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Jiang (simplified Chinese :将; traditional Chinese :將; pinyin :jiàng; Wade–Giles :chiang) is the rank held by general officers in the militaries of both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan. The People's Liberation Army and the People's Armed Police use three levels at present while the Republic of China Armed Forces use four.
The same rank names are used for all services, prefixed by haijun (simplified Chinese :海军; traditional Chinese :海軍; lit. 'naval force') or kongjun (simplified Chinese :空军; traditional Chinese :空軍; lit. 'air force').
| People's Armed Police |
| Chinese :一级上将; pinyin :Yījí shàngjiàng|
(Rank existed only 1988-1994; never held)
|First class senior general||First class |
|Chinese :上将; pinyin :Shàngjiàng||Senior general||General||Admiral||OF-9|
|Chinese :中将; pinyin :Zhōngjiàng||Middle general||Lieutenant general||Vice admiral||OF-8|
|Chinese :少将; pinyin :Shàojiàng||Junior general||Major general||Rear admiral||OF-7|
Under the rank system in place in the PLA in the era 1955–1965, there existed the rank of dajiang (大将) or Grand General. This rank was awarded to 10 of the veteran leaders of the PLA in 1955 and never conferred again. It was considered equivalent to the Soviet rank of генера́л а́рмии (Army General) which is generally considered a five-star rank, although the insignia itself had only four. The decision to name the equivalent rank yiji shangjiang when it was briefly re-established in 1988-1994 was likely due to a desire to keep the rank of dajiang an honorary one awarded after a war, much as general of the armies in the United States Army.
Insignia adopted in 1959. Rank names are shown below using Hanyu Pinyin and traditional Chinese characters.
|Yiji shangjiang (一級上將)||First class colonel general||First class admiral||No one has received this rank||OF-9|
|Erji shangjiang (二級上將)||Second class colonel general |
|Zhongjiang (中將)||Lieutenant General||Vice Admiral||OF-8|
|Shaojiang (少將)||Major general||Rear admiral||OF-7|
The People's Liberation Army Ground Force (PLAGF) is the land-based service branch of the People's Liberation Army and the largest and oldest branch of the entire Chinese armed forces. The PLAGF can trace its lineage from 1927 as the Chinese Red Army; however, it was not officially established until 1948.
The People's Liberation Army has not always used ranks or insignia. In common with the practice of the Red Army at the time of its founding in 1927, neither were used until 1955 when a system of ranks was established. As a result of the Cultural Revolution, ranks were abolished in May 1965. After the Sino-Vietnamese War of 1979, reforms in the PLA began to be made to professionalize the armed forces once more. The 1984 Military Service Law provided for the resumption of rank, but disagreements on what ranks were to be used and who would receive them caused the revival of rank to be delayed until 1988. The following ranks and their respective insignia shown are those used by the People's Liberation Army Ground Force.
The ranks in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy are similar to those of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force, except that those of the PLA Navy are prefixed by 海军 meaning Naval Force or Navy. See Ranks of the People's Liberation Army or the article on an individual rank for details on the evolution of rank and insignia in the PLAN. This article primarily covers the existing ranks and insignia.
The ranks in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force are similar to those of the Chinese Army, formally known as the People's Liberation Army Ground Force, except that those of the PLA Air Force are prefixed by 空军 meaning Air Force. See Ranks of the People's Liberation Army or the article on an individual rank for details on the evolution of rank and insignia in the PLAAF. This article primarily covers the existing ranks and insignia.
Wei is the rank held by company-grade officers in the militaries of China and Taiwan. It currently exists in three grades, shao wei (少尉), zhong wei (中尉), and shang wei (上尉). An additional grade, da wei (大尉), formerly existed in the Chinese military (PLA) from 1955 to 1965. However, when the use of rank and insignia was restored in 1988, this rank was not re-established. As opposed to the Western tradition of using different names for equivalent ranks in the army and navy, the Chinese armed forces use the same rank names for all services, prefixed in the case of the PLA by hai jun or kong jun.
Xiao is the rank held by field officers in the militaries of China and Taiwan. The Chinese military (PLA) uses four grades while the Taiwanese military uses only three, with the rank equivalent to the fourth being treated as a general officer rank. This difference is found in other militaries as well: in the British Army a brigadier is considered a field officer, while the equivalent rank in the United States Army, brigadier general, is considered a general officer. The Chinese use the same rank names for all services, prefixed by hai jun or kong jun. While the Taiwanese military (ROC) does the same for enlisted ranks and company-grade officers, it has distinct names for the higher naval ranks.
Da jiang was a rank conferred in 1955 to ten veteran leaders of the People's Liberation Army. It was never conferred again and the rank was abolished in 1965 along with all other ranks in the PLA. It was considered equivalent to the Soviet rank of генера́л а́рмии and generally considered a five-star rank, although the insignia itself had only four due to the fact that China does not have brigadier general as a rank.
Type 07 is a group of military uniforms used by all branches of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the paramilitary Chinese People's Armed Police Force. Introduced in 2007, the Type 07 uniforms replaced the Type 87 service uniforms used by regular units and the Type 97 Service Dress uniforms of the People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison and the People's Liberation Army Macau Garrison. The Type 07 uniforms were first seen in late June 2007 during a celebration ceremony for the 10th anniversary of the Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong.
The Military Anthem of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, also known as the March of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, is a patriotic song of the People's Republic of China. The song was written by Gong Mu and composed by Zheng Lücheng.
Wang Hai was a Chinese fighter pilot and general. A flying ace of the Korean War, he served as commander of the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) from 1985 to 1992. He was awarded the rank of general in 1988.
PLA Air Force Aviation University is a military university located in Changchun, Jilin, China.
Yu Zhongfu is a general of the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) of China. Having served in the PLAAF for more than 40 years, he was appointed Political Commissar of the PLAAF in July 2015.
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Shen Jinlong is a Chinese admiral who serves as Commander of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).
Liu Mingli is a vice admiral of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China.
The Commander of the People's Liberation Army Navy, is the title of the People's Liberation Army officer who serves as the commanding officer of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). The 8th and current, commander of the People's Liberation Army Navy is Admiral Shen Jinlong.
Feng Danyu is a vice admiral (zhongjiang) in the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China. He has been deputy commander of the People's Liberation Army Navy since August 2017, and formerly served as deputy head of the Department of Equipment Development of the Central Military Commission.
Rao Kaixun is a lieutenant general in the People's Liberation Army of China. In July 2019 he has been placed under investigation by the PLA's anti-corruption agency. Previously he served as deputy commander of the People's Liberation Army Strategic Support Force. He was promoted to the rank of major general in 2010 and lieutenant general in 2017.
Guo Puxiao is a general (Shangjiang) of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China and the current political commissar of Logistic Support Department of the Central Military Commission. He was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general (zhongjiang) in July 2018 and general (Shangjiang) in December 2020.
The People's Liberation Army in China has five rank schemes among different military branches, including Ground Force, Navy, Air Force, Rocket Force, Strategic Support Force.The Surface Force, Submarine Force, Coastal Defense Force, Marine Corps and Naval Air Force, although being a part of the Navy, maintains a different insignia to other naval fleet personnel.