Jiang (rank)

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Jiang (simplified Chinese :; traditional Chinese :; pinyin :jiàng; Wade–Giles :chiang) is the rank held by general officers in the militaries of both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan. The People's Liberation Army and the People's Armed Police use three levels at present while the Republic of China Armed Forces use four.

Contents

The same rank names are used for all services, prefixed by haijun (simplified Chinese :海军; traditional Chinese :海軍; lit. 'naval force') or kongjun (simplified Chinese :空军; traditional Chinese :空軍; lit. 'air force').

People's Liberation Army

RankLiteral
translation
Army
translation
Navy
translation
PLA
ground force
insignia
PLA
naval force
insignia
PLA
Air force
insignia
People's Armed Police
insignia
NATO
rank
equivalent
Chinese :一级上将; pinyin :Yījí shàngjiàng
(Rank existed only 1988-1994; never held)
First class senior generalFirst class
colonel general
or General
Fleet admiralOF-10
Chinese :上将; pinyin :ShàngjiàngSenior generalGeneral [1] Admiral PLAGF-0720-GEN.png PLANF-0720-GEN.png PLAAF-0720-GEN.png CAPF-0720-GEN.png OF-9
Chinese :中将; pinyin :ZhōngjiàngMiddle generalLieutenant generalVice admiral PLAGF-0719-LTG.png PLANF-0719-LTG.png PLAAF-0719-LTG.png CAPF-0719-LTG.png OF-8
Chinese :少将; pinyin :ShàojiàngJunior generalMajor generalRear admiral PLAGF-0718-MG.png PLANF-0718-MG.png PLAAF-0718-MG.png CAPF-0718-MG.png OF-7

Dajiang

Under the rank system in place in the PLA in the era 1955–1965, there existed the rank of dajiang (大将) or Grand General. This rank was awarded to 10 of the veteran leaders of the PLA in 1955 and never conferred again. It was considered equivalent to the Soviet rank of генера́л а́рмии (Army General) which is generally considered a five-star rank, although the insignia itself had only four. The decision to name the equivalent rank yiji shangjiang when it was briefly re-established in 1988-1994 was likely due to a desire to keep the rank of dajiang an honorary one awarded after a war, much as general of the armies in the United States Army.

Republic of China Armed Forces

Insignia adopted in 1959. Rank names are shown below using Hanyu Pinyin and traditional Chinese characters.

RankArmy
translation
Navy
translation
ROC
Army
insignia
ROC
navy
insignia
ROC
air force
insignia
ROC
Marine Corps
insignia
NATO
rank
equivalent
Yiji shangjiang (一級上將)First class colonel generalFirst class admiral
Taiwan-army-OF-9b.svg
Taiwan-navy-OF-9b.svg
Taiwan-airforce-OF-9b.svg
No one has received this rankOF-9
Erji shangjiang (二級上將)Second class colonel general
or General
Admiral
Taiwan-army-OF-9a.svg
Taiwan-navy-OF-9a.svg
Taiwan-airforce-OF-9a.svg
Taiwan-Marine-OF-9a.svg
Zhongjiang (中將)Lieutenant GeneralVice Admiral
Taiwan-army-OF-8.svg
Taiwan-navy-OF-8.svg
Taiwan-airforce-OF-8.svg
Taiwan-Marine-OF-8.svg
OF-8
Shaojiang (少將)Major generalRear admiral
Taiwan-army-OF-7.svg
Taiwan-navy-OF-7.svg
Taiwan-airforce-OF-7.svg
Taiwan-Marine-OF-7.svg
OF-7

See also

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