Joaquim Manuel de Macedo

Last updated
Joaquim Manuel de Macedo
Joaquim Manuel de Macedo 1866.png
A photograph of Joaquim Manuel de Macedo dating from 1866
Born(1820-06-24)24 June 1820
Itaboraí, Brazil
Died11 May 1882(1882-05-11) (aged 61)
Rio de Janeiro City, Brazil
Occupation novelist, medician, poet, teacher, playwright, journalist
Literary movement Romanticism
Notable works A Moreninha , O Moço Loiro , A Luneta Mágica
SpouseMaria Catarina de Abreu Sodré

Joaquim Manuel de Macedo (June 24, 1820 – April 11, 1882) was a Brazilian novelist, doctor, teacher, poet, playwright and journalist, famous for the romance A Moreninha .

A Moreninha is the first urban novel in Brazilian literature. This novel was written by Joaquim Manuel de Macedo, and it was first published in 1844. It was adapted into films in 1915 and 1970.

Contents

He is the patron of the 20th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Academia Brasileira de Letras organization

Academia Brasileira de Letras (ABL) is a Brazilian literary non-profit society established at the end of the 19th century by a group of 40 writers and poets inspired by the Académie Française. The first president, Machado de Assis, declared its foundation on December 15, 1896, with the by-laws being passed on January 28, 1897. On July 20 of the same year, the academy started its operation.

Life

A caricature of Joaquim Manuel de Macedo, who is depicted between a boy and Dr. Semana (Dr. Week), the mascot of Semana Illustrada (Illustrated Week) magazine Caricature of Joaquim Manuel de Macedo.jpg
A caricature of Joaquim Manuel de Macedo, who is depicted between a boy and Dr. Semana (Dr. Week), the mascot of Semana Illustrada (Illustrated Week) magazine

Joaquim Manuel de Macedo was born in the city of Itaboraí, in 1820, to Severino de Macedo Carvalho and Benigna Catarina da Conceição. He graduated in Medicine in 1844, and started to practice it in the inlands of Rio. In the same year, he published his romance A Moreninha. In 1849, he founded the magazine Guanabara, along with Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre and Gonçalves Dias. In this magazine, many parts of his lengthy poem A Nebulosa were published.

Itaboraí Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Itaboraí is a city in the state of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, that belongs to the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area. It was founded in 1672. In 2018, it had a population of 238,695.

Medicine The science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of physical and mental illnesses

Medicine is the science and practice of establishing the diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others.

Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre, Baron of Santo Ângelo Brazilian poet, playwright and painter

Manuel José de Araújo Porto-Alegre, Baron of Santo Ângelo, was a Brazilian Romantic writer, painter, architect, diplomat and professor, considered to be one of the first Brazilian editorial cartoonists ever. He is the patron of the 32nd chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Returning to Rio, he abandoned Medicine and became a teacher of History and Geography at the Colégio Pedro II. He was very linked to the Brazilian Imperial Family, even becoming a tutor for Princess Isabel's children. He was also a provincial deputy and a general deputy, and a member of the Brazilian Historic and Geographic Institute.

History The study of the past as it is described in written documents.

History is the past as it is described in written documents, and the study thereof. Events occurring before written records are considered prehistory. "History" is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Scholars who write about history are called historians.

Geography The science that studies the terrestrial surface, the societies that inhabit it and the territories, landscapes, places or regions that form it

Geography is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and planets. The first person to use the word γεωγραφία was Eratosthenes. Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of Earth and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but also how they have changed and come to be.

Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil Princess Imperial of the Empire of Brazil

DonaIsabel, nicknamed "the Redemptress", was the Princess Imperial of the Empire of Brazil and the Empire's regent on three occasions. Born in Rio de Janeiro as the eldest daughter of Emperor Pedro II and Empress Teresa Cristina, she was a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza. After the deaths of her two brothers in infancy, she was recognized as her father's heir presumptive. She married a French prince, Gaston, Count of Eu, in an arranged marriage, and they had three sons.

During his last years of life, he suffered mental disturbances. These made his health worse and led to his death on May 11, 1882.

He was married to Maria Catarina de Abreu Sodré, a cousin of poet Álvares de Azevedo. Some historians say that the titular character of his novel A Moreninha was based on her.

Álvares de Azevedo Brazilian poet, essayist, short story writer and playwright

Manuel Antônio Álvares de Azevedo, affectionately called "Maneco" by his close friends, relatives and admirers, was a Brazilian Romantic poet, short story writer, playwright and essayist, considered to be one of the major exponents of Ultra-Romanticism and Gothic literature in Brazil. His works tend to play heavily with opposite notions, such as love and death, platonism and sarcasm, sentimentalism and pessimism, among others, and have a strong influence of Musset, Chateaubriand, Lamartine, Goethe and – above all – Byron.

Works

Novels

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1844.

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1845.

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1848.

Political satires

Chronicles

Theater plays

Tragedies

Comedies

  • O Fantasma Branco (1856)
  • O Primo da Califórnia (1858)
  • Luxo e Vaidade (1860)
  • A Torre em Concurso (1863)
  • Cincinato Quebra-Louças (1873)

Poetry

Biographies

Medical thesis

Preceded by
New creation
Olivenkranz.png
Brazilian Academy of Letters - Patron of the 20th chair
Succeeded by
Salvador de Mendonça (founder)

Related Research Articles

Erico Verissimo

Érico Lopes Veríssimo was an important Brazilian writer, born in the State of Rio Grande do Sul.

Rubem Fonseca is a Brazilian writer.

Gonçalves Dias Brazilian poet and dramatist

Antônio Gonçalves Dias was a Brazilian Romantic poet, playwright, ethnographer, lawyer and linguist. A major exponent of Brazilian Romanticism and of the literary tradition known as "Indianism", he is famous for writing "Canção do exílio", the short narrative poem I-Juca-Pirama, the unfinished epic Os Timbiras, and many other nationalist and patriotic poems that would award him posthumously with the title of national poet of Brazil. He was also an avid researcher of Native Brazilian languages and folklore.

Almeida Garrett Portuguese writer and politician

João Baptista da Silva Leitão de Almeida Garrett, 1st Viscount of Almeida Garrett was a Portuguese poet, orator, playwright, novelist, journalist, politician, and a peer of the realm. A major promoter of theater in Portugal he is considered the greatest figure of Portuguese Romanticism and a true revolutionary and humanist. He proposed the construction of the D. Maria II National Theatre and the creation of the Conservatory of Dramatic Art.

Camilo Castelo Branco 19th-century Portuguese writer

Camilo Castelo Branco,1st Viscount of Correia Botelho, was a prolific Portuguese writer of the 19th century, having produced over 260 books. His writing is considered original in that it combines the dramatic and sentimental spirit of Romanticism with a highly personal combination of sarcasm, bitterness and dark humour. He is also celebrated for his peculiar wit and anecdotal character, as well as for his turbulent life.

Martins Pena Brazilian writer

Luís Carlos Martins Pena was a Brazilian playwright, famous for introducing to Brazil the "comedy of manners", winning the epithet of "the Brazilian Molière".

Bernardo Guimarães Brazilian writer

Bernardo Joaquim da Silva Guimarães was a Brazilian poet and novelist. He is the author of the famous romances A Escrava Isaura and O Seminarista. He also introduced to Brazilian poetry the verso bestialógico, also referred to as pantagruélico — poems whose verses are very nonsensical, although very metrical. Under the verso bestialógico, he wrote polemical erotic verses, such as "O Elixir do Pajé" and "A Origem do Mênstruo". A non-erotic poem written in verso bestialógico is "Eu Vi dos Polos o Gigante Alado".

Oscarito Brazilian actor

Oscarito, stage name of Oscar Lorenzo Jacinto de la Inmaculada Concepción Teresa Diaz was a hispanic-brazilian actor, considered to be one of the most popular comedians of Brazil.

Marília Pêra Brazilian actress

Marília Pêra was a Brazilian actress. Hailed as "one of the decade's [1980s] ten best actresses" by Pauline Kael, Pêra won the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actress in 1982 for her role in Hector Babenco's acclaimed Pixote, and received Best Actress awards at the Gramado Film Festival and at the Cartegena Film Festival for Carlos Diegues' Better Days Ahead. Other films include Bar Esperança, Angels of the Night and Diegues' Tieta do Agreste.

Léa Garcia is a Brazilian actress. She is known for her numerous television and film roles. Her breakout role was in the Oscar-winning Black Orpheus, in which she portrayed Serafina, Eurydice's crazy cousin.

Joaquim Viana Pimentel was a Portuguese Fado singer, who made his career as "ambassador" of the fado in Brazil, where he became popular and was called "the prince of Portuguese song."

Wilhelm Theodor (von) Schiefler, alsoGuilherme Henrique Theodoro Schiefler was a German-Brazilian writer, professor and linguist.

Joaquim José Inácio, Viscount of Inhaúma Brazilian military leader and politician

Joaquim José Inácio, Viscount of Inhaúma, was a naval officer, politician and monarchist of the Empire of Brazil. He was born in the Kingdom of Portugal, and his family moved to Brazil two years later. After Brazilian independence in 1822, Inhaúma enlisted in the Brazilian navy. Early in his career during the latter half of the 1820s, he participated in the subduing of secessionist rebellions: first the Confederation of the Equator, and then the Cisplatine War, which precipitated a long international armed conflict with the United Provinces of the River Plate.

José Mayer Brazilian actor

José Mayer Drumond is a Brazilian actor.

Rose Marie Muraro was a Brazilian sociologist, writer, intellectual and feminist. Born nearly blind, she was the author of over 40 books and also served as publisher and director of Editora Vozes. She studied physics and economics, before becoming a writer and editor. She published controversial books, challenging modern social values. She was also a pioneer of the feminist movement in Brazil. Muraro wrote her memoir in 1999; she died in 2014 of bone marrow cancer.

History of the book in Brazil

The history of the book in Brazil focuses on the development of the access to publishing resources and acquisition of the book in the country, covering a period extending from the beginning of the editorial activity during colonization to today's publishing market, including the history of publishing and bookstores that allowed the modern accessibility to the book.

João Maria D’Agostini

João Maria D’Agostini, or Giovanni Maria de Agostini, was a lay monk of Italian origin who travelled widely in South and North America preaching and healing with herbal remedies. He drew large crowds who thought he was a holy man and could work miracles, although the authorities often viewed him with suspicion. In Brazil his devotees have conflated his identity with two other monks named João Maria. Thousands people each year visit a cave in the state of Paraná, Brazil, where he once lived.