Jill Wendy Dando
9 November 1961
|Died||26 April 1999 37) (aged|
|Cause of death||Murder by shooting|
|Resting place||Ebdon Road Cemetery|
|Alma mater||South Glamorgan Institute of Higher Education|
|Occupation||Journalist, television presenter and newsreader|
|Partner(s)||Alan Farthing (fiancé)|
Jill Wendy Dando (9 November 1961 – 26 April 1999) was an English journalist, television presenter and newsreader. She spent most of her career at the BBC and was the corporation's Personality of the Year in 1997. At the time of her death, her television work included co-presenting the BBC One programme Crimewatch with Nick Ross.
On the morning of 26 April 1999, Dando was shot dead outside her home at 29 Gowan Avenue, Fulham, southwest London, prompting the biggest murder inquiry conducted by the Metropolitan Police and the country's largest criminal investigation since the hunt for the Yorkshire Ripper.A local man, Barry George, was convicted and imprisoned for the murder, but after eight years in prison he was acquitted following an appeal and retrial. The case remains unsolved.
Jill Dando was born at Ashcombe House Maternity Home in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset.She was the daughter of Jack Dando (February 1918 – February 2009 ) and Winifred Mary Jean Hockey (August 1928 – January 1986), who died of leukaemia aged 57. Her only sibling, brother Nigel (born 1952), worked as a journalist for BBC Radio Bristol before retiring in 2017, having previously worked as a journalist in local newspapers since the 1970s. Dando was raised as a Baptist and remained a devout follower. When she was three years old, it was discovered that she had a hole in her heart and a blocked pulmonary artery. She had heart surgery on 12 January 1965.
Dando was educated at Worle Infant School, Greenwood Junior School,Worle Comprehensive School, and Broadoak Sixth Form Centre, where she was head girl, and passed two A-levels. She studied journalism at the South Glamorgan Institute of Higher Education in Cardiff. Dando was a member of Weston-super-Mare Amateur Dramatic Society and Exeter Little Theatre Company, with whom she appeared in plays at the Barnfield Theatre. She was a volunteer at Sunshine Hospital Radio in Weston-super-Mare in 1979.
Dando's first job was as a trainee reporter for the local weekly newspaper, the Weston Mercury , where her father and brother worked. After five years as a print journalist, she started to work for the BBC, becoming a newsreader for BBC Radio Devon in 1985. That year, she transferred to BBC South West, where she presented a regional news magazine programme, Spotlight South West . In 1987, she worked for Television South West, then BBC Spotlight in Plymouth.In early 1988, Dando moved from regional to national television in London to present BBC television news, specifically the short on-the-hour bulletins that aired on both BBC1 and BBC2 from 1986 until the mid-1990s.
Dando presented the BBC television programmes Breakfast Time , Breakfast News , the BBC One O'Clock News , the Six O'Clock News , the travel programme Holiday , the crime appeal series Crimewatch (from 1995 until her death) and occasionally Songs of Praise . In 1994, she moved to Fulham.On 25 April 1999, Dando presented the first episode of Antiques Inspectors. She was scheduled to present the Six O'Clock News on the evening of the following day. She was featured on the cover of that week's Radio Times magazine (from 24 to 30 April). Dando was also booked to host the British Academy Television Awards 1999, alongside Michael Parkinson, at Grosvenor House Hotel on 9 May. On 5 September, BBC One resumed airing of Antiques Inspectors, the final series to be recorded by Dando. The series had made its debut on 25 April, with filming of the final episode completed two days before that. The programme was subsequently cancelled following her death, but it was decided later in the year that it should be aired as a tribute to the presenter. The final episode aired on 24 October.
At the time of her death, Dando was among those with the highest profile of the BBC's on-screen staff, and had been the 1997 BBC Personality of the Year.Crimewatch reconstructed her murder in an attempt to aid the police in the search for her killer. After Barry George was charged with the murder but acquitted, Crimewatch made no further appeals for information concerning the case.
From 1989 to 1996, Dando dated BBC executive Bob Wheaton.She then had a brief relationship with national park warden Simon Basil. In December 1997, Dando met gynaecologist Alan Farthing on a blind date set up by a mutual friend. Farthing was separated from his wife at the time. A couple of months after Farthing's divorce was finalised, the couple announced that they were engaged on 31 January 1999. Their wedding was set to take place on 25 September.
On the morning of 26 April 1999, 37-year-old Dando left Farthing's home in Chiswick. She returned alone, by car, to the house she owned in Fulham. She had lived in the house, but by April 1999 was in the process of selling it and did not visit it frequently. As Dando reached her front door at about 11:32, she was shot once in the head.Her body was discovered about fourteen minutes later by neighbour Helen Doble. Police were called at 11:47. Dando was taken to the nearby Charing Cross Hospital where she was declared dead on arrival at 13:03 BST.
"As Dando was about to put her keys in the lock to open the front door of her home in Fulham, she was grabbed from behind. With his right arm, the assailant held her and forced her to the ground, so that her face was almost touching the tiled step of the porch. Then, with his left hand, he fired a single shot at her left temple, killing her instantly. The bullet entered her head just above her ear, parallel to the ground, and came out the right side of her head."
Forensic study indicated that Dando had been shot by a bullet from a 9mm Short calibre semi-automatic pistol, with the gun pressed against her head at the moment of the shot. The cartridge appeared to have been subject to workshop modification, possibly to reduce its charge. Richard Hughes, her next door neighbour, heard a scream from Dando ("I thought it was someone surprising somebody") but heard no gunshot. Hughes looked out of his front window and, while not realising what had happened, made the only certain sighting of the killer—a six-foot-tall (183 cm) white man aged around 40, walking away from Dando's house.
After the murder, there was intense media coverage. An investigation by the Metropolitan Police, named Operation Oxborough, proved fruitless for over a year. Dando's status as a well-known public figure had brought her into contact with thousands of people, and she was known to millions. There was huge speculation regarding the motive for her murder.
Within six months, the Murder Investigation Team had spoken to more than 2,500 people and taken more than 1,000 statements. With little progress after a year, the police concentrated their attention on Barry George, who lived about half a mile from Dando's house. He had a history of stalking women, sexual offences and other antisocial and attention seeking behaviour.George was put under surveillance, arrested on 25 May 2000 and charged with Dando's murder on 28 May.
George was tried at the Old Bailey, convicted, and on 2 July 2001 was sentenced to life imprisonment. Concern about this conviction was widespread on the basis that the case against George appeared thin. Two appeals were unsuccessful, but after discredited forensics evidence was excluded from the prosecution's case, George's third appeal succeeded in November 2007. The original conviction was quashed and a second trial lasting eight weeks ended in George's acquittal on 1 August 2008.
After George's acquittal, some newspapers published articles which appeared to suggest that he was guilty of the Dando murder and other offences against women. In December 2009, George accepted substantial damages from News Group Newspapers over articles in The Sun and the News of the World , following a libel action in the High Court.
Lines of inquiry explored in the police investigation included:
The original police investigation had explored the possibility of a contract killing, but since Dando was living with her fiancé and was only rarely visiting her Fulham residence, it was considered unlikely that a professional assassin would have been sufficiently well informed about Dando's movements to have known at what time she was going to be there. CCTV evidence of Dando's last journey (mainly security video recordings from a shopping centre in Hammersmith, which she visited on her way to Fulham) did not show any sign of her being followed.
On the night of her death, Dando's BBC colleague Nick Ross said on Newsnight that retaliatory attacks by criminals against police, lawyers and judges were almost unknown in the UK. Finally, forensic examination of the cartridge case and bullet recovered from the scene of the attack suggested that the weapon used had been the result of a workshop conversion of a replica or decommissioned gun.It was argued that a professional assassin would not use such a poor quality weapon. The police therefore soon began to favour the idea that the killing had been carried out by a crazed individual acting on an opportunist basis. This assumed profile of the perpetrator led to the focus on George.
"Re the murder of journalist. Tell your Prime Minister. In Belgrade 15 killed, so 14 more to go."
—A call received by the BBC from an unknown man, possibly Eastern European, by 3pm on the day of Dando's murder, only hours after she was publicly pronounced dead at 1pm. It is believed the man was referring to the NATO bombing of the headquarters of Serbia's public broadcaster Radio Television of Serbia. The bombing had occurred only days previously, and a number of prominent journalists had died.
Soon after the murder, some commentators identified the possibility of a Yugoslav or Serb connection. In early 1999 the UK was in a state of undeclared war with Serbia. Immediately after the Dando killing a number of telephone calls were made to the BBC and other media outlets claiming responsibility for the killing on behalf of Serb groups. Calls were also made to senior managers and presenters at the BBC stating that the murder was revenge for the NATO bombing campaign that was ongoing in Serbia.The callers spoke with central European accents and threatened further killings. These calls were not judged wholly credible and may have been hoaxes. Nevertheless, at George's first trial, his defence barrister, Michael Mansfield QC, proposed that the Serbian warlord leader Arkan had ordered Dando's assassination in retaliation for the NATO bombing of Radio Television of Serbia's (RTS) headquarters on 23 April 1999. Sixteen station staff had died in the bombing, and to this day many Serbs remain outraged by the attack as it was not being used for military purposes. Mansfield suggested that Dando's earlier presentation of an appeal for aid for Kosovar Albanian refugees may have attracted the attention of Bosnian-Serb hardliners. Dando's appeal for aid for the Kosovar Albanian refugees had been shown on television three weeks before her murder.
Mansfield was not alone in his support for the theory that Dando's murder was a retaliation for the attack on the headquarters of RTS, which was described as the Serbian equivalent of the BBC that Dando worked for.A mass of speculation on this theory had arisen in the immediate aftermath of the murder. It was not until 2019 that it was then revealed that the British National Criminal Intelligence Service (NCIS; known as 'Britain's FBI') had given an intelligence report to the Dando murder enquiry claiming that the murder was in retaliation for the RTS bombing and Arkan had been the one who ordered the killing. The report concluded that a gunman had travelled to Britain via Germany and France, and also highlighted a possible connection between the bullet used to kill Dando and bullets used in assassinations in Germany, namely handmade markings found on them. It was also revealed in 2019 that a Special Branch report had also concluded that the murder was in revenge for attacks on Serbian news agencies, most likely a reference to RTS.
The former communist government in Yugoslavia had a history of assassinations directed against its opponents. The victims were mostly Croatian émigrés, although others were targeted.Serbia in particular had a reputation for assassinating journalists. The attacks were usually carried out by small teams consisting of a trigger-man supported by a spotter and were always carefully planned. The attacks were often made as targets entered or left their homes, since this was the point at which they were most vulnerable and where a case of mistaken identity was least likely. An opposition journalist was assassinated outside his home in Belgrade just a few days before Dando's murder and the method used in both cases was identical. In 2019, four men of the Serbian Secret Service were convicted of this murder. Journalist Bob Woffinden advanced the view that a Yugoslav group was behind the Dando killing and, in various newspaper articles, contested all the grounds on which the police had dismissed this possibility.
Cold case reviews by the police after 2008 have concluded that Dando was killed by a professional assassin in a "hard contact execution".Arkan, the Serbian warlord, was named as a suspect in a 2014 cold case review of the murder, although by this time he had died. Pressing the gun against her head would have acted as a suppressor — muffling the sound of the shot and preventing the killer from being splattered with blood. Conservative MP Patrick Mercer (who had served with the British Army in Bosnia) was reported as saying, "It [the Dando killing] had all the hallmarks of covert forces. The killer even used specially tailored ammunition, which was a Serbian assassination trademark and something I saw when I was over there." In 2009, police received a tip-off about a British criminal of Serbian descent now living in the Midlands, who was alleged to have played some role in the murder by former business associates. An ITV documentary in 2019 revealed that the man had a history of violence and with guns, and had an apparent connection to Arkan. The Dando murder investigation had also received intelligence linking UK-based Serbs to the murder. A Special Branch report claimed that a bar in London was used as a meeting place for the men involved in the shooting and implicated "a tall male with a swallow tattoo on his neck". This report was given to the murder investigation two days after the murder, but three months later the investigation DCI Hamish Campbell said he was unaware of such intelligence. The police did not attempt to identify the tattooed man.
ITV's 2019 documentary on Jill Dando's murder also examined some of the calls that were made to the BBC in the aftermath of the murder by unknown men.In one call, made just after 11am on the day after the murder of Dando, a man stated that the attack was a result of Britain and Prime Minister Tony Blair having "murdered, butchered, seventeen innocent young people" at the RTS building, echoing British intelligence reports, and threatened that the BBC's then head of news Tony Hall would be the next to be murdered. As a result of this call, security was immediately stepped up around Hall and his family was moved to a secret location. The same man was also believed to have called the BBC on the very day of Dando's murder – only hours after she was pronounced dead – to claim responsibility. It is believed the two calls were linked as the call on the day after her murder began "Yesterday, I called you to tell you to add a few more numbers to the list", and it is suspected that the unknown man could have been referring to a call made on the day of Dando's murder in which the caller asserted "In Belgrade 15 killed, so 14 more to go". The man, who had an Eastern European accent, also called the BBC two days after the murder, stating:
Listen, you at the BBC are the voice of your government. That's why your reporter is dead because your government killed seventeen innocent people.
Although the police assessed some of the evidence pointing to Serbia, a police officer was never sent to Serbia to investigate, and help was never asked of the Serbian police.The Dando murder investigative team did not compare any bullets with Serbian methods, believing that the theory was not credible as they claimed that Serbia had not claimed responsibility for the attack. The lead DCI of Dando's murder investigation Hamish Campbell continues to instead claim that Barry George, the man acquitted of the murder in 2008, was responsible, telling a newspaper in 2013 that "we did everything we could to bring the person responsible to court, and we did so twice". The newspaper issued an apology a month later.
Dando's funeral took place on 21 May 1999 at Clarence Park Baptist Church in Weston-super-Mare.She was buried next to her mother in the town's Ebdon Road Cemetery. The gross value of her estate was £1,181,207; after her debts and income tax, the value was £863,756; after inheritance tax, it was £607,000, all of which her father inherited because she died intestate.
Dando's co-presenter Nick Ross proposed the formation of an academic institute in her name and, together with her fiancé Alan Farthing, raised almost £1.5 million. The Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science was founded at University College London on 26 April 2001, the second anniversary of her murder.
A memorial garden designed and realised by the BBC Television Ground Force team in Dando's memory, using plants and colours that were special to her, is located within Grove Park, Weston-super-Mare () and was opened on 2 August 2001. The BBC set up a bursary award in Dando's memory, which enables one student each year to study broadcast journalism at University College Falmouth. Sophie Long, who was then a postgraduate who had grown up in Weston-super-Mare and is now a presenter on BBC News, gained the first bursary award in 2000.
In 2007, Weston College opened a new university campus on the site of the former Broadoak Sixth Form Centre where Dando studied. The sixth-form building has been dedicated to her and named the Jill Dando Centre.
On 2 April 2019, three weeks before the twentieth anniversary of her death, the BBC broadcast a documentary, titled The Murder of Jill Dando, about the case and its aftermath.Watched by four million viewers on the night of the broadcast, the general consensus among critics was that the film was "sensitive" and "powerful" but lacked answers. ITV also screened a documentary, Jill Dando: the 20 Year Mystery, which was presented by Julie Etchingham. The Daily Telegraph review stated it was "odd how much more curious about the truth" the documentary was than the BBC's, adding "not only did the timing of ITV's documentary seem more apt, coming on the eve of the 20th anniversary of her death, but its content was more pertinent, too. Rather than just shake its head and mourn, this film was determined to give the case another good shake to see if anything might yet fall out to explain a most tragic and senseless killing." The review for The Times agreed that it "took a harder investigative tack" than the BBC's.
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