Jeanne Cagney

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Jeanne Cagney
Jeanne Cagney 1942.JPG
Cagney c. 1942
Born(1919-03-25)March 25, 1919
DiedDecember 7, 1984(1984-12-07) (aged 65)
Cause of deathCancer [1]
Alma mater Hunter College [2]
OccupationActress
Years active1939–1965
Spouse(s)
  • Kim Spalding
    (m. 1944;div. 1952)
  • Jack Sherman Morrison
    (m. 1953;div. 1973)
Children2
Relatives James Cagney (brother)
William Cagney (brother)

Jeanne Carolyn Cagney (March 25, 1919 December 7, 1984) was an American film, stage, and television actress.

Contents

Early years

Born in New York City, Cagney and her four older brothers were raised by her widowed mother. Two of the brothers were film actor James Cagney and actor/producer William Cagney. [3] She attended Hunter College High School. Majoring in French and German, [4] she was a cum laude graduate of Hunter College (now part of City University of New York) and a member of Phi Beta Kappa Society. She also starred in plays produced by the college's dramatic society. [5] Following her college graduation, she studied acting at the Pasadena Playhouse. [3]

New York City Largest city in the United States

The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

James Cagney American actor and dancer

James Francis Cagney Jr. was an American actor and dancer, both on stage and in film. Known for his consistently energetic performances, distinctive vocal style, and deadpan comic timing, he won acclaim and major awards for a wide variety of performances. He is best remembered for playing multifaceted tough guys in films such as The Public Enemy (1931), Taxi! (1932), Angels with Dirty Faces (1938), The Roaring Twenties (1939) and White Heat (1949), finding himself typecast or limited by this reputation earlier in his career. In 1999 the American Film Institute ranked him eighth among its list of greatest male stars of the Golden Age of Hollywood. Orson Welles described Cagney as "maybe the greatest actor who ever appeared in front of a camera".

William Cagney American film producer and actor

William Jerome Cagney was an American film producer and actor, remembered for roles in the Monogram Pictures films Lost in the Stratosphere and Flirting with Danger, both filmed in 1934.

Stage

Cagney performed in the original stage production of The Iceman Cometh , which premiered on Broadway on October 9, 1946. [3] The play's author, Eugene O'Neill, cast her in the role of Margie, one of the "street walkers" in his story.

The Iceman Cometh is a play written by American playwright Eugene O'Neill in 1939. First published in 1946, the play premiered on Broadway at the Martin Beck Theatre on October 9, 1946, directed by Eddie Dowling, where it ran for 136 performances before closing on March 15, 1947.

Eugene ONeill American playwright, and Nobel laureate in Literature

Eugene Gladstone O'Neill was an American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature. His poetically titled plays were among the first to introduce into U.S. drama techniques of realism earlier associated with Russian playwright Anton Chekhov, Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen, and Swedish playwright August Strindberg. The drama Long Day's Journey into Night is often numbered on the short list of the finest U.S. plays in the 20th century, alongside Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire and Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman.

Film

After being heard by a scout while appearing on Bing Crosby's radio program, Cagney had a film test with RKO Pictures. However, she signed a long-term contract with Paramount Pictures. [5] She appeared in 19 films between 1939 and 1965, including four films with her brother James: Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942), The Time of Your Life (1948), A Lion Is in the Streets (1953), and Man of a Thousand Faces (1957). Cagney gave a noted performance opposite Mickey Rooney in the film noir crime film Quicksand (1950).

Bing Crosby 20th-century American singer and actor

Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby Jr. was an American singer and actor. The first multimedia star, Crosby was a leader in record sales, radio ratings, and motion picture grosses from 1931 to 1954. His early career coincided with recording innovations that allowed him to develop an intimate singing style that influenced many male singers who followed him, including Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, Dick Haymes, and Dean Martin. Yank magazine said that he was "the person who had done the most for the morale of overseas servicemen" during World War II. In 1948, American polls declared him the "most admired man alive", ahead of Jackie Robinson and Pope Pius XII. Also in 1948, Music Digest estimated that his recordings filled more than half of the 80,000 weekly hours allocated to recorded radio music.

RKO Pictures American film production and distribution company

RKO Pictures is an American film production and distribution company. In its original incarnation, as RKO Radio Pictures, Inc. it was one of the Big Five studios of Hollywood's Golden Age. The business was formed after the Keith-Albee-Orpheum (KAO) theater chain and Joseph P. Kennedy's Film Booking Offices of America (FBO) studio were brought together under the control of the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) in October 1928. RCA chief David Sarnoff engineered the merger to create a market for the company's sound-on-film technology, RCA Photophone. By the mid-1940s, the studio was under the control of investor Floyd Odlum.

Paramount Pictures Major film studio in America, specializing in film and television production, and distribution.

Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American film studio based in Hollywood, California, that has been a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom since 1994. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world, the second oldest in the United States, and the sole member of the "Big Five" film studios still located in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Hollywood.

Radio

Cagney briefly played the title role in the radio soap opera The Romance of Helen Trent . [6] Most of her other work on radio was as a guest in dramatic programs such as the following:

<i>The Romance of Helen Trent</i>

The Romance of Helen Trent was a radio soap opera which aired on CBS from October 30, 1933 to June 24, 1960 for a total of 7,222 episodes. The show was created by Frank and Anne Hummert, who were among the most prolific producers during the radio soap era.

YearRadio ProgramEpisode/source
1942 Armstrong's Theatre of Today NA [7]
1942 Screen Guild Players Yankee Doodle Dandy [8]
1944 Silver Theater Wanted -- Adventure for Two [9]
1944The Kate Smith Hour Till We Meet Again [10]
1945 Grand Central Station NA [11]
1946 Grand Central Station A Lion Is in the Streets [12]
1952 Family Theater The Red Head [13]

Television

In 1954, Cagney made a television pilot for a mystery series, Satan's Waiting, but it apparently was not sold. [14] Later, she served as the fashion commentator of Queen for a Day , [15] hosted by Jack Bailey on NBC and ABC from 1956 to 1963. This daytime "game show" is regarded as a forerunner of today's reality shows. Cagney hosted segments that provided viewers with tips on style and introduced to them the latest fashions.

A television pilot is a standalone episode of a television series that is used to sell the show to a television network. At the time of its creation, the pilot is meant to be the testing ground to gauge whether a series will be successful. It is, therefore, a test episode for the intended television series, an early step in the series development, much like pilot studies serve as precursors to the start of larger activity.

<i>Queen for a Day</i> US television program

Queen for a Day is an American radio and television game show that helped to usher in American listeners' and viewers' fascination with big-prize giveaway shows. Queen for a Day originated on the Mutual Radio Network on April 30, 1945, in New York City before moving to Los Angeles a few months later and ran until 1957. The show then ran on NBC Television from 1956 to 1960 and on ABC Television from 1960 to 1964.

Jack Bailey (actor) American actor and daytime game show

John Wesley Bailey Jr. was an American actor and daytime game show host. He was born in Hampton, Iowa, and died in Santa Monica, California.

Family

Cagney married actor Ross Latimer (also known as Kim Spaulding) in 1944. She was divorced from him March 9, 1951. They had no children. [16] She married Jack Morrison, a faculty member in theater arts at UCLA, [15] on June 6, 1953; [17] they had two daughters, Mary and Terry. [15]

University of California, Los Angeles Public research university in Los Angeles, California

The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), is a public research university in Los Angeles. It became the Southern Branch of the University of California in 1919, making it the fourth-oldest of the 10-campus University of California system. It offers 337 undergraduate and graduate degree programs in a wide range of disciplines. UCLA enrolls about 31,000 undergraduate and 13,000 graduate students and had 119,000 applicants for Fall 2016, including transfer applicants, making the school the most applied-to of any American university.

Death

Jeanne Cagney, at age 65, died of lung cancer in Newport Beach, California, on December 7, 1984. [3] Survivors included brothers William and James Cagney, daughters Theresa Cagney and Mary Anne Roberts, and a grandson. [3] Her grave is at Pacific View Memorial Park in Corona del Mar, California. Her brother William, who died in 1988, is buried next to her. [18]

Filmography

YearTitleRoleNotes
1939 All Women Have Secrets Kay Parker Gregory
1940 Queen of the Mob Ethel Webster
1940 Golden Gloves Mary Parker
1940 Rhythm on the River Country Cousin
1942 Yankee Doodle Dandy Josie Cohan
1948 The Time of Your Life Kitty Duval
1950 Quicksand Vera
1952 Don't Bother to Knock Rochelle
1953 A Lion Is in the Streets Jennie Brown
1955 Kentucky Rifle Cordie Hay
1957 Man of a Thousand Faces Carrie Chaney
1965 Town Tamer Mary Donley(final film role)

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References

  1. http://archives.chicagotribune.com/1984/12/11/page/30/article/actress-jeanne-cagney-morrison-65
  2. "Obituaries: Star's sister is dead at 65". Lodi News-Sentinel. December 10, 1984. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "Actress Jeanne Cagney Morrison, 65". Chicago Tribune. December 11, 1984. p. 14 - Section 2. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  4. Ferguson, Betty Jane (June 9, 1938). "Movie Tough Guy's Sister Knows He Is Only Putting on a Good Act". The Piqua Daily Call. p. 18. Retrieved May 31, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  5. 1 2 "At Last Jeanne Cagney Has A Role That Suits Her Name". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 7, 1943. p. 31. Retrieved May 28, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  6. Wolters, Larry (July 19, 1953). "Helen Trent's Romance Now 20 Years Old". Chicago Sunday Tribune. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  7. "Jeanne Cagney Guest Star on Theatre of Today". Harrisburg Telegraph. June 20, 1942. p. 24. Retrieved May 31, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  8. "Players to Open Season With 'Yankee Doodle Dandy'". Harrisburg Telegraph. October 17, 1942. p. 19. Retrieved May 28, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  9. "Jeanne Cagney Guest on Silver Theater Hour". Chicago Tribune. July 9, 1944. p. Part 3 - Page 4. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  10. "Comedy". The Lincoln Star. September 24, 1944. p. 28. Retrieved May 31, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  11. "Jeanne Cagney On WSOY". The Decatur Herald. May 12, 1945. p. 6. Retrieved May 31, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  12. "Jeanne Cagney in St. Patrick Story, On 'Grand Central'". Harrisburg Telegraph. March 16, 1946. p. 21. Retrieved May 31, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  13. Kirby, Walter (February 24, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 38. Retrieved May 28, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  14. "Malone Firm To Produce Mystery Films". Billboard. November 27, 1954. p. 5. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  15. 1 2 3 Thompson, Ruth E. (June 13, 1964). "TV Rates with Jeanne Cagney". Simpson's Leader-Times. p. 13. Retrieved May 28, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  16. "Jeanne Cagney Wins Divorce". The Ogden Standard-Examiner. March 9, 1951. p. 15. Retrieved May 31, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  17. "Jeanne Cagney Weds". The Anniston Star. June 7, 1953. p. 1. Retrieved May 30, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  18. "Jeanne Cagney," Find a Grave website memorial 8803 created on March 10, 2000. Retrieved April 2, 2017.