Jimmie Rodgers (country singer)

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Jimmie Rodgers
Jimmie Rodgers.jpg
Background information
Birth nameJames Charles Rodgers
Born(1897-09-08)September 8, 1897
Meridian, Mississippi, U.S.
DiedMay 26, 1933(1933-05-26) (aged 35)
New York City, United States
Genres Country, blues, folk
Occupation(s)Singer-songwriter, musician
InstrumentsVocals, acoustic guitar, Tenor Banjo
Years active1927–1933
Labels Victor
Associated acts The Tenneva Ramblers, The Ramblers, Louis Armstrong, Will Rogers
Website www.jimmierodgers.com

James Charles Rodgers (September 8, 1897 – May 26, 1933) was an American country, blues and folk singer, songwriter and musician in the early 20th century, known most widely for his rhythmic yodeling. Rodgers, along with his contemporaries the Carter Family, was among the first country music stars, cited as an inspiration by many artists and an inductee into numerous halls of fame. Rodgers was also known as "The Singing Brakeman", "The Blue Yodeler", and "The Father of Country Music". [1]

Carter Family traditional American folk music group

The Carter Family is a traditional American folk music group that recorded between 1927 and 1956. Their music had a profound impact on bluegrass, country, Southern Gospel, pop and rock musicians as well as on the U.S. folk revival of the 1960s. They were the first vocal group to become country music stars, and were the first group to record commercially produced country music in recorded history. Their first recordings were made in Bristol, Tennessee under producer Ralph Peer on August 1st, 1927, the day before country singer Jimmie Rodgers also made his initial recordings under Peer. Their recordings of songs such as "Wabash Cannonball", "Can the Circle Be Unbroken", "Wildwood Flower", "Keep On the Sunny Side" and "I'm Thinking Tonight of My Blue Eyes" made these songs country standards. The latter's tune was used for Roy Acuff's "The Great Speckled Bird", Hank Thompson's "The Wild Side of Life" and Kitty Wells' "It Wasn't God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels", making the song a hit all over again in other incarnations.

Country music, also known as country and western, and hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s. It takes its roots from genres such as American folk music and blues.

Contents

Biography

Marker in Meridian, Miss. Jimmie Rodgers Museum Sign.JPG
Marker in Meridian, Miss.

Early years

According to tradition, Rodgers' birthplace is usually listed as Meridian, Mississippi; however, in documents signed by Rodgers later in life, his birthplace was listed as Geiger, Alabama, the home of his paternal grandparents. [2] Yet historians who have researched the circumstances of that document, including Nolan Porterfield and Barry Mazor, continue to identify Pine Springs, Mississippi, just north of Meridian, as his genuine birthplace. Rodgers' mother died when he was about six or seven years old, and Rodgers, the youngest of three sons, spent the next few years living with various relatives in southeast Mississippi and southwest Alabama, near Geiger. In the 1900 Census for Daleville, Lauderdale County, Mississippi, Jimmie's mother, Eliza [Bozeman] Rodgers, was listed as already having had seven children, with four of them still living at that date. Jimmie ["James" in the Census] was next to the youngest at that time, and was probably born sixth of the total of seven children. He eventually returned home to live with his father, Aaron Rodgers, a maintenance-of-way foreman on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, who had settled with a new wife in Meridian.

Meridian, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Meridian is the sixth largest city in the state of Mississippi, United States. It is the county seat of Lauderdale County and the principal city of the Meridian, Mississippi Micropolitan Statistical Area. Along major highways, the city is 93 mi (150 km) east of Jackson, Mississippi; 154 mi (248 km) southwest of Birmingham, Alabama; 202 mi (325 km) northeast of New Orleans, Louisiana; and 231 mi (372 km) southeast of Memphis, Tennessee.

Geiger, Alabama Town in Alabama, United States

Geiger is a town in Sumter County, Alabama, United States. It incorporated in 1912. At the 2010 census the population was 170, up from 161 in 2000.

Barry Mazor

Barry Mazor is a music journalist and the author of Ralph Peer and the Making of Popular Roots Music, winner of Belmont University's Best Book on Country Music award in 2016, and "Meeting Jimmie Rodgers: How America's Original Roots Music Hero Changed the Pop Sounds of a Century," which won the same award in 2010. He has written regularly for the Wall Street Journal and he is a former senior editor and columnist for No Depression magazine. He is the host of the streaming radio show "Roots Now," on Nashville's AcmeRadioLIve.

Rodgers' ancestral origins and heritage are uncertain, though records show his lineage to be of some measure of English American extraction. [3]

Performing career

CaliforniaBlues(BlueYodelNo.4)
BlueYodelNo.1

Rodgers' affinity for entertaining came at an early age, and the lure of the road was irresistible to him. By age 13, he had twice organized and begun traveling shows, only to be brought home by his father. His father found Rodgers his first job working on the railroad as a water boy. Here he was further taught to pick and strum by rail workers and hobos. As a water boy, he would have been exposed to the work chants of the African American railroad workers known as gandy dancers. [4] A few years later, he became a brakeman on the New Orleans and Northeastern Railroad, a position formerly secured by his oldest brother, Walter, who had been promoted to conductor on the line running between Meridian and New Orleans.

Gandy dancer Early 20th-century U.S. slang for crew who maintained railroad tracks

Gandy dancer is a slang term used for early railroad workers in the United States, more formally referred to as "section hands", who laid and maintained railroad tracks in the years before the work was done by machines. The British equivalents of the term gandy dancer are "navvy", originally builders of canals or "inland navigations", for builders of railway lines, and "platelayer" for workers employed to inspect and maintain the track. In the Southwestern United States and Mexico, Mexican and Mexican-American track workers were colloquially "traqueros".

The New Orleans and Northeastern Railroad was a Class I railroad in Louisiana and Mississippi in the United States. The railroad operated 196 miles (315 km) of road from its completion in 1883 until it was absorbed by the Alabama Great Southern Railroad subsidiary of the Southern Railway in 1969.

In 1924 at age 27, Rodgers was diagnosed with tuberculosis. The disease temporarily ended his railroad career, but at the same time gave him the chance to get back to the entertainment industry. He organized a traveling road show and performed across the Southeastern United States until, once again, he was forced home after a cyclone destroyed his tent. He returned to railroad work as a brakeman in Miami, Florida, but eventually his illness cost him his job. He relocated to Tucson, Arizona, and was employed as a switchman by the Southern Pacific Railroad. He kept the job for less than a year, and the Rodgers family (which by then included wife Carrie and daughter Anita) settled back in Meridian in early 1927.

Tuberculosis Infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) bacteria. Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body. Most infections do not have symptoms, in which case it is known as latent tuberculosis. About 10% of latent infections progress to active disease which, if left untreated, kills about half of those affected. The classic symptoms of active TB are a chronic cough with blood-containing sputum, fever, night sweats, and weight loss. It was historically called "consumption" due to the weight loss. Infection of other organs can cause a wide range of symptoms.

Tucson, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Tucson is a city and the county seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, and home to the University of Arizona. The 2010 United States Census put the population at 520,116, while the 2015 estimated population of the entire Tucson metropolitan statistical area (MSA) was 980,263. The Tucson MSA forms part of the larger Tucson-Nogales combined statistical area (CSA), with a total population of 1,010,025 as of the 2010 Census. Tucson is the second most-populated city in Arizona behind Phoenix, both of which anchor the Arizona Sun Corridor. The city is 108 miles (174 km) southeast of Phoenix and 60 mi (97 km) north of the U.S.–Mexico border. Tucson is the 33rd largest city and the 58th largest metropolitan area in the United States (2014).

Success

BobWillsBlueYodelNo1
Boyhood Dreams

Rodgers decided to travel to Asheville, North Carolina, later that same year. On April 18, 1927, at 9:30 pm, Jimmie, and Otis Kuykendall performed for the first time on WWNC, Asheville's first radio station. A few months later, Rodgers recruited a group from Bristol, Tennessee, called the Tenneva Ramblers and secured a weekly slot on the station listed as "The Jimmie Rodgers Entertainers".

Asheville, North Carolina City in North Carolina, United States

Asheville is a city and the county seat of Buncombe County, North Carolina, United States. It is the largest city in Western North Carolina, and the 12th-most populous city in the U.S. state of North Carolina. The city's population was 89,121 according to 2016 estimates. It is the principal city in the five-county Asheville metropolitan area, with a population of 424,858 in 2010.

WWNC news/talk radio station in Ashville, North Carolina

WWNC is a radio station in Asheville, North Carolina, United States. It transmits at 5,000 Watts of power. It currently has a News/Talk format and is affiliated with Fox News Radio. WWNC is under the ownership of iHeartMedia, Inc..

Bristol, Tennessee City in Tennessee, United States

Bristol is a city in Sullivan County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 26,702 at the 2010 census. It is the twin city of Bristol, Virginia, which lies directly across the state line between Tennessee and Virginia. The boundary between the two cities is also the state line, which runs along State Street in their common downtown district. Bristol is a principal city of the Kingsport−Bristol−Bristol, TN-VA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City−Kingsport−Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area − commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region.

In late July 1927, Rodgers' bandmates learned that Ralph Peer, a representative of the Victor Talking Machine Company, was coming to Bristol to hold an audition for local musicians. Rodgers and the group arrived in Bristol on August 3, 1927, and auditioned for Peer in an empty warehouse. Peer agreed to record them the next day. As the band discussed how they would be billed on the record, an argument ensued, the band broke up, and Rodgers arrived at the recording session the next morning alone, or, as later stated in an on-camera interview by Claude Grant of the Tenneva Ramblers, Rodgers had taken some guitars on consignment and sold them but did not pay back the music stores that had supplied the guitars, and that the band broke up because they did not agree with that. The interview BL-16 to 19 is listed here: On Wednesday, August 4, Jimmie Rodgers completed his first session for Victor in Camden, New Jersey. It lasted from 2:00 pm to 4:20 pm and yielded two songs: "The Soldier's Sweetheart" and "Sleep, Baby, Sleep". For the test recordings, Rodgers received $100.

The recordings were released on October 7, earning modest success. In November, Rodgers, determined more than ever to make it in entertainment, headed to New York City in an effort to arrange another session with Peer.

Rodgers requested that his sister-in-law, Elsie McWilliams, a musician, help him write some songs. [5] [6] She would become his most frequent "songwriting partner." [7] She cowrote or wrote nearly 40 songs for Rodgers. [8]

Rodgers returned to the Victor studios in Camden and recorded four more sides, including "Blue Yodel", better known as "T for Texas". In the next two years, this recording sold nearly half a million copies, rocketing Rodgers into stardom. After this, he got to determine when Peer and Victor would record him, and he sold out shows whenever and wherever he played. [9]

Over the next few years, Rodgers was very busy. He did a movie short for Columbia Pictures, now under Sony, The Singing Brakeman (this is available on the DVD and VHS compilation "Times Ain't Like They Used To Be: Early Rural & Popular Music From Rare Original Film Masters 1928–35" [10] and on YouTube), and made various recordings across the country. He toured with humorist Will Rogers as part of a Red Cross tour across the Midwest. On July 16, 1930, he recorded "Blue Yodel No. 9" with Louis Armstrong on trumpet and his wife Lil Hardin Armstrong on piano. [11]

A song written by Clayton McMichen and recorded as "Prohibition Has Done Me Wrong" was not issued, possibly because of copyright conflicts with Columbia. According to Juanita McMichen Lynch, Peer thought it was "too controversial for the times." The master was put aside and then accidentally lost.

Final years

Rodgers' next-to-last recordings were made in August 1932 in Camden, and the tuberculosis clearly was getting the better of him. He had given up touring by that time, but did have a weekly radio show in San Antonio, Texas, where he had relocated when "T for Texas" ("Blue Yodel Number 1") became a hit. Earnings from his recordings enabled Rodgers to build a great house for his family in Kerrville, Texas, a location chosen partly for health reasons. It was not in Rodgers' make-up to stay still, though, and his constant touring and recording schedule only hurt his chances of recovery.

With the country in the grip of the Great Depression, the practice of making field recordings was quickly fading, so in May 1933, Rodgers traveled again to New York City for a group of sessions beginning May 17. He started these sessions recording alone and completed four songs on the first day. When he returned to the studio after a day's rest, he had to record sitting down and soon retired to his hotel in hopes of regaining enough energy to finish the songs he had been rehearsing. The recording engineer hired two session musicians to help Rodgers when he came back to the studio a few days later. Together, they recorded a few songs, including "Mississippi Delta Blues". For his last song of the session, however, Rodgers chose to perform alone, and as a matching bookend to his career, recorded "Years Ago" by himself.

During his last recording session in New York City on May 24, after years of fighting the tuberculosis, Rodgers was so weakened that he needed to rest on a cot between songs. [12]

Jimmie Rodgers died on May 26 from a pulmonary hemorrhage while staying at the Taft Hotel, aged 35. At the time of his death, Rodgers accounted for fully 10% of RCA Victor's sales in a drastically depressed record market.

Legacy

Jimmie Rodgers monument in Meridian, Mississippi Jimmie Rodgers exhibit in Meridian, MS.jpg
Jimmie Rodgers monument in Meridian, Mississippi

When the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum was established in 1961, Rodgers was one of the first three (the others were music publisher and songwriter Fred Rose and singer-songwriter Hank Williams) to be inducted. Rodgers was elected to the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970 and, as an early influence, to the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 1986. "Blue Yodel No. 9" was selected as one of The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll. Rodgers was ranked No. 33 on CMT's 40 Greatest Men of Country Music in 2003.

Since 1953, Meridian's Jimmie Rodgers Memorial Festival has been held annually during May to honor the anniversary of Rodgers' death. The first festival was on May 26, 1953.

A song collected by ethnomusicologist Hugh Tracey in 1950 from the Kipsigis tribe, titled "Chemirocha", was written in honor of Jimmie Rodgers. According to legend, tribe members were exposed to Rodgers' music through British soldiers during World War II. Impressed by his yodeling, they envisioned Rodgers as "a faun, half-man and half-antelope." [13]

Both Gene Autry and future Louisiana governor Jimmie Davis (said to have been author of "You Are My Sunshine") began their careers as Jimmie Rodgers copyists, and Merle Haggard, Hank Snow, and Lefty Frizzell later did tribute albums. Haggard's, titled Same Train, A Different Time: Merle Haggard Sings The Great Songs Of Jimmie Rodgers , was released in 1969. Haggard also covered "No Hard Times" and "T.B. Blues" on his best-selling live albums Okie from Muskogee (1969) and Fightin' Side of Me (1970).

Rodgers' "Blue Yodel No. 1 (T for Texas)" was covered by Lynyrd Skynyrd on its live album One More from the Road , later being sometimes announced by the band as "(Gimme A) T For Texas (T For Tennessee)". Ronnie Van Zant has also been quoted from a concert of July 13, 1977 intermission in Asbury Park, New Jersey as saying that they've "always been interested in old country music" like Jimmie Rodgers and Merle Haggard before launching into playing "T For Texas". [14] Lynyrd Skynyrd has also named both Haggard and Rodgers in their song "Railroad Song" ("I'm going to ride this train, Lord, until I find out, what Jimmie Rodgers and The Hag was all about") Tompall Glaser has also covered a version that was included on country music's first million-selling album, Wanted! The Outlaws .

In 1997 Bob Dylan put together a tribute compilation of major artists covering Rodgers' songs, The Songs of Jimmie Rodgers, A Tribute (Sony – ASIN: B000002BLD). The artists included Bono, Alison Krauss & Union Station, Jerry Garcia, Dickey Betts, Dwight Yoakam, Aaron Neville, John Mellencamp, Willie Nelson and others. [15] Dylan had earlier once remarked, "The songs were different than the norm. They had more of an individual nature and an elevated conscience... I was drawn to their power." [16]

Fellow Meridian, MS native Steve Forbert's tribute album to Jimmie Rodgers, Any Old Time, was nominated for a 2004 Grammy in the best traditional folk category.

On May 24, 1978, the United States Postal Service issued a 13-cent commemorative stamp honoring Rodgers, the first in its long-running Performing Arts Series. The stamp was designed by Jim Sharpe (who did several others in this series), who depicted him with brakeman's outfit and guitar, giving his "two thumbs up" (as in of the famous pictures of him), along with a locomotive in silhouette in the background.

Rodgers' legacy and influence is not limited to country music. The 2009 book Meeting Jimmie Rodgers: How America's Original Roots Music Hero Changed the Pop Sounds of a Century tracks Rodgers influence through a broad range of musical genres, internationally. He was influential to Ozark poet Frank Stanford, who composed a series of "blue yodel" poems, and a number of later blues artists. Rodgers was one of the biggest stars of American music between 1927 and 1933, arguably doing more to popularize blues than any other performer of his time. [15] Rodgers influenced many later blues artists, among them Muddy Waters, Big Bill Broonzy, [17] and Chester Arthur Burnett, better known as Howlin' Wolf. Jimmie Rodgers was Wolf's childhood idol. Wolf tried to emulate Rodgers's yodel, but found that his efforts sounded more like a growl or a howl. "I couldn't do no yodelin'," Barry Gifford quoted him as saying in Rolling Stone, "so I turned to howlin'. And it's done me just fine." [18]

Rodgers' influence can also be heard in artists including Tommy Johnson, the Mississippi Sheiks, and Mississippi John Hurt, whose "Let the Mermaids Flirt With Me" is based on Rodgers' hit "Waiting on a Train". [15] Elvis Presley has also been quoted as mentioning Jimmie Rodgers as an important influence and stating that he was a big fan. [19] Jerry Lee Lewis listed Rodgers as a major stylist and covered several of his songs. Moon Mullican, Tommy Duncan and many other western swing singers also were influenced by him. Gene Autry's earlier material largely copied Rodgers' blues records, & also included covers of his songs, for example "Jimmie the kid". Johnny Cash (who also covered Rodgers' "In The Jailhouse Now" and who said the first record he ever heard was Jimmie Rodgers) tried for to emulate Rodgers' signature yodel on a duet of "Hey, Porter" with Marty Stuart on his 1982 album Busy Bee Cafe with Earl Scruggs on banjo, but Cash admits, after coughing, that he can't yodel "like Jimmie Rodgers used to".

The 1982 film Honkytonk Man , directed by and starring Clint Eastwood, was loosely based on Rodgers' life.

In "Cleaning Windows," Van Morrison sings about listening to Rodgers, but this more likely references blues singer Jimmy Rogers as Morrison mentions several blues singers in the song. Morrison does not name any other Country and Western singers, although Jimmie Rodgers' music was influenced very much by blues.

In the book, Faking It: The Quest for Authenticity in Popular Music , the song "T.B. Blues" is presented as one of the first truly autobiographical songs.

On May 28, 2010, Slim Bryant, the last surviving singer to have made a recording with Rodgers, died at the age of 101. They recorded Bryant's song "Mother, the Queen of My Heart" in 1932. The Union , a collaborative album between Elton John and Leon Russell, featured a song entitled "Jimmie Rodgers' Dream", which was a tribute to Rodgers.

In May 2010, a second marker, on the Mississippi Country Music Trail, was erected near Rodgers' gravesite, marking his role as The Father of Country Music, though he was an early innovator & not the first ever to record it. [20]

In 2013, Rodgers was posthumously inducted to the Blues Hall of Fame. [21]

Recordings

TitleLabel numberRecording dateRecording location
"The Soldier's Sweetheart"Victor 20864August 4, 1927Bristol, Tennessee
"Sleep, Baby, Sleep"Victor 20864August 4, 1927Bristol, Tennessee
"Ben Dewberry's Final Run"Victor 21245November 30, 1927Camden, New Jersey
"Mother Was a Lady"Victor 21433November 30, 1927Camden, New Jersey
" Blue Yodel No. 1 (T for Texas) "Victor 21142November 30, 1927Camden, New Jersey
"Away out on the Mountain"Victor 21142November 30, 1927Camden, New Jersey
"Dear Old Sunny South by the Sea"Victor 21574February 14, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"Treasures Untold"Victor 21433February 14, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"The Brakeman's Blues"Victor 21291February 14, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"The Sailor's Plea"Victor 40054February 14, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"In the Jailhouse Now"Victor 21245February 15, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"Blue Yodel No. 2 (Lovin' Gal Lucille)"Victor 21291February 15, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"Memphis Yodel"Victor 21636February 15, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"Blue Yodel No. 3"Victor 21531February 15, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"My Old Pal"Victor 21757June 12, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"My Little Old Home Down in New Orleans"Victor 21574June 12, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"You and My Old Guitar"Victor 40072June 12, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"Daddy and Home"Victor 21757June 12, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"My Little Lady"Victor 40072June 12, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"Lullaby Yodel"Victor 21636June 12, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"Never No Mo' Blues"Victor 21531June 12, 1928Camden, New Jersey
"My Carolina Sunshine Girl"Victor 40096October 20, 1928Atlanta, Georgia
"Blue Yodel No. 4 (California Blues)"Victor 40014October 20, 1928Atlanta, Georgia
"Waiting for a Train"Victor 40014October 22, 1928Atlanta, Georgia
"I'm Lonely and Blue"Victor 40054October 22, 1928Atlanta, Georgia
"Desert Blues"Victor 40096February 21, 1929New York City
"Any Old Time"Victor 22488February 21, 1929New York City
"Blue Yodel No. 5"Victor 22072February 23, 1929New York City
"High Powered Mama"Victor 22523February 23, 1929New York City
"I'm Sorry We Met"Victor 22072February 23, 1929New York City
"Everybody Does It in Hawaii"Victor 22143August 8, 1929Dallas, Texas
"Tuck Away My Lonesome Blues"Victor 22220August 8, 1929Dallas, Texas
"Train Whistle Blues"Victor 22379August 8, 1929Dallas, Texas
"Jimmie's Texas Blues"Victor 22379August 10, 1929Dallas, Texas
"Frankie and Johnnie"Victor 22143August 10, 1929Dallas, Texas
"Whisper Your Mother's Name"Victor 22319October 22, 1929Dallas, Texas
"The Land of My Boyhood Dreams"Victor 22811October 22, 1929Dallas, Texas
"Blue Yodel No. 6"Victor 22271October 22, 1929Dallas, Texas
"Yodelling Cowboy"Victor 22271October 22, 1929Dallas, Texas
"My Rough and Rowdy Ways"Victor 22220October 22, 1929Dallas, Texas
"I've Ranged, I've Roamed and I've Travelled"Bluebird 5892October 22, 1929Dallas, Texas
"Hobo Bill's Last Ride"Victor 22421November 13, 1929New Orleans, Louisiana
"Mississippi River Blues"Victor 23535November 25, 1929Atlanta, Georgia
"Nobody Knows But Me"Victor 23518November 25, 1929Atlanta, Georgia
"Anniversary Blue Yodel"Victor 22488November 26, 1929Atlanta, Georgia
"She Was Happy Till She Met You"Victor 23681November 26, 1929Atlanta, Georgia
"Blue Yodel No. 11"Victor 23796November 27, 1929Atlanta, Georgia
"A Drunkard's Child"Victor 22319November 28, 1929Atlanta, Georgia
"That's Why I'm Blue"Victor 22421November 28, 1929Atlanta, Georgia
"Why Did You Give Me Your Love?"Bluebird 5892November 28, 1929Atlanta, Georgia
"My Blue-Eyed Jane"Victor 23549June 30, 1930Los Angeles
"Why Should I Be Lonely?"Victor 23609June 30, 1930Los Angeles
"Moonlight and Skies"Victor 23574June 30, 1930Los Angeles
"Pistol Packin' Papa"Victor 22554July 1, 1930Los Angeles
"Take Me Back Again"Bluebird 7600July 2, 1930Los Angeles
"Those Gambler's Blues"Victor 22554July 5, 1930Los Angeles
"I'm Lonesome Too"Victor 23564July 7, 1930Los Angeles
"The One Rose"Bluebird 7280July 7, 1930Los Angeles
"For the Sake of Days Gone By"Victor 23651July 9, 1930Los Angeles
"Jimmie's Mean Mama Blues"Victor 23503July 10, 1930Los Angeles
"The Mystery of Number Five"Victor 23518July 11, 1930Los Angeles
"Blue Yodel No. 8" (aka Mule Skinner Blues)Victor 23503July 11, 1930Los Angeles
"In the Jailhouse Now, No. 2"Victor 22523July 12, 1930Los Angeles
"Blue Yodel No. 9"Victor 23580July 16, 1930Los Angeles
"T.B. Blues"Victor 23535January 31, 1931San Antonio, Texas
"Travellin' Blues"Victor 23564January 31, 1931San Antonio, Texas
"Jimmie the Kid"Victor 23549January 31, 1931San Antonio, Texas
"Why There's a Tear in My Eye"Bluebird 6698June 10, 1931Louisville, Kentucky
"The Wonderful City"Bluebird 6810June 10, 1931Louisville, Kentucky
"Let Me Be Your Sidetrack"Victor 23621June 11, 1931Louisville, Kentucky
"Jimmie Rodgers Visits the Carter Family"Victor 23574June 12, 1931Louisville, Kentucky
"The Carter Family and Jimmie Rodgers in Texas"Bluebird 6762June 12, 1931Louisville, Kentucky
"When the Cactus Is in Bloom"Victor 23636June 13, 1931Louisville, Kentucky
"Gambling Polka Dot Blues"Victor 23636June 15, 1931Louisville, Kentucky
"Looking for a New Mama"Victor 23580June 15, 1931Louisville, Kentucky
"What's It?"Victor 23609June 16, 1931Louisville, Kentucky
"My Good Gal's Gone"Bluebird 5942June 16, 1931Louisville, Kentucky
"Southern Cannon-Ball"Victor 23811June 17, 1931Louisville, Kentucky
"Roll Along, Kentucky Moon"Victor 23651February 2, 1932Dallas, Texas
"Hobo's Meditation"Victor 23711February 3, 1932Dallas, Texas
"My Time Ain't Long"Victor 23669February 4, 1932Dallas, Texas
"Ninety-Nine Years Blues"Victor 23669February 4, 1932Dallas, Texas
"Mississippi Moon"Victor 23696February 4, 1932Dallas, Texas
"Down the Old Road to Home"Victor 23711February 5, 1932Dallas, Texas
"Blue Yodel No. 10"Victor 23696February 6, 1932Dallas, Texas
"Home Call"Victor 23681February 6, 1932Dallas, Texas
"Mother, the Queen of My Heart"Victor 23721August 11, 1932Camden, New Jersey
"Rock All Our Babies to Sleep"Victor 23721August 11, 1932Camden, New Jersey
"Whippin' That Old T.B."Victor 23751August 11, 1932Camden, New Jersey
"No Hard Times"Victor 23751August 15, 1932Camden, New Jersey
"Long Tall Mama Blues"Victor 23766August 15, 1932Camden, New Jersey
"Peach-Pickin' Time Down in Georgia"Victor 23781August 15, 1932Camden, New Jersey
"Gambling Barroom Blues"Victor 23766August 15, 1932Camden, New Jersey
"I've Only Loved Three Women"Bluebird 6810August 15, 1932Camden, New Jersey
"In the Hills of Tennessee"Victor 23736August 29, 1932New York City
"Prairie Lullaby"Victor 23781August 29, 1932New York City
"Miss the Mississippi and You"Victor 23736August 29, 1932New York City
"Sweet Mama Hurry Home"Victor 23796August 29, 1932New York City
"Blue Yodel No. 12"Victor 24456May 17, 1933New York City
"The Cowhand's Last Ride"Victor 24456May 17, 1933New York City
"I'm Free from the Chain Gang Now"Victor 23830May 17, 1933New York City
"Dreaming with Tears in My Eyes"Bluebird 7600May 18, 1933New York City
"Yodeling My Way Back Home"Bluebird 7280May 18, 1933New York City
"Jimmie Rodgers' Last Blue Yodel"Bluebird 5281May 18, 1933New York City
"The Yodelling Ranger"Victor 23830May 20, 1933New York City
"Old Pal of My Heart"Victor 23816May 20, 1933New York City
"Old Love Letters"Victor 23840May 24, 1933New York City
"Mississippi Delta Blues"Victor 23816May 24, 1933New York City
"Somewhere Down Below the Dixon Line"Victor 23840May 24, 1933New York City
"Years Ago"Bluebird 5281May 24, 1933New York City

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Mule Skinner Blues song performed by Jimmie Rodgers

"Mule Skinner Blues" is a classic country song written by Jimmie Rodgers and George Vaughan. The song was first recorded by Rodgers in 1930 and has been recorded by many artists since then, acquiring the de facto title "Mule Skinner Blues" after Rodgers named it "Blue Yodel #8".

See also: 1920 in country music and the List of years in country music

"Blue Yodel #9" is a blues/country song by Jimmie Rodgers and is the ninth of his "Blue Yodels". Rodgers recorded the song on July 16, 1930 in Los Angeles with an unbilled Louis Armstrong on trumpet and his wife Lil Hardin Armstrong on piano.

"In the Jailhouse Now" is an American novelty blues song originally found in vaudeville performances from the early 20th century, usually credited to Jimmie Rodgers. The song's first two verses trace the exploits of Ramblin’ Bob, who cheats at cards and gets caught, while the final verse tells about taking a girl named Susie out on the town and winding up in jail together.

This is a list of notable events in country music that took place in the year 1930.

This is a list of notable events in country music that took place in the year 1928.

This is a list of notable events in country music that took place in the year 1927.

The Blue Yodel songs are a series of thirteen songs written and recorded by Jimmie Rodgers during the period from 1927 to his death in May 1933. The songs were based on the 12-bar blues format and featured Rodgers’ trademark yodel refrains. The lyrics often had a risqué quality with “a macho, slightly dangerous undertone”. The original 78 issue of "Blue Yodel No. 1 " sold more than a half million copies, a phenomenal number at the time. The term "blue yodel" is also sometimes used to differentiate the earlier Austrian yodeling from the American form of yodeling introduced by Rodgers.

<i>Pride in What I Am</i> 1969 studio album by Merle Haggard and The Strangers

Pride in What I Am is the eighth studio album by Merle Haggard and The Strangers released in 1969 on Capitol Records.

<i>I Love Dixie Blues</i> 1973 live album by Merle Haggard and The Strangers

I Love Dixie Blues is a live album by American country singer Merle Haggard and The Strangers, released in 1973.

<i>The Roots of My Raising</i> 1976 studio album by Merle Haggard and The Strangers

The Roots of My Raising is the 21st studio album by American country singer Merle Haggard and The Strangers, released in 1976. It was his third release in 1976 and his last on the Capitol label until his return in 2004. It reached number 8 on the Billboard country albums chart.

<i>The Epic Collection (Recorded Live)</i> 1983 live album by Merle Haggard

The Epic Collection is a live album by Merle Haggard backed by The Strangers released on Epic Records in November 1983.

<i>The Peer Sessions</i> 2002 studio album by Merle Haggard

The Peer Sessions is the fifty-fourth studio album by American recording artist Merle Haggard released on the Audium label in 2002.

Elsie McWilliams was songwriter who wrote for Jimmie Rodgers. McWilliams, even though she is only officially credited with writing twenty songs, actually wrote or co-wrote 39 songs for Rogers. McWilliams was his most frequent collaborator. She was the first woman to make a career as a country music songwriter.

References

  1. "Jimmie Rodgers Biography". Songwriters Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on February 18, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
  2. Petition for Membership (dated: Oct 20, 1930), Bluebonnet Lodge No. 1219, San Antonio, Texas; and Interview (6/2006) with James A. Skelton, Pres. of the Jimmie Rodgers Memorial Foundation, Meridian, MS.
  3. https://www.ancestry.com/genealogy/records/jimmie-rodgers_158871105
  4. "In the Country of Country". Nytimes.com. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  5. Chadbourne, Eugene. "Elsie McWilliams". All Music. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  6. "Country Songwriter Elsie McWilliams". Chicago Tribune. January 1, 1986. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  7. Wade, Howard Mitchell (July 1, 2012). "Jimmie Rodgers: The Life and Times of America's Blue Yodeler". Journal of American Folklore. Archived from the original on January 31, 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2016 via HighBeam Research.
  8. Mazor, Barry (2009). Meeting Jimmie Rodgers: How America's Original Roots Music Hero Changed the Pop Sounds of a Century. Oxford University Press. p. 305. ISBN   9780199716661.
  9. "USA " Mademoiselle Montana's Yodel Heaven". Mademoisellemontana.wordpress.com. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
  10. "Early Rural & Popular Music From Rare Original Film Masters 1928–35". Yazoo Records. Archived from the original on January 28, 2012. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
  11. "Jimmie Rodgers & Louis Armstrong: Blue Yodel No. 9". jazz.com. Archived from the original on April 15, 2011. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
  12. "Jimmie Rodgers: The Father of Country Music | Mississippi History Now". Mshistory.k12.ms.us. May 26, 1933. Archived from the original on October 7, 2010. Retrieved August 20, 2010.
  13. "In A Kenyan Village, A 65-Year-Old Recording Comes Home". NPR.org. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  14. "Lynyrd Skynyrd-T For Texas-1977". YouTube. November 17, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
  15. 1 2 3 Barretta, Scott (August 29, 2008). "Jimmie Rodgers – This Week on Highway 61". highway61radio.com. Retrieved November 16, 2008.
  16. Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music (1st ed.). Fulham, London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 186. ISBN   1-904041-96-5.
  17. Fry, Robbie. ""Big Bill" Broonzy". Encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved November 4, 2008.
  18. Taylor, B. Kimberly. "Howlin' Wolf Biography". Musician Guide. Retrieved November 4, 2008.
  19. Matthew-Walker 1979, p.3 [ full citation needed ]
  20. Brown, Ida. "Meridian Star – Jimmie Rodgers honored with Blues Trail Marker". Meridianstar.com. Archived from the original on September 4, 2012. Retrieved May 29, 2008.
  21. "2013 Blues Hall of Fame Inductees Announced". Blues.org. Retrieved March 6, 2013.

Bibliography