Jimmy Iovine

Last updated
Jimmy Iovine
JimmyIovineMaryJBligeJan10 Cropped.jpg
Iovine in 2012
Born (1953-03-11) March 11, 1953 (age 68)
Occupation
Years active1973–present
Label(s)
Spouse(s)
(m. 1985;div. 2009)

(m. 2016)
Children4

James Iovine ( /ˈ.əvn/ EYE-ə-veen; Italian:  [ˈjoːvine] ; born March 11, 1953) [1] is an American entrepreneur, record executive, and media proprietor best known as the co-founder of Interscope Records. [2] In 2006, Iovine and rapper-producer Dr. Dre founded Beats Electronics, which produces audio products and operated a now-defunct music streaming service. The company was purchased by Apple Inc. for $3 billion in May 2014. [3]

Contents

Prior to the Apple acquisition of Beats in 2014, Iovine became chairman of Interscope-Geffen-A&M, an umbrella unit merged by the then-newly-reincarnated Universal Music Group in 1999.

Early life and training

James Iovine was born in Brooklyn, New York, to an Italian [4] [5] [6] working-class family. His mother was a secretary and his father, Vincent "Jimmy" Iovine, [7] worked on the docks as a longshoreman. His father's death and his love for Christmas inspired Jimmy to record A Very Special Christmas in 1985. [7] [8] Iovine attended Catholic [9] school in Brooklyn, graduating from the since-closed Bishop Ford Central Catholic High School and went on to attend New York's John Jay College of Criminal Justice. [5] At 19, he was a college dropout. He was introduced to music production after he met a songwriter who got him a job cleaning a recording studio, and he soon began working as an engineer. [10] Since the start of his career, Iovine has been involved in the production of more than 250 albums. [1] [11] [12]

Career

Music and film engineering and production career

In the early 1970s, Iovine became a recording engineer, working with John Lennon [13] and Bruce Springsteen, among others. By 1973, Iovine was on staff at the New York studio the Record Plant, [14] where he worked on Springsteen's Born to Run and Meat Loaf's Bat Out of Hell albums. He came to prominence via his work on the 1978 Patti Smith album Easter , which included her Top 40 hit "Because the Night". He teamed with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers on Damn the Torpedoes and U2 on Rattle and Hum . Iovine also produced Bella Donna (the first solo album for Stevie Nicks), Making Movies for Dire Straits, and Get Close for The Pretenders.

Iovine served as sound engineer for the Voyager Golden Records, a pair of phonograph records which were launched aboard the Voyager space probes in 1977. [15]

Iovine was also responsible for supervising the music used in the 1984 romance film Sixteen Candles and the 1988 comedy film Scrooged .

In 1990, Iovine co-founded Interscope Records, which became Interscope Geffen A&M after a merger in 1999. [16]

Iovine signed Tupac Shakur to a recording contract as one of the first hip-hop acts on the Interscope label in 1991.

Iovine was also responsible for providing distribution, initial funding and financial oversight for the highly successful Death Row Records hip-hop label in the 1990s. Death Row operated as a subsidiary of his company Interscope, and was largely responsible for Interscope's initial platinum selling chart successes throughout the 1990s, which later launched the company into greater success in the 2000s with platinum artists like Eminem and 50 Cent.

In 2002, Iovine co-produced the Academy Award-winning Eminem movie, 8 Mile , which opened at #1 at the box office and went on to gross more than $240 million worldwide. [17] Additionally, Iovine executive produced the 2009 LeBron James documentary More than a Game [18] [19] and 50 Cent's Get Rich or Die Tryin' . [20]

Business career

In 2008, Iovine teamed up with Dr. Dre to co-found Beats By Dr. Dre, a headphones brand. The company had captured 20 percent market share of the headphones industry by 2012. [21] [22]

In January 2013, Iovine announced the expansion of the Beats brand into the online digital music world with Daisy, a new service slated to launch in late 2013. Former Topspin Media executive Ian Rogers and Nine Inch Nails frontman Trent Reznor were said to be involved. [23]

On May 28, 2014, Apple Inc. announced the acquisition of Beats Electronics. Iovine was hired to assume an undisclosed position at Apple [24] where he helped in the creation of Apple Music. [25]

Television career

In 2005, Iovine made a guest appearance as himself on "Don't Make Me Over", an episode of Seth MacFarlane's Family Guy .

From 2011 to 2013, Iovine was a mentor on Fox's American Idol. [26] [27] [28] Iovine's protégés—Scotty McCreery, Phillip Phillips, Jessica Sanchez, and Candice Glover—release their music through Interscope. [29] Iovine stopped working with the show in mid-2013. [30]

In July 2017, HBO ran a four-part documentary about Jimmy Iovine's relationship with Dr. Dre and other musicians titled The Defiant Ones .

Philanthropy

In May 2013, Iovine and Dr. Dre donated $70 million to the University of Southern California to create the USC Jimmy Iovine and Andre Young Academy for Arts, Technology and the Business of Innovation. [31] The first class of the Academy began in September 2014 with 31 students. [32]

Honors and recognitions

In 2011, Iovine was honored by The Producers & Engineers Wing of the Grammy Awards. "This year we pay tribute to an industry leader, Jimmy Iovine, who has made an indelible impact as a recording engineer, producer, founder of Interscope Records, and now, entrepreneur focused on audio quality," Neil Portnow, president of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, the governing body of the Grammy Awards, said in presenting the award. [33]

On May 17, 2013, Iovine received an honorary Doctor of Music degree [34] from the University of Southern California and gave the 2013 USC commencement address. [35]

Personal life

Relationships:

Selected discography

ArtistAlbumReleased
John Lennon Walls and Bridges 1974
Kansas The Classic Albums Collection: 1974–19831974–1983
Bruce Springsteen Born to Run 1975
Bruce Springsteen Darkness on the Edge of Town 1978
Golden Earring Grab It for a Second 1978
Patti Smith Easter 1978
Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers Damn the Torpedoes 1979
Bruce Springsteen The River 1980
Dire Straits Making Movies 1980
Graham Parker and the Rumour The Up Escalator 1980
Stevie Nicks Bella Donna 1981
U2 Under a Blood Red Sky 1983
Simple Minds Once Upon A Time 1985
Pretenders Get Close 1986
Various A Very Special Christmas 1987
U2 Rattle and Hum 1988
Gwen Stefani Love. Angel. Music. Baby 2004
Lady Gaga Born This Way: The Collection 2011
Iggy Azalea The New Classic 2014

Discography

Filmography

Related Research Articles

Dr. Dre American rapper, record producer, and entrepreneur from California

Andre Romelle Young, known professionally as Dr. Dre, is an American rapper, songwriter, audio engineer, record producer, and entrepreneur. He is the founder and CEO of Aftermath Entertainment and Beats Electronics, and previously co-founded, co-owned, and was the president of Death Row Records. Dr. Dre began his career as a member of the World Class Wreckin' Cru in 1985 and later found fame with the gangsta rap group N.W.A. The group popularized explicit lyrics in hip hop to detail the violence of street life. During the early 1990s, Dre was credited as a key figure in the crafting and popularization of West Coast G-funk, a subgenre of hip hop characterized by a synthesizer foundation and slow, heavy beats.

<i>The Slim Shady LP</i> 1999 album by Eminem

The Slim Shady LP is the second studio album and the major-label debut by American rapper Eminem. It was released on February 23, 1999, by Aftermath Entertainment and Interscope Records. Recorded in Ferndale, Michigan following Eminem's recruitment by Dr. Dre and Jimmy Iovine, the album features production from Dr. Dre, the Bass Brothers, and Eminem himself.

<i>Slim Shady EP</i> 1997 EP by Eminem

Slim Shady EP is the only extended play by American rapper Eminem, released on December 10, 1997 through the Detroit-based record label Web Entertainment. Unlike Infinite, Slim Shady EP helped Eminem gain the interest of CEO Jimmy Iovine and West Coast hip-hop producer Dr. Dre, who subsequently signed Eminem to his Aftermath Entertainment record label, and served as executive producer on his major-label debut album The Slim Shady LP (1999).

Interscope Records is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group through its Interscope Geffen A&M imprint. Founded in late 1990 by Jimmy Iovine and Ted Field as a $20 million joint venture with Atlantic Records of Warner Music Group, it differed from most record companies by letting A&R staff control decisions and allowing artists and producers full creative control. Its first hit records arrived in under a year, and it achieved profitability in 1993. Chair and CEO until May 2014, Iovine was succeeded by John Janick.

Aftermath Entertainment American record label

Aftermath Entertainment is an American record label founded by hip hop producer and rapper Dr. Dre. It operates as a subsidiary of, and is distributed through, Universal Music Group's Interscope Records. Current acts include Dr. Dre himself, Eminem, Kendrick Lamar, and Anderson .Paak, with former acts including 50 Cent, Busta Rhymes, The Game, Raekwon, Eve, Rakim, Jon Connor and many others. The label's acts over the years have earned RIAA certifications of platinum or higher on 20 of its 28 released albums.

DreamWorks Records

DreamWorks Records was an American record label founded in 1996 by David Geffen, Steven Spielberg and Jeffrey Katzenberg as a subsidiary of DreamWorks Pictures. The label operated until 2003 when it was sold to Universal Music Group. The label itself also featured a Nashville, Tennessee-based subsidiary, DreamWorks Nashville, which specialized in country music and was shut down in 2006. The company's logo was designed by Roy Lichtenstein and was his last commission before his death in 1997.

Thom Panunzio is a music producer and engineer.

<i>Doctors Advocate</i> 2006 studio album by The Game

Doctor's Advocate is the second studio album by American hip hop recording artist The Game, released on November 14, 2006 through The Black Wall Street Records and Geffen Records. The album is his second major-label release, following 2005's The Documentary, which was released on Aftermath/G-Unit. Due to his disputes with 50 Cent, Game left Aftermath/G-Unit and signed with Geffen Records, another label under Universal Music Group's Interscope-Geffen-A&M division to terminate his contractual obligations with G-Unit, in the summer of 2006.

Phillip Phillips American singer-songwriter and actor

Phillip LaDon Phillips Jr. is an American singer-songwriter and actor who won the eleventh season of American Idol on May 23, 2012. His coronation song, "Home", became the best-selling song in American Idol history. His debut album The World from the Side of the Moon was released on November 19, 2012. His second album, Behind the Light, was released on May 19, 2014. His third album, Collateral, was released January 19, 2018.

Interscope Geffen A&M Records American umbrella label owned by Universal Music Group

Interscope Geffen A&M Records (IGA), also known as A&M Records Group, is an American umbrella label owned by Universal Music Group, consisting of record labels Interscope Records, Geffen Records, and A&M Records.

John Janick is an American record executive. He is the chairman and CEO of Interscope Geffen A&M Records.

Beats Electronics LLC is an American consumer audio products manufacturer headquartered in Culver City, California. The company was founded by music producer Dr. Dre and record company executive Jimmy Iovine. Since 2014, it has been an Apple subsidiary.

The Rap Olympics is a free-style rap event which was created and first begun in March 1993, in East Orange, New Jersey by Gregory Thomas of Nubian Recordings which consisted of a three state competition: PA, NJ and NY.

Redfoo American rapper from California

Stephen Kendal Gordy, better known by his stage name Redfoo, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, dancer, record producer and DJ best known for being part of the musical duo LMFAO, and for their hit song, "Party Rock Anthem". Redfoo formed the duo with his nephew, Sky Blu, in 2006. They released two studio albums before Redfoo went solo in 2013. He is the youngest son of Berry Gordy Jr, the founder of Motown Record Corporation.

The Recipe (Kendrick Lamar song) 2012 single by Kendrick Lamar featuring Dr. Dre

"The Recipe" is a song by American rapper Kendrick Lamar. It was released on April 3, 2012, as the first single from his major label second studio album Good Kid, M.A.A.D City (2012). The song, produced by West Coast record producer Scoop DeVille, features a guest appearance from Lamar's mentor, record producer and rapper Dr. Dre, who also mixed the record alongside TDE's engineer MixedByAli.

Steve Baughman

Steve Baughman, also known as "Steve B", is an American music producer, engineer and mixer.

Luke Wood Music executive

Luke Wood is ex-president (2012-2020) of Beats Electronics, a producer of audio products and equipment founded by musician Andre "Dr. Dre" Young and Jimmy Iovine, co-founder of Interscope Records. He is a former music industry executive and was a guitarist for the 1990s alt-rock band Sammy. He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in American Studies in 1991 from Wesleyan University and currently sits on the Board of Trustees. Wood is also a member of LACMA's Design Acquisition Committee.

Beats Music

Beats Music was a subscription-based online music streaming service owned by the Beats Electronics division of Apple Inc. The service combined algorithm-based personalization with expert music suggestions from a variety of sources.

<i>Compton</i> (album) 2015 studio album by Dr. Dre

Compton is the third studio album by American hip-hop producer and rapper Dr. Dre. It was released on August 7, 2015, on Apple Music and the iTunes Store, with the physical editions released on August 21, 2015. It is the follow-up to his second album 2001 (1999) after the cancellation of the long-planned Detox.

<i>The Defiant Ones</i> (TV series) American television documentary miniseries

The Defiant Ones is a four-part American television documentary series, directed by Allen Hughes, that aired on HBO from July 9 to July 12, 2017. It focuses on the careers of and partnership between Jimmy Iovine and Dr. Dre, co-founders of Beats Electronics.

References

  1. 1 2 Ankeny, Jason. "Jimmy Iovine Biography". AllMusic.com. Archived from the original on November 24, 2015. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  2. Schillaci, Sophie (December 22, 2011). "Jimmy Iovine To Be Honored By Recording Academy". Hollywood Reporter.
  3. Moore, Heidi (May 28, 2014). "Apple buys Dr Dre's Beats for $3bn as company returns to music industry". theguardian.com.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-12-15. Retrieved 2018-12-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. 1 2 "The Defiant Ones is a different kind of music documentary". Lwlies.com.
  6. "Merchants of cool". Pbs.org. 2001-02-27.
  7. 1 2 "How Jimmy Iovine Made It 'A Very Special Christmas' in 1985". Archived from the original on 2016-01-21. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  8. "Jimmy Iovine". Biography.com. Archived from the original on 19 November 2017. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  9. "merchants of cool". Pbs.org. 27 February 2001. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  10. Salamone, Gina (May 22, 2012). "Brooklyn-born 'American Idol' Mentor Preps Contestants For Finale". New York Daily News. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  11. Hillburn, Robert and, Phillips, Chuck (October 24, 1993). "They Sure Figured Something Out". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  12. Lamb, Bill. "Profile: Jimmy Iovine". About.com. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  13. Hochman, Steve (October 28, 2001). "Jimmy Iovine Is Hot On The Trail Of The Dead". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  14. "The Record Plant". The Record Plant. Archived from the original on 17 August 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  15. Ferris, Timothy (20 August 2017). "How the Voyager Golden Record Was Made". The New Yorker. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
  16. "Corporate Profile: Interscope Geffen A&M". Profile Engine. Archived from the original on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  17. "8 Mile Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  18. Turan, Kenneth (2009-10-02). "More Than A Game". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  19. "Jimmy Iovine at IMDb". IMDb. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  20. Goldstein, Patrick (November 8, 2005). "Has He Got Next?" . Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  21. Sanborn, Josh (January 16, 2013). "How Dr. Dre Made $300 Headphones a Must-Have Accessory". Time. Time Magazine. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  22. Fricke, David (April 12, 2012). "The Man With The Magic Ears". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  23. "Trent Reznor Named Creative Chief of Beats' Daisy Music Service". Rolling Stone. January 12, 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  24. "It's Official: Apple Buys Beats Electronics for $3 Billion". MacLife.com. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  25. Parsons, Jeff (June 8, 2015). "WWDC 2015: Apple Music from Beats is Tim Cook and Jimmy Iovine's 'one more thing...'". The Mirror. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
  26. McKinley, Jr., James C. (2012-03-02). "Straight Shots on Idol, At Last, Courtesy of Jimmy Iovine". The New York Times . Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  27. "Episode Guide, American Idol". TV Guide. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  28. Ribeiro Truman, Gabriela (May 25, 2012). "Jimmy Iovine: From Music Icon To Mentor". Morton Report. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  29. Mansfield, Brian (November 19, 2012). "Phillip Phillips Looks Beyond Home With Debut Album". USA Today. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  30. Jimmy Iovine Out Of ‘American Idol’, Randy Jackson Poised To Replace Him As Mentor Deadline, Retrieved August 23, 2013
  31. Wortham, Jenna (14 May 2013). "Two Musical Minds Seek a Different Kind of Mogul". The New York Times.
  32. "Current Students". University of Southern California.
  33. "Jimmy Iovine To Be Honored". The Recording Academy. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  34. "Past Recipients · Honorary Degrees". University of Southern California. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  35. "2013 Commencement Speaker". University of Southern California. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  36. "Stevie Nicks on Edge of 17". Inherownwords.com.
  37. Iovine, Vicki (May 8, 2009). "Divorce Is Trite, But Everyone's Is Special". Huffington Post . Archived from the original on June 29, 2015. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
  38. De Bertadano, Helena (2014-09-11). "Liberty at last: Liberty Ross on moving on and falling in love again after THAT affair". London Evening Standard . Retrieved September 12, 2014.
  39. "The Defiant Ones". Hbo.com. Retrieved 10 November 2017.