Jean Casimir-Perier

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Jean Casimir-Perier
Jean Casimir-Perier.jpg
President of France
In office
27 June 1894 16 January 1895
Prime Minister Charles Dupuy
Preceded by Marie François Sadi Carnot
Succeeded by Félix Faure
Prime Minister of France
In office
3 December 1893 30 May 1894
President Marie François Sadi Carnot
Preceded by Charles Dupuy
Succeeded by Charles Dupuy
Personal details
Born8 November 1847
Paris, France
Died11 March 1907 (aged 59)
Paris, France
Political party Left Republican
Alma mater University of Paris

Jean Paul Pierre Casimir-Perier (French:  [ʒɑ̃ kazimiʁ pɛʁje] ; 8 November 1847 – 11 March 1907) was a French politician who served as President of France from 1894 to 1895.

Contents

Biography

He was born in Paris, the son of Auguste Casimir-Perier, the grandson of Casimir Pierre Perier, premier of Louis Philippe, and the great grandson of Claude Périer, one of the founders of the Bank of France. He entered public life as secretary to his father, who was Minister of the Interior under the presidency of Thiers.

In 1874 he was elected General Councillor of the Aube département, and was sent by the same département to the Chamber of Deputies in the general elections of 1876, and he was always re-elected until his presidency. In spite of the traditions of his family, Casimir-Perier joined the group of Republicans on the Left, and was one of the 363 on the Seize-Mai (1877). He refused to vote the “expulsion of the Princes” in 1883, and resigned as Deputy upon the enactment of the law (26th of June,1886) because of his personal connections with the family of Orléans.

On 17 August 1883 he became Under-Secretary of State for War, a post he retained until 7 January 1885. From 1890 to 1892 he was Vice President of the Chamber, then in 1893 President. On 3 December he became President of the Council, holding the department of Foreign Affairs, resigned in May 1894, and was re-elected President of the Chamber.

On 24 June 1894, after the assassination of President Carnot, he was elected President of the Republic by 451 votes against 195 for Henri Brisson and 97 for Charles Dupuy. His presidency lasted only six months. The resignation of the Dupuy ministry on 14 January 1895 was followed the next day by that of the President. Casimir-Perier explained his action by the fact that he found himself ignored by the ministers, who did not consult him before taking decisions, and did not keep him informed upon political events, especially in foreign affairs.

As of 2019, of all Presidents of France through its history, Casimir-Perier had the shortest presidency.

From that time he completely abandoned politics, and devoted himself to business — especially mining. At the trial of Alfred Dreyfus at Rennes, Casimir-Perier's evidence, as opposed to that of General Mercier, was of great value to the cause of Dreyfus.

Casimir-Perier's Ministry, 3 December 1893 – 30 May 1894

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References

Political offices
Preceded by
Charles Floquet
President of the Chamber of Deputies
1893
Succeeded by
Charles Dupuy
Preceded by
Charles Dupuy
Prime Minister of France
1893–1894
Preceded by
Jules Develle
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1893–1894
Succeeded by
Marcellin Berthelot
Preceded by
Charles Dupuy
President of the Chamber of Deputies
1894
Succeeded by
Auguste Burdeau
Preceded by
Sadi Carnot
President of France
1894–1895
Succeeded by
Félix Faure