Jerzy Wójcik (cinematographer)

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Jerzy Wójcik
Born(1930-09-12)12 September 1930
Died3 April 2019(2019-04-03) (aged 88)
NationalityPolish
OccupationCinematographer, author of screenplays and film director
Jerzy Wojcik's star on the Lodz Walk of Fame Jerzy Wojcik gwiazda Lodz.jpg
Jerzy Wojcik's star on the Łódź Walk of Fame

Jerzy Wójcik (12 September 1930 – 3 April 2019) was a Polish cinematographer, author of screenplays and film and television director, [1] professor of University of Silesia in Katowice and Leon Schiller National Higher School of Film, Theatre and Television in Łódź.

University of Silesia in Katowice Polish university

The University of Silesia in Katowice is an autonomous state-run university in Silesia Province, Katowice, Poland. It should not be confused with a similarly named university in the Czech Republic, the Silesian University in Opava.

National Film School in Łódź

The Leon Schiller National Higher School of Film, Television and Theatre in Łódź is the leading Polish academy for future actors, directors, photographers, camera operators and TV staff. It was founded on 8 March 1948 in Łódź and was initially planned to be moved to Warsaw as soon as the city was rebuilt after its destruction during World War II and the Warsaw Uprising. However, in the end the school remained in Łódź and is one of the most prominent institutions of higher education in the city.

Contents

Biography

He was born the son of an officer in the 1st Regiment of Podhale Rifles, major Andrzej Wójcik. At the beginning of Second World War, in September 1939, together with his mother and brother Marian, he was evacuated to Lwów and then returned to Nowy Sącz. After the war, the Wójcik family lived in Boguszów in the Sudeten Mountains.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Lviv City of regional significance in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine

Lviv is the largest city in western Ukraine and the seventh-largest city in the country overall, with a population of around 728,350 as of 2016. Lviv is one of the main cultural centres of Ukraine.

Boguszów-Gorce Place in Lower Silesian, Poland

Boguszów-Gorce is a town in Wałbrzych County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. Prior to 1945 it was in Germany.

In 1955 he graduated from the Cinematography Department at the National Film School in Łódź and began working in the "Kadr" film team. He received his diploma in 1964. In 1956 he worked as a second cameraman under the direction of Jerzy Lipman on the pictures for Andrzej Wajda's "Kanał".

KADR is a major Polish film production and distribution company, founded in 1955 and still producing films as of 2016. Between its founding and 2003, KADR released 150 films in total, including many classics of Polish cinema.

Camera operator professional operator of a film or video camera

A camera operator, is a professional operator of a film or video camera. In filmmaking, the person designing the lighting is the cinematographer or director of photography. A camera operator in a video production may be known as a television camera operator, video camera operator, or videographer, depending on the context and technology involved, usually operating a professional video camera.

Andrzej Wajda Polish film director

Andrzej Witold Wajda was a Polish film and theatre director. Recipient of an Honorary Oscar, the Palme d'Or, as well as Honorary Golden Lion and Golden Bear Awards, he was a prominent member of the "Polish Film School". He was known especially for his trilogy of war films consisting of A Generation (1954), Kanał (1956) and Ashes and Diamonds (1958).

He made his debut as an independent cameraman in Andrzej Munk's "Eroica" (1958). Then he carried out, among others cinematography for Andrzej Wajda's "Ashes and Diamonds" (1958), "Mother Joan of the Angels" (1961) and "Pharaoh" (1966) by Jerzy Kawalerowicz, "Westerplatte" (1967) by Stanisław Różewicz and "The Deluge" (1973) by Jerzy Hoffman, and finally "Angel in the Closet" (1987) by Stanisław Różewicz.

Andrzej Munk film director

Andrzej Munk was a Polish film director, screen writer and documentalist. He was one of the most influential artists of the post-Stalinist period in the People's Republic of Poland. His feature films Man on the Tracks, Eroica, Bad Luck, and Passenger, are considered classics of the Polish Film School developed in mid-1950s. He died as a result of a car crash in Kompina in a head-on collision with a truck.

<i>Eroica</i> (1958 film) 1958 film by Andrzej Munk

Eroica is a 1958 film by Andrzej Munk. It is composed of two separate stories, each featuring the Polish concept of heroism and a role of a hero.

<i>Ashes and Diamonds</i> (film) 1958 film by Andrzej Wajda

Ashes and Diamonds is a 1958 Polish film directed by Andrzej Wajda, based on the 1948 novel by Polish writer Jerzy Andrzejewski. It completed Wajda's war films trilogy, following A Generation (1954) and Kanal (1956). The title comes from a 19th-century poem by Cyprian Norwid and references the manner in which diamonds are formed from heat and pressure acting upon coal.

In the years 1968-1970 he collaborated with Yugoslavian directors. He directed two feature films - "The Complaint" (1991) and "The Gateway of Europe", (1999) - to which he also wrote scripts. In the years 1976-1985 he also worked as a television director - he created several performances of the TV theater, among others "Joan of Arc" (1976) and "Report" (1977). He was the author of scripts for the TV theater and the "Adequate Theater".

The Gateway of Europe is a Polish historical film. It was released in 1999. In 2001 it received Polish Film Awards for Best Cinematography, Best Costume Design and Best Production Design.

Joan of Arc French folk heroine and Roman Catholic saint

Joan of Arc, in French Jeanne d'Arc or Jehanne, nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans", is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War, and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint. She was born to Jacques d'Arc and Isabelle Romée, a peasant family, at Domrémy in north-east France. Joan claimed to have received visions of the Archangel Michael, Saint Margaret, and Saint Catherine of Alexandria instructing her to support Charles VII and recover France from English domination late in the Hundred Years' War. The uncrowned King Charles VII sent Joan to the siege of Orléans as part of a relief army. She gained prominence after the siege was lifted only nine days later. Several additional swift victories led to Charles VII's coronation at Reims. This long-awaited event boosted French morale and paved the way for the final French victory.

He was a professor of film art. In the years 1981-1982 he lectured in cinematography at the Faculty of Radio and Television of the University of Silesia in Katowice, and from 1982 he lectured at the Cinematography Department of the National Film School in Łódź, initially as an associate professor, from 1988 as ordinary professor.

He was awarded many times for his work, including Officer's Cross (1998) and Commander's Cross (2005) of the Order of Polonia Restituta, the "Vitae Valor" prize for lifetime achievement at the 3rd Film Festival "Vitae Valor" in Tarnów (2003), Lifetime Achievement Award for "Golden Camera 300" at the International Manaki brothers Film Festival in Bitola in Macedonia (1999).

He was the honorary chairman of the Association of Film Image Designers.

In 2006, he published the book 'Labyrinth of Light", containing his thoughts and professional memories, in 2017. "The Art of Film" - a collection of lectures delivered in the years 2000-2003 at the University of Warsaw.

His wife was the actress Magda Teresa Wójcik, his son is a physicist, set designer and poster artist Tomasz Wójcik.

Filmography (selection)

Other works

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References

  1. "Jerzy Wójcik". Internet Encyclopedia of Cinematographers.