Jerry Mateparae

Last updated


Sir Jerry Mateparae

Jerry Mateparae official photo.jpg
20th Governor-General of New Zealand
In office
31 August 2011 31 August 2016
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister John Key
Preceded by Sir Anand Satyanand
Succeeded by Dame Patsy Reddy
27th High Commissioner of New Zealand to the United Kingdom
In office
24 March 2017 April 2020
Prime Minister Bill English
Jacinda Ardern
Preceded by Lockwood Smith
Succeeded by Bede Corry
Personal details
Born (1954-11-14) 14 November 1954 (age 66)
Whanganui, New Zealand
Spouse(s)Raewyn McGhie (1973–1990)
Janine Grenside
Children5
Alma mater Officer Cadet School, Portsea
Staff College, Camberley
Australian Defence College
Royal College of Defence Studies
University of Waikato
Military service
AllegianceNew Zealand
Branch/service New Zealand Army
Years of service1972–2011
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands Chief of Defence Force
Chief of Army
Land Command
1st Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
New Zealand Special Air Service
Battles/wars Operation Bel Isi
Operation Warden
Awards Knight Grand Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit
Queen's Service Order

Lieutenant General Sir Jeremiah Mateparae, GNZM , QSO , KStJ (born 14 November 1954) is a former New Zealand soldier who served as the 20th Governor-General of New Zealand between 2011 and 2016, the second Māori person to hold the office, after Sir Paul Reeves. [1] A former officer in the New Zealand Army, he was Chief of the New Zealand Defence Force from 2006 to 2011, and then served as the director of the New Zealand Government Communications Security Bureau for five months in 2011. [2] Following his term as governor-general, Mateparae was the High Commissioner of New Zealand to the United Kingdom between 2017 and 2020.

Contents

Early life

Mateparae was born on 14 November 1954 to the Andrews family in Wanganui. He was given to his mother's brother, a Mateparae, to be raised in the Māori customary adoption known as whāngai . [3] His birth father and his adoptive father were both ministers in the Rātana Church. [4] He is descended from the Ngāti Tūwharetoa [5] and Ngāti Kahungunu tribes and also has links to Tūhoe and tribes in the upper Whanganui. [6] He was raised in the Whanganui suburb of Castlecliff and attended Castlecliff Primary School, Rutherford Intermediate School and Wanganui High School. [7]

Military career

Lieutenant General Jerry Mateparae as Chief of Defence Force on 29 May 2009, in Singapore. Jerry Mateparae 090529-N-8623G-003.jpg
Lieutenant General Jerry Mateparae as Chief of Defence Force on 29 May 2009, in Singapore.

Mateparae enlisted as a private in the Regular Force of the New Zealand Army in June 1972. In December 1976, he graduated from the Officer Cadet School, Portsea in Australia. He served in both battalions of the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment and in the New Zealand Special Air Service. [6] He was a platoon commander in Singapore in 1979. [8]

Mateparae had two operational postings to peace support missions, one 12-month tour of duty with the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization as the Chief Observer in Southern Lebanon from May 1994 to May 1995, and commanding the combined-force Peace Monitoring Group on Bougainville during Operation Belisi in 1998. [2] On 24 December 1999, he was promoted to brigadier, in the post of Land Component Commander, Joint Forces New Zealand. [8] From December 1999 to July 2001, he was the Joint Commander for New Zealand forces attached to the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor. [2]

In February 2002, Mateparae was promoted to major general and became the Chief of General Staff. [9] The title was changed in mid-2002 to Chief of Army. On 1 May 2006 he was promoted to lieutenant general and took up appointment as the Chief of Defence Force, New Zealand's senior uniformed military appointment, which he held until 24 January 2011. [6]

On 26 August 2010, Prime Minister John Key announced the appointment of Mateparae as Director of the Government Communications Security Bureau. Mateparae was appointed for a five-year term commencing on 7 February 2011 but stepped down from the role on 1 July 2011.

Governor-General of New Zealand

Jerry Mateparae with Prime Minister John Key at the ceremony at which he was sworn in as Governor-General Sir Jerry Mateparae and John Key.jpg
Jerry Mateparae with Prime Minister John Key at the ceremony at which he was sworn in as Governor-General

On 8 March 2011, Prime Minister John Key announced the recommendation of Mateparae as the next Governor-General of New Zealand. [10] The Queen of New Zealand made the appointment later that day. [11] On 31 August 2011 he was sworn in as the governor-general for a five-year term. [12] [13]

On 20 May 2011, Mateparae was appointed an Additional Knight Grand Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit and as an Additional Companion of the Queen's Service Order. [14] He became Chancellor and Principal Knight Grand Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit and Principal Companion of the Queen's Service Order upon taking office as governor-general, [15] making him "His Excellency Lieutenant General The Right Honourable Sir Jeremiah Mateparae GNZM QSO". [16]

On 14 November 2012 Mateparae hosted a party for the 64th birthday of Charles, Prince of Wales who was visiting New Zealand, and for 64 New Zealanders, all of whom shared the same birthday of 14 November. [17]

In April 2013 Mateparae travelled to Afghanistan to mark the end of New Zealand Defence Force's deployment there. [18] In June 2014, he attended the 70th anniversary commemorations of D Day in Normandy with Queen Elizabeth II, other heads of government and world leaders, taking a number of New Zealand veterans with him.

Mateparae expanded on a tradition started by his predecessor, Sir Anand Satyanand in 2012, releasing the Governor-General's New Year Message on video for the first time. [19]

High Commissioner to the United Kingdom

On 16 December 2016, it was announced that Mateparae would be New Zealand's next High Commissioner to the United Kingdom, replacing Sir Lockwood Smith in early 2017. [20]

Personal life

Mateparae has three children with his first wife, Raewyn, who died in 1990, [7] and two with his second wife, Janine. [3]

Medals and awards

Viceregal styles of
Sir Jerry Mateparae
(2011–2016)
Flag of the Governor-General of New Zealand.svg
Reference style His Excellency Lieutenant General the Right Honourable
Spoken styleYour Excellency
Mateparae wearing his medals Murray Brennan GNZM investiture (Mateparae cropped).jpg
Mateparae wearing his medals

Mateparae has a Master of Arts with First Class Honours degree in International Relations and Strategic Studies from the University of Waikato, and received a Distinguished Alumni Award from Waikato in 2008. [21] He is a Fellow of the New Zealand Institute of Management. [22]

Mateparae was appointed an Additional Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit in the 1999 New Year Honours, [23] for his service in Bougainville. In May 2011 the Singapore government awarded him the Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) – Distinguished Service Order (Military). [24] In June 2011 he was awarded Knight of Justice of the Order of St John in regards to him becoming Prior of the Order of St John in New Zealand. [25]

New Zealand Order of Merit ribbon.png Knight Grand Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit (2011)
Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit (1999)
QueenServiceRibbon.png Companion of the Queen's Service Order (2011)
Order of St John (UK) ribbon.png Knight of Justice of the Order of St John (2011)
New Zealand Operational Service Medal ribbon.png New Zealand Operational Service Medal
UN Truce Supervision Organisation Medal ribbon.png UNIFIL Medal
NZ GSM 1992 Non-Warlike.svg New Zealand General Service Medal 1992 (Non-Warlike)
NZ East Timor Medal.svg East Timor Medal
NZ GSM Afghan (Primary) Ribbon.png New Zealand General Service Medal 2002 (Afghanistan)
New Zealand Armed Forces Award ribbon.png New Zealand Armed Forces Award with clasp
New Zealand Defence Service Medal ribbon.svg New Zealand Defence Service Medal
Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera) ribbon.png Darjah Utama Bakti Cemerlang (Tentera)
United States Navy Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg US Navy and Marine Corps Presidential Unit Citation

Honorary degrees

Honorary degrees
LocationDateSchoolDegree
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand12 May 2011 Massey University Doctor of Literature (D.Litt) [26]

Dates of rank

RankDateRoleInsignia
Private1972
NZ Army OR-1.svg
Second Lieutenant1976
NZ Army OF-1a.svg
Major1985B Company Commander, 1 RNZIR
NZ Army OF-3.svg
Lieutenant Colonel1991–1994Commanding Officer, 1 RNZIR
NZ Army OF-4.svg
Colonel30 September 1996 [27]
NZ Army OF-5.svg
Brigadier24 December 1999Land Component Commander
NZ Army OF-6.svg
Major GeneralFebruary 2002Chief of Army
NZ Army OF-7.svg
Lieutenant General1 May 2006Chief of Defence Force
NZ Army OF-8.svg

[28]

Arms

The design of the Armorial Bearings alludes to Sir Jerry Mateparae's family, Maori or Iwi heritage, military and vice-regal roles. [29]

Coat of arms of Jerry Mateparae
Notes
The arms of Sir Jerry Mateparae, granted on 9 April 2016, consist of:
Crest
Upon a Helm with a Wreath Argent and Vert a Fantail or Piwakawaka wings extended fesswise the head lowered and the tail displayed upwards proper thereon five Mullets in cross Gules fimbriated Argent Mantled Argent Doubled Vert.
Torse
Gules and Argent
Escutcheon
Vert on a Fess invected Argent a Fess per fess indented of three points Gules and Sable thereon a Wave crested of three points each in the form of a Koru Argent all between three Whalebone Clubs or Kotiate bendwise sinister also Argent in the centre chief a Royal Crown proper.
Supporters
On the Dexter A European Woman proper vested in a long evening dress and wearing slippers Vert gorged with a cord also Vert pendant therefrom a greenstone pendant or Pounamu Kuru and holding in the dexter arm its head to the sinister a ginger and white Cat proper. On the Sinister A Maori vested in the uniform of a Lieutenant of the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment with collar badges wearing a Service Dress shirt and tie with a Sam Browne Belt hanging to the sinister therefrom an Infantry Officer’s Sword on his head a Khaki Lemon Squeezer Hat proper the Puggaree thereon Khaki Gules and Khaki and worn over the shoulders a Maori Cloak or Kaitaka proper.
Motto
He Tāngata He Tāngata He Tāngata ("'It is the people' 'It is the people' 'It is the people'.")
Orders
Collar of The New Zealand Order of Merit with Badge appendant; Badge of a Companion of The Queen’s Service Order; Badge of a Knight of Justice of the Most Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem.

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References

  1. "Biography of Lt Gen The Rt Hon Sir Jerry Mateparae". Government House, Wellington. Archived from the original on 3 June 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  2. 1 2 3 "NZ gets first Maori defence chief". BBC News. 6 March 2006. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
  3. 1 2 Young, Audrey (12 March 2011). "Man of the people". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  4. "Turia delighted at Jerry Mateparae appointment". Maori Party. 7 March 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  5. "Defence Force chief delivers ANZAC address". Māori Television. 15 April 2010. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  6. 1 2 3 "Biography of Lt Gen The Rt Hon Sir Jerry Mateparae". The Governor-General of New Zealand. Government of New Zealand. 8 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 June 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  7. 1 2 Hubbard, Anthony (13 March 2011). "An Officer and a Gentleman". The Sunday Star Times. Fairfax NZ News.
  8. 1 2 "New army chief". The Press. 3 December 1999. Retrieved 5 August 2009.[ dead link ]
  9. "Defence appointments announced". New Zealand Government. 10 December 2001. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
  10. "Prime Minister Welcomes Jerry Mateparae as next Governor-General". Scoop.co.nz . Prime Minister's Office. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  11. "Appointment of New Governor-General of New Zealand". Queen Elizabeth II. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  12. "Commission Appointing Lieutenant General Sir Jeremiah Mateparae, GNZM, QSO, to be Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief in and over the Realm of New Zealand" (13 September 2011) 140 The New Zealand Gazette 3971
  13. Bennett, Adam (31 August 2011). "New governor-general sworn in". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
  14. "PM announces appointments for Lt Gen Mateparae". Beehive. 20 May 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  15. "Incoming Governor General knighted". The New Zealand Herald. 20 May 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  16. "Title and greetings". Governor-General Website. 20 May 2011. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
  17. Powell, Selina (21 September 2012). "Buddies invited for Prince Charles' Birthday". Stuff. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  18. "Dignitaries mark Afghan withdrawal". 3 News NZ. 4 April 2013. Archived from the original on 14 April 2013.
  19. Governor-General of New Zealand (1 January 2012). "Governor-General's First Video Message for the New Year". Scoop.co.nz . Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  20. "Sir Jerry Mateparae to become next High Commissioner to the UK". Stuff.co.nz. 16 December 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  21. "2008 Awardees". University of Waikato. Archived from the original on 19 August 2009. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
  22. "Jerry Mateparae named as new Governor-General". Stuff.co.nz. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  23. "New Year honours list 1999". Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. 31 December 1998. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  24. "Governor General receives military award from Singapore". Stuff.co.nz. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  25. "Sir Jerry Mateparae to head St John". Order of St John. 18 June 2011. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
  26. https://www.massey.ac.nz/massey/about-massey/news/article.cfm?mnarticle_uuid=0D4BA0A6-C615-7946-C4D7-F39B17E7F557
  27. "Appointments, Promotions, Extensions, Transfers, Resignations and Retirements of Officers of the New Zealand Army". The New Zealand Gazette. 30 October 1996. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  28. "Jerry Mateparae: Can't fight? In fact we still punch above our weight". The New Zealand Herald. 8 September 2008. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
  29. THE ARMORIAL BEARINGS OF LIEUTENANT-GENERAL THE RIGHT HONOURABLE SIR JERRY (JEREMIAH) MATEPARAE, G.N.Z.M., Q.S.O., K.St.J., Governor-General of New Zealand, 31 August 2011 – 31 August 2016
Military offices
Preceded by
Bruce Ferguson
Chief of Defence Force
2006–2011
Succeeded by
Rhys Jones
Preceded by
Maurice Dodson
Chief of Army
2002–2006
Succeeded by
Lou Gardiner
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Bruce Ferguson
Director of the Government Communications Security Bureau
2011
Succeeded by
Simon Murdoch
Acting
Preceded by
Sir Anand Satyanand
Governor-General of New Zealand
2011–2016
Succeeded by
Dame Patsy Reddy
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir Lockwood Smith
High Commissioner of New Zealand to the United Kingdom
2017–2020
Succeeded by
Bede Corry