Jesse L. Lasky

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Jesse L. Lasky
Jesse-lasky-1915.jpg
Lasky in 1915.
Born
Jesse Louis Lasky

(1880-09-13)September 13, 1880
DiedJanuary 13, 1958(1958-01-13) (aged 77)
Resting place Hollywood Forever Cemetery
OccupationFilm producer
Children Jesse L. Lasky Jr. Betty Lasky, Billy Lasky,
Relatives Samuel Goldwyn (former brother-in-law), Mervyn LeRoy (cousin)
Signature
Signature of Jesse Louis Lasky.png

Jesse Louis Lasky (September 13, 1880 – January 13, 1958) was an American pioneer motion picture producer [1] who was a key founder of what was to become Paramount Pictures, and father of screenwriter Jesse L. Lasky Jr.

Contents

Early life

Lasky standing outside "The Old Barn", where he and Cecil B. DeMille started a picture studio in 1913. 1914lasky02.jpg
Lasky standing outside "The Old Barn", where he and Cecil B. DeMille started a picture studio in 1913.

Born in to a Jewish family [2] in San Francisco, California, Lasky worked at a variety of jobs but began his entertainment career as a vaudeville performer, playing the cornet in a duo act with his sister Blanche. [3]

Career

In 1911, Lasky was the producer of two Broadway musicals: Hello, Paris and A La Broadway. [4] Beatrice deMille was also producing plays on Broadway and she introduced him to her son Cecil B. DeMille. [5]

Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company

In 1913 Lasky and his sister Blanche's husband, Samuel Goldwyn, teamed with DeMille and Oscar Apfel to form the Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company, with Lasky as president. [3] With limited funds, they rented a barn near Los Angeles where they made Hollywood's first feature film, DeMille's The Squaw Man , which was a success. Known today as the Lasky-DeMille Barn, it is home to the Hollywood Heritage Museum.

Other films produced by the studio include the original version of Brewster's Millions , The Call of the North , Cameo Kirby , The Circus Man , The Ghost Breaker , The Making of Bobby Burnit , The Man from Home , The Man on the Box , The Master Mind , The Only Son , The Virginian (all 1914), The Cheat , Carmen , Kindling (all 1915), The Blacklist (1916) and The Bottle Imp (1917).

Famous Players-Lasky

In 1916, Lasky's company merged with Adolph Zukor's rival company Famous Players Film Company to create Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, with Zukor as president and Lasky as vice-president in charge of production. [1] [3] In 1920, Famous Players-Lasky built a large studio facility in Astoria, New York, now known as the Kaufman Astoria Studios. Films produced by Lasky include What Every Woman Knows (1921), The Covered Wagon (1923), A Kiss for Cinderella (1925), Beau Geste (1926), Wings (1927). [1] In September 1927, Famous Players-Lasky was reorganized under the name Paramount Famous Lasky Corporation, later becoming the Paramount Pictures Corporation. [6]

In 1927, Lasky was one of the 36 people who founded the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. His Wings was the first film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture.

Financial problems arose within the industry as a result of the Great Depression and Lasky resigned in 1932 after personally losing $12 million. [1] Famous Players-Lasky went into receivership in 1933 [7] and was folded into Paramount.

Other producing roles

He became an independent film producer and in 1935 formed a partnership with Mary Pickford to produce films but within a few years she dissolved their business relationship. [1] [3] He went on to produce a radio talent show. [3]

Lasky then found work as an associate producer at RKO Pictures before becoming a producer at Warner Bros. until 1945 when he formed his own production company. At Warners he produced Sergeant York (1941), The Adventures of Mark Twain (1944) and Rhapsody in Blue (1945). [1] His last film was The Great Caruso (1951). He became in debt to the Bureau of Internal Revenue and was preparing another production with Paramount, The Brass Band, to help pay off the debt but died before production started. [1] [3]

Personal life and death

Jesse L. Lasky died from a heart attack in Beverly Hills, aged 77. [8] [9] He is interred in Hollywood Forever Cemetery, adjacent to Paramount Studios, in Hollywood.

He and his wife Blanche had three children Jesse L. Jr., Betty and Billy. [1]

In 1957 he published his autobiography, I Blow My Own Horn. [10]

Legacy

For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Lasky has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6433 Hollywood Boulevard. Lasky Drive in Beverly Hills was named in his honor.

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Wilfred Buckland

Wilfred Buckland was an American art director. Buckland worked as an art director with Cecil B. DeMille and Jesse Lasky, and later with Alan Dwan, from 1914 to 1927. He was Hollywood's first "art director" and is credited with a number of advancements in filmmaking, including the advances in lighting techniques, the development of architectural sets, and the use of miniature sets. In 1924, he was named one of the ten individuals who had contributed the most to the advancement of the motion picture industry since the time of its inception. A 1980 exhibition at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London advanced the argument that "everything we know as 'Hollywood' traces to Wilfred Buckland." Buckland was among the first inductees in the Art Directors Guild Hall of Fame.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Obituaries: Jesse L. Lasky". Variety . January 15, 1958. p. 70. Retrieved October 19, 2021 via Archive.org.
  2. Cones, John (April 2015). Motion Picture Biographies: The Hollywood Spin on Historical Figures. p. 6. ISBN   9781628941166.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Katz, Ephraim; Fred Klein; Ronald Dean Nolan (1998). The Macmillan International Film Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). New York: Macmillan. p. 795. ISBN   0-333-74037-8. OCLC   39216574.
  4. "Jesse L. Lasky – Broadway Cast & Staff | IBDB". www.ibdb.com.
  5. "Beatrice deMille – Women Film Pioneers Project". wfpp.cdrs.columbia.edu. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  6. "Famous Players-Lasky Corporation". SilentEra.com. Retrieved April 16, 2009.
  7. "J.L. Lasky Invokes New Bankruptcy Law. Listing $2,020,024 Liabilities and $134,718 Assets, He Asks Deal With Creditors". The New York Times . August 3, 1933. Retrieved March 2, 2009. Listing a total of $2,020,024.24 in liabilities and assets of only $134,718.93, Jesse L. Lasky, pioneer motion-picture producer, today sought aid of the newly amended bankruptcy act to make a compromise with his creditors, and filed a debtor's petition with the United States District Court.
  8. "Jesse Lasky dies". Time . January 27, 1958. Archived from the original on January 31, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2008. Jesse Louis Lasky, 77. pioneer moviemaker who cranked out (in 1914) Hollywood's first feature-length film (The Squaw Man) in a barn studio; of a heart attack; in Beverly Hills. After his first movie venture (with a brother-in-law, Glove Salesman Samuel Goldfish, (now Goldwyn) and young playwright Cecil B. DeMille), Lasky joined (in 1916) with Adolph Zukor to form the Famous Players-Lasky Corp., which evolved into Paramount Pictures.
  9. "Jesse L. Lasky, Film Pioneer, Dies at 77. Early Producer Who Helped Build Movie Industry Suffers Fatal Heart Seizure". Los Angeles Times . January 14, 1958. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
  10. Lasky, Jesse L. (April 11, 1957). "I Blow My Own Horn". Doubleday via Google Books.