Jaya Bachchan

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Jaya Bachchan Satiyayi Buddhi

Jaya B Big B's birthday.jpg
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
Assumed office
July 2004
Constituency Uttar Pradesh
Personal details
Jaya Bhaduri

(1948-04-09) 9 April 1948 (age 71)
Jubbulpore, Central Provinces and Berar, Dominion of India (present-day Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India)
Nationality Indian
Political party Samajwadi Party
Amitabh Bachchan (m. 1973)
RelationsSee Bachchan Family
Children Shweta Bachchan Nanda
Abhishek Bachchan
Residence Jalsa Bungalow, Juhu, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India [1]
Awards• 9 Filmfare Awards
Padma Shri (1992)
Signature Signature of Jaya Bachchan.svg

Jaya Bachchan (néeBhaduri; born on 9 April 1948) is an Indian film actress and politician. She is currently the Member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha from the Samajwadi Party, notably serving four terms since 2004. She is recognised as one of the finest Hindi film actresses of her time, particularly known for reinforcing a naturalistic style of acting in both mainstream and "middle-of-the-road" cinema. [2] [3] During her career, she won nine Filmfare Awards: including three for Best Actress and three for Best Supporting Actress, which makes her the overall most-awarded performer in the female acting categories, along with Nutan. She was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 2007. In 1992, she was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India. [4]

Rajya Sabha Upper house of the Parliament of India

The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of India. It currently has a maximum membership of 245, of which 233 are elected by the legislatures of the states and union territories using single transferable votes through Open Ballot while the President can appoint 12 members for their contributions to art, literature, science, and social services. Members sit for staggered terms lasting six years, with elections every year but almost a third of the 233 designates up for election every two years, specifically in even-numbered years. The Rajya Sabha meets in continuous sessions, and unlike the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament, is not subject to dissolution. However, the Rajya Sabha, like the Lok Sabha can be prorogued by the President.

Samajwadi Party Political party of India

Samajwadi Party is a caste based political party in India headquartered in New Delhi. It is a state party based in Uttar Pradesh, it describes itself as a democratic socialist party.

The Filmfare Awards are a set of awards that honour artistic and technical excellence in the Hindi-language film industry of India. The Filmfare ceremony is one of the oldest and most prestigious film events in India. The awards were first introduced by The Times Group in 1954, the same year as the National Film Awards. They were initially referred to as the "Clare Awards" or "The Clares" after Clare Mendonca, the editor of The Times of India. A dual voting system was developed in 1956. Under this system, in contrast to the National Film Awards, which are decided by a panel appointed by Indian Government, the Filmfare Awards are voted on by both the public and a committee of experts.


Making her film debut as a teenager in Satyajit Ray's Mahanagar (1963), Bachchan's first screen role as an adult was in Guddi (1971), directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, with whom she would collaborate in several films. She was noted for her performances in films including Uphaar (1971), Koshish (1972) and Kora Kagaz (1974), among others. She appeared alongside her husband Amitabh Bachchan in films such as Zanjeer (1973), Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975), Mili (1975) and Sholay (1975).

Satyajit Ray Indian author, poet, composer, lyricist, filmmaker

Satyajit Ray was an Indian filmmaker, screenwriter, music composer, graphic artist, lyricist and author, widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century. Ray was born in Calcutta into a Bengali Kayastha family which was prominent in the field of arts and literature. Starting his career as a commercial artist, Ray was drawn into independent filmmaking after meeting French filmmaker Jean Renoir and viewing Vittorio De Sica's Italian neorealist film Bicycle Thieves (1948) during a visit to London.

<i>Mahanagar</i> 1963 film by Satyajit Ray

Mahanagar is a 1963 Bengali drama film written and directed by Satyajit Ray and starring Madhabi Mukherjee in the leading role of Arati. Based on the short story Abataranika by Narendranath Mitra, it tells the story of a housewife who disconcerts her traditionalist family by getting a job as a saleswoman. It marks the first screen appearance of Jaya Bhaduri Bachchan, then aged 15, who later became one of Bollywood's leading actresses.

<i>Guddi</i> (1971 film) 1971 film by Hrishikesh Mukherjee

Guddi is a 1971 Hindi drama film directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee and written by Gulzar. It starred Dharmendra, Jaya Bachchan and Utpal Dutt. It is Jaya Bachchan 's career-making film in which she plays a schoolgirl obsessed with the actor Dharmendra, who plays himself. She earned a Filmfare nomination as Best Actress, the only nomination for the film. Utpal Dutt also has a starring role. Many popular Bollywood actors like Rajesh Khanna, Naveen Nischol, Asrani, Amitabh Bachchan, Om Prakash and Pran gave guest appearances as themselves. The film became a "big city hit" and did "above average" business everywhere else. It was later remade in Tamil as Cinema Paithiyam (1975) starring Jayachitra and Kamal Haasan.

Following her marriage to actor Amitabh Bachchan and the birth of their children, Bachchan restricted her work in films. After her appearance in the Silsila (1981), she took an indefinite sabbatical from films. She returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa in 1998. Since then, she has appeared in several critically and commercially successful films such as Fiza (2000), Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) and Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003), all which garnered her critical acclaim, as well as several awards and nominations.

Amitabh Bachchan Indian actor

Amitabh Bachchan is an Indian film actor, film producer, television host, occasional playback singer and former politician. He first gained popularity in the early 1970s for films such as Zanjeer, Deewaar and Sholay, and was dubbed India's "angry young man" for his on-screen roles in Bollywood. Referred to as the Shahenshah of Bollywood, Sadi ka Mahanayak, Star of the Millennium, or Big B, he has since appeared in over 190 Indian films in a career spanning almost five decades. Bachchan is widely regarded as one of the greatest and most influential actors in the history of Indian cinema as well as world cinema. So total was his dominance on the Indian movie scene in the 1970s and 1980s that the French director François Truffaut called him a "one-man industry". Beyond the Indian subcontinent, he also has a large overseas following in markets including Africa, the Middle East, United Kingdom, Russia and parts of the United States.

<i>Silsila</i> (1981 film) 1981 film by Yash Chopra

Silsila is a 1981 Indian Hindi romantic drama film directed by Yash Chopra. It stars Amitabh Bachchan, Jaya Bachchan, Rekha and Sanjeev Kumar. Kulbhushan Kharbanda and Shashi Kapoor make guest appearances. The movie is said to be loosely inspired by the alleged real-life love triangle of its three stars, Amitabh-Jaya-Rekha, the most talked about love affair at the time. On his last birthday, Yash Chopra revealed that he originally wanted to cast Parveen Babi and Smita Patil opposite Bachchan, but after consulting him, he chose to cast Jaya Bachchan and Rekha in their respective roles.

Govind Nihalani Indian film director

Govind Nihalani is an Indian film director, cinematographer, screenwriter and producer, known for his works in Hindi cinema. He has been the recipient of six National Film Awards, and five Bollywood Filmfare Awards. In 1996, his script for Drohkaal was adapted by Kamal Hassan for its Tamil remake, Kuruthipunal, which subsequently became India's official entry for the 68th Academy Awards Best Foreign Language Film category.


Jaya Bachchan, an alumna of the Film and Television Institute of India, started her career with a supporting role in Satyajit Ray's Bengali film, Mahanagar (1963) at the age of 15, with Anil Chatterjee and Madhabi Mukherjee. After that, she had appeared in two Bengali films: a 13-minute short film, Suman, [5] and a Bengali comedy Dhanyee Meye (1971), as Uttam Kumar's sister-in-law. [6]

Alumnus graduate of a school, college, or university

An alumnus or an alumna of a college, university, or other school is a former student who has either attended or graduated in some fashion from the institution. The word is Latin and simply means student. The plural is alumni for men and mixed groups and alumnae for women. The term is not synonymous with "graduate"; one can be an alumnus without graduating. An alumnus can also be and is more recently expanded to include a former employee of an organization and it may also apply to a former member, contributor, or inmate.

Film and Television Institute of India film school

The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) is an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting of the Government of India and aided by the Central Government of India. It is situated on the premises of the erstwhile Prabhat Film Company in Pune. Since its inception in 1960, FTII has become India's premier film and television institute, with its alumni becoming technicians, actors and directors in the film and television industry.

Anil Chatterjee (Chattopadhyay) Bengali: অনিল চ্যাটার্জী (চট্টোপাধ্যায়) was an Indian actor in the Bengali cinema during the early fifties through the mid-nineties and is mostly remembered as a character actor. He acted or performed in about 150 movies, including a few in Hindi. He played different shades, though mostly as a character actor, as well as in leading roles and at times as an antagonist, despite the limited opportunities he received. Irrespective of the roles, he left an indelible impression on the viewers and the critics. He also acted in the leading role in a tele-serial named Naqab in the national network of Doordarshan. He is one of the very few selected actors who worked with Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak, Tapan Sinha and Mrinal Sen; with the first three directors, he performed with on more than a number of occasions. His performance in the title role of the film Deshbandhu Chittaranjan [a biopic on the noted and revered freedom-fighter and barrister Chittaranjan Das (1870-1925), who was conferred the title of "Deshbandhu "] won the appreciation of Basanti Devi, the wife of the "Deshbandhu".

Inspired by her experience with Ray, she decided to join the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune to learn acting and passed with the gold medal. [7] She was also picked out to play the eponymous role of Guddi in the 1971 Hrishikesh Mukherjee film, Guddi in which she played a school girl obsessed with film star Dharmendra. [8] Guddi was a success, [6] and she moved to Mumbai and soon picked other roles, however her role of a 14-year-old schoolgirl, aided by her petite looks, created the girl-next-door image for her, which she was often associated with through the rest of her career. Though she tried to break out of the mould with glamorous roles as in Jawani Diwani , (1972) [2] and a negative character of the heroine faking amnesia, in Anamika (1973), she was mostly recognised for roles of the sort which were credited with epitomising middle-class sensibility, which she played amiably in films of "middle-cinema" directors such as Gulzar, Basu Chatterjee and indeed Hrishikesh Mukherjee. [9] These films include Uphaar (1971), Piya Ka Ghar (1972), Parichay (1972), Koshish (1972) and Bawarchi (1972), performed with marked sensitivity. [8] [10] By now, she was a popular star. [6]

Pune Metropolis in Maharashtra, India

Pune, is the second largest city in the Indian state of Maharashtra, after Mumbai. It is the ninth most populous city in the country with an estimated population of 3.13 million. Along with it’s extended city limits Pimpri Chinchwad and the three cantonment towns of Pune, Khadki and Dehu Road, Pune forms the urban core of the eponymous Pune Metropolitan Region (PMR). According to the 2011 census, the urban area has a combined population of 5.05 million while the population of the metropolitan region is estimated at 7.27 million.

Hrishikesh Mukherjee Indian film director

Hrishikesh Mukherjee was an Indian film director, editor and writer known for a number of films, including Satyakam, Chupke Chupke, Anupama, Anand, Abhimaan, Guddi, Gol Maal, Majhli Didi, Chaitali, Aashirwad, Bawarchi, Kissi Se Na Kehna, Namak Haraam and Chemmeen.

Dharmendra Indian actor and politician

Dharam Singh Deol is an Indian film actor, producer, and politician. In 1997, he received the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award for his contribution to Hindi cinema.

In Gulzar's Koshish (1973), Bhaduri and Sanjeev Kumar played a deaf couple who struggle through their difficulties as handicapped people. She described the film as "a learning experience" which motivated her to do social work in future. [11]

<i>Koshish</i> 1972 film directed by Gulzar

Koshish is a 1972 Hindi movie starring Sanjeev Kumar and Jaya Bhaduri, and directed by Gulzar.

Sanjeev Kumar accomplished Indian film actor

Sanjeev Kumar was an Indian film actor. He won several major awards including two National Film Awards for Best Actor for his performances in the movies Dastak (1971) and Koshish (1973). He acted in genres ranging from romantic dramas to thrillers. Kumar did not mind playing roles that were non-glamorous, such as characters well beyond his age. Movies such as Arjun Pandit, Sholay and Trishul, along with the remakes of Tamil films into Hindi such as Khilona, Yehi Hai Zindagi, Naya Din Nai Raat, Devata, Itni Si Baat and Ram Tere Kitne Naam exemplify his talents. He also did suspense-thriller films such as Qatl, Shikar, Uljhan and Trishna. Kumar also proved his ability to do comedy in films such as Manchali, Pati Patni Aur Woh, Angoor, Biwi-O-Biwi and Hero. He is well remembered for his versatility and genuine portrayal of his characters. His double role in the film Angoor was listed among the 25 best acting performances of Indian cinema by Forbes India on the occasion of celebrating 100 years of Indian Cinema.

She first acted with her future husband Amitabh Bachchan in the film Bansi Birju (1972), followed by B.R. Ishara's Ek Nazar also in the same year. [6] Amitabh had undergone a string of flops and when most lead heroines refused to work with him in the Salim-Javed scripted Zanjeer (1973), she stepped into the film. The film turned out to be a hit and gave rise to Amitabh Bachchan's angry-young-man image. [12] This was closely followed by their pairing in films such as Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975) and Sholay (1975).

Jaya Bachchan with her husband Amitabh Bachchan Amitabh and Jaya Bachchan still5.jpg
Jaya Bachchan with her husband Amitabh Bachchan

Her daughter Shweta was born while Jaya and Amitabh were working on Sholay . Following this, she retired from films and focused on raising her children. Her last film as a lead actress was Silsila (1981), opposite her husband. During the late 1980s, she wrote the story for the film Shahenshah (1988), which starred her husband in the lead.

After a gap in film appearances of 18 years, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998), a film about the Naxalite movement. In 2000, she starred in Fiza for which she received the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for her work. She also starred in Karan Johar's family drama Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) with her husband. She then starred in Karan Johar's next film, Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003) playing the role of Preity Zinta's mother, Jennifer Kapur, for which she again received a Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award. [13] She appeared with her son Abhishek in the films Laaga Chunari Mein Daag (2007) and Drona (2008).

In 2011, she appeared in the Bangladeshi film Meherjaan starring with Victor Banerjee and Humayun Faridi. The film is based on a Bangladesh-Pakistan love story in the backdrop of the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities. It is the story of Meherjaan (played by Jaya Bachchan), a Bangladeshi woman who falls in love with a Pakistani army officer, who refuses to join the war and saves her from being raped by other Pakistani troops, who do not however spare her cousin Neela and kill her father. [14]

Political career

Bachchan was first elected in 2004 as the Member of Parliament from the Samajwadi Party, representing Uttar Pradesh in the Rajya Sabha till March 2006. [15] She got a second term from June 2006 [16] till July 2010 and in February 2010 she stated her intent to complete her term. [17] [ clarification needed ] She was re-elected in 2012 for the third term and again in 2018 for her fourth term in the Rajya Sabha from Samajwadi Party.


Bachchan's speech during the musical launch of the film Drona (2008 film) in the second half of 2008 was criticized by some sections of politicians in Maharashtra. In response to the film's director, Goldie Behl, making his introductory speech in English, she said in Hindi, "Hum UP ke log hain, isliye Hindi mein baat karenge, Maharashtra ke log maaf kijiye". (Translation: "We are people from UP, so we will speak in Hindi. People of Maharashtra, please excuse us.") Subsequently, she encouraged actress Priyanka Chopra to speak in Hindi. [18] Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) president Raj Thackeray commented that she had no business referring to all the people of Maharashtra in her statement. He threatened to ban all Bachchan films unless she apologized in a public forum for hurting the sentiments of Maharashtrians. MNS workers began to attack theaters screening The Last Lear , which starred her husband. Shiv Sena MP Sanjay Raut also criticized her statement, "After making all your success and fortune in Mumbai, if you feel like saying that we are from UP, it's very unfortunate". Amitabh Bachchan tendered an apology for her statement on her behalf. [19]

Personal life

She was born to Taroon Kumar Bhaduri, a famous author and poet. TK Bhaduri wrote a famous book Obhishopto Chambol (Cursed Chambal), an account of his experiences as a journalist/writer in the area. This book provided the raw material and inspiration to almost all dacoit-related films made by the Hindi film industry in India.

Jaya Bachchan with husband Amitabh Bachchan, son Abhishek Bachchan and daughter-in-law Aishwariya Rai Bachchan family still6.jpg
Jaya Bachchan with husband Amitabh Bachchan, son Abhishek Bachchan and daughter-in-law Aishwariya Rai

On June 03, 1973, she married actor Amitabh Bachchan. The couple has two children: Shweta Bachchan-Nanda and Abhishek Bachchan, who is also an actor. Shweta is married to industrialist Nikhil Nanda, grandson of the Kapoor family in Delhi, and has two children, Navya Naveli and Agastya Nanda, [20] while Abhishek Bachchan is married to actress Aishwarya Rai, and has a daughter, Aaradhya Bachchan. [21]

Awards and recognition

Civilian Award

Filmfare Awards



International Indian Film Academy Awards


Other Film Awards


Honours & Recognitions


YearFilmRoleOther notes
1963 Mahanagar Bani Bengali film
1971 Guddi Kusum/GuddiNominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1971 Dhanyee Meye MonashaBengali film
1971 Uphaar Mrinmayi/MeenuNominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1971 Janani UnknownBengali film
1972 Jawani Diwani Neeta Thakur
1972 Bawarchi Krishna Sharma
1972 Parichay Rama
1972 Bansi Birju Bansi
1972 Piya Ka Ghar Malti
1972 Annadata
1972 Ek Nazar Shabnam
1972 Samadhi
1972 Koshish Aarti MathurNominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1972 Shor Raat Ki Rani/Rani
1972 Jai Jawan Jai Makan Unknown
1973 Gaai Aur Gori Neeta Thakur
1973 Anamika Anamika/Kanchan/Archana
1973 Phagun Krishna Sharma
1973 Zanjeer Mala
1973 Abhimaan Uma KumarFilmfare Best Actress Award
1974 Aahat
1974 Dil Diwana
1974 Kora Kagaz Archana GuptaFilmfare Best Actress Award
1974 Naya Din Nai Raat
1974 Doosri Sita
1975 Mili Mili KhannaNominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1975 Chupke Chupke Vasudha Kumar
1975 Sholay Radha
1977 Abhi To Jee Lein Jaya
1978 Ek Baap Chhe Bete
1979 Nauker GeetaFilmfare Best Actress Award
1981 Silsila Shobha MalhotraNominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1995AkkaUnknownMarathi Film (Appearance with Amitabh Bachachan)
1998 Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa Sujata Chatterji
2000 Fiza Nishatbi Ikramullah Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award
2001 Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... Nandini RaichandFilmfare Best Supporting Actress Award
2002 Koi Mere Dil Se Poochhe Mansi Devi
2002 Desh Suprabha DeviBengali film
2003 Kal Ho Naa Ho Jennifer KapurFilmfare Best Supporting Actress Award
2007 Laaga Chunari Mein Daag Sabitri Sahay
2008Lovesongs:Yesterday, Today & TomorrowMridula Chatterjee
2008 Drona Queen Jayanti
2010 Aap Ke Liye Hum Unknown
2011 Meherjaan MeherBengali, Bangladeshi film
2013 Sunglass / Taak JhaankBengali / Hindi
2016 Ki & Ka CameoHindi


  1. 1 2 Gulzar, p. 457
  2. Somaaya, Bhaawana (22 December 2000). "His humility appears misplaced". The Hindu . Retrieved 19 September 2011. Probably the only actress to make a virtue out of simplicity, Jaya was the first whiff of realistic acting in an era when showbiz was bursting with mannequins
  3. "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  4. Suman (35mm / B&W / 13 min)
  5. 1 2 3 4 Dawar, p. 56
  6. Gulzar, p. 526
  7. 1 2 Banerjee, p. 93
  8. Gulzar, p. 91
  9. Gulzar, p. 396
  10. Maheshwari, Belu (23 August 1998). "I will not allow anyone to dictate terms to me". The Tribune . Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  11. "Another time, another wedding". The Telegraph. 22 April 2007.
  12. "Jaya Bachchan – Awards". Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 22 September 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  13. "Pak-Bangla love flick starring Jaya Bachchan ready for release". Indian Express. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  14. "Jaya Bachchan loses Rajya Sabha seat" . Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  15. "Jaya Bachchan back in Rajya Sabha" . Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  16. IANS (3 February 2010). "I'm too upfront for politics: Jaya Bachchan". The Times of India . Archived from the original on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  17. "Jaya Bachchan's controversial clip". Rediff. 8 September 2008. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  18. "Raj Thackeray: I accept Amitabh's apology". Rediff. 11 September 2008. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
  19. Singh, Sanghita (18 May 2002). "Nikhil Nanda: The business of life". The Times of India.
  20. "Interesting Facts and Figures : Jaya Bhaduri Bachchan". Sindh Today. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 15 September 2013.
  21. BFJA Awards Archived 22 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  22. BFJA Awards Archived 2 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  23. "dharma-production.com". dharma-production.com. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  24. "Welcome to Brite Ideas — The Omega Rohit Bal Fashion show". Briteideas.org. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  25. "Archives 2000". Mumbai Academy of the Moving Image . Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  26. mid-day.com Archived 15 May 2004 at the Wayback Machine
  27. "zeenews.com". Spicezee.zeenews.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  28. http://www.thehindu.com/features/cinema/article109740.ece Jaya Bachchan to receive ‘Lifetime Achievement Award’ in London, 19 February 2010, The Hindu
  29. "Lifetime achievement award for Jaya Bachchan". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 25 January 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
  30. "timesofindia.indiatimes.com". Jaya Bachchan to be presented Deenanath Mangeshkar Award. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
  31. "apunkachoice". apunkachoice. 12 November 2006. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.

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The 19th Filmfare Awards were held in 1972, honoring the best in Hindi films in the year 1971. Hrishikesh Mukherjee's Anand was named the Best Film of the Year, while Raj Kapoor's Mera Naam Joker won as Best Director.

Sudhendu Roy (1921–1999) was a noted Indian film director, art director and production designer in Hindi cinema, most known for his realistic art direction in auteur Bimal Roy's films, like Sujata (1959), Madhumati (1959) and Bandini (1963), and glitzy work in films Subhash Ghai's Karz (1980) and Karma (1986) to Yash Chopra's Silsila (1981), Chandni (1989) and Lamhe (1991). He won the Filmfare Award for Best Art Direction thrice for, Madhumati (1959), Mere Mehboob (1964) and Sagina (1975).

Sharmishta Roy is an Indian film art director and production designer who works predominantly in Hindi cinema.