Jiangmen

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Jiangmen
江门市
Kongmoon; Chiangmen
Jiangmen montage.jpg
Clockwise from top right: Renshou Lu, Gudou Hotspring Resort, Xinhui Confucian Temple, Changdi Lu, & Jingtang Library
Jiangmen
Guangdong subdivisions - Jiangmen.svg
Location of Jiangmen in Guangdong
China edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Jiangmen
Location in China
Coordinates(Jiangmen municipal government): 22°34′44″N113°04′53″E / 22.5789°N 113.0815°E / 22.5789; 113.0815 Coordinates: 22°34′44″N113°04′53″E / 22.5789°N 113.0815°E / 22.5789; 113.0815
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
City Seat Pengjiang District
Area
   Prefecture-level city 9,443 km2 (3,646 sq mi)
  Urban
2,800 km2 (1,100 sq mi)
  Metro
19,870.4 km2 (7,672.0 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2020 census [1] )
   Prefecture-level city 4,798,090
  Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
   Urban
2,657,062
  Urban density950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
   Metro
65,565,622
  Metro density3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Postal code
529000
Area code(s) 750
ISO 3166 code CN-GD-07
License plate prefixes 粤J
Website www.jiangmen.gov.cn (in Chinese)
Jiangmen
JM name.png
"Jiangmen" in Chinese calligraphy
Simplified Chinese 江门
Traditional Chinese 江門
Postal Kongmoon
Literal meaning River  Gate

Jiangmen (Chinese :江门) ,alternately romanized in Cantonese as Kongmoon, is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong Province in southern China. As of the 2020 census, its three urban districts, plus Heshan City being conurbated, with 2,657,662 inhabitants are now part of the GuangzhouShenzhen conurbation with 65,565,622 inhabitants and the entire prefecture had a population of about 4,798,090 inhabitants. [2]

Contents

Names

Jiangmen is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese name 江門 or 江门 , based on its pronunciation in the Mandarin dialect. Its former Wade-Giles spelling was Chiang-men. The Postal Map spelling "Kongmoon" was based upon the same name's Cantonese pronunciation Gong¹-moon⁴. Other forms of the name include Kong Moon,[ citation needed ]Kongmun, [3] and Kiangmoon.[ citation needed ]

Jiangmen is also known as Pengjiang.[ clarification needed ][ why? ] Its rural hinterland is known to the Chinese diaspora as the "Four Counties" (q.v.), although the addition of Heshan to Jiangmen has prompted the remaining locals to begin calling it the "Five Counties" instead.

History

Jiangmen was forced to open up to western trade in 1904, after a 1902 declaration which made it a treaty port. [4] During the subsequent period of western influence, a number of western-style buildings were constructed along the city's waterfront, and currently, the city's government is partaking in a renewal project to restore many of these buildings.[ citation needed ]

On 6 August 1925, the Guangdong provincial government placed Jiangmen under direct administration of the provincial government. [4] Jiangmen was given a city government on 26 November of the same year. [4] In 1931, this status would be revoked, and the city was placed under the administration of Xinhui County. [4]

The city was incorporated into the People's Republic of China on 23 October 1949, and was proclaimed a city in 1951. [4] The city later became the prefectural seat for the Sze Yup ("Four County") region including Taishan, Kaiping, Xinhui, Enping.[ citation needed ] In Mainland China but not abroad, the area became known as the "Five Counties" when Heshan was added to Jiangmen's jurisdiction.[ citation needed ]

In June 1983, the city was upgraded to a prefecture-level city. [4]

In 2011, the city banned pet dogs in public after rabies killed 42 people over the preceding 3 years. [5] The city reserved a 13-acre site to allow rural Chinese to adopt the 30,000 dogs, [5] [6] but public outcry led to a softer implementation where violators would be told to leave rather than have the dog confiscated. [7]

Geography

The city is located on the lower reaches of the Xi River and the Tan River  [ zh ], in the west of the Pearl River Delta in the middle of southern Guangdong Province. [4] It faces the South China Sea in the south and is 100 kilometres (62 mi) away from Guangzhou and Zhuhai by highway.[ citation needed ] Jiangmen city has an area of 9,260 square kilometres (3,580 sq mi), about one quarter the size of the Pearl River Delta.[ citation needed ]

Climate

The climate is subtropical with monsoonal influences. The annual average temperature is 22.36 °C (72.25 °F).

Climate data for Jiangmen (1981−2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)27.8
(82.0)
29.4
(84.9)
31.6
(88.9)
34.0
(93.2)
36.1
(97.0)
37.6
(99.7)
38.3
(100.9)
37.7
(99.9)
37.4
(99.3)
34.5
(94.1)
32.4
(90.3)
30.5
(86.9)
38.3
(100.9)
Average high °C (°F)18.3
(64.9)
19.1
(66.4)
21.9
(71.4)
26.0
(78.8)
29.7
(85.5)
31.4
(88.5)
32.7
(90.9)
32.6
(90.7)
31.2
(88.2)
28.6
(83.5)
24.4
(75.9)
20.2
(68.4)
26.3
(79.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)14.3
(57.7)
15.3
(59.5)
18.2
(64.8)
22.4
(72.3)
25.7
(78.3)
27.6
(81.7)
28.5
(83.3)
28.4
(83.1)
27.2
(81.0)
24.6
(76.3)
20.2
(68.4)
15.9
(60.6)
22.4
(72.3)
Average low °C (°F)11.4
(52.5)
12.8
(55.0)
15.7
(60.3)
19.9
(67.8)
23.0
(73.4)
24.9
(76.8)
25.5
(77.9)
25.4
(77.7)
24.4
(75.9)
21.7
(71.1)
17.2
(63.0)
12.8
(55.0)
19.6
(67.2)
Record low °C (°F)2.4
(36.3)
2.5
(36.5)
3.3
(37.9)
8.6
(47.5)
15.4
(59.7)
18.0
(64.4)
22.3
(72.1)
21.8
(71.2)
16.6
(61.9)
10.7
(51.3)
4.9
(40.8)
1.8
(35.2)
1.8
(35.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)34.0
(1.34)
60.6
(2.39)
65.6
(2.58)
182.5
(7.19)
253.6
(9.98)
317.9
(12.52)
257.5
(10.14)
289.2
(11.39)
214.7
(8.45)
68.3
(2.69)
37.8
(1.49)
26.5
(1.04)
1,808.2
(71.2)
Average relative humidity (%)71798284838482827972676578
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

Economy

Jiangmen was selected by the Chinese state as a pilot city for a nationwide information programme.[ which? ] It was also chosen by the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) as a trial city for the Regional Integration for Sustainable Economics (RISE) project. [8] According to the World Bank's "Report on Investment Environment in China" for 2005, Jiangmen was ranked the sixth most conducive city in China for investment. [9]

The economic development strategies within Jiangmen focus on the three urban districts, and the south, middle and north lines.[ citation needed ] It is planned to develop four main economic areas: the central urban district of the city, the Yinzhou Lake (银州湖; 銀州湖) economic area, and two economic areas along the various transport axes.[ citation needed ]

In 2018, the city reported a GDP of 290.041 billion Yuan, government revenue totaling 24.393 billion Yuan, and retail sales totaling 140.758 billion Yuan. [10]

Manufacturing industries

Similar to other cities in the western Pearl River Delta, the manufacturing sector plays a significant role in Jiangmen's economy. The chief industries include manufacturing of machinery, textiles, paper, food products, electronics, and building materials. [9] Other major industries include motorcycles, household appliances, food processing, synthetic fibers and garments, and stainless steel products.[ citation needed ] Global brand names with a presence in the city include BP, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Hyundai, Panasonic, Veolia, Hutchison Whampoa, ABB Group, and Tesco. [9] Some worldwide brand which have factories in Jiangmen such include Asia Pacific Resources International Holdings and Lee Kum Kee foods.[ citation needed ]

Uranium processing plant

The city was the proposed site of a $6.5 billion, 40 billion renminbi, uranium processing plant which would have supplied about half of the enriched uranium needed by China's nuclear power plants. Announcement of the plant in July 2013 was met by public protests. [11] The proposal was withdrawn out of "respect for public opinion" shortly thereafter. [12]

Jiangmen port

Jiangmen Port is the second largest river port in Guangdong province.[ citation needed ] The local government plans to develop a harbour industrial zone with heavy industries to include petrochemical and machinery plants, as well as an ocean-based economy.[ citation needed ]

Administration

Administrative divisions of Jiangmen
Division code [13] English name Chinese Pinyin Area in km2 [14] Population 2010 [15] SeatPostal codeDivisions [16]
Subdistricts Towns Residential communities Administrative villages
440700Jiangmen City江门市Jiāngmén Shì9505.424,450,703 Pengjiang District 52900015612641051
440703 Pengjiang District 蓬江区Péngjiāng Qū321.97719,146 Huanshi Subdistrict 529000638456
440704 Jianghai District 江海区Jiānghǎi Qū109.16254,313 Jiangnan Subdistrict 529000302336
440705 Xinhui District 新会区Xīnhuì Qū1354.72849,155 Huicheng Subdistrict 52910011031193
440781 Taishan City 台山市Táishān Shì3286.30941,095 Taicheng Subdistrict 52920011636277
440783 Kaiping City 开平市Kāipíng Shì1656.94699,242 Changsha Subdistrict 52930021341226
440784 Heshan City 鹤山市Hèshān Shì1082.73494,938 Shaping Subdistrict 5297001926112
440785 Enping City 恩平市Ēnpíng Shì1693.60492,814 Encheng Subdistrict 52940011023151

Culture

Changdi Lu in Jiangmen Jiangmen001.jpg
Changdi Lu in Jiangmen

Jiangmen is the homeland of approximately 4 million overseas Chinese, who live in 107 countries and regions throughout the world. [9] Strong oversea connections are especially found in the villages.[ citation needed ]

Tourism

Gudou Hotspring Resort - Tang palace (Tang Gong 
) Tang Gong 1.jpg
Gudou Hotspring Resort - Tang palace (唐宫)

A significant amount of historical heritage survives from the period of mass emigration prior to World War II. The most significant are the fortified multi-story towers found mainly in Kaiping. These are known as "Gold Mountain Towers" or diaolou. A number of natural hotspring resorts has been developed successfully by using its wealthy natural heated ground water resources such as Gudou Hotspring Resort (古兜温泉). Guifeng Mountain, a mountain visited by many tourists, is the peak of Jiangmen with an elevation of 545 meters above sea level.

The local government's economic development strategies emphasize the development of tourism and protection of the environment.[ citation needed ]

Education

Wuyi University is the main university in Jiangmen.

The only international school in Jiangmen is Boren Sino-Canadian School, while bilingual schools include WuYi Country Garden Bilingual School and China-Hong Kong English School.

Jiangmen Polytechnic College, located at Chaolian Island, enrolls about 13,000 students in various technical and humanities programs.

Jiangmen No. 1 Middle School is claimed[ by whom? ] to be the top middle school in the district. It used to be one of the best middle schools in Guangdong Province in the 1980s and 1990s. However, the quality of its education has been dropping in recent years and within the district of Jiangmen, its status is being constantly challenged by schools such as Xinhui No. 1 Middle School in Xinhui, Kaiqiao (Kaiping Emigrant) Middle School in Kiaping and Heshan No.1 Middle School in Heshan.

Transport

Roads and highways

Fengle Road is one of the trunk road linking southern and northern downtown. Jiang Men Shi Feng Le Lu .JPG
Fengle Road is one of the trunk road linking southern and northern downtown.
S49 Xinhui-Taishan Expressway GDExpwy S49 Taishan Direction Xinhui Siqian Section.jpg
S49 Xinhui-Taishan Expressway

Jiangmen has a mature network of inter-city and intra-city highways and expressways, whose total length has reached 10,084.97 kilometres (6,266.51 mi) as of 2016. [17] G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway travels at the north, connecting downtown Jiangmen to three of its administrative divisions Heshan, Kaiping and Enping, as well as nearby cities Yangjiang, Zhongshan and Foshan. S32 Western Costal Expressway  [ zh ] goes along Jiangmen's coastlines, linking Zhuhai at the east and Yangjiang at the west. G94 Pearl River Delta Ring Expressway, S20 Guangzhou-Zhongshan-Jiangmen Expressway, G2518 Shenzhen-Cenxi Expressway and S47 Guangzhou-Foshan-Jiangmen-Zhuhai Expressway run through northeast Jiangmen. S49 Xinhui-Taishan Expressway connects Taishan and joints S32 at the south.

China National Highway 325 is the only highway in the national trunk road system that goes into Jiangmen. Several provincial highways, such as S273, S274, S276 and S367 link the city's suburb areas to major towns.

Railways

Xinhui railway station Xinhui Railway Station.jpg
Xinhui railway station

Although the very first railway, Sun Ning Railway, began operation in 1909, it was discontinued in 1938 to deny its use by the Japanese military. The second operational railway is the Xinhui branch of Guangzhou–Zhuhai intercity railway (opened 2011), which provides frequent service from Xinhui railway station to Guangzhou South Railway Station, where connections to the nation's high-speed railway network are available. Since the late 2012, Jiangmen is also served by the freight-only Guangzhou–Zhuhai Railway. Shenzhen–Zhanjiang high-speed railway, which opened in 2018, connects Jiangmen at Jiangmen East railway station, Shuangshuizhen railway station, Taishan, Kaiping South railway station and Enping railway station. Since then, Jiangmen is served by direct trains to Shanghai. [18]

Ferries

Inside view of Jiangmen Ferry Piers. Ferry services to Hong Kong and Macao are available here. GD Guang Dong Sheng Jiang Men Ke Yun Ma Tou Jiangmen Ferry Piers Jiang Men Shi Gang Ao Ke Yun Kou An interior infastructure.JPG
Inside view of Jiangmen Ferry Piers. Ferry services to Hong Kong and Macao are available here.

Making use of the Jiangmen Port facilities, Chu Kong Passenger Transport (CKS) connects Jiangmen with high speed ferry services to Hong Kong (95 nautical miles) taking about 2.5 hours each way.

Coaches

Waiting room of Jiangmen Jianghai Coach Terminal. Waiting room of Jianghai Coach Terminal, Jiangmen.jpg
Waiting room of Jiangmen Jianghai Coach Terminal.

There are 18 coach terminals across Jiangmen as of 2016. 1,137 licensed coaches owned by 23 operators provide inter-county and inter-city bus services to major cities within and outside Guangdong. [19]

Public transportation

Buses outside Jiangmen East railway station. Jiangmendong Intercity Railway Station Bus Terminal.jpg
Buses outside Jiangmen East railway station.

Bus service within Pengjiang and Jianghai Districts are provided by Jiangmen Bus Co. Ltd.. Bus routes in Xinhui District were formerly operated by Macao-based Xinfuli Co., but all routes were consolidated into the city-owned bus system run by Jiangmen Automobile Transportation Group Co. Ltd. in 2010. Transit buses in other districts are operated by Jiangmen Automobile Transportation Group and other private companies.

By 2016, there are 1,077 taxicabs in Jiangmen, most of which are operated by local companies. [19]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Enping, alternately romanized as Yanping, is a county-level city in Guangdong province, China, administered as part of the prefecture-level city of Jiangmen.

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Waihai railway station

Waihai railway station, or Jianghai Station, is an elevated station on the Guangzhou-Zhuhai Intercity Mass Rapid Transit Jiangmen Spur Line.

Jiangmen East railway station

Jiangmen East railway station, formerly Jiangmen railway station, is an elevated station on the Guangzhou–Zhuhai intercity railway Jiangmen Spur Line.

Xinhui railway station

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Jiangmen Star Park is a celebrity park opened in November 2010 in Jiangmen, Guangdong, China at an estimated cost of 10 million yuan.

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Taishan may refer to:

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