Jean de Dunois

Last updated
Jean de Dunois Jean de Dunois.jpg
Jean de Dunois
Coat of arms of the Counts of Longueville Blason comte fr Longueville (ancien).svg
Coat of arms of the Counts of Longueville
Coat of arms of the d'Enghien family Armes de d'Enghien-Havre.png
Coat of arms of the d'Enghien family

Jean d'Orléans, Count of Dunois (23 November 1402 – 24 November 1468), known as the "Bastard of Orléans" (French : bâtard d'Orléans) or simply Jean de Dunois, was a French military leader during the Hundred Years' War who participated in military campaigns with Joan of Arc. [1] His nickname, the "Bastard of Orléans", was a term of higher hierarchy and respect, since it acknowledged him as a first cousin to the king and acting head of a cadet branch of the royal family during his half-brother's captivity. In 1439 he received the county of Dunois from his half-brother Charles, Duke of Orléans, and later king Charles VII made him count of Longueville. [1]



Jean was the illegitimate son of Louis I, Duke of Orléans – son of King Charles V of France – and his mistress Mariette d'Enghien. [2] In 1407, Jean's father, Louis I, Duke of Orléans was assassinated. [1] Eight years later, his half-brother, Charles, Duke of Orléans was captured at the Battle of Agincourt and remained a prisoner of the English for twenty-five years. [1] This left Jean the only adult male to represent the house of Orléans. [1] He was Knight of the Order of the Porcupine.

Jean joined the civil war in France in the time of Charles VI on the side of the Armagnacs, and was captured by the Burgundians in 1418. Released in 1420, he entered the service of the Dauphin Charles, fighting in the Hundred Years' War against English forces. In 1427, Jean, along with Arthur of Richemont and Etienne of Vignolles forced the Earl of Warwick to raise his siege of Montargis. [3] He was wounded, the next year, at the battle of Rouvray. [3] Jean led the French defenses at the siege of Orléans, [1] and together with Joan of Arc relieved the siege. [1] He joined her on the campaigns of 1429 and remained active after her death. [1]

Jean took part in the coronation of Charles VII and in 1436 aided in the recapture of Paris, [3] and in 1439 he was created Count of Dunois. [4] He was prominent in the conquest of Guienne and Normandy in the final years of the Hundred Years War. [3]

Jean participated in the Praguerie against Charles VII and was a leader of the League of the Public Weal against King Louis XI in 1465, but each time he regained favor at court. [4]

Marriages and progeny

He married Marie Louvet (d. 1426) in April 1422 at Bourges, [5] by whom he had no children.

He married a second time to Marie of Harcourt (d. 1464), [6] Lady of Parthenay 26 October 1439 and had two children:


Related Research Articles

Louis I was Duke of Savoy from 1440 until his death in 1465.

René of Anjou 15th-century French prince, briefly King of Naples

René of Anjou was Duke of Anjou and Count of Provence from 1434 to 1480, who also reigned as King of Naples as René I from 1435 to 1442. Having spent his last years in Aix-en-Provence, he is known in France as the Good King René.

Counts of Blois

The County of Blois was originally centred on Blois, south of Paris, France. One of the chief cities, along with Blois itself, was Chartres.

Charles de Bourbon was the oldest son of John I, Duke of Bourbon and Marie, Duchess of Auvergne.

Louis I, Duke of Orléans

Louis I of Orléans was Duke of Orléans from 1392 to his death. He was also Duke of Touraine (1386–1392), Count of Valois (1386?–1406) Blois (1397–1407), Angoulême (1404–1407), Périgord (1400–1407) and Soissons (1404–07).

La Hire 15th-century French military commander

Étienne de Vignolles, also known as La Hire ;, was a French military commander during the Hundred Years' War.

Jean Bureau French artillery commander

Jean Bureau was a French artillery commander active primarily during the later years of the Hundred Years' War. Along with his brother, Gaspard, he is credited with making French artillery the most effective in the world. As Master Gunner of Artillery in the armies of Charles VII, Bureau acquired a reputation as an effective artillery officer during the Normandy campaign (1449–1450), when his bombardments helped capture the towns of Rouen, Harfleur, and Honfleur, and aided in the French victory at Formigny. Bureau commanded the victorious French army at the decisive Battle of Castillon in 1453.

John II, Duke of Alençon 15th-century Duke of Alençon

John II of Alençon was a French nobleman. He succeeded his father as Duke of Alençon and Count of Perche as a minor in 1415, after the latter's death at the Battle of Agincourt. He is best known as a general in the Last Phase of the Hundred Years' War and for his role as a comrade-in-arms of Joan of Arc.

Jean de Brosse

Jean de Brosse (1375–1433), Lord of Boussac, Sainte-Sévère and Huriel, was a councillor and chamberlain to Charles VII of France; he was made a Marshal of France in 1426.

Jargeau Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Jargeau is a commune in the Loiret department in north-central France.

Grand Chamberlain of France Important position within the French royal court during the Ancien Régime

The Grand Chamberlain of France was one of the Great Officers of the Crown of France, a member of the Maison du Roi, and one of the Great Offices of the Maison du Roi during the Ancien Régime. It is similar in name, but should not be confused with, the office of Grand Chamberman of France, although both positions could accurately be translated by the word chamberlain.

Charlotte of Savoy Queen consort of France

Charlotte of Savoy was queen of France as the second spouse of Louis XI. She served as regent during the king's absence in 1465, and was a member of the royal regency council during her son's minority in 1483.

Henri II dOrléans, Duke of Longueville

Henri II d'Orléans, duc de Longueville or Henri de Valois-Longueville, a legitimated prince of France and peer of France, was a major figure during the Fronde, and served as governor of Picardy, then of Normandy.

Château de Châteaudun Castle in France

The Château de Châteaudun is a castle located in the town of Châteaudun in the French département of Eure-et-Loir.

Françoise dAlençon

Françoise d'Alençon was the eldest daughter of René of Alençon and Margaret of Lorraine, and the younger sister and despoiled heiress of Charles IV, Duke of Alençon.

Anne of Cyprus was a Duchess of Savoy by marriage to Louis, Duke of Savoy. She was the daughter of King Janus of Cyprus and Charlotte of Bourbon; and a member of the Poitiers-Lusignan crusader dynasty.

Gilbert Motier de La Fayette

Gilbert Motier de La Fayette Seigneur of La Fayette, Pontgibaud, Ayes, Nébouzac, Saint-Romain and Montel-de-Gelat was a Marshal of France, namesake of and relation to Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette.

Duke of Longueville

Duke of Longueville (Longueville-sur-Scie) was a title of French nobility, though not a peerage of France.

County of Longueville

Count of Longueville is a French noble title, whose holder had the fiefdom of the County of Longueville. The County was erected into a Duchy in 1505.

Antoine de Chabannes (1408-1488), from 1439 Count of Dammartin, was a significant military and political figure of 15th-century France. An indefatigable fighter, during his long career he joined or led numerous military campaigns all over France and beyond. He served the French Valois kings Charles VII, Louis XI and Charles VIII, but also participated in two aristocratic uprisings, the Praguerie against Charles VII in 1440 and the War of the Public Weal in 1465 against Louis XI. Associated early in his life with the Armagnac faction, he fought in Charles VII's campaigns against England, including those involving Joan of Arc, and also remained generally opposed to the Burgundians and their Habsburg successors. 18th-century scholar Charles Pinot Duclos described him as "one of the bravest men of his time, sincere, faithful, quick-tempered, a keen friend and implacable enemy". Claude Villaret called him "the most experienced general of his era".



Further reading

French nobility
New creation Count of Mortain
1424 1425
to royal domain
Count of Dunois
1439 1468
Succeeded by
Francis II
Count of Longueville
1443 1468
Preceded by
Count of Périgord
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Viscount of Saint-Sauveur
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Lord of Valbonais
Succeeded by