Joaquim Manuel de Macedo

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Joaquim Manuel de Macedo
Joaquim Manuel de Macedo 1866.png
A photograph of Joaquim Manuel de Macedo dating from 1866
Born(1820-06-24)24 June 1820
Itaboraí, Brazil
Died11 May 1882(1882-05-11) (aged 61)
Rio de Janeiro City, Brazil
Occupation novelist, medician, poet, teacher, playwright, journalist
Literary movement Romanticism
Notable works A Moreninha , O Moço Loiro , A Luneta Mágica
SpouseMaria Catarina de Abreu Sodré

Joaquim Manuel de Macedo (June 24, 1820 – April 11, 1882) was a Brazilian novelist, doctor, teacher, poet, playwright and journalist, famous for the romance A Moreninha .

A Moreninha is the first urban novel in Brazilian literature. This novel was written by Joaquim Manuel de Macedo, and it was first published in 1844. It was adapted into films in 1915 and 1970.


He is the patron of the 20th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Academia Brasileira de Letras organization

Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL) is a Brazilian literary non-profit society established at the end of the 19th century by a group of 40 writers and poets inspired by the Académie Française. The first president, Machado de Assis, declared its foundation on December 15, 1896, with the by-laws being passed on January 28, 1897. On July 20 of the same year, the academy started its operation.


A caricature of Joaquim Manuel de Macedo, who is depicted between a boy and Dr. Semana (Dr. Week), the mascot of Semana Illustrada (Illustrated Week) magazine Caricature of Joaquim Manuel de Macedo.jpg
A caricature of Joaquim Manuel de Macedo, who is depicted between a boy and Dr. Semana (Dr. Week), the mascot of Semana Illustrada (Illustrated Week) magazine

Joaquim Manuel de Macedo was born in the city of Itaboraí, in 1820, to Severino de Macedo Carvalho and Benigna Catarina da Conceição. He graduated in Medicine in 1844, and started to practice it in the inlands of Rio. In the same year, he published his romance A Moreninha. In 1849, he founded the magazine Guanabara, along with Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre and Gonçalves Dias. In this magazine, many parts of his lengthy poem A Nebulosa were published.

Itaboraí Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Itaboraí is a city in the state of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, that belongs to the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area. It was founded in 1672. In 2018, it had a population of 238,695.

Medicine The science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of physical and mental illnesses

Medicine is the science and practice of establishing the diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others.

Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre, Baron of Santo Ângelo Brazilian poet, playwright and painter

Manuel José de Araújo Porto-Alegre, Baron of Santo Ângelo, was a Brazilian Romantic writer, painter, architect, diplomat and professor, considered to be one of the first Brazilian editorial cartoonists ever. He is the patron of the 32nd chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Returning to Rio, he abandoned Medicine and became a teacher of History and Geography at the Colégio Pedro II. He was very linked to the Brazilian Imperial Family, even becoming a tutor for Princess Isabel's children. He was also a provincial deputy and a general deputy, and a member of the Brazilian Historic and Geographic Institute.

History The study of the past as it is described in written documents.

History is the past as it is described in written documents, and the study thereof. Events occurring before written records are considered prehistory. "History" is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Scholars who write about history are called historians.

Geography The science that studies the terrestrial surface, the societies that inhabit it and the territories, landscapes, places or regions that form it

Geography is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and planets. The first person to use the word γεωγραφία was Eratosthenes. Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of Earth and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but also how they have changed and come to be.

Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil Princess Imperial of the Empire of Brazil

DonaIsabel, nicknamed "the Redemptress", was the Princess Imperial of the Empire of Brazil and the Empire's regent on three occasions. Born in Rio de Janeiro as the eldest daughter of Emperor Pedro II and Empress Teresa Cristina, she was a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza. After the deaths of her two brothers in infancy, she was recognized as her father's heir presumptive. She married a French prince, Gaston, Count of Eu, in an arranged marriage, and they had three sons.

During his last years of life, he suffered mental disturbances. These made his health worse and led to his death on May 11, 1882.

He was married to Maria Catarina de Abreu Sodré, a cousin of poet Álvares de Azevedo. Some historians say that the titular character of his novel A Moreninha was based on her.

Álvares de Azevedo Brazilian poet, essayist, short story writer and playwright

Manuel Antônio Álvares de Azevedo, affectionately called "Maneco" by his close friends, relatives and admirers, was a Brazilian Romantic poet, short story writer, playwright and essayist, considered to be one of the major exponents of Ultra-Romanticism and Gothic literature in Brazil. His works tend to play heavily with opposite notions, such as love and death, platonism and sarcasm, sentimentalism and pessimism, among others, and have a strong influence of Musset, Chateaubriand, Lamartine, Goethe and – above all – Byron.



This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1844.

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1845.

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1848.

Political satires


Theater plays



  • O Fantasma Branco (1856)
  • O Primo da Califórnia (1858)
  • Luxo e Vaidade (1860)
  • A Torre em Concurso (1863)
  • Cincinato Quebra-Louças (1873)



Medical thesis

Preceded by
New creation
Brazilian Academy of Letters - Patron of the 20th chair
Succeeded by
Salvador de Mendonça (founder)

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