Jim Hines

Last updated

Jim Hines
Jim Hines 1968.jpg
Jim Hines in 1968
Personal information
Full nameJames Ray Hines
Nationality American
Born (1946-09-10) September 10, 1946 (age 74)
Dumas, Arkansas, United States
Height1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)
Weight81 kg (179 lb)
Sport
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
Sport Track and field
Event(s) Sprints
College team Texas Southern Tigers
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)
Medal record
Men's athletics
Representing the Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Olympic Games
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 1968 Mexico City 100 m
Gold medal icon (G initial).svg1968 Mexico City 4×100 m relay

James Ray Hines (born September 10, 1946) is a retired American track and field athlete and NFL player, who held the 100-meter world record for 15 years. In 1968, he became the first man to officially break the 10-second barrier in the 100 meters, and won individual and relay gold at the Mexico City Olympics. [2]

Contents

Track career

Born in Dumas, Arkansas, Hines was raised in Oakland, California and graduated from McClymonds High School in 1964. He was a baseball player in his younger years until he was spotted by track coach Jim Coleman as a running talent, and Hines became a sprinter. At the 1968 US national championships in Sacramento, California, Hines became the first man to break the ten second barrier in the 100 meter race, setting 9.9 (manual timing), with an electronic time of 10.03 – two other athletes, Ronnie Ray Smith behind him (electronic time 10.13) and Charles Greene on the other semi-final (electronic time 10.09) having the same official clocking. That evening of June 20, 1968, at Hughes Stadium has been dubbed by track and field historians as the "Night of Speed." [3] Hines attended Texas Southern University in Houston, Texas. He was a member of the Texas Southern University Tigers track team.

A few months later, at the 1968 Summer Olympics, Hines—a black athlete—found himself in a tense situation, with racial riots going on in his home country and a threat of a boycott by the black athletes of the US team, who were disturbed by the controversial idea of admitting apartheid South Africa to the Games and revelations linking the head of the International Olympic Committee, Avery Brundage, to a racist and anti-semitic country club. Hines reached the 100 m final, and won it with the time 9.89 appearing at the screen, later corrected to 9.95. The 9.89 was taken from a light beam across the finish line, while the official photographic process used Polaroid film and took a couple of minutes to process and read. There was some controversy over how his (slower appearing) electronic time of 9.95 should compare to the hand timed 9.9 "record" races of the day. Automatic times start instantly with the sound of the gun, while hand times include human reaction time to start the watch. It took until 1977 before fully automatic timing was required of world records. As the fastest electronic time to that point, Hines' mark was recognized exclusively as a new world record. [4] The race was also significant for being the third all-black podium in Olympic history. Hines helped break another world record, when he and his teammates sprinted to the 4 × 100 m relay gold at the same Games.

Football career

Jimmy Hines
No. 99, 81
Position: Wide receiver
Personal information
Height:6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)
Weight:190 lb (86 kg)
Career information
High school: Oakland (CA) McClymonds
College: Texas Southern
NFL Draft: 1968  / Round: 6 / Pick: 146
Career history
Career NFL statistics as of 1970
Receptions:2
Receiving yards:23
Touchdowns:0
Player stats at NFL.com

After these successes, Hines was a 6th round pick in the 1968 NFL Draft by the Miami Dolphins, an American football team. Hines did not have the football skills to match his speed and spent the 1968 season on the practice squad. He was given the nickname "Oops" due to his lack of football skill. He appeared in 10 games with Miami in 1969 catching two passes for 23 yards, rushed the ball one time for seven yards and returned one kickoff for 22 yards. Hines then appeared in one game with the Kansas City Chiefs in 1970. He never played pro football again. He has one of the top 100-meter times by NFL players. Hines was ranked the 10th worst NFL player of all time by Deadspin writer Jeff Pearlman. [5]

Later years

For years Hines worked with inner-city youth in Houston, as well as on oil rigs outside the city.

Hines's world record remained unbeaten until Calvin Smith ran 9.93, also at altitude, in July 1983.

He was Inducted into the Texas Track and Field Coaches Hall of Fame, Class of 2016.

Related Research Articles

Bob Hayes

Robert Lee "Bullet Bob" Hayes was an Olympic gold medalist sprinter who then became an American football wide receiver in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys. Bob Hayes is the only athlete in history to win the Olympic Gold and a Super Bowl title. An American track and field athlete, he was a two-sport stand-out in college in both track and football at Florida A&M University. He has one of the top 100 meter times by NFL players. Hayes was enshrined in the Dallas Cowboys Ring of Honor in 2001 and was selected for induction in the Pro Football Hall of Fame in January 2009. Hayes is the second Olympic gold medalist to be inducted to the Pro Football Hall of Fame, after Jim Thorpe. He once held the world record for the 70-yard dash. He also is tied for the world's second-fastest time in the 60-yard dash. He was once considered the "world's fastest human" by virtue of his multiple world records in the 60-yard, 100-yard, 220-yard, and Olympic 100-meter dashes. Hayes is the only athlete to win both an Olympic gold medal and a Super Bowl ring. He was inducted into the United States Olympic Hall of Fame.

Mens 100 metres world record progression

The first record in the 100 metres for men (athletics) was recognised by the International Amateur Athletics Federation, now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations, in 1912.

Tommie Smith American athlete known for the 1968 Olympics Black Power salute

Tommie C. Smith is an American former track & field athlete and former wide receiver in the American Football League. At the 1968 Summer Olympics, Smith, aged 24, won the 200-meter sprint finals and gold medal in 19.83 seconds – the first time the 20-second barrier was broken officially. His Black Power salute with John Carlos atop the medal podium to protest racism and injustice against African-Americans in the United States caused controversy, as it was seen as politicizing the Olympic Games. It remains a symbolic moment in the history of the Black Power movement.

John Capel

John Capel Jr. is an American former track and field athlete who was a world champion sprinter. Capel played college football for the University of Florida, where he was also a member of the Florida Gators track and field team.

Roger Kingdom American hurdler

Roger Kingdom is a former sprint hurdler, athletics coach, and strength and conditioning coach from the United States. He is currently the speed and conditioning coach for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the NFL.

John Carlos American track and field athlete

John Wesley Carlos is an American former track and field athlete and professional football player. He was the bronze-medal winner in the 200 meters at the 1968 Summer Olympics, and his Black Power salute on the podium with Tommie Smith caused much political controversy. He went on to tie the world record in the 100-yard dash and beat the 200 meters world record. After his track career, he enjoyed a brief stint in the Canadian Football League but retired due to injury.

Ronnie Ray Smith

Ronald Ray Smith was an American athlete, winner of the gold medal in the 4 × 100 m relay at the 1968 Summer Olympics. He attended San Jose State College during the "Speed City" era, coached by Lloyd (Bud) Winter and graduating in sociology.

John Wesley "Lam" Jones was an American sprinter. He won a gold medal in the 4x100 meter relay at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. He was also an American football wide receiver in the National Football League for the New York Jets and Dallas Cowboys. He played college football at the University of Texas.

100 metres Sprint race

The 100 metres, or 100-metre dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1928 for women. The World Championships 100 metres has been contested since 1983.

Willie Gault American football wide receiver

Willie James Gault is an American former NFL wide receiver and potential Olympic athlete. He played in the National Football League for 11 seasons for the Chicago Bears and Los Angeles Raiders. Considered one of the fastest NFL players of all-time, Gault was a member of the Bears team that won Super Bowl XX, and was also a member of the U.S. Olympic team that boycotted the 1980 Olympics.

The 40-yard dash is a sprint covering 40 yards (36.58 m). It is primarily run to evaluate the speed and acceleration of American football players by scouts, particularly for the NFL Draft but also for collegiate recruiting. A player's recorded time can have a heavy impact on his prospects in college or professional football. This was traditionally only true for the "skill" positions such as running back, wide receiver, and defensive back, although now a fast 40-yard dash time is considered important for almost every position. The 40-yard dash is not an official race in track and field athletics, and is not an IAAF-recognized race.

Silvio Leonard Sarría also known as Silvio Leonard Tartabull is a former sprinter from Cuba.

Randy Matson American track and field athlete

James Randel "Randy" Matson is an American track and field athlete who mostly competed in the shot put. Matson won a silver medal at the 1964 and a gold medal at the 1968 Olympics.

Francis Joseph "Frank" Budd was an American football wide receiver in the National Football League for the Philadelphia Eagles and the Washington Redskins. Budd was an Olympic athlete who competed in the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, where he finished fifth in the finals of the 100 meter event and was part of the team that finished first in the 4×100 meter relay before being disqualified on a baton pass. He set the world record in the 100-yard dash with a time of 9.2 seconds in 1961, breaking the record that had been set by Mel Patton in 1948.

Trindon Holliday American football player

Trindon Jerard Holliday is a former American football wide receiver and return specialist. He was drafted by the Houston Texans in the sixth round of the 2010 NFL draft. He played college football at LSU. At 5'5", Holliday is one of the shortest players in NFL history. He has also played for the Denver Broncos, New York Giants, Tampa Bay Buccaneers, San Francisco 49ers, and Oakland Raiders.

Jeffery Barnard Demps is an American track and field athlete and former American football running back. He attended the University of Florida, where he was a running back for the Florida Gators football team and a sprinter for the Florida Gators track and field team.

The 10-second barrier is the physical and psychological barrier of completing the 100 metres sprint in under ten seconds. The achievement is traditionally regarded as the hallmark of a world-class sprinter. Its significance has become less important since the late 1990s, as an increasing number of runners have surpassed the ten seconds mark. The current men’s world record holder is Usain Bolt, who ran a 9.58 at the 2009 IAAF World Championship competition.

Marquise Goodwin American football wide receiver and kick returner

Marquise Derell Goodwin is an American football wide receiver and kick returner for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL) and an Olympian who competed in the long jump in track and field. He was drafted by the Buffalo Bills in the third round with the 78th pick of the 2013 NFL Draft. He played college football at Texas.

The men's 100 metres sprint event at the 1968 Olympic Games took place at Estadio Olímpico Universitario in Mexico City, Mexico, on October 13 and 14. Sixty-five athletes from 42 nations took part. Each nation was limited to 3 runners by rules in place since the 1930 Olympic Congress. The final was won by American Jim Hines, the second consecutive time the event was won by an American. Jamaica won its first medal in the event since 1952.

Christian Coleman American sprinter

Christian Coleman is a currently suspended American professional track and field sprinter who competes in the 100-meter sprint and 200-meter sprint. He is the current world champion in the 100 meters. He was a double medallist at the World Championships in Athletics in 2017, winning silver medals in both the 100 m and 4 × 100-meter relay. He holds personal records of 9.76 seconds for the 100 m and 19.85 for the 200 m, and is also the world indoor record holder for the 60-meter sprint with 6.34 seconds. He was IAAF Diamond League champion in 2018 and the world number one ranked runner in the 100 m for the 2017 and 2018 seasons.

References

  1. 1 2 "Jim HINES | Profile". iaaf.org. IAAF . Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  2. "Jim Hines Bio, Stats, and Results". sports-reference.com. Sports Reference. Archived from the original on August 4, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  3. "Celebrating the Night of Speed". iaaf.org. IAAF. August 23, 2003. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  4. "Berlin 2009 Past Results" (PDF). iaaf.org. IAAF. pp. 546–547. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 22, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
  5. Pearlman, Jeff (November 16, 2010). "The Bottom 100: The Worst Players in NFL History (Part 2)". deadspin.com. Deadspin . Retrieved January 1, 2019.
Records
Preceded by
Flag of the United States.svg Bob Hayes
Flag of the United States.svg Charles Greene
Men's 100 meters world record holders
June 20, 1968 - October 13, 1968
October 14, 1968 – July 3, 1983
Succeeded by
Flag of the United States.svg Charles Greene
Flag of the United States.svg Calvin Smith