Jean-François Bayard

Last updated
Jean-François Alfred Bayard
Jean-FrancoisBayard.jpg
Born17 March 1796 (1796-03-17)
Charolles
Died20 February 1853 (1853-02-21) (aged 56)
Paris
Occupation Playwright
NationalityFrench
GenreDrama

Jean-François Alfred Bayard (17 March 1796, Charolles, Saône-et-Loire – 20 February 1853, Paris) was a French playwright. He was the nephew of fellow playwright Eugène Scribe.

Charolles Subprefecture and commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Charolles is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne in eastern France.

Saône-et-Loire Department of France

Saône-et-Loire is a French department, named after the Saône and the Loire rivers between which it lies.

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.

Contents

Life

As a law student and a lawyer's clerk, Bayard wrote with passion for the theatre and, after several attempts, had a great success at the Gymnase theatre, with la Reine de seize ans (1828, in-8°). One of the most fertile-minded and skilful vaudeville writers of his era, he made a close friendship with Eugène Scribe, often collaborating with him on plays and marrying his niece.

Théâtre du Gymnase Marie Bell theatre in Paris, France

The Théâtre du Gymnase or Théâtre du Gymnase Marie Bell, is a theatre in Paris, at 38, Boulevard Bonne-Nouvelle in the 10th arrondissement.

Vaudeville genre of variety entertainment in the United States and Canada from the early 1880s until the early 1930s

Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment born in France at the end of the 1700s. A vaudeville is a comedy without psychological or moral intentions, based on a comical situation. It was originally a kind of dramatic composition or light poetry, usually a comedy, interspersed with songs or ballets. It became popular in the United States and Canada from the early 1880s until the early 1930s, but the idea of Vaudeville's theatre changed radically from its French antecedent.

Eugène Scribe French dramatist and librettist

Augustin Eugène Scribe was a French dramatist and librettist. He is known for the perfection of the so-called "well-made play", a mainstay of popular theatre for over 100 years, and as the librettist of many of the most successful grand operas.

Belonging to the school of Dancourt and Picard, he wrote with extreme ease, producing more than 200 plays for several theatres, sometimes alone, sometimes in collaboration. Many of his plays were remarked upon for their witty cheerfulness, and for not excluding sensitivity and everything else that was in vogue in the 19th century. He most often wrote vaudevilles, though he also had success with drama and even high comedy. In 1840, he collaborated with Georges Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges on the libretto for Gaetano Donizetti's opéra comique La fille du régiment .

Florent Carton aka Dancourt, French dramatist and actor, was born at Fontainebleau. He belonged to a family of rank, and his parents entrusted his education to Pere de la Rue, a Jesuit, who made earnest efforts to induce him to join the order. But he had no religious vocation and proceeded to study law.

Louis-Benoît Picard French writer

Louis-Benoît Picard was a French playwright, actor, novelist, poet and music director.

Libretto text used for an extended musical work

A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical. The term libretto is also sometimes used to refer to the text of major liturgical works, such as the Mass, requiem and sacred cantata, or the story line of a ballet.

Despite his intensive writing schedule, Bayard devoted a large part of his time to the SACD, and was over many years one of the most active commissioners of new work from them. In this role, nearly all works on his life state that he competed with the directors of Paris's theatres.

SACD, founded as Société des Auteurs et Compositeurs Dramatiques on 7 March 1829, is a French collecting society, undertaking collective rights management for authors. The Society manages, promotes and protects the performance rights of theatrical, audivisual or photographic works for their creators by collecting royalties and authorising performances. It's also one of the main lobbies against "droit d'auteur" (copyright) changes and to protect the activities of collective rights management societies.

In 1837 his family's fortunes having fallen on hard times, Bayard was forced to accept a job offer as director of the théâtre des Variétés. Although he only held the job for a short time, Bayard signalled his tenure with happier results than many who held it longer. After having begun to rehabilitate public opinion towards this theatre, which had fallen from the first rank of the théâtres des boulevards, he later felt it impossible to reconcile his writing and his tastes as an author with the demanding duties of a director and decided to leave the post. However, his last administrative act as director - choosing one of his most witty collaborators, his friend Dumanoir, as his successor - was also a happy one for the theatre. Dumanoir completed Bayard's work, allowing the théâtre des Variétés to regain its forgotten splendours.

Théâtre des Variétés theatre in Montmartre, Paris, France

The Théâtre des Variétés is a theatre and "salle de spectacles" at 7-8, boulevard Montmartre, 2nd arrondissement, in Paris. It was declared a monument historique in 1975.

Boulevard theatre is a theatrical aesthetic that emerged from the boulevards of Paris' old city.

Dumanoir French writer

Philippe François Pinel, known as Dumanoir was a French playwright and librettist.

Bayard also published articles in several literary journals, and poems and verse dramas in several anthologies. Louis Hachette published Bayard's Théâtre choisi, en 12 volumes, in-12, 1855-1858.

In 1837 Bayard was named a member of the Légion d'honneur.

Selected works

Notes

  1. Satirising the renewal of political and administrative staff of the First Empire in the run-up to the July Monarchy. Played at the théâtre du Vaudeville on 25 September 1830, showed the solicitors, gathered in the antechamber of a minister: « Qu'on nous place / Et que justice se fasse. / Qu'on nous place / Tous en masse. / Que les placés / Soient chassés ! » (quoted by Guy Antonetti, Louis-Philippe, Paris, Librairie Arthème Fayard, 2002, p. 625) « Savez-vous ce que c'est qu'un carliste ? interroge un humoriste. Un carliste, c'est un homme qui occupe un poste dont un autre homme a envie ! » (ibid.)
  2. La niaise de Saint-Flour By Bayard et G. Lemoine _ HathiTrust

Related Research Articles

Charles-Gaspard Delestre-Poirson, known as Delestre-Poirson was a French playwright and theatre director.

Jules-Martial Regnault de Prémaray French writer

Jules-Martial Regnault de Prémaray was a French author. He was literary editor of la Patrie. He published several poems, dramas and vaudevilles.

Rose Chéri French actress

Rose-Marie Cizos, stage name Rose Chéri, was a French actress. She was the elder sister of the actress Anna Chéri and of the composer and conductor Victor Chéri. After her marriage to Adolphe Lemoine, she took the name Chéri Montigny.

Jenny Vertpré, real name Françoise Fanny Vausgien, was a 19th-century French stage actress. Still a child, she performed under the name Jenny at the Théâtre du Vaudeville then became a leading actresse of the Théâtre des Variétés (1821-1825) then of the Théâtre du Gymnase (1825-1834).

Édouard Edmond Lafargue was a French playwright.

Eugène Guinot French journalist, vaudevillist, essayist

Eugène Guinot was a French journalist, writer and playwright, creator of the Parisian chronique

Edmond de Biéville, full name Charles-Henri-Étienne-Edmond Desnoyers de Biéville, was a French journalist and playwright.

Eugène Nyon was a French vaudevillist and writer, particularly known for his historical novels and educational stories for young people.

Lambert-Thiboust French playwright

Lambert-Thiboust was a 19th-century French playwright.

Hippolyte Le Roux was a 19th-century French actor and playwright.

Nicolas Jules Chabot de Bouin was a French writer, novelist and playwright of the 19th century.

Arthur de Beauplan, The son of the writer and composer Amédée de Beauplan, he wrote numerous vaudevilles and libretti for opéras comiques for Adolphe Adam, Ferdinand Poise or Théodore Dubois, in collaboration in particular with Adolphe de Leuven and Léon Lévy Brunswick.

Éléonore Tenaille de Vaulabelle was a French writer and playwright. He published his novels under the pseudonym Ernest Desprez and all his plays under the name Jules Cordier.

Charles Varin French writer

Charles Voirin, called Varin, was a 19th-century French playwright.

Antoine Simonnin, full name Antoine-Jean-Baptiste Simonnin, was a 19th-century French writer and dramatist.

Lubize, real name Pierre-Michel Martin or Martin-Lubize was a 19th-century French playwright and librettist.

Augustin-Théodore de Lauzanne de Vauroussel French writer

Augustin-Théodore de Lauzanne, chevalier de Vaux-Roussel was a 19th-century French playwright.

Félix-Auguste Duvert French writer

Félix-Auguste Duvert was a 19th-century French playwright and vaudevillist.

Antoine-François Varner was a 19th-century French vaudevillist.

References