Jilin City

Last updated
Jilin

吉林市

Chi-lin, Kirin
Ji Lin Da Qiao He Shi Ji Yan Chang .jpg
Jilin Bridge and Century Square
Nickname(s): 
River City (江城)
Location of Jilin Prefecture within Jilin (China).png
Location Jilin City (yellow) in Jilin Province (light grey) and China
China Jilin location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Jilin
Location of the city centre in Jilin
Coordinates(Jilin City government): 43°50′17″N126°32′59″E / 43.8381°N 126.5497°E / 43.8381; 126.5497 Coordinates: 43°50′17″N126°32′59″E / 43.8381°N 126.5497°E / 43.8381; 126.5497
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Province Jilin
County-level divisions 9
Municipal seat Chuanying District
Government
  Type Prefecture-level city
   CPC Jilin City SecretaryZhao Jingbo (赵静波)
  MayorZhang Huanqiu (张焕秋)
Area
   Prefecture-level city 27,166.37 km2 (10,488.99 sq mi)
  Urban
 (2017) [1]
498.75 km2 (192.57 sq mi)
Elevation
202 m (663 ft)
Population
 (2010 census [2] )
   Prefecture-level city 4,413,517
  Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
   Urban
 (2017) [1]
1,268,900
  Urban density2,500/km2 (6,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
132000
Area code(s) 0432
ISO 3166 code CN-JL-02
GDP per capita¥42,900 (2010)
Major Nationalities Han, Manchu, Korean, Hui
Licence plates 吉B
Website www.jlcity.gov.cn
Jilin
Ji Lin .png
"Jilin", as written in Chinese
Chinese name
Chinese 吉林
Postal Kirin
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡤᡳᡵᡳᠨ ᡠᠯᠠ ᡥᠣᡨᠣᠨ
Romanization Girin'ula hoton

Jilin City (postal: Kirin; Chinese :吉林市) Is the second-largest city and former capital of Jilin province in northeast China. As of the 2010 census, 4,413,517 people resided within its administrative area of 27,166.37 square kilometres (10,488.99 sq mi) and 1,975,121 in its built-up (or metro) area consisting of four urban districts. A prefecture-level city, it is the only major city nationally that shares its name with its province.

Contents

Jilin City is also known as the River City because of the Songhua River surrounding much of the city. In 2007, it co-hosted the Asian Winter Games.

History

Jilin City is one of the oldest cities in Northeast China.[ citation needed ]

During the reign of the Yongle Emperor in the Ming dynasty, efforts were made to expand Ming control throughout all of1940, Jilin's population was 173,624, while Hsinking's population reached 544,202 at the same time. [3] [ full citation needed ] Soviet forces captured Jilin during the August Storm operation. [4]

Jilin became the provincial capital of Jilin Province after the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, until Changchun took this position in 1956.

Geography

Map including Jilin (labeled as CHI-LIN (KIRIN) Ji Lin 
) (AMS, 1957) Txu-oclc-6614368-nk52-1.jpg
Map including Jilin (labeled as CHI-LIN (KIRIN) 吉林) (AMS, 1957)
Jilin (labeled as CHI-LIN) (AMS, 1957) Txu-oclc-6614368-nk52-1a.jpg
Jilin (labeled as CHI-LIN) (AMS, 1957)

Jilin City, which is located in central Jilin Province spanning from 125° 40' to 127° 56' E longitude and 42° 31' to 44° 40' N latitude. Neighbouring prefectures are:

Jilin City is situated in a hilly area near the Songhua River. There are four famous mountains surrounding Jilin City, which is North Mountain in the west, Long Tan Mountain in the east, Zhuque Mountain in the North, and Turtle Mountain in the south, plus Songhua River, it forms a bagua in Taiji pattern. North Mountain, called Beishan, is the most famous mountain in Jilin City and is home to several Buddhist Temples. The Qianlong Emperor reportedly visited the mountain.

Climate

Jilin City has a four-season, monsoon-influenced, humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa). Winters are long (lasting from November to March), cold, and windy, but dry, due to the influence of the Siberian anticyclone, with a January mean temperature of −16.7 °C (1.9 °F). Spring and autumn are somewhat short transitional periods, with some precipitation, but are usually dry and windy. Summers are hot and humid, with a prevailing southeasterly wind due to the East Asian monsoon; July averages 22.9 °C (73.2 °F). Snow is usually light during the winter, and annual rainfall is heavily concentrated from June to August.

Climate data for Jilin City (1981–2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)5.4
(41.7)
12.8
(55.0)
20.0
(68.0)
30.6
(87.1)
34.8
(94.6)
35.1
(95.2)
35.4
(95.7)
35.7
(96.3)
30.4
(86.7)
27.9
(82.2)
19.6
(67.3)
11.5
(52.7)
35.7
(96.3)
Average high °C (°F)−9.5
(14.9)
−4.3
(24.3)
3.8
(38.8)
14.6
(58.3)
21.6
(70.9)
26.3
(79.3)
27.7
(81.9)
26.8
(80.2)
21.9
(71.4)
13.8
(56.8)
2.2
(36.0)
−6.3
(20.7)
11.5
(52.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)−16.7
(1.9)
−11.5
(11.3)
−2.1
(28.2)
8.0
(46.4)
15.1
(59.2)
20.5
(68.9)
22.9
(73.2)
21.7
(71.1)
15.2
(59.4)
7.1
(44.8)
−3.4
(25.9)
−12.6
(9.3)
5.3
(41.6)
Average low °C (°F)−22.9
(−9.2)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−7.8
(18.0)
1.6
(34.9)
8.5
(47.3)
14.9
(58.8)
18.4
(65.1)
17.0
(62.6)
8.9
(48.0)
1.2
(34.2)
−8.7
(16.3)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−0.4
(31.2)
Record low °C (°F)−40.3
(−40.5)
−37.3
(−35.1)
−27.0
(−16.6)
−12.1
(10.2)
−7.5
(18.5)
5.0
(41.0)
10.7
(51.3)
5.3
(41.5)
−4.1
(24.6)
−15.6
(3.9)
−29.1
(−20.4)
−36.4
(−33.5)
−40.3
(−40.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches)5.9
(0.23)
6.8
(0.27)
15.3
(0.60)
28.4
(1.12)
57.3
(2.26)
103.2
(4.06)
164.6
(6.48)
152.1
(5.99)
56.6
(2.23)
28.7
(1.13)
17.1
(0.67)
8.6
(0.34)
644.6
(25.38)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)5.56.47.09.212.315.016.313.610.07.76.87.0116.8
Average relative humidity (%)71686053566678807365667067
Source 1: China Meteorological Administration [5]
Source 2: Weather China (precipitation days 19712000) [6]

Environmental issues

2005 Jilin benzene pollution

The Jilin chemical plant explosions were a series of explosions which occurred on November 13, 2005, in the No.101 Petrochemical Plant in Jilin City, killed six. The explosion severely polluted the Songhua River, with an estimated 100 tons of pollutants containing benzene and nitrobenzene entering into the river. [7] The benzene level recorded was at one point 108 times above national safety levels. This caused downstream major cities including Harbin, Songyuan and Khabarovsk suspended their water supply for almost one week. [8] Chinese leaders later had to apologize to the Russian government over its handling of the incident as the pollutants finally flowed into the Amur (Heilong) River, the major boundary river between China and Russia. [9]

2010 Jilin floods and pollution

Jilin was one of the worst-hit regions in China by rain and landslides in the 2010 summer China floods. [10] On July 28, 2010, several thousand barrels, which contained toxic chemicals including trimethylsilyl chloride and hexamethyldisiloxane, about 170 kg of a poisonous substance in each, were washed into the Songhua River by the floods from two chemical plants based in Jilin. There were reports that some barrels exploded on contact with water. [11] By late afternoon on August 1, 6,387 barrels had been retrieved from the river. Officials stated that tests show the water in the river remains safe to drink. Three soldiers of the People's Liberation Army in Jilin drowned after working to remove the barrels and control the flooding. [12] The Dahe Dam in Changshan Township was breached on July 28, spilling 4 million m3 of water, destroying five villages downstream and leaving 40 people dead or missing. Over 100 were dead or missing after floods devastated Jilin prefecture. Workers started repairing fifty-one damaged small reservoirs and fortifying riverbanks in the province after the Songhua River surged to levels twice as high as normal.

Administrative divisions

Map
#Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 CENSUS)Area (km²)Density (/km²)
1 Chuanying District 船营区Chuányíng Qū659,188711927
2 Longtan District 龙潭区Lóngtán Qū527,5321209436
3 Changyi District 昌邑区Chāngyì Qū492,159865569
4 Fengman District 丰满区Fēngmǎn Qū296,9241032288
5 Panshi City 磐石市Pánshí Shì505,9543867131
6 Jiaohe City 蛟河市Jiāohé Shì447,380623572
7 Huadian City 桦甸市Huàdiàn Shì444,997662467
8 Shulan City 舒兰市Shūlán Shì645,9254554142
9 Yongji County 永吉县Yǒngjí Xiàn394,6222625150

Tourism

Snow in Jilin City Ji Lin Wu Song .jpg
Snow in Jilin City

Jilin City is a popular destination for tourists to come each winter to view the magnificent rime ice (雾凇; 霧凇) on trees along the banks of the Songhua River, (the river is the only river in the region that does not freeze in winter). The rime ice is a natural phenomenon that occurs every year during January and February. It is a result of when water vapor rises up from the warm Songhua River to meet the cold −20 °C (−4 °F) night air, causing the crystallisation of water vapour on willows branches.

Attractions:

Sports

The winter sports in Jilin City are full of interests, such as skiing, skating, sledding, snowboarding, and winter swim. Winter swimming is widely practiced in Jilin city.

Ski resorts:

Education

High School

Universities and Colleges

Transportation

Air

The city used to be served by the Jilin Ertaizi Airport ( IATA : JIL, ICAO : ZYJL). But by October 3, 2005, all of its commercial flights were transferred to the newly opened Changchun Longjia International Airport while Jilin Airport halted operation. [17]

The airport is located about 76 km (47 mi) away from the Jilin City and has flights to many cities from the airport. China Southern Airlines also provide some international connections directly from Changchun.

Railway

The west waiting hall of Jilin railway station THE WEST WAITING HALL OF JILIN RAILWAY STATION.jpg
The west waiting hall of Jilin railway station

Jilin is served by the Jilin railway station. Jilin railway station is on the East-West Changchun-Tumen Railway mainline and provides convenient access to many cities around China, including Beijing, Tianjin, Dalian, Jinan, Hangzhou. Services to Harbin, Changchun and Shenyang are also frequent and convenient through the Harbin-Dalian high-speed rail and its branch from Changchun to Jilin.

Road transport

International relations

Twin towns—Sister cities

Jilin City is twinned with:

See also

Related Research Articles

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