|President of the Storting|
9 October 1985 –30 September 1993
|Monarchs|| Olav V |
|Prime Minister|| Kåre Willoch |
Gro Harlem Brundtland
Jan P. Syse
|Vice President|| Reiulf Steen |
Kirsti Kolle Grøndahl
|Preceded by||Per Hysing-Dahl|
|Succeeded by||Kirsti Kolle Grøndahl|
|Conservative Parliamentary leader|
1 October 1981 –30 September 1985
|Prime Minister||Kåre Willoch|
|Preceded by||Kåre Willoch|
|Succeeded by||Jan P. Syse|
|Leader of the Conservative Party|
4 May 1980 –25 August 1984
|First Deputy||Håkon Randal|
|Second Deputy|| Astrid Gjertsen |
Kaci Kullmann Five
|Preceded by||Erling Norvik|
|Succeeded by||Erling Norvik|
|First Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party|
16 April 1978 –4 May 1980
|Preceded by||Lars T. Platou|
|Succeeded by||Håkon Randal|
|Second Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party|
12 May 1974 –16 April 1978
|Preceded by||Per Hysing-Dahl|
|Succeeded by||Astrid Gjertsen|
|Member of the Norwegian Parliament|
1 October 1965 –30 September 1993
Josef Elias Benkowitz
15 August 1924
|Died||18 May 2013 88) (aged|
Jo Benkow (born Josef Elias Benkowitz;15 August 1924 –18 May 2013) was a Norwegian politician and writer,notable for being an important person in the Conservative Party of Norway,and the President of the Parliament 1985–1993. He was also President of the Nordic Council in 1983.
Jo Benkow was born in Trondheim,Norway to Jewish parents,Ivan Benkow (1885–1955) and Annie Louise Florence (1895–1942). The family moved to the municipality of Bærum outside Oslo when Jo was a child. Jo Benkow married Bjørg Gerda Folkestad (1930–2012) in 1952,but the marriage dissolved in 1983. From 1985 he was married to fellow politician Annelise Høegh (1948–2015),  former parliamentary representative for the Conservative Party,and daughter of war aviator Anders Høegh (1920–1989). He was the uncle of journalistic fraudster Bjørn Benkow  (1940–2010).
As a member of the tiny Jewish minority of Norway,he experienced first-hand prejudice while growing up. In 1942,he fled persecution by the Nazis occupying Norway,to Sweden. His mother and sister were deported by the Nazi regime from Norway and murdered in Auschwitz.   Jo reached the United Kingdom where he served in the Royal Norwegian Air Force.  He returned after the war and took up photography as a trade,his father's profession.
In 1965 he was elected to the Parliament of Norway,representing the Conservative Party. In parliament he soon became a leading figure,as party leader 1980–84,group leader of the Conservative Party in parliament 1981–85 and most notably becoming President of the Storting (Speaker) on 9 October 1985,a position he held until his retirement on 30 September 1993,after 28 years in parliament.
Benkow served as president of the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights,taught international relations at Boston University,and has written books on human rights,modern monarchy in Norway,and other issues. His autobiography Fra Synagogen til Løvebakken (From the synagogue to Løvebakken;Løvebakken refers to a place outside the Parliament) published in 1985 sold 250,000 copies in Norway and earned him the Norwegian Booksellers' Prize.  His book Olav –menneske og monark ("Olav –Man and Monarch"),a product of several conversations with his friend King Olav V,was a huge bestseller as well.
He was also a much sought-after lecturer on issues concerning the Middle East and Anti-Semitism. In recent years he managed to create some controversy when he criticized former prime minister and party colleague Kåre Willoch,calling him "the most biased person in the country," on account of Willoch's views on the Middle East and his criticism of Israeli politics.
Benkow died on 18 May 2013,at a hospital in Oslo,aged 88. 
The politics of Norway take place in the framework of a parliamentary,representative democratic constitutional monarchy. Executive power is exercised by the Council of State,the cabinet,led by the prime minister of Norway. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the legislature,the Storting,elected within a multi-party system. The judiciary is independent of the executive branch and the legislature.
Haakon VII was the King of Norway from November 1905 until his death in September 1957.
Olav V was the King of Norway from 1957 until his death in 1991.
Kåre Isaachsen Willoch was a Norwegian politician who served as the 30th prime minister of Norway from 1981 to 1986 and as leader of the Conservative Party from 1970 to 1974. He previously served as the Minister of Trade and Shipping from August to September 1963 and 1965 to 1970,and as the president of the Nordic Council in 1973.
Carl Joachim Hambro was a Norwegian journalist,author and leading politician representing the Conservative Party. A ten-term member of the Parliament of Norway,Hambro served as President of the Parliament for 20 of his 38 years in the legislature. He was actively engaged in international affairs,including work with the League of Nations (1939–1940),delegate to the UN General Assembly (1945–1956) and member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee (1940–1963).
Per Stig Møller is a Danish politician. He was a member of the Folketing for the Conservative People's Party from 1984 until 2015,and was Minister for the Environment from 18 December 1990 to 24 January 1993 as part of the Cabinet of Poul Schlüter IV and Foreign Minister from 27 November 2001 to 23 February 2010 as part of the Cabinet of Anders Fogh Rasmussen I,II and III,and the first Cabinet of Lars Løkke Rasmussen. From 23 February 2010 to 3 October 2011 he was Minister for Culture.
Jens-Halvard Bratz was a Norwegian business executive and government minister with the Conservative Party. He served as Norwegian Minister of Industry from 1981–1983.
Kåre Holt was a Norwegian author. He wrote plays,poetry and about forty books.
A referendum on retaining the monarchy or becoming a republic was held in Norway on 12 and 13 November 1905. Voters were asked whether they approved of the Storting's decision to authorise the government to make the offer of the throne of the newly self-ruling country. The Storting had wanted to offer the throne to Prince Carl of Denmark,but the prince insisted that the Norwegian people have a chance to decide whether they wanted to retain a monarchy.
Olaf Wilhelm Isaachsen was a Norwegian landscape and genre painter.
Sigurd Daniel Isaachsen Willoch was a Norwegian art historian and director of the National Gallery of Norway.
Mads Fredrik Gilbert is a Norwegian physician,humanitarian,activist,and politician for the Red Party. He is a specialist in anesthesiology and head of the emergency medicine department at the University Hospital of North Norway and Professor of emergency medicine at the University of Tromsø.
Per Øisang was a Norwegian journalist. He was best known as a radio and television presenter and correspondent in the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation.
Hans Olav Lahlum is a Norwegian historian,crime author,chess player and organizer,and politician. He has written biographies on Oscar Torp and Haakon Lie,and a history book about all the Presidents of the United States.
Jahn Otto Johansen was a Norwegian journalist,newspaper editor,foreign correspondent and non-fiction writer.
Annelise Høegh was a Norwegian politician for the Conservative Party (Høyre).
Hans Andreas Limi is a Norwegian businessperson and politician for the Progress Party.
Kari Garmann is a Norwegian politician for the Conservative Party.
Josef Hilmar Jørgensen was a Norwegian organ builder.
Oslo is one of the 19 multi-member constituencies of the Storting,the national legislature of Norway. The constituency was established as Kristiania in 1921 following the introduction of proportional representation for elections to the Storting. It was renamed Oslo from 1925. It is conterminous with the county of Oslo. The constituency currently elects 19 of the 169 members of the Storting using the open party-list proportional representation electoral system. At the 2021 parliamentary election it had 485,656 registered electors.
^ Article in Aftenposten, May 2004 (in Norwegian) on the Norwegian Refugee Council and Kåre Willoch's visit to Israel and the Palestinian territories.