javelin throw to increase power and intensity. Without proper strength and flexibility, throwers can become extremely injury prone, especially in the shoulder and elbow. Core stability can help in the transference of physical power and force from the ground through the body to the javelin. Stretching and sprint training are used to enhance the speed of the athlete at the point of release, and subsequently, the speed of the javelin. At release, a javelin can reach speeds approaching 113 km/h (70 mph).
The javelin throw consists of three separate phases: the run-up, the transition, and the delivery. During each phase, the position of the javelin changes while the thrower changes his or her muscle recruitment. In the run-up phase as Luann Voza states, "your arm is bent and kept close to your head, keeping the javelin in alignment with little to no arm movement".This allows the thrower's bicep to contract, flexing the elbow. In order for the javelin to stay up high, the thrower's deltoid flexes. In the transition phase, the thrower's "back muscles contract" as "the javelin is brought back in alignment with the shoulder with the thrower's palm up". This, according to Voza, "stretches your pectoral, or chest, muscles. From there, a stretch reflex, an involuntary contraction of your chest, helps bring your throwing arm forward with increased force". During the final phase, the rotation of the shoulders initiates the release, which then “transfers movement through the triceps muscles, wrists and fingers to extend the throwing arm forward to release the javelin".
Due to the fear of liability, the javelin throw is not an event in NFHS high school competition in 36 states, though USATF youth competitions for the same aged athletes do hold javelin competitions.At various points in time, high schools have attempted to create substitute events, including the softball throw, football throw and the grenade throw, throwing different objects under rules similar to javelin throw rules. In those states that do allow high school javelin competition, a few specify that the tip must be of rubber. Further, in age group track meets in the U.S., and in particular with elementary-school children in the Northeast, the Turbojav—a smaller plastic implement with a rubber tip but with similar flying characteristics as a real javelin—is a popular alternative.
Javelin throwers have been selected as a main motif in numerous collectors' coins. One of the recent samples is the €5 Finnish 10th IAAF World Championships in Athletics commemorative coin, minted in 2005 to commemorate the 2005 World Championships in Athletics. On the obverse of the coin, a javelin thrower is depicted. On the reverse, legs of hurdle runners with the Helsinki Olympic Stadium tower in the background can be seen.
|1||98.48 m (323 ft 1 in)||Jan Železný (CZE)||25 May 1996||Jena|
|2||97.76 m (320 ft 8+3⁄4 in)||Johannes Vetter (GER)||6 September 2020||Chorzów|
|3||93.90 m (308 ft 3⁄4 in)||Thomas Röhler (GER)||5 May 2017||Doha|
|4||93.09 m (305 ft 4+3⁄4 in)||Aki Parviainen (FIN)||26 June 1999||Kuortane|
|5||92.72 m (304 ft 2+1⁄4 in)||Julius Yego (KEN)||26 August 2015||Beijing|
|6||92.61 m (303 ft 10 in)||Sergey Makarov (RUS)||30 June 2002||Sheffield|
|7||92.60 m (303 ft 9+1⁄2 in)||Raymond Hecht (GER)||21 July 1995||Oslo|
|8||92.06 m (302 ft 1⁄4 in)||Andreas Hofmann (GER)||2 June 2018||Offenburg|
|9||91.69 m (300 ft 9+3⁄4 in)||Konstadinós Gatsioúdis (GRE)||24 June 2000||Kuortane|
|10||91.59 m (300 ft 5+3⁄4 in)||Andreas Thorkildsen (NOR)||2 June 2006||Oslo|
|11||91.53 m (300 ft 3+1⁄2 in)||Tero Pitkämäki (FIN)||26 June 2005||Kuortane|
|12||91.46 m (300 ft 3⁄4 in)||Steve Backley (GBR)||25 January 1992||Auckland|
|13||91.36 m (299 ft 8+3⁄4 in)||Cheng Chao-tsun (TPE)||26 August 2017||Taipei|
|14||91.29 m (299 ft 6 in)||Breaux Greer (USA)||21 June 2007||Indianapolis|
|15||90.82 m (297 ft 11+1⁄2 in)||Kimmo Kinnunen (FIN)||26 August 1991||Tokyo|
|16||90.73 m (297 ft 8 in)||Vadims Vasilevskis (LAT)||22 July 2007||Tallinn|
|17||90.61 m (297 ft 3+1⁄4 in)||Magnus Kirt (EST)||22 June 2019||Kuortane|
|18||90.60 m (297 ft 2+3⁄4 in)||Seppo Räty (FIN)||20 July 1992||Nurmijärvi|
|19||90.44 m (296 ft 8+1⁄2 in)||Boris Henry (GER)||9 July 1997||Linz|
|20||90.16 m (295 ft 9+1⁄2 in)||Keshorn Walcott (TTO)||9 July 2015||Lausanne|
|21||89.73 m (294 ft 4+1⁄2 in)||Jakub Vadlejch (CZE)||12 August 2017||London|
|22||89.55 m (293 ft 9+1⁄2 in)||Marcin Krukowski (POL)||8 June 2021||Turku|
|23||89.21 m (292 ft 8 in)||Ihab Abdelrahman (EGY)||18 May 2014||Shanghai|
|24||89.17 m (292 ft 6+1⁄2 in)||Edis Matusevičius (LTU)||27 July 2019||Palanga|
|25||89.16 m (292 ft 6 in) A||Tom Petranoff (RSA)||1 March 1991||Potchefstroom|
Below is a list of all other performances (excluding ancillary throws) equal or superior to 90.75 m:
|1||72.28 m (237 ft 1+1⁄2 in)||Barbora Špotáková (CZE)||13 September 2008||Stuttgart|
|2||71.70 m (235 ft 2+3⁄4 in)||Osleidys Menéndez (CUB)||14 August 2005||Helsinki|
|3||71.40 m (234 ft 3 in)||Maria Andrejczyk (POL)||9 May 2021||Split|
|4||70.53 m (231 ft 4+3⁄4 in)||Mariya Abakumova (RUS)||1 September 2013||Berlin|
|5||70.20 m (230 ft 3+3⁄4 in)||Christina Obergföll (GER)||23 June 2007||Munich|
|6||69.48 m (227 ft 11+1⁄4 in)||Trine Hattestad (NOR)||28 July 2000||Oslo|
|7||69.35 m (227 ft 6+1⁄4 in)||Sunette Viljoen (RSA)||9 June 2012||New York City|
|8||68.92 m (226 ft 1+1⁄4 in)||Kathryn Mitchell (AUS)||11 April 2018||Gold Coast|
|9||68.43 m (224 ft 6 in)||Sara Kolak (CRO)||6 July 2017||Lausanne|
|10||68.34 m (224 ft 2+1⁄2 in)||Steffi Nerius (GER)||31 August 2008||Elstal|
|11||67.98 m (223 ft 1⁄4 in)||Lü Huihui (CHN)||2 August 2019||Shenyang|
|12||67.90 m (222 ft 9 in)||Christin Hussong (GER)||10 August 2018||Berlin|
|13||67.70 m (222 ft 1+1⁄4 in)||Kelsey-Lee Barber (AUS)||9 July 2019||Lucerne|
|14||67.69 m (222 ft 3⁄4 in)||Katharina Molitor (GER)||30 August 2015||Beijing|
|15||67.67 m (222 ft 0 in)||Sonia Bisset (CUB)||6 July 2005||Salamanca|
|16||67.51 m (221 ft 5+3⁄4 in)||Miréla Manjani (GRE)||30 September 2000||Sydney|
|17||67.47 m (221 ft 4+1⁄4 in)||Tatsiana Khaladovich (BLR)||7 June 2018||Oslo|
|18||67.40 m (221 ft 1+1⁄2 in)||Nikola Ogrodníková (CZE)||26 May 2019||Offenburg|
|19||67.32 m (220 ft 10+1⁄4 in)||Linda Stahl (GER)||14 June 2014||New York City|
|20||67.30 m (220 ft 9+1⁄2 in)||Vera Rebrik (RUS)||19 February 2016||Adler|
|21||67.29 m (220 ft 9 in)||Hanna Hatsko-Fedusova (UKR)||26 July 2014||Kirovohrad|
|Liu Shiying (CHN)||15 September 2020||Shaoxing|
|23||67.21 m (220 ft 6 in)||Eda Tuğsuz (TUR)||18 May 2017||Baku|
|24||67.20 m (220 ft 5+1⁄2 in)||Tatyana Shikolenko (RUS)||18 August 2000||Monaco|
|25||67.16 m (220 ft 4 in)||Martina Ratej (SLO)||14 May 2010||Doha|
Below is a list of all other performances (excluding ancillary throws) equal or superior to 69.50 m:
The following athletes had their performance (over 69.52 m) annulled due to doping offenses:
Marks set using dimpled rough-tailed javelins manufactured by several companies were nullified effective 20 September 1991. 208–209:
|1||96.96||Seppo Räty (FIN)||2 June 1991||Punkalaidun|
|2||91.36||Steve Backley (GBR)||15 September 1991||Sheffield|
|3||90.84||Raymond Hecht (GER)||8 September 1991||Gengenbach|
|4||90.82||Kimmo Kinnunen (FIN)||26 August 1991||Tokyo|
|5||90.72||Jan Železný (TCH)||10 July 1991||Lausanne|
|1||104.80||Uwe Hohn (GDR)||21 July 1984||Berlin|
|2||99.72||Tom Petranoff (USA)||15 May 1983||Westwood|
|3||96.72||Ferenc Paragi (HUN)||23 April 1980||Tata|
|96.72||Detlef Michel (GER)||9 June 1983||Berlin|
|5||95.80||Bob Roggy (USA)||29 August 1982||Stuttgart|
|6||95.10||Brian Crouser (USA)||5 August 1985||Eugene|
|7||94.58||Miklós Németh (HUN)||26 July 1976||Montreal|
|8||94.22||Michael Wessing (FRG)||3 August 1978||Oslo|
|9||94.20||Heino Puuste (EST)||5 June 1983||Birmingham|
|10||94.08||Klaus Wolfermann (FRG)||5 May 1973||Leverkusen|
|11||94.06||Duncan Atwood (USA)||26 July 1985||Eugene|
|12||93.90||Hannu Siitonen (FIN)||6 June 1973||Helsinki|
|13||93.84||Pentti Sinersaari (FIN)||27 January 1979||Auckland|
|14||93.80||Jānis Lūsis (LAT)||6 July 1972||Stockholm|
|15||93.70||Viktor Yevsyukov (KAZ)||17 July 1985||Kyiv|
|1||80.00||Petra Felke (GDR)||8 September 1988||Potsdam|
|2||77.44||Fatima Whitbread (GBR)||6 September 1986||Stuttgart|
|3||74.76||Tiina Lillak (FIN)||13 June 1983||Tampere|
|4||74.20||Sofia Sakorafa (GRE)||26 September 1982||Hania|
|5||73.58||Tessa Sanderson (GBR)||26 June 1983||Edinburgh|
|6||72.70||Anna Verouli (GRE)||20 May 1984||Hania|
|7||72.16||Antje Kempe (GDR)||5 May 1984||Celje|
|8||72.12||Trine Hattestad (NOR)||10 July 1993||Oslo|
|9||71.88||Antoaneta Todorova (BUL)||15 August 1981||Birmingham|
|10||71.82||Ivonne Leal (CUB)||30 August 1985||Leverkusen|
|11||71.40||Natalya Shikolenko (BLR)||5 June 1994||Sevilla|
|12||71.00||Silke Renk (GDR)||25 June 1988||Rostock|
|13||70.76||Beate Koch (GDR)||22 June 1989||Rostock|
|14||70.42||Zhang Li (CHN)||6 August 1990||Tianjin|
|15||70.20||Karen Forkel (GER)||9 May 1991||Halle|
| 1908 London || Eric Lemming |
| Arne Halse |
| Otto Nilsson |
| 1912 Stockholm || Eric Lemming |
| Julius Saaristo |
| Mór Kóczán |
| 1920 Antwerp || Jonni Myyrä |
| Urho Peltonen |
| Pekka Johansson |
| 1924 Paris || Jonni Myyrä |
| Gunnar Lindström |
| Eugene Oberst |
| 1928 Amsterdam || Erik Lundqvist |
| Béla Szepes |
| Olav Sunde |
| 1932 Los Angeles || Matti Järvinen |
| Matti Sippala |
| Eino Penttilä |
| 1936 Berlin || Gerhard Stöck |
| Yrjö Nikkanen |
| Kalervo Toivonen |
| 1948 London || Tapio Rautavaara |
| Steve Seymour |
| József Várszegi |
| 1952 Helsinki || Cy Young |
| Bill Miller |
| Toivo Hyytiäinen |
| 1956 Melbourne || Egil Danielsen |
| Janusz Sidło |
| Viktor Tsybulenko |
| 1960 Rome || Viktor Tsybulenko |
| Walter Krüger |
United Team of Germany
| Gergely Kulcsár |
| 1964 Tokyo || Pauli Nevala |
| Gergely Kulcsár |
| Jānis Lūsis |
| 1968 Mexico City || Jānis Lūsis |
| Jorma Kinnunen |
| Gergely Kulcsár |
| 1972 Munich || Klaus Wolfermann |
| Jānis Lūsis |
| Bill Schmidt |
| 1976 Montreal || Miklós Németh |
| Hannu Siitonen |
| Gheorghe Megelea |
| 1980 Moscow || Dainis Kūla |
| Aleksandr Makarov |
| Wolfgang Hanisch |
| 1984 Los Angeles || Arto Härkönen |
| David Ottley |
| Kenth Eldebrink |
| 1988 Seoul || Tapio Korjus |
| Jan Železný |
| Seppo Räty |
| 1992 Barcelona || Jan Železný |
| Seppo Räty |
| Steve Backley |
| 1996 Atlanta || Jan Železný |
| Steve Backley |
| Seppo Räty |
| 2000 Sydney || Jan Železný |
| Steve Backley |
| Sergey Makarov |
| 2004 Athens || Andreas Thorkildsen |
| Vadims Vasiļevskis |
| Sergey Makarov |
| 2008 Beijing || Andreas Thorkildsen |
| Ainārs Kovals |
| Tero Pitkämäki |
| 2012 London || Keshorn Walcott |
Trinidad and Tobago
| Antti Ruuskanen |
| Vítězslav Veselý |
| 2016 Rio de Janeiro || Thomas Röhler |
| Julius Yego |
| Keshorn Walcott |
Trinidad and Tobago
| 1932 Los Angeles || Babe Didrikson |
| Ellen Braumüller |
| Tilly Fleischer |
| 1936 Berlin || Tilly Fleischer |
| Luise Krüger |
| Maria Kwaśniewska |
| 1948 London || Herma Bauma |
| Kaisa Parviainen |
| Lily Carlstedt |
| 1952 Helsinki || Dana Zátopková |
| Aleksandra Chudina |
| Yelena Gorchakova |
| 1956 Melbourne || Inese Jaunzeme |
| Marlene Ahrens |
| Nadezhda Konyayeva |
| 1960 Rome || Elvīra Ozoliņa |
| Dana Zátopková |
| Birutė Kalėdienė |
| 1964 Tokyo || Mihaela Peneș |
| Márta Rudas |
| Yelena Gorchakova |
| 1968 Mexico City || Angéla Németh |
| Mihaela Peneș |
| Eva Janko |
| 1972 Munich || Ruth Fuchs |
| Jacqueline Todten |
| Kate Schmidt |
| 1976 Montreal || Ruth Fuchs |
| Marion Becker |
| Kate Schmidt |
| 1980 Moscow || María Caridad Colón |
| Saida Gunba |
| Ute Hommola |
| 1984 Los Angeles || Tessa Sanderson |
| Tiina Lillak |
| Fatima Whitbread |
| 1988 Seoul || Petra Felke |
| Fatima Whitbread |
| Beate Koch |
| 1992 Barcelona || Silke Renk |
| Natalya Shikolenko |
| Karen Forkel |
| 1996 Atlanta || Heli Rantanen |
| Louise McPaul |
| Trine Hattestad |
| 2000 Sydney || Trine Hattestad |
| Mirela Maniani-Tzelili |
| Osleidys Menéndez |
| 2004 Athens || Osleidys Menéndez |
| Steffi Nerius |
| Mirela Maniani |
| 2008 Beijing || Barbora Špotáková |
| Christina Obergföll |
| Goldie Sayers |
| 2012 London || Barbora Špotáková |
| Christina Obergföll |
| Linda Stahl |
| 2016 Rio de Janeiro || Sara Kolak |
| Sunette Viljoen |
| Barbora Špotáková |
| 1983 Helsinki ||Detlef Michel (GDR)||Tom Petranoff (USA)||Dainis Kūla (URS)|
| 1987 Rome ||Seppo Räty (FIN)||Viktor Yevsyukov (URS)||Jan Železný (TCH)|
| 1991 Tokyo ||Kimmo Kinnunen (FIN)||Seppo Räty (FIN)||Vladimir Sasimovich (URS)|
| 1993 Stuttgart ||Jan Železný (CZE)||Kimmo Kinnunen (FIN)||Mick Hill (GBR)|
| 1995 Gothenburg ||Jan Železný (CZE)||Steve Backley (GBR)||Boris Henry (GER)|
| 1997 Athens ||Marius Corbett (RSA)||Steve Backley (GBR)||Konstadinos Gatsioudis (GRE)|
| 1999 Seville ||Aki Parviainen (FIN)||Konstadinos Gatsioudis (GRE)||Jan Železný (CZE)|
| 2001 Edmonton ||Jan Železný (CZE)||Aki Parviainen (FIN)||Konstadinos Gatsioudis (GRE)|
| 2003 Saint-Denis ||Sergey Makarov (RUS)||Andrus Värnik (EST)||Boris Henry (GER)|
| 2005 Helsinki ||Andrus Värnik (EST)||Andreas Thorkildsen (NOR)||Sergey Makarov (RUS)|
| 2007 Osaka ||Tero Pitkämäki (FIN)||Andreas Thorkildsen (NOR)||Breaux Greer (USA)|
| 2009 Berlin ||Andreas Thorkildsen (NOR)||Guillermo Martínez (CUB)||Yukifumi Murakami (JPN)|
| 2011 Daegu ||Matthias de Zordo (GER)||Andreas Thorkildsen (NOR)||Guillermo Martínez (CUB)|
| 2013 Moscow ||Vítězslav Veselý (CZE)||Tero Pitkämäki (FIN)||Dmitriy Tarabin (RUS)|
| 2015 Beijing ||Julius Yego (KEN)||Ihab Abdelrahman (EGY)||Tero Pitkämäki (FIN)|
| 2017 London ||Johannes Vetter (GER)||Jakub Vadlejch (CZE)||Petr Frydrych (CZE)|
| 2019 Doha ||Anderson Peters (GRN)||Magnus Kirt (EST)||Johannes Vetter (GER)|
| 1983 Helsinki ||Tiina Lillak (FIN)||Fatima Whitbread (GBR)||Anna Verouli (GRE)|
| 1987 Rome ||Fatima Whitbread (GBR)||Petra Felke-Meier (GDR)||Beate Peters (FRG)|
| 1991 Tokyo ||Xu Demei (CHN)||Petra Felke-Meier (GER)||Silke Renk (GER)|
| 1993 Stuttgart ||Trine Solberg-Hattestad (NOR)||Karen Forkel (GER)||Natalya Shikolenko (BLR)|
| 1995 Gothenburg ||Natalya Shikolenko (BLR)||Felicia Țilea-Moldovan (ROU)||Mikaela Ingberg (FIN)|
| 1997 Athens ||Trine Solberg-Hattestad (NOR)||Joanna Stone (AUS)||Tanja Damaske (GER)|
| 1999 Seville ||Mirela Manjani-Tzelili (GRE)||Tatyana Shikolenko (RUS)||Trine Solberg-Hattestad (NOR)|
| 2001 Edmonton ||Osleidys Menéndez (CUB)||Mirela Manjani-Tzelili (GRE)||Sonia Bisset (CUB)|
| 2003 Saint-Denis ||Mirela Maniani (GRE)||Tatyana Shikolenko (RUS)||Steffi Nerius (GER)|
| 2005 Helsinki ||Osleidys Menéndez (CUB)||Christina Obergföll (GER)||Steffi Nerius (GER)|
| 2007 Osaka ||Barbora Špotáková (CZE)||Christina Obergföll (GER)||Steffi Nerius (GER)|
| 2009 Berlin ||Steffi Nerius (GER)||Barbora Špotáková (CZE)||Mariya Abakumova (RUS)|
| 2011 Daegu ||Barbora Špotáková (CZE)||Sunette Viljoen (RSA)||Christina Obergföll (GER)|
| 2013 Moscow ||Christina Obergföll (GER)||Kim Mickle (AUS)||Mariya Abakumova (RUS)|
| 2015 Beijing ||Katharina Molitor (GER)||Lü Huihui (CHN)||Sunette Viljoen (RSA)|
| 2017 London ||Barbora Špotáková (CZE)||Li Lingwei (CHN)||Lü Huihui (CHN)|
| 2019 Doha ||Kelsey-Lee Barber (AUS)||Liu Shiying (CHN)||Lü Huihui (CHN)|
A new model was introduced in 1986, and all records started fresh.
A new model was introduced in 1999 and all records started fresh.
The shot put is a track and field event involving "putting" a heavy spherical ball—the shot—as far as possible. The shot put competition for men has been a part of the modern Olympics since their revival in 1896, and women's competition began in 1948.
The hammer throw is one of the four throwing events in regular track and field competitions, along with the discus throw, shot put and javelin. The "hammer" used in this sport is not like any of the tools also called by that name. It consists of a metal ball attached by a steel wire to a grip. The size of the ball varies between men's and women's competitions.
Andreas Thorkildsen is a retired Norwegian track and field athlete who competed in the javelin throw. He was the Olympic Champion in 2004 and 2008, European Champion in 2006 and 2010, and World Champion in 2009. He is the first male javelin thrower in history to simultaneously be European, World and Olympic Champion. He was also a three-time silver medalist at the World Championships, placing second in 2005, 2007 and 2011. His personal best of 91.59 m, set in 2006, is the Norwegian record.
Two sports have events that fall under the name of weight throw one being the track and field event and the other being the Scottish highland games events.
Tero Kristian Pitkämäki is a retired Finnish track and field athlete who competed in the javelin throw. He is a World Champion, having won gold in 2007. His personal best throw of 91.53 m, set in 2005, ranks him eleventh on the overall list.
Dainis Kūla is a Latvian former javelin thrower who represented the Soviet Union at the international level for most of his career. He is most famous for controversially winning the gold medal in men's javelin throw at the 1980 Summer Olympics, becoming the second Latvian to achieve this. He is also a World Championship bronze medalist, a three-time Soviet Champion and a two-time Universiade champion.
Uwe Hohn is a retired German track and field athlete who competed in the javelin throw. He is the only athlete to throw a javelin 100 metres or more, with his world record of 104.80 m. A new javelin design was implemented in 1986 and the records had to be restarted, thus Hohn's mark became an "eternal world record".
Mariya Vasiliyevna Abakumova is a Russian track and field athlete who competes in the javelin throw.
The women's javelin throw at the 2008 Summer Olympics took place on 19–21 August at the Beijing National Stadium.
The Women's Javelin Throw at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics will be held at the Olympic Stadium on August 16 and August 18. The event featured four athletes whose ability was so much better than the opposition that Mirko Jalava of the IAAF said it would be a "major surprise" should another athlete beat them to the podium.
The Women's javelin throw event at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics was held at the Daegu Stadium on September 1 and 2.
Julius Yego is a Kenyan track and field athlete who competes in the javelin throw. Nicknamed "Mr. YouTube" because he learned how to throw by watching YouTube videos of javelin athletes, Yego is the African record and Commonwealth record holder for the event with a personal best of 92.72 m.
The 2013 European Cup Winter Throwing was held on 16 and 17 March at the Pista de Atletismo Universitat Jaume I and Complejo Deportivo Gaetà Huguet in Castellón, Spain. It was the thirteenth edition of the athletics competition in throwing events and was jointly organised by the European Athletic Association and the Real Federación Española de Atletismo. The competition featured men's and women's contests in shot put, discus throw, javelin throw and hammer throw. In addition to the senior competitions, there were also under-23 events for younger athletes. A total of 249 athletes from 38 nations entered the competition. It was the second time that Spain hosted the event, following on from the 2009 edition held in Tenerife.
The 2009 European Cup Winter Throwing was held on 14 and 15 March at the Estadio de Los Realejos in Tenerife, Spain. It was the ninth edition of the athletics competition for throwing events and was organised by the European Athletics Association and the Real Federación Española de Atletismo. The competition featured men's and women's contests in shot put, discus throw, javelin throw and hammer throw. In addition to the senior competitions, there were also under-23 events for younger athletes. A total of 226 athletes from 29 nations entered the competition. It was the first time that Spain hosted the competition.
Dmitriy Sergeyev Tarabin is a Russian track and field athlete who competes in the javelin throw. His personal best for the event is 88.84 m. He was the winner of the javelin at Summer Universiade and the Russian Championships in 2013. Tarabin previously competed for Moldova and remains the country's national record holder.
Thomas Röhler is a German track and field athlete who competes in the javelin throw. He is the 2016 Olympic Champion and 2018 European Champion. His personal best of 93.90 m for the event ranks him third on the overall list.
Christin Hussong is a German track and field athlete who competes in the javelin throw. She has won gold at the 2011 World Youth Championships, 2015 European U23 Championships and at the 2018 European Championships. Hussong holds the European Championships record with her personal best throw of 67.90 m.
Johannes Vetter is a German athlete who competes in the javelin throw. He won gold at the 2017 World Championships in Athletics. His personal best of 97.76 m is the German record, and ranks him second on the overall list. Vetter currently trains under Boris Obergföll and is a member of LG Offenburg's track and field squad. He was previously with SV Saar 05 Saarbrücken and Dresdner SC.
The men's javelin throw at the 2017 World Championships in Athletics is being held at the Olympic Stadium on 10 and 12 August.
The women's javelin throw at the 2017 World Championships in Athletics was held at the Olympic Stadium on 6 and 8 August.
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