Jean Pierre Carl Buron 
12 July 1886
|Died||2 June 1956 69) (aged|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, California|
|Other names||Jean Pierre Hersholt |
Jean Buron Hersholt
Jean Pierre Carl Buron (12 July 1886 – 2 June 1956), known professionally as Jean Hersholt, was a Danish-American actor. He is best known for starring on the radio series Dr. Christian (1937–1954) and in the film Heidi (1937).  Asked how to pronounce his name, he told The Literary Digest , "In English, her'sholt; in Danish, hairs'hult."  Of his total credits, 75 were silent films and 65 were sound films (140 total); he directed four.
Hersholt was born Jean Pierre Carl Buron in Copenhagen, Denmark. Hersholt claimed to be born into a family of actors,  but in reality, both of his parents Henri Pierre Buron, the son of a French Catholic father and a Danish Protestant mother, and Clara (née Petersen), the daughter of a Danish Protestant father and a Danish Jewish mother, were hairdressers, though the father later was a cigar and wine retailer/vendor.  Hersholt appeared in two of the first short films of Danish film studio Nordisk Film in 1906, but did not find much success in his early years in Denmark. 
He was embroiled in a scandal surrounding the so-called "big sexual offence trial" in Copenhagen 1906/07 as an informant for the tabloid newspaper Middagsposten.  The ensuing moral panic and outing of several prominent men as homosexuals eventually involved Hersholt (then Buron), who was barely out of his teen years.. He reported to the police, admitted to prostitution, and was sentenced to 8 months in prison. 
Hersholt emigrated to the United States in 1913, and spent the remainder of his acting career in America.
Hersholt's best-remembered film roles include Marcus Schouler in Erich von Stroheim's 1924 Greed and Shirley Temple's beloved grandfather in the 1937 film version of the 1880 children's book, Heidi , written by Swiss author Johanna Spyri. During his long career in the movies, his roles ran the gamut from early silent villains to secondary parts in which his mild Danish accent and pleasant voice suited him to depict a succession of benevolent fathers, doctors, professors, and European noblemen. Hersholt's last role was in the 1955 movie Run for Cover .[ citation needed ]
In The Country Doctor (1936), a movie starring the Dionne quintuplets, Hersholt portrayed Dr. John Luke, a character based on Dr. Allan Roy Dafoe, the Canadian obstetrician who delivered and cared for the Dionne quintuplets. Two sequels followed. Hersholt wanted to do the role on radio, but could not get the rights. He decided to create his own doctor character for radio, and since he was a Hans Christian Andersen enthusiast, he borrowed that name for his character of the philosophical Dr. Paul Christian who practiced in the Midwest town of River's End with the assistance of Nurse Judy Price. With the opening theme music of "Rainbow on the River", Dr. Christian was introduced on CBS on 7 November 1937 on The Vaseline Program, or Dr. Christian's Office and later Dr. Christian.[ citation needed ]
The small-town physician's good humor, innate common sense, and scientific training helped drive off a series of villainous types who tried to interfere with the peaceful lifestyle of River's End. Produced by Dorothy McCann, the radio series became a popular long-running hit, continuing on CBS until 6 January 1954, with Hersholt so strongly identified with the role that he received mail asking for medical advice. Various spin-offs were produced, as Hersholt co-wrote a Dr. Christian novel and made a series of six family films as Christian from 1939 to 1941, for instance Dr. Christian Meets the Women in 1940. In 1956, his Dr. Christian character made the transition to television, scripted by Gene Roddenberry, with Macdonald Carey as his nephew Dr. Mark Christian. From the '30s through the '50s, Neil Reagan, brother of Ronald Reagan, directed the radio series Dr. Christian, starring Jean Hersholt.
In 1939, Hersholt helped form the Motion Picture Relief Fund to support industry employees with medical care when they were down on their luck. The fund was used to create the Motion Picture Country House and Hospital in Woodland Hills, California, and it led to the creation in 1956 of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award, an honorary Academy Award given to an "individual in the motion picture industry whose humanitarian efforts have brought credit to the industry". 
As president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Hersholt presented American film industry founders Colonel William N. Selig, Albert E. Smith, George K. Spoor, and Thomas Armat with special awards on the 20th anniversary of the academy's founding on March 20, 1948. 
Hersholt's large collection of Hans Christian Andersen books is now in the Library of Congress. He translated over 160 of Andersen's fairy tales into the English language. These were published in 1949 in six volumes as The Complete Andersen, this work is "... rated as the standard translation, being one of the best" in English.  Hersholt was appointed a knight of the Order of the Dannebrog in 1948, partly due to this endeavor. 
Hersholt appeared as the mystery guest on the popular CBS panel/quiz show What's My Line? on August 31, 1952.
Hersholt married Via Andersen on 11 April 1914. They had one son: Allan Hersholt.[ citation needed ]
He was the paternal half-uncle (by marriage) of actor Leslie Nielsen and former Canadian Deputy Prime Minister Erik Nielsen. 
Hersholt died of cancer in Hollywood in 1956, and is interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California. His grave is marked with a statue of Klods-Hans (English: Clumsy Hans), a Hans Christian Andersen character who left home to find his way in the world — much as Hersholt himself had done. 
Hersholt was honored for his services to the industry twice with an honorary Academy Award, first in 1940 and the second time in 1950, and in his honor the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award was named by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.  He is one of only 11 people with two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame with one at 6501 Hollywood Boulevard for his work in motion pictures and another one at 6701 Hollywood Boulevard for his work in radio.
|1915||The Disciple||Mob Member||uncredited|
|1916||Bullets and Brown Eyes|
|1916||The Aryan||Reginald BarkerClifford Smith|
|1917||Black Orchids||Rex Ingram|
|1917||Fighting for Love||Ferdinand||Raymond Wells|
|1917||Love Aflame||Reginald||Raymond Wells|
|1917||The Terror||Jimm, the Dope||Raymond Wells|
|1917||The Saintly Sinner|
|1917||Perils of the Secret Service||Prince Feodor||serial; episode #2|
|1917||Southern Justice||Caleb Talbot||Lynn Reynolds|
|1917||The Greater Law||Lynn Reynolds|
|1917||The Soul Herder||The Parson||John Ford||Short|
|1917||The Show Down||Parkes||Lynn Reynolds|
|1917||A Stormy Knight||Dr. Fraser||Elmer Clifton|
|1917||'49-'17||'Gentleman Jim' Raynor|
|1917||Princess Virtue||Emile Carre||Robert Z. Leonard|
|1918||Madame Spy||Count Von Ornstorff||Douglas Gerrard|
|1918||Little Red Decides||Jack Conway|
|1919||Whom the Gods Would Destroy|
|1919||Love's Prisoner||Party Guest||John Francis Dillion||uncredited|
|1920||The Red Lane||Vetal Beaulieu|
|1920||Merely Mary Ann||Stranger||Edward J. Le Saint|
|1920||The Golden Trail||Harry Teal||Lewis H. Moomaw|
|1921||The Servant in the House||Manson, The Servant in the House||Jack Conway|
|1920||The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse||Professor von Hartrott||Rex Ingram||uncredited|
|1921||A Certain Rich Man||Adrian Brownwell||Howard Hickman|
|1921||The Man of the Forest||Lem Beasley||Howard Hickman|
|1922||When Romance Rides||Joel Creech||Jean Hersholt|
|1922||Heart's Haven||Henry Bird||Benjamin B. Hampton|
|1922||Tess of the Storm Country||Ben Letts||John S. Robertson|
|1922||The Strangers' Banquet||Fiend||Marshall Neilan|
|1923||Jazzmania||Prince Otto of Como||Robert Z. Leonard|
|1923||Quicksands||Ring Member||Jack Conway|
|1923||Red Lights||Ezra Carson||Clarence G. Badger|
|1923||Souls for Sale||Himself||Rupert Hughes|
|1924||Torment||Boris||Scott R. Beal (assistant director)|
|1924||The Goldfish||Herman Krauss||Jerome Storm|
|1924||The Woman on the Jury||Jury Foreman||Harry O. Hoyt|
|1924||Sinners in Silk||Dr. Eustace||Hobart Henley|
|1924||Her Night of Romance||Joe Diamond||Sidney Franklin|
|1924||Greed||Marcus||Erich von Stroheim|
|1924||Cheap Kisses||Gustaf Borgstrom||Cullen Tate|
|1924||So Big||Aug Hempel||Charles Brabin|
|1925||Dangerous Innocence||Gilchrist||William A. Seiter|
|1925||Fifth Avenue Models||a Crook||Svend Gade|
|1925||If Marriage Fails||Dr. Mallini||John Ince|
|1925||Don Q Son of Zorro||Don Fabrique||Donald Crisp|
|1925||A Woman's Faith||Jules Cluny||Edward Laemmle|
|1925||Stella Dallas||Ed Munn||Henry King|
|1926||The Greater Glory||Gustav Schmidt||Curt Rehfeld|
|1926||My Old Dutch||'Erb 'Uggins||Laurence Trimble|
|1926||It Must Be Love||Pop Schmidt||Alfred E. Green|
|1926||Flames||Ole Bergson||Lewis H. Moomaw|
|1926||The Old Soak||Clement Hawley, Sr.||Edward Sloman|
|1927||The Wrong Mr. Wright||Seymour White||Scott Sidney|
|1927||Alias the Deacon||George Caswell aka The Deacon||Edward Sloman|
|1927||The Student Prince in Old Heidelberg||Dr. Jüttner||Ernst Lubitsch|
|1928||13 Washington Square||'Deacon' Pyecroft||Melville W. Brown|
|1928||The Secret Hour||Tony||Rowland V. Lee|
|1928||Abie's Irish Rose||Solomon Levy||Victor Fleming|
|1928||Jazz Mad||Franz Hausmann||F. Harmon Weight|
|1928||The Battle of the Sexes||William Judson||D. W. Griffith|
|1928||Give and Take||Factory Owner||William Beaudine|
|1929||Girl on the Barge||McCadden||Edward Sloman|
|1929||The Younger Generation||Pa||Frank Capra|
|1929||Modern Love||François Renault||Arch Heath|
|1930||The Climax||Luigi Golfanti||Renaud Hoffman|
|1930||The Case of Sergeant Grischa||Posnanski||Ray Lissner (assistant)|
|1930||Mamba||August Bolte||Albert S. Rogell||Mamba|
|1930||Hell Harbor||Joseph Horngold||Henry King|
|1930||East Is West||Man||Monta Bell|
|1930||A Soldier's Plaything||Grandfather Rittner||Michael Curtiz||uncredited|
|1930||The Cat Creeps||Dr. Patterson||Rupert Julian|
|1930||The Third Alarm||Frank 'Dad' Morton||Emory Johnson|
|1930||Viennese Nights||Elsa's Father||Alan Crosland|
|1931||Daybreak||Herr Schnabel||Jacques Feyder|
|1931||Transatlantic||Rudolph aka Jed Kramer||William K. Howard|
|1931||The Phantom of Paris||Herman||John S. Robertson|
|1931||Susan Lenox (Her Fall and Rise)||Karl Ohlin||Robert Z. Leonard|
|1931||The Sin of Madelon Claudet||Dr. Dulac||Edgar Selwyn|
|1931||Private Lives||Oscar||Sidney Franklin|
|1932||Emma||Mr. Frederick Smith||Clarence Brown|
|1932||The Beast of the City||Sam Belmonte||Charles Brabin|
|1932||Are You Listening?||George Wagner|
|1932||Grand Hotel||Senf, the Porter||Edmund Goulding|
|1932||Night Court||the Janitor||W. S. Van Dyke|
|1932||New Morals for Old||James Hallett||Charles Brabin|
|1932||Unashamed||Heinrich Schmidt||Harry Beaumont|
|1932||Skyscraper Souls||Jake Sorenson||Edgar Selwyn|
|1932||Hearts of Humanity||Sol Bloom||Christy Cabanne|
|1932||The Mask of Fu Manchu||Von Berg||Charles Vidor|
|1932||Flesh||Mr. Herman||John Ford|
|1933||The Crime of the Century||Dr. Emil Brandt||William Beaudine|
|1933||Song of the Eagle||Otto Hoffman||Ralph Murphy|
|1933||Dinner at Eight||Jo Stengel||George Cukor|
|1933||Christopher Bean||Rosen||Sam Wood|
|1934||The Cat and the Fiddle||Professor||Sam Wood (uncredited)|
|1934||Men in White||Dr. 'Hockie' Hochberg||Ryszard Bolesławski|
|1934||The Fountain||Baron Van Leyden||John Cromwell|
|1934||The Painted Veil||Herr Koerber||Richard Boleslawski|
|1935||Mark of the Vampire||Baron Otto||Tod Browning|
|1935||Break of Hearts||Professor Thalma||Philip Moeller|
|1935||Murder in the Fleet||Victor Hanson||Edward Sedgwick|
|1936||Tough Guy||Veterinarian||Chester Franklin|
|1936||The Country Doctor||Dr. John Luke||Henry King|
|1936||Sins of Man||Christopher Freyman||Gregory Ratoff|
|1936||His Brother's Wife||Professor Fahrenheim||W. S. Van Dyke|
|1936||Reunion||Dr. John Luke|
|1936||One in a Million||Heinrich Muller||Sidney Lanfield|
|1937||Seventh Heaven||Father Chevillon||Henry King|
|1937||Heidi||Adolph Kramer / Grandfather||Allan Dwan|
|1938||Happy Landing||Herr Lars Ericksen||Roy Del Ruth|
|1938||Alexander's Ragtime Band||Professor Heinrich||Henry King|
|1938||I'll Give a Million||Victor||Walter Lang|
|1938||Five of a Kind||Dr. John Luke||Herbert I. Leeds|
|1939||Mr. Moto in Danger Island||Sutter||Herbert I. Leeds|
|1939||Meet Dr. Christian||Dr. Paul Christian||Bernard Vorhaus|
|1940||The Courageous Dr. Christian||Dr. Paul Christian||Bernard Vorhaus|
|1940||Dr. Christian Meets the Women||Dr. Paul Christian||William C. McGann|
|1940||Remedy for Riches||Dr. Paul Christian||Erle C. Kenton|
|1941||Melody for Three||Dr. Paul Christian||Erle C. Kenton|
|1941||They Meet Again||Dr. Paul Christian||Erle C. Kenton|
|1943||Stage Door Canteen||Himself||Frank Borzage|
|1949||Dancing in the Dark||Jean Hersholt||Irving Reis|
|1955||Run for Cover||Mr. Swenson||Nicholas Ray|
|1943||Lady Esther Screen Guild Theatre||Men in White |
Danny Kaye was an American actor, comedian, singer and dancer. His performances featured physical comedy, idiosyncratic pantomimes, and rapid-fire novelty songs.
Hans Christian Andersen was a Danish author. Although a prolific writer of plays, travelogues, novels, and poems, he is best remembered for his literary fairy tales.
The Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award is awarded periodically by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) at the Governors Awards ceremonies for an individual's "outstanding contributions to humanitarian causes". Prior to 2009 and in 2021, this award was presented during the main Oscars ceremony. The award category was instituted in 1956 and first awarded at the 29th Academy Awards, in March 1957. Unlike the Academy Award of Merit, the awards are restricted with the nomination and voting limited to industry professionals for this that are members of the Board of Governors of AMPAS.
"The Ugly Duckling" is a Danish literary fairy tale by Danish poet and author Hans Christian Andersen (1805–1875). It was first published on 11 November 1843 in New Fairy Tales. First Volume. First Collection, with three other tales by Andersen in Copenhagen, Denmark to great critical acclaim. The tale has been adapted to various media including opera, musical, and animated film. The tale is an original story by Andersen.
The Dionne quintuplets are the first quintuplets known to have survived their infancy. The identical girls were born just outside Callander, Ontario, near the village of Corbeil. All five survived to adulthood.
Samuel Goldwyn, also known as Samuel Goldfish, was a Polish-born American film producer. He was best known for being the founding contributor and executive of several motion picture studios in Hollywood. He was awarded the 1973 Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award, the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award (1947) and the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award (1958).
Sherry Lansing is an American philanthropist and retired film studio executive. She is the Chairman of the Universal Music Group, and was the CEO of Paramount Pictures and president of production at 20th Century Fox. In 1996, she became the first woman to be named Pioneer of the Year by the Foundation of the Motion Picture Pioneers. In 1999, she was appointed to the University of California Board of Regents. In 2005, she became the first female movie studio head to place hand and foot prints at the Grauman's Chinese Theater. In 2001, she was named one of the 30 most powerful women in America by Ladies' Home Journal, and The Hollywood Reporter named her fourth on its Power 100 list in 2003.
Walter Mortimer Mirisch is an American film producer. He is president and executive head of production of The Mirisch Corporation, an independent film production company, which he formed in 1957 with his brother Marvin and half-brother Harold. He won the Academy Award for Best Picture as producer of In the Heat of the Night (1967).
Charles Edward "Buddy" Rogers was an American film actor and musician. During the peak of his popularity in the late 1920s and early 1930s he was publicized as "America's Boyfriend".
The Motion Picture & Television Fund (MPTF) is a charitable organization that offers assistance and care to those in the motion picture and television industries and their families with limited or no resources, including services such as temporary financial assistance, case management, and residential living.
Dr. Christian is a radio series with Jean Hersholt in the title role. It aired on CBS Radio from November 7, 1937 to January 6, 1954. In 1956, the series was adapted for television where it aired in syndication until 1957.
Richard Day was a Canadian art director in the film industry. He won seven Academy Awards and was nominated for a further 13 in the category of Best Art Direction. He worked on 265 films between 1923 and 1970. He was born in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada and died in Hollywood, California.
Edmond L. DePatie was an American film industry executive. He was vice president and general manager of Warner Bros. Burbank studio, and on 18 April, 1966 at the 38th Academy Awards, DePatie was honored with the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award, just four months before his death.
The Governors Awards presentation is an annual award ceremony hosted by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), at the Grand Ballroom of the Hollywood and Highland Center, in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles, California. Three awards that signify lifetime achievement within the film industry – the Academy Honorary Award, the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award, and the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award – are presented at this ceremony. The first Governors Awards ceremony was held on November 14, 2009. Prior to this, these three awards were formally presented during the main Academy Awards ceremony, which now conducts a short mention and appearance of the awards recipients after displaying a montage of the Governors Awards presentation. In the years since, the awards have gained prominence as a major red-carpet destination and industry event.
Five of a Kind is a 1938 American comedy film directed by Herbert I. Leeds and written by Lou Breslow and John Patrick. The film stars Jean Hersholt, Claire Trevor, Cesar Romero, Slim Summerville, Henry Wilcoxon and Inez Courtney. The film was released on October 14, 1938, by 20th Century Fox. The film follows the escalating rivalry between radio journalists Duke Lester (Romero) and Christine Nelson (Trevor) that culminates in a competition to cover the exploits of the famous Canadian quintuplets, the Wyatts, played by the Dionne quintuplets.
Benjamin "BB" Kahane was an American film producer.
Roger Laurance Mayer was an American film industry executive. He was best known for his efforts on behalf of film preservation and for his support of the film industry's humanitarian charity, the Motion Picture & Television Fund. In 2004 he was awarded the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award.
The Country Doctor is a 1936 American drama film directed by Henry King and written by Sonya Levien. The film stars Jean Hersholt, June Lang, Slim Summerville, Michael Whalen, Dorothy Peterson and Robert Barrat. The Country Doctor was released on March 12, 1936, by 20th Century Fox.
I did learn very early that when I would mention my uncle, people would look at me as if I were the biggest liar in the world. Then I would take them home and show them 8-by-10 glossies, and things changed quite drastically. So I began to think that maybe this acting business was not a bad idea, much as I was very shy about it and certainly without courage regarding it. My uncle died not too long after I was in a position to know him. I regret that I had not a chance to know him better.