Location of Jianyang City (red) within Chengdu City (yellow) and Sichuan
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||2,215 km2 (855 sq mi)|
|• Density||670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Jianyang (simplified Chinese :简阳; traditional Chinese :簡陽; pinyin :Jiǎnyáng) is a county-level city under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Chengdu, in Sichuan Province, Southwest China. Situated only 48 kilometers south east of the city center of Chengdu, Jianyang is administratively under the jurisdiction of Chengdu from the prefecture-level city of Ziyang since May 2016. The preparation work for changing it to "Jianyang District" is already started as of August 2019. The urban center is located on the banks of the Tuo River.
Jianyang has a recorded history dating back over two thousand years. It was part of the state of Shu until the third century BC, and was incorporated into the Qin Empire following the unification of China under Qin Shihuang.
In the early Yuan dynasty, it was named Jianzhou. It adopted the name Jianyang County after 1913 during the Republic of China. After the foundation of the People's Republic of China, it was incorporated into the Neijiang Administration Zone. It was divided into communes during the Cultural Revolution. When the communes were abolished, it was re-organized under Chengdu. In 1994, the county was converted into a county-level city. In 2007, the county was given broad autonomy over its budgeting and financial affairs by the State Council as part of a wider experiment.In 2016, the State Council transferred jurisdiction of Jianyang from Ziyang to Chengdu, ostensibly to increase urban integration with the provincial capital.
Jianyang was administered by the prefecture-level city of Ziyang up until 2016 when it was transferred to Chengdu prefecture due to Jianyang's economic integration as a part of the greater Chengdu metropolitan area. Jianyang is home commuters who work in Chengdu.
Administratively, Jianyang is subdivided into four subdistricts (街道; jiēdào), 25 towns, 29 townships, and over 800 villages or equivalents.
In practice many "villages" are basically urban areas with high-rise residential properties built after 2000.
As of 2012, there are just over 1.48 million residents estimated to be living in Jianyang. Of these, the vast majority (some 1.21 million) are rural residents. The natural population growth rate without taking into account net migration figures is 1.19% as of 2012. Over 99% of the population is of Han ethnicity. There are small Yi, Tujia, and Tibetan populations, each numbering no more than a few hundred.
Development of local transport advanced rapidly between 1990 and 2010. Jianyang is served by numerous local freeways, including an expressway which connects it to Chengdu, the Chengdu-Chongqing Expressway, and the Second Ring Expressway of Chengdu, in addition to China National Highways 318, 319, and 321.
Jianyang Railway Station serves the city. Jianyang South Railway Station is a high-speed rail station on the Chengdu–Chongqing Intercity Railway.
As of 2016, the Chengdu Tianfu International Airport, intended to be a new hub servicing southwestern China, is under construction in the Jianyang area.
The local economy is mainly dependent on agriculture and the production of machinery. There are factories in the region producing metal tools, tractors, and knives. Ruonan Foods headquarters is located in Jianyang. As of 2013 recorded a GDP of 34.48 billion yuan.
The Sichuan Provincial Women's Prison is located in the town of Yangma (养马镇), in Jianyang city limits.
Haidilao hot pot restaurant chain was founded in Jianyang but the headquarters has since moved to Beijing.
Sichuan is a landlocked province in Southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south. Sichuan's capital city is Chengdu. The population of Sichuan stands at 81 million.
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Xindu District is one of 11 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, Southwest China, covering part of the northern suburbs. It borders the prefecture-level city of Deyang to the north. The population of the district is 600,000, residing in an area of 481 square kilometres (186 sq mi), only 32.6 km2 (12.6 sq mi) of which is part of the city's urban area. Xindu District was founded as an administrative district in 2001. It is a historical and cultural region encompassing 13 towns and 255 villages.
Jianyang may refer to the following places in China:
Chongzhou, known as Chongqing County until 1994, is a county-level city of Sichuan Province, Southwest China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Chengdu, located about 37 kilometres (23 mi) west-southwest of downtown Chengdu. It is accessible by road from central Chengdu via the 65.1 km (40.5 mi)-long S8 Chengdu–Wenjiang–Qionglai Expressway, just outside the Chengdu greater ring road.
The Jianyang railway station is a railway station of Chengdu–Chongqing Railway. The station is located in Jianyang, Ziyang, Sichuan, China.
Qianjiang District is a district in the southeastern part of Chongqing Municipality, People's Republic of China, bordering Hubei province to the east and northeast. While it is governed as a district, in practice Qianjiang is its own city proper far removed from the urban centre of Chongqing. The Miao and Tujia ethnic groups constitute 50.03% of the Qianjiang population, the other half being mostly Han (49.94%). Qianjiang is nicknamed "The Throat of Sichuan and Hubei" (川鄂咽喉) because it sits on the intersection of Sichuan-Hubei and Sichuan-Hunan Roads.
Chengdu Tianfu International Airport is an airport being constructed to serve Chengdu, the capital of China's Sichuan province and a major air hub. The site of the airport has been chosen at Lujia Town, Jianyang, Chengdu, 51 kilometres (32 mi) south-east of the center of Chengdu. It is named after the Tianfu New Area, a development zone for Chengdu in which the airport is located. Construction began May 2016 and the airport is scheduled to open in 2020. It will operate as a second airport for Chengdu with the existing Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport continuing to operate.
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Sichuan Provincial Women's Prison is a women's prison in Yangma Town (养马镇), Jianyang, Ziyang, Sichuan, 50 kilometres (31 mi) away from Chengdu. It is over 20,000 square metres (0.020 km2) large. It became a women's prison in 1998. The Sichuan Provincial Administration of Prisons operates this facility.