Joan III, Countess of Burgundy

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Joan III
Joan III of Burgundy.jpg
Countess of Burgundy and Artois
Reign1330–1347
Predecessor Joan II
Successor Philip I
Spouse Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy
Issue Philip I, Count of Auvergne
House Capet
Father Philip V, King of France
Mother Joan II, Countess of Burgundy
Coat of arms of the Free County of Burgundy. Blason comte fr Nevers.svg
Coat of arms of the Free County of Burgundy.

Joan III of Burgundy (1/2 May 1308 – 10/15 August 1347), also known as Joan of France was a reigning Countess of Burgundy and Artois in 1330–1349, She was also a Duchess consort of Burgundy by marriage to Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy. She was the eldest daughter of King Philip V of France and Joan II of Burgundy.

Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy French noble

Odo IV or Eudes IV was Duke of Burgundy from 1315 until his death and Count of Burgundy and Artois between 1330 and 1347. He was the second son of Duke Robert II and Agnes of France.

Philip V of France King of France and Navarre (1316-1322)

Philip V, knowns as the Tall, was King of France and Navarre. He reigned from 1316 to his death and was the fourteenth and penultimate monarch of the main line of the House of Capet.

Joan II, Countess of Burgundy queen of France, spouse of Philipp V

Joan II, Countess of Burgundy, was Queen of France by marriage to Philip V of France, and ruling Countess of Burgundy and Countess of Artois. She was the eldest daughter and heiress of Otto IV, Count of Burgundy, and Mahaut, Countess of Artois.

Contents

Biography

She was married in 1318 to Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy, as part of a settlement between the two men regarding the French succession (Odo had previously supported the right of his niece - and Joan's cousin - Joan II, the Queen of Navarre, to inherit the French throne as well); Joan thus became Duchess-consort of Burgundy.

Joan II of Navarre Queen of Navarre (1328-1349)

Joan II was Queen of Navarre from 1328 until her death. She was the only surviving child of Louis X of France, King of France and Navarre, and Margaret of Burgundy. Joan's paternity was dubious because her mother was involved in a scandal, but Louis X declared her his legitimate daughter before he died in 1316. However, the French lords were opposed to the idea of a female monarch and elected Louis X's brother, Philip V, king. The Navarrese noblemen also did homage to Philip. Joan's maternal grandmother, Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy, and uncle, Odo IV of Burgundy, made attempts to secure the counties of Champagne and Brie to Joan, but the French royal troops defeated her supporters. After Philip V married his daughter to Odo and granted him two counties as her dowry, Odo renounced Joan's claim to Champagne and Brie in exchange for a compensation in March 1318. Joan married Philip of Évreux, who was also a member of the French royal family.

In 1330, she became ruling Countess of Burgundy and Artois in her own right, following the death of her mother.

Artois former province of France

Artois is a region of northern France. Its territory covers an area of about 4,000 km² and a population of about one million. Its principal cities are Arras, Saint-Omer, Lens, and Béthune.

Suo jure is a Latin phrase, used in English to mean "in his/her own right".

Joan bore six children. With the exception of Philip, all were stillborn or died in infancy. Philip predeceased her; her titles therefore passed to her grandson, Philip I of Burgundy upon her death in 1347.

Stillbirth death of a fetus before or during delivery, resulting in delivery of a dead baby

Stillbirth is typically defined as fetal death at or after 20 to 28 weeks of pregnancy. It results in a baby born without signs of life. A stillbirth can result in the feeling of guilt or grief in the mother. The term is in contrast to miscarriage, which is an early pregnancy loss, and live birth, where the baby is born alive, even if it dies shortly after.

Ancestors

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References

  1. 1 2 Anselme 1726, pp. 83–85.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Anselme 1726, pp. 87–88.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Anselme 1726, pp. 89–90.
  4. 1 2 Bulletin de la Société de l'histoire de France (in French). J. Renouard. 1855. p. 98.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Anselme 1726, pp. 381–382.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "L'abbesse de Baume Beatrix de Bourgogne († v. 1313) ou la dynamique de l'affranchissement" (PDF). Franche Bourgogne. pp. 4–5.
  7. 1 2 Allemand-Gay, Marie-Thérèse (1988). Le pouvoir des comtes de Bourgogne au XIIIe siècle [The Power of the Counts of Burgundy in the 13th Century] (in French). Presses Univ. Franche-Comté. p. 16. ISBN   9782251603681 . Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  8. 1 2 Anselme 1726, p. 94.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Anselme 1726, pp. 382–383.
Preceded by
Joan II
Countess of Burgundy and Artois
1330–1347
Succeeded by
Philip I