James Rowan (November 1871 – January 1944) was a British trade union leader.
The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies. British nationality law governs modern British citizenship and nationality, which can be acquired, for instance, by descent from British nationals. When used in a historical context, "British" or "Britons" can refer to the Celtic Britons, the indigenous inhabitants of Great Britain and Brittany, whose surviving members are the modern Welsh people, Cornish people, and Bretons. It may also refer to citizens of the former British Empire.
A trade union, also called a labour union or labor union (US), is an association of workers in a particular trade, industry, or company created for the purpose of securing improvement in pay, benefits, working conditions or social and political status through collective bargaining and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by creation of a monopoly of the workers. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members and negotiates labour contracts with employers. The most common purpose of these associations or unions is "maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment". This may include the negotiation of wages, work rules, complaint procedures, rules governing hiring, firing and promotion of workers, benefits, workplace safety and policies.
Born in Rochdale,  Rowan began working at the age of ten, then later became an armature winder in Manchester, before travelling the UK working as an electrician.  He joined the Electrical Trades Union (ETU) in 1897, and was elected as its Salford branch secretary in 1899.  
Rochdale is a town in Greater Manchester, England, at the foothills of the South Pennines on the River Roch, 5.3 miles (8.5 km) northwest of Oldham and 9.8 miles (15.8 km) northeast of Manchester. It is the administrative centre of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, which had a population of 211,699 in 2011.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous built-up area, with a population of 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council.
The City of Salford, commonly known as Salford, is a city and metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England, extending west to include the towns of Eccles, Worsley, Swinton, Walkden, Little Hulton, and Irlam. The city has a population of 245,600, and is administered from the Salford Civic Centre in Swinton.
Rowan was a delegate to the Manchester and Salford Trades Council from 1900, and was a founder member of the Labour Representation Committee in the city. In 1904, he was appointed as full-time National Organiser of the ETU, and in three years managed to increase membership from 1,000 to 1,500. In May 1907, Alfred Ewer, the union's general secretary, disappeared, and was later found to have emigrated to Australia, having embezzled £144 of union funds. Rowan was appointed as acting general secretary and won an election for the permanent post in July 1907. 
The Labour Representation Committee (LRC) was a pressure group founded in 1900 as an alliance of socialist organisations and trade unions, aimed at increasing representation for labour interests in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The Labour Party traces its origin to the LRC's foundation.
Rowan was elected to the General Council of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) in 1921, serving until 1935. In 1933, he was a TUC delegate to the American Federation of Labour, and he represented the TUC at the International Labour Organisation on five occasions.  He also served on the council of the Confederation of Shipbuilding and Engineering Unions,  and various Joint Industrial Councils. 
The General Council of the Trades Union Congress is an elected body which is responsible for carrying out the policies agreed at the annual British Trade Union Congresses (TUC).
The Confederation of Shipbuilding and Engineering Unions (CSEU), often known as the Confed is a trade union confederation in the United Kingdom.
Rowan ultimately served until 1941. He oversaw rapid growth in the union; from 1,500 members in 1907, it grew to more than 80,000 on his retirement.  The early 1920s proved a difficult time for the union, and he negotiated a merger with the Transport and General Workers' Union, but this was rejected by the membership. He became known for his anti-communism but, despite this, members of the Communist Party of Great Britain became increasingly prominent in the union. 
The Transport and General Workers' Union was one of the largest general trade unions in the United Kingdom and Ireland - where it was known as the Amalgamated Transport and General Workers' Union (ATGWU) to differentiate itself from the Irish Transport and General Workers' Union - with 900,000 members. It was founded in 1922, and its first general secretary was Ernest Bevin.
Anti-communism is opposition to communism. Organized anti-communism developed after the 1917 October Revolution in Russia and it reached global dimensions during the Cold War, when the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in an intense rivalry. Anti-communism has been an element of movements holding many different political positions, including nationalist, social democratic, liberal, libertarian, conservative, fascist, capitalist, anarchist and even socialist viewpoints.
The Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) was the largest communist party in Great Britain, although it never became a mass party like those in France and Italy. It existed from 1920 to 1991.
The Scottish Trades Union Congress (STUC) is the national trade union centre in Scotland. With 39 affiliated unions as of 2007, the STUC represents around 630,000 trade unionists.
Fred Bramley was the second General Secretary of the British Trade Union Congress (TUC).
The Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications and Plumbing Union, known as the EETPU, was a British trade union formed in 1968 as a union for electricians and plumbers, which went through three mergers from 1992 to now be part of Unite the Union.
The Amalgamated Society of Boilermakers, Shipwrights, Blacksmiths and Structural Workers (ASB) was a trade union in the United Kingdom. Many of its members worked in shipbuilding, in which industry it was the leading trade union, while over time it also developed strength in engineering and construction.
The Trades Union Congress (TUC) is a national trade union centre, a federation of trade unions in England and Wales, representing the majority of trade unions. There are fifty affiliated unions, with a total of about 5.6 million members. The current General Secretary is Frances O'Grady.
Isaac Haig Mitchell was a Scottish trade unionist.
Joseph James Vaughan was a British politician.
A.B.C. of Chairmanship by Walter Citrine is considered by many in the Labour and Union movements of the UK to be the definitive book on how meetings should be run and how committees should be managed. It originated as notes for Electrical Trades Union (ETU) activists in the Merseyside area of the UK– they had Liverpool, Birkenhead and Bootle branches - in the 1910s by Citrine who was then Chairman of their District Committee.
John Herbert Sebastian Skinner was a British trade unionist.
The Electrical Trades Union (ETU) was a trade union representing electricians in the United Kingdom, much of its membership consisting of wiring fitters and telephone engineers.
Francis Ernest Sims was a British trade unionist.
Alfred Ewer was a British trade unionist.
Arthur J. Walker was a British trade unionist.
Albert Williams was a British trade unionist.
Joseph Bevir Williams was a British trade union leader.
Peter Shorrocks was an early British trade union leader.
Matthew Arrandale was a British trade unionist and politician.
James Gorman was a British politician and trade unionist.
Leonard Forden was a British trade unionist. He served on both the General Council of the Trades Union Congress and the National Executive Committee of the Labour Party.
William James Munro was a British trade unionist.
|Trade union offices|
| General Secretary of the Electrical Trades Union |
1907 – 1941
| Succeeded by|
Charles Dukes and Bill Holmes
| Trades Union Congress representative to the American Federation of Labour |
With: Joe Hall
| Succeeded by|
John Stokes and Alexander Walkden