|Coordinates(Jiangmen municipal government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|City Seat||Pengjiang District|
|• Prefecture-level city||9,443 km2 (3,646 sq mi)|
|• Urban||2,800 km2 (1,100 sq mi)|
|• Metro||19,870.4 km2 (7,672.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,798,090|
|• Density||510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard Time)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-GD-07|
|License plate prefixes||粤J|
|Literal meaning||River Gate|
Jiangmen (Chinese :江门) ,alternately romanized in Cantonese as Kongmoon, is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong Province in southern China. As of the 2020 census, its three urban districts, plus Heshan City being conurbated, with 2,657,662 inhabitants are now part of the Guangzhou–Shenzhen conurbation with 65,565,622 inhabitants and the entire prefecture had a population of about 4,798,090 inhabitants.
Jiangmen is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese name 江門 or 江门 , based on its pronunciation in the Mandarin dialect. Its former Wade-Giles spelling was Chiang-men. The Postal Map spelling "Kongmoon" was based upon the same name's Cantonese pronunciation Gong¹-moon⁴. Other forms of the name include Kong Moon,[ citation needed ]Kongmun, and Kiangmoon.[ citation needed ]
Jiangmen is also known as Pengjiang.[ clarification needed ][ why? ] Its rural hinterland is known to the Chinese diaspora as the "Four Counties" (q.v.), although the addition of Heshan to Jiangmen has prompted the remaining locals to begin calling it the "Five Counties" instead.
Jiangmen was forced to open up to western trade in 1904, after a 1902 declaration which made it a treaty port. [ citation needed ]During the subsequent period of western influence, a number of western-style buildings were constructed along the city's waterfront, and currently, the city's government is partaking in a renewal project to restore many of these buildings.
On 6 August 1925, the Guangdong provincial government placed Jiangmen under direct administration of the provincial government.Jiangmen was given a city government on 26 November of the same year. In 1931, this status would be revoked, and the city was placed under the administration of Xinhui County.
The city was incorporated into the People's Republic of China on 23 October 1949, and was proclaimed a city in 1951. [ citation needed ] In Mainland China but not abroad, the area became known as the "Five Counties" when Heshan was added to Jiangmen's jurisdiction.[ citation needed ]The city later became the prefectural seat for the Sze Yup ("Four County") region including Taishan, Kaiping, Xinhui, Enping.
In June 1983, the city was upgraded to a prefecture-level city.
In 2011, the city banned pet dogs in public after rabies killed 42 people over the preceding 3 years.The city reserved a 13-acre site to allow rural Chinese to adopt the 30,000 dogs, but public outcry led to a softer implementation where violators would be told to leave rather than have the dog confiscated.
The city is located on the lower reaches of the Xi River and the Tan River 100 kilometres (62 mi) away from Guangzhou and Zhuhai by highway.[ citation needed ] Jiangmen city has an area of 9,260 square kilometres (3,580 sq mi), about one quarter the size of the Pearl River Delta.[ citation needed ], in the west of the Pearl River Delta in the middle of southern Guangdong Province. It faces the South China Sea in the south and is
The climate is subtropical with monsoonal influences. The annual average temperature is 22.36 °C (72.25 °F).
|Climate data for Jiangmen (1981−2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||27.8|
|Average high °C (°F)||18.3|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||14.3|
|Average low °C (°F)||11.4|
|Record low °C (°F)||2.4|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||34.0|
|Average relative humidity (%)||71||79||82||84||83||84||82||82||79||72||67||65||78|
|Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center|
Jiangmen was selected by the Chinese state as a pilot city for a nationwide information programme.[ which? ] It was also chosen by the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) as a trial city for the Regional Integration for Sustainable Economics (RISE) project. According to the World Bank's "Report on Investment Environment in China" for 2005, Jiangmen was ranked the sixth most conducive city in China for investment.
The economic development strategies within Jiangmen focus on the three urban districts, and the south, middle and north lines.[ citation needed ] It is planned to develop four main economic areas: the central urban district of the city, the Yinzhou Lake (银州湖; 銀州湖) economic area, and two economic areas along the various transport axes.[ citation needed ]
In 2018, the city reported a GDP of 290.041 billion Yuan, government revenue totaling 24.393 billion Yuan, and retail sales totaling 140.758 billion Yuan.
Similar to other cities in the western Pearl River Delta, the manufacturing sector plays a significant role in Jiangmen's economy. The chief industries include manufacturing of machinery, textiles, paper, food products, electronics, and building materials. [ citation needed ] Global brand names with a presence in the city include BP, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Hyundai, Panasonic, Veolia, Hutchison Whampoa, ABB Group, and Tesco. Some worldwide brand which have factories in Jiangmen such include Asia Pacific Resources International Holdings and Lee Kum Kee foods.[ citation needed ]Other major industries include motorcycles, household appliances, food processing, synthetic fibers and garments, and stainless steel products.
The city was the proposed site of a $6.5 billion, 40 billion renminbi, uranium processing plant which would have supplied about half of the enriched uranium needed by China's nuclear power plants. Announcement of the plant in July 2013 was met by public protests.The proposal was withdrawn out of "respect for public opinion" shortly thereafter.
Jiangmen Port is the second largest river port in Guangdong province.[ citation needed ] The local government plans to develop a harbour industrial zone with heavy industries to include petrochemical and machinery plants, as well as an ocean-based economy.[ citation needed ]
|Administrative divisions of Jiangmen|
|Division code||English name||Chinese||Pinyin||Area in km2||Population 2010||Seat||Postal code||Divisions|
|Subdistricts||Towns||Residential communities||Administrative villages|
|440700||Jiangmen City||江门市||Jiāngmén Shì||9505.42||4,450,703||Pengjiang District||529000||15||61||264||1051|
|440703||Pengjiang District||蓬江区||Péngjiāng Qū||321.97||719,146||Huanshi Subdistrict||529000||6||3||84||56|
|440704||Jianghai District||江海区||Jiānghǎi Qū||109.16||254,313||Jiangnan Subdistrict||529000||3||0||23||36|
|440705||Xinhui District||新会区||Xīnhuì Qū||1354.72||849,155||Huicheng Subdistrict||529100||1||10||31||193|
|440781||Taishan City||台山市||Táishān Shì||3286.30||941,095||Taicheng Subdistrict||529200||1||16||36||277|
|440783||Kaiping City||开平市||Kāipíng Shì||1656.94||699,242||Changsha Subdistrict||529300||2||13||41||226|
|440784||Heshan City||鹤山市||Hèshān Shì||1082.73||494,938||Shaping Subdistrict||529700||1||9||26||112|
|440785||Enping City||恩平市||Ēnpíng Shì||1693.60||492,814||Encheng Subdistrict||529400||1||10||23||151|
Jiangmen is the homeland of approximately 4 million overseas Chinese, who live in 107 countries and regions throughout the world. [ citation needed ]Strong oversea connections are especially found in the villages.
A significant amount of historical heritage survives from the period of mass emigration prior to World War II. The most significant are the fortified multi-story towers found mainly in Kaiping. These are known as "Gold Mountain Towers" or diaolou. A number of natural hotspring resorts has been developed successfully by using its wealthy natural heated ground water resources such as Gudou Hotspring Resort (古兜温泉). Guifeng Mountain, a mountain visited by many tourists, is the peak of Jiangmen with an elevation of 545 meters above sea level.
The local government's economic development strategies emphasize the development of tourism and protection of the environment.[ citation needed ]
Wuyi University is the main university in Jiangmen.
The only international school in Jiangmen is Boren Sino-Canadian School, while bilingual schools include WuYi Country Garden Bilingual School and China-Hong Kong English School.
Jiangmen Polytechnic College, located at Chaolian Island, enrolls about 13,000 students in various technical and humanities programs.
Jiangmen No. 1 Middle School is claimed[ by whom? ] to be the top middle school in the district. It used to be one of the best middle schools in Guangdong Province in the 1980s and 1990s. However, the quality of its education has been dropping in recent years and within the district of Jiangmen, its status is being constantly challenged by schools such as Xinhui No. 1 Middle School in Xinhui, Kaiqiao (Kaiping Emigrant) Middle School in Kiaping and Heshan No.1 Middle School in Heshan.
Jiangmen has a mature network of inter-city and intra-city highways and expressways, whose total length has reached 10,084.97 kilometres (6,266.51 mi) as of 2016. G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway travels at the north, connecting downtown Jiangmen to three of its administrative divisions Heshan, Kaiping and Enping, as well as nearby cities Yangjiang, Zhongshan and Foshan. S32 Western Costal Expressway goes along Jiangmen's coastlines, linking Zhuhai at the east and Yangjiang at the west. G94 Pearl River Delta Ring Expressway, S20 Guangzhou-Zhongshan-Jiangmen Expressway, G2518 Shenzhen-Cenxi Expressway and S47 Guangzhou-Foshan-Jiangmen-Zhuhai Expressway run through northeast Jiangmen. S49 Xinhui-Taishan Expressway connects Taishan and joints S32 at the south.
China National Highway 325 is the only highway in the national trunk road system that goes into Jiangmen. Several provincial highways, such as S273, S274, S276 and S367 link the city's suburb areas to major towns.
Although the very first railway, Sun Ning Railway, began operation in 1909, it was discontinued in 1938 to deny its use by the Japanese military. The second operational railway is the Xinhui branch of Guangzhou–Zhuhai intercity railway (opened 2011), which provides frequent service from Xinhui railway station to Guangzhou South Railway Station, where connections to the nation's high-speed railway network are available. Since the late 2012, Jiangmen is also served by the freight-only Guangzhou–Zhuhai Railway. Shenzhen–Zhanjiang high-speed railway, which opened in 2018, connects Jiangmen at Jiangmen East railway station, Shuangshuizhen railway station, Taishan, Kaiping South railway station and Enping railway station. Since then, Jiangmen is served by direct trains to Shanghai.
Making use of the Jiangmen Port facilities, Chu Kong Passenger Transport (CKS) connects Jiangmen with high speed ferry services to Hong Kong (95 nautical miles) taking about 2.5 hours each way.
There are 18 coach terminals across Jiangmen as of 2016. 1,137 licensed coaches owned by 23 operators provide inter-county and inter-city bus services to major cities within and outside Guangdong.
Bus service within Pengjiang and Jianghai Districts are provided by Jiangmen Bus Co. Ltd.. Bus routes in Xinhui District were formerly operated by Macao-based Xinfuli Co., but all routes were consolidated into the city-owned bus system run by Jiangmen Automobile Transportation Group Co. Ltd. in 2010. Transit buses in other districts are operated by Jiangmen Automobile Transportation Group and other private companies.
By 2016, there are 1,077 taxicabs in Jiangmen, most of which are operated by local companies.
Taishan, alternately romanized in Cantonese as Toishan or Toisan, in local dialect as Hoisan or Toisan and formerly known as Xinning or Sunning (新寧), is a county-level city in the southwest of Guangdong province, China. It is administered as part of the prefecture-level city of Jiangmen. During the 2020 census, there were 907,354 inhabitants, but only 433,266 qualificated as urban. Taishan calls itself the "First Home of the Overseas Chinese". An estimated half a million Chinese Americans are of Taishanese descent.
The Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region is the low-lying area surrounding the Pearl River estuary, where the Pearl River flows into the South China Sea. It is one of the most densely urbanized regions in the world, and is often considered a megacity. It is now the wealthiest region in South China and one of the wealthiest in the whole of China along with the Yangtze River Delta in East China and Jingjinji in North China. The region's economy is referred to as Pearl River Delta Economic Zone. It is also part of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area.
Taishanese, or in the Cantonese romanization Toisanese, is a language of Yue Chinese. The language is related to and is often referred to as Cantonese but has little mutual intelligibility with the latter. Taishanese is spoken in the southern part of Guangdong Province in China, particularly around the city-level county of Taishan located on the western fringe of the Pearl River Delta. In the late 19th century and early 20th century, a significant amount of Chinese emigration to North America originated from Siyi (Seiyap), the area where this variety is natively spoken; making Taishanese a dominant variety of the Chinese language spoken in Chinatowns in Canada and the United States. It was formerly the lingua franca of the overseas Chinese residing in the United States.
Chu Kong Passenger Transport Co., Ltd. is a subsidiary of Chu Kong Shipping Enterprises (CKS) and operates ferry services between Hong Kong and cities in Guangdong province, China, as well as Macau.
Kaiping, alternately romanized in Cantonese as Hoiping, is a county-level city in Guangdong Province, China. It is located west of the Pearl River Delta and administered as part of the prefecture-level city of Jiangmen. The surrounding area, especially Sze Yup, is the ancestral homeland of many overseas Chinese, particularly in the United States. Kaiping has a population of 688,242 as of 2017 and an area of 1,659 square kilometres (641 sq mi). The locals speak a variant of the Toishan (Hoisan) dialect.
Enping, alternately romanized as Yanping, is a county-level city in Guangdong province, China, administered as part of the prefecture-level city of Jiangmen.
The Siyi refers to the four former counties of Xinhui (Sunwui), Taishan (Toisan), Kaiping (Hoiping) and Enping (Yanping) in the Pearl River Delta of Southern Guangdong Province, China.
The Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, is a special economic zone on the southeastern coast of China. Located in the Pearl River Delta, it consists of the Chinese cities of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Foshan, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen, and parts of Huizhou and Zhaoqing. Adjacent Hong Kong and Macau are not part of the economic zone.
Waihai railway station, or Jianghai Station, is an elevated station on the Guangzhou-Zhuhai Intercity Mass Rapid Transit Jiangmen Spur Line.
Jiangmen East railway station, formerly Jiangmen railway station, is an elevated station on the Guangzhou–Zhuhai intercity railway Jiangmen Spur Line.
Xinhui railway station is an elevated station of Guangzhou–Zhuhai intercity railway Jiangmen Spur Line. It started operation on 7 January 2011.
Siyi is a coastal branch of Yue Chinese spoken mainly in Guangdong province, but is also used in overseas Chinese communities. Within the province, it is mainly spoken in the prefecture-level city of Jiangmen, but pockets exist outside Jiangmen, including the Doumen and Jinwan districts in Zhuhai, Guzhen in Zhongshan and Jun'an in Foshan. Taishanese, which was one of the most important Chinese dialects in Chinese American communities, is considered a representative dialect.
Jiangmen Star Park is a celebrity park opened in November 2010 in Jiangmen, Guangdong, China at an estimated cost of 10 million yuan.
Sze Yup Cantonese are a Han Chinese group coming from a region in Guangdong Province in China called Sze Yup, which consisted of the four county-level cities of Taishan, Kaiping, Xinhui and Enping. Now Heshan has been added to this historic region and the prefecture-level city of Jiangmen administers all five of these county-level cities, which is sometimes informally called Ng Yap. Their ancestors are said to have arrived from what is today central China about less than a thousand years ago and migrated into Guangdong around the Tang Dynasty rule period and thus Taishanese as a dialect of Yue Chinese has linguistically preserved many characteristics of Middle Chinese.
Sze Yap Cantonese represents the second largest Han group in Hong Kong after the group of people (Punti) originating from the Guangzhou-Sam Yap region. The Sze Yap Cantonese comes from a region in Guangdong in China called Sze Yap, now called Ng Yap, which consists of the counties of Taishan, Kaiping, Xinhui, Enping, Heshan and Jiangmen. The Sze Yap Cantonese group have contributed much to what makes Hong Kong a success. Hong Kong people of Sze Yap origin represented about 18.3% of Hong Kong's total population in 1961, and 17.4% in 1971; today this population still increases as more immigrants from the Taishanese-speaking areas of Guangdong in mainland China continue to immigrate to Hong Kong.
Taishan may refer to:
The Shenzhen–Zhanjiang railway is a high-speed railway across the south of Guangdong province. Linking the cities of Shenzhen and Zhanjiang, it will also allow for future high speed train travel between Hong Kong and Hainan Island.
Jiangmen railway station is a passenger and freight railway station in Xinhui District, Jiangmen, Guangdong, China. It was formerly a freight-only station called Jiangmen South, but has since been renamed and expanded to allow passenger operations.
Taishan railway station is a railway station located in Nankeng Village, Taicheng Subdistrict, Taishan, Jiangmen, Guangdong Province, China.
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