Jodi Benson

Last updated
Jodi Benson
Jodi Benson crop.jpg
Benson in June 2010
Born
Jodi Marie Marzorati

(1961-10-10) October 10, 1961 (age 59) [1]
NationalityAmerican
Occupation
  • Actress
  • singer
Years active1975–present
Spouse(s)
Ray Benson
(m. 1984)
Children2
Awards Disney Legend (2011)

Jodi Marie Benson (née Marzorati; born October 10, 1961) [1] is an American actress and singer. She is best known for providing both the voice of Princess Ariel in Disney's The Little Mermaid and throughout its franchise, including its sequel, prequel, and television series spinoff. Benson also voiced the character Barbie in the 1999 Golden Globe-winning film Toy Story 2 , its 2010 Academy Award-winning sequel Toy Story 3 , and in the Toy Story cartoon Hawaiian Vacation . For her contributions to Disney, Benson was named a Disney Legend in 2011. [2]

Contents

She also gave voice to the spirited "Weebo" in Disney's live action Flubber , starring Robin Williams. For Warner Bros., she did the voice of Thumbelina in 1994, a Don Bluth animated feature film with songs by Barry Manilow. [3] Her other projects include Tinkerbell: Secret of the Wings , The Little Mermaid: Ariel's Beginning , The Little Mermaid II: Return to the Sea , Lady and the Tramp II: Scamp's Adventure , 101 Dalmatians II: Patch's London Adventure , Balto II: Wolf Quest , and Balto III: Wings of Change. She appeared as Patrick Dempsey’s assistant Sam in Disney’s live-action feature film Enchanted . While being a Disney Legend, she also voiced Jane Doe and Patsy Smiles in Cartoon Network's Camp Lazlo . She also voiced the character Tula in Fox's animated series The Pirates of Dark Water .

Personal life

Benson was born and raised in a Catholic environment, [4] graduating from Boylan Central Catholic High School in Rockford, Illinois, [5] and Millikin University in Decatur, Illinois. [6] She experienced a religious conversion while dating actor/singer Ray Benson (not to be confused with frontman Ray Benson of Asleep at the Wheel). [4] The two of them later married in 1984. [7] They have two children, McKinley and Delaney. [8] An article originally published in 2013 by the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association said the couple "live north of Atlanta, GA." [9]

Career

Benson made her debut in the 1983 Kenny Ortega-directed "Marilyn: An American Fable". Other Broadway credits include a starring role in the 1986 Broadway musical Smile , where she introduced a song called "Disneyland". In 1987, Howard Ashman, the lyricist of Smile, would go on to write the lyrics for The Little Mermaid. She describes the song "Disneyland" at the "Smile" Reunion concert held on Sept. 22, 2014, "This is the first piece of the puzzle of my life, the first step of the journey, so to speak". [ citation needed ] Benson also sings "Disneyland" on a compilation CD called Unsung Musicals. In 1989, Benson appeared in the Broadway musical, Welcome to the Club , alongside Samuel E. Wright, who performed the voice for Sebastian the Crab in The Little Mermaid.

In 1992, Benson received a Tony Award nomination for Best Actress in a Musical for her role as Polly Baker in Crazy For You . She played the narrator in Joseph And The Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat in 1998.

Benson also played the Queen in a one-night concert version of Rodgers & Hammerstein 's Cinderella at the Nashville Symphony Orchestra in May 2010. [10]

She was at the 2012 SYTA conference singing her signature song “Part of Your World” on August 27, 2012.

Benson has been the guest artist for the Candlelight Processional for five years at Walt Disney World including December 10–13, 2012. [11]

She joined the "2013 Spring Pops" on May 14–15, 2013 as a guest soloist with the Boston Pops.

Benson can be heard on over a dozen recordings and has a six-part DVD series entitled Baby Faith from the creators of Baby Einstein. Her animated TV series include the Emmy Award-winning Camp Lazlo for the Cartoon Network, The Little Mermaid , Batman Beyond , The Grim Adventures of Billy and Mandy , The Wild Thornberrys , Barbie, Hercules: Zero to Hero , P. J. Sparkles , and the series Sofia the First for Disney.

On the concert stage, Benson has performed as a concert soloist with symphonies all over the world, including The Boston Pops, The Philly Pops (conductor: Peter Nero), The Hollywood Bowl Orchestra (conductor: John Mauceri), The National Symphony (conductor: Marvin Hamlisch), Cleveland, Dallas, Tokyo, and the San Francisco and Chicago Symphonies. She starred in the Kennedy Center Honors for Ginger Rogers, and in Disney's Premiere in Central Park with Pocahontas, The Walt Disney World 25th Anniversary Spectacular and Disney's 100 Years of Magic. Benson is the resident guest soloist for the Walt Disney Company/Disney Cruise Line and ambassador for feature animation.

On June 6, 2016, Benson performed the role of Ariel at the Hollywood Bowl's concert performance of The Little Mermaid. [12] She also made a special appearance in ABC's 2019 live musical spectacular The Little Mermaid Live! [13]

The Little Mermaid

In late 1986, Benson first heard of the audition for The Little Mermaid through lyricist and playwright Howard Ashman. The two had just worked together in the Broadway show Smile until its run ended early. He knew she would be the perfect fit for the role and that she would be a great replica of Ariel. [14] [15] After hearing the demo for "Part of Your World", she sang a small part of it on tape where it was later sent to Disney executives. Before her audition for The Little Mermaid, she was primarily a stage actress. It was Ashman's first Disney project. In early 1988, Benson won the role of Ariel. [14] [16]

Filmography

Film

YearTitleRoleNotes
1989 The Little Mermaid Princess Ariel, Vanessa (voices)
1992 Dance! Workout with Barbie Barbie (voice)Direct-to-video
Disney Sing Along Songs: Friend Like Me Princess Ariel (voice)Direct-to-video; archive footage
1994 Thumbelina Thumbelina (voice)
Disney Sing Along Songs: Circle of Life Princess Ariel (voice)Direct-to-video; archive footage
1995 Mickey's Fun Songs: Beach Party at Walt Disney World Princess Ariel (voice)Direct-to-video
Guideposts JunctionHerselfA six-part Christian video series for children
1997 Flubber Weebo (voice)
A Christmas Carol Belle (voice)
1998 The Mighty Kong Ann Darrow (voice)Direct-to-video
1999 Toy Story 2 Barbie (voice)
2000 Joseph: King of Dreams Asenath (voice)Direct-to-video
2001 Lady and the Tramp II: Scamp's Adventure Lady (voice)Direct-to-video
Nominated - Annie Award for Voice Acting by a Female Performer in an Animated Feature Production
2002 Balto II: Wolf Quest Jenna (voice)Direct-to-video
Rapsittie Street Kids: Believe In Santa Lenee (voice)Television film
2003 101 Dalmatians II: Patch's London Adventure Anita (voice)Direct-to-video
K10C: Kids' Ten CommandmentsLeila, Martha (voices)
2004 Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind Lastelle's Mother (voice)Disney Dub
2004 Balto III: Wings of Change Jenna (voice)Direct-to-video
2007 Enchanted Sam
2010 Toy Story 3 Barbie (voice)
2011 The Little Engine That Could Jillian (voice)
Hawaiian Vacation Barbie (voice)Short film
2012 Secret of the Wings Healing-Talent Fairy (voice)
2018 Ralph Breaks the Internet Princess Ariel (voice)

Television

YearTitleRoleNotes
1991 Hunter Police officerEpisode: "Cries of Silence"
1992 P. J. Sparkles P.J. (voice)Television special
1992–1994 The Little Mermaid Princess Ariel (voice)31 episodes
1997 Caroline in the City MotherEpisode: "Caroline and the Egg"
1998–1999 Hercules Helen of Troy (voice)10 episodes
2000 The Wild Thornberrys Mother Cheetah (voice)Episode: "Cheetahs Never Prosper"
Batman Beyond Aquagirl (voice)Episode: "The Call" Parts 1 & 2
2001–2003 House of Mouse Princess Ariel, Belle (voices)3 episodes
2003 The Brotherhood of Poland, New Hampshire Choir SoloistEpisode: "Sleeping Lions"
2004–2006 The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy The Blue Fairy, Additional voices3 episodes
2005–2008 Camp Lazlo Patsy Smiles, Ms. Jane Doe, Almondine (voices)21 episodes
2013–2018 Sofia the First Princess Ariel, Queen Emmaline (voices)2 episodes
2015 Star vs. the Forces of Evil Singing Teacher (voice)Episode: "St. Olga's Reform School for Wayward Princesses"
2016 Clarence Diana (voice)Episode: "The Tails of Mardrynia"
2019 The Little Mermaid Live! HerselfTV Special

Video games

YearTitleVoice roleNotes
1997 Ariel's Story Studio Princess Ariel
1998 A Bug's Life AttaReplacing Julia Louis-Dreyfus
1999Disney's Arcade FrenzyPrincess Ariel
2000 Grandia II Millenia, Reena [17]
2000 Disney's Aladdin in Nasira's Revenge Nasira
2002 Kingdom Hearts Princess ArielEnglish dub
2004 Onimusha 3: Demon Siege Voice of Mother [18]
2005 Kingdom Hearts II Princess ArielEnglish dub
2007 Disney Princess: Enchanted Journey
2011 Kinect Disneyland Adventures
2012Disney Princess: My Fairytale Adventure
2012 Epic Mickey: Power of Illusion
2016 Disney Magical World 2

Theme parks

YearTitleRoleNotes
2003 Mickey's PhilharMagic Princess ArielVoice role

Stage

YearTitleRole(s)Notes
1982 Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat Ensemble [19]
1983 Marilyn: An American Fable Factory Girl, Ensemble [19] Broadway debut
1984 Sophisticated Ladies performer [19]
1986 Smile Doria Hudson [19]
1988Dangerous Musicperformer [20]
1989Welcome to the ClubBetty Bursteter [19]
1990 Chess Florence [21]
1992 Crazy for You Polly Baker [19]
1998Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor DreamcoatNarrator [22]

Discography

YearAlbumNotes
1990 The Little Mermaid Soundtrack
1991Precious Moments Timmy's GiftPerformed the song, Starlight Theme
1991Jodi Benson Sings Songs From the Beginner's Bible I
1992Jodi Benson Sings Songs From the Beginner's Bible II
1992The Little Mermaid: Splash Hits
1992Crazy for You Cast Recording
1993 The Little Mermaid: Songs from the Sea
1994Unsung Musicals
1994 Thumbelina Soundtrack
1995Songs of Guideposts Junction
1996Hollywood ChristmasVarious artists
2000 The Little Mermaid II (soundtrack)
2004 Disney Princess: The Ultimate Song Collection
2004Disney Princess Music Hits
2005Disneys Princess Christmas Album
2005 Disney Princess Tea Party
2006 Ultimate Disney Princess

Awards and nominations

Awards and nominations
YearAwardCategoryTitleResult
1992 Tony Award Best Actress in a Musical Crazy For You Nominated
2001 Annie Awards Outstanding Individual Achievement for Voice Acting by a Female Performer in an Animated Feature Production Lady and the Tramp II: Scamp's Adventure Nominated
2011 Disney Legend Award Animation - Voice The Little Mermaid Won
2011EDA Female Focus AwardsBest Animated Female Toy Story 3 Nominated

Related Research Articles

Susan Egan American actress

Susan Farrell Egan is an American actress, singer and dancer, known for her work on the Broadway stage. She is best known for originating the role of Belle in the Broadway musical adaptation of Beauty and the Beast (1994), as well as for providing the voices of Megara "Meg" in Hercules (1997), Madame Gina in Porco Rosso (2005), Rose Quartz on Steven Universe, and Lin in Spirited Away.

<i>The Little Mermaid</i> (1989 film) 1989 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation

The Little Mermaid is a 1989 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and Walt Disney Pictures. The 28th Disney animated feature film, it is based on the 1837 Danish fairy tale of the same name by Hans Christian Andersen. The film tells the story of a mermaid named Ariel, who dreams of becoming human and falls in love with a human prince named Eric, which leads her to make a magic deal with the sea witch, Ursula, to become human and be with him. Written and directed by Ron Clements and John Musker, with music by Alan Menken and lyrics by Howard Ashman, and art direction by Michael Peraza Jr. and Donald A. Towns, the film features the voices of Jodi Benson, Christopher Daniel Barnes, Pat Carroll, Samuel E. Wright, Jason Marin, Kenneth Mars, and Buddy Hackett.

<i>The Little Mermaid</i> (TV series)

The Little Mermaid is an American animated television series produced by Walt Disney Television Animation based on the 1989 Disney film of the same name. It features the adventures of Ariel as a mermaid prior to the events of the film. This series is the third Disney television series to be spun off from a major animated film. Some of the voice actors of the film reprise their roles in the series, among them Jodi Benson as Ariel, Samuel E. Wright as Sebastian, Kenneth Mars as King Triton and Pat Carroll as Ursula. Other voice actors include Edan Gross and Bradley Pierce as Flounder, and Jeff Bennett as Prince Eric.

Alan Menken American composer

Alan Irwin Menken is an American composer, songwriter, conductor, music director and record producer. Menken is best known for his scores and songs for films produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios. His scores and songs for The Little Mermaid (1989), Beauty and the Beast (1991), Aladdin (1992), and Pocahontas (1995) have each won him two Academy Awards. He also composed the scores and songs for Little Shop of Horrors (1986), Newsies (1992), The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996), Hercules (1997), Home on the Range (2004), Enchanted (2007), and Tangled (2010), among others. His accolades include eight Academy Awards, a Tony Award, eleven Grammy Awards, seven Golden Globe Awards, and a Daytime Emmy Award.

<i>Smile</i> (musical)

Smile is a musical with music by Marvin Hamlisch and book and lyrics by Howard Ashman. It was originally produced on Broadway in 1986. The musical is based loosely on the 1975 comedy film of the same title, from a screenplay by Jerry Belson.

Ursula (<i>The Little Mermaid</i>) Disney character

Ursula is a fictional character who appears in Walt Disney Pictures' 28th animated feature film The Little Mermaid (1989). Voiced by American actress Pat Carroll, Ursula is a villainous sea witch who offers a mermaid princess named Ariel a temporary opportunity to become human so that she may earn the love of Prince Eric within three days. However, Ursula is, in fact, determined to sabotage Ariel's chances so that she can ultimately usurp King Triton's position as ruler of the oceans.

Ariel (<i>The Little Mermaid</i>) Title character in Disneys 1989 animated film The Little Mermaid

Ariel is a fictional character in Walt Disney Pictures' 28th animated film The Little Mermaid (1989). Ariel is voiced by Jodi Benson in all official animated appearances and merchandise. She is fourth in the Disney Princess lineup, the first nonhuman princess, and the only princess to become a mother to her own child.

Under the Sea

"Under the Sea" is a song from Disney's 1989 animated film The Little Mermaid, composed by Alan Menken with lyrics by Howard Ashman. It is influenced by the Calypso style of the Caribbean which originated in Trinidad and Tobago, as well as Reggae, which originated in Jamaica. The song was performed in the film by Samuel E. Wright. The track won the Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1989, as well as the Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media in 1991.

"Kiss the Girl" is a song written by composer Alan Menken and lyricist Howard Ashman for Walt Disney Pictures' 28th animated feature film The Little Mermaid (1989). Originally recorded by American actor Samuel Wright in his film role as Sebastian, "Kiss the Girl" is a romantic calypso ballad; the song's lyrics encourages Prince Eric to kiss Ariel before it's too late.

"Poor Unfortunate Souls" is a song from the Walt Disney Pictures animated film The Little Mermaid. Written by Howard Ashman and Alan Menken and performed by Pat Carroll, "Poor Unfortunate Souls" is sung to Princess Ariel by Ursula the Sea Witch. In a style that combines Broadway theatre with Burlesque, Ursula uses the song to seduce Ariel into trading her voice for the chance to temporarily become human.

<i>The Little Mermaid</i> (musical) Musical based on the 1989 film of the same name

The Little Mermaid is a stage musical produced by Disney Theatrical, based on the animated 1989 Disney film of the same name and the classic story by Hans Christian Andersen about a mermaid who dreams of the world above the sea and gives up her voice to find true love. Its book is by Doug Wright, music by Alan Menken and lyrics by Howard Ashman, with additional lyrics by Glenn Slater. Its underwater setting and story about aquatic characters requires unusual technical designs and strategies to create gliding movements for the actors.

"Part of Your World" is a song written by lyricist Howard Ashman and composer Alan Menken for Disney's animated feature film The Little Mermaid (1989). Performed by American actress and singer Jodi Benson in the titular role as Ariel, a mermaid princess, "Part of Your World" is a power ballad in which the main character expresses her strong desire to become human; its lyrics use placeholder names in lieu of several human-related terms that would be unfamiliar to a mermaid. The film's theme song, "Part of Your World" is reprised by Ariel after she rescues Eric, a human prince with whom she has fallen in love, from drowning.

<i>The Little Mermaid: Ariels Beginning</i> 2008 animated film directed by Peggy Holmes and third and final installment of The Little Mermaid media franchise

The Little Mermaid: Ariel's Beginning is a 2008 American animated direct-to-video fantasy film produced by DisneyToon Studios, With the animation production being done by Toon City Animation and a prequel to Disney's 1989 animated film The Little Mermaid and the third and final installment in The Little Mermaid trilogy, as well as the final direct-to-video follow-up after John Lasseter took over as chairman for the Disney Animation Division. It is also the first in the chronology of the story running through the series. Directed by Peggy Holmes, the film's story is set before the events of the original film, when Ariel is still young, and where all music has been banned from the underwater kingdom of Atlantica by King Triton after being heartbroken at his wife's death, and Ariel attempts to challenge this law. Jodi Benson and Samuel E. Wright reprise their roles as Ariel and Sebastian respectively, while Sally Field voices the film's new villainess, Marina Del Rey. Jim Cummings takes over the role as King Triton, replacing Kenneth Mars, who had been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. The film was released by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment on August 26, 2008. The film received negative reviews with criticism aimed at the script and the music score, but the animation quality and voice performances were praised and the film was deemed an improvement over its predecessor, The Little Mermaid II: Return to the Sea.

The Little Mermaid: Ariels Undersea Adventure

The Little Mermaid: Ariel's Undersea Adventure is a dark ride attraction based on the 1989 Disney animated film The Little Mermaid, located in Paradise Gardens Park at Disney California Adventure and in Fantasyland at Walt Disney World's Magic Kingdom Park, where it is titled Under the Sea: Journey of the Little Mermaid. The ride opened on June 3, 2011 at Disney California Adventure, and on December 6, 2012 at Magic Kingdom.

<i>The Little Mermaid</i> (franchise)

The Little Mermaid is a Disney media franchise. The success of the 1989 American animated feature film The Little Mermaid led to a direct-to-video sequel, a prequel film, a spin-off television series, a musical, several video games, theme park attractions, and other merchandise. A live action remake of the film is in development. The Little Mermaid paved the way for what would become the Disney Renaissance, with the original film becoming the first film of that era.

"Proud of Your Boy" is a song written by lyricist Howard Ashman and composer Alan Menken. Originally intended for Disney's animated film Aladdin (1992), the song was omitted when Aladdin's mother was written out of the story. After being discarded, "Proud of Your Boy" remained largely undiscovered by audiences until Walt Disney Records released Ashman and Menken's demo on a compilation album in 1994, after which it gradually gained popularity. The song was eventually restored for the film's stage musical adaptation in 2011, originally performed and recorded by American actor Adam Jacobs. Lyrically, "Proud of Your Boy" is about a young man promising his mother that he will change his mischievous ways and ultimately make her proud.

<i>The Little Mermaid Live!</i>

The Wonderful World of Disney Presents The Little Mermaid Live!, or simply The Little Mermaid Live! is a musical television special created for ABC, based on the 1989 film The Little Mermaid. It is produced by Done and Dusted and directed by Hamish Hamilton, who also executive produced alongside Katy Mullan, David Jammy, Raj Kapoor, Ian Stewart, and Richard Kraft, with the original voice of Ariel, Jodi Benson, introducing the special.

<i>The Little Mermaid</i> (2023 film) Upcoming film by Rob Marshall

The Little Mermaid is an upcoming American musical fantasy film directed by Rob Marshall from a screenplay written by Jane Goldman and David Magee. It is a production of Walt Disney Pictures and is a live-action adaptation of the 1989 animated film of the same name, which itself is loosely based on Hans Christian Andersen's tale of the same name. It is produced by Rob Marshall, John DeLuca, Marc Platt and Lin-Manuel Miranda, the latter whom will co-write new songs for the remake as the lyricist, Alan Menken is set to return as the composer for both the score and the songs. The film will star Halle Bailey, Jonah Hauer-King, Javier Bardem and Melissa McCarthy, with Daveed Diggs, Jacob Tremblay, and Awkwafina in voice roles.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Jodi Benson". Hollywood.com . Retrieved June 1, 2016.
  2. "Video: Disney Princess voices, Regis Philbin, Hensons accept their Disney Legends awards at the 2011 D23 Expo". Inside the Magic. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  3. "GETTING ALONG SWIMMINGLY". Jan 10, 1992. Retrieved Jun 17, 2019 via www.washingtonpost.com.
  4. 1 2 Gaither, Gloria (August 1, 2011). "Part Of Her World: Jodi Benson". Homecoming Magazine. Retrieved December 3, 2016. I was born and raised in a Catholic environment, she has a sister. I would say it was a little more cultural than spiritual — a little bit more religious than relational. And I was drawing toward the Lord in middle school, but I didn’t quite know how to have that personal relationship at the time. When I started dating my husband at 18, he introduced me to Christ, and asked, “Do you have a relationship with Jesus?” And I said, “I love Him, and I know He’s the Son of God, but I don’t think I have a relationship with Him — like I can talk to Him by myself without going through the priest and stuff.” And so, I had a really big conversion when I was 19, and Ray is responsible for opening that relationship for me.
  5. Braun, Georgette. "Little Mermaid star at Boylan fundraiser April 17". Rockford Register Star. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
  6. Cain, Tim. "100 reason: Original Ariel voice launched from Millikin". Decatur Herald & Review. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  7. Breslauer, Jan (December 10, 1995). "Just Like a Fish to Water : Jodi Benson made a splash as the voice of Ariel in 'The Little Mermaid,' but she's really hitting her stride in musicals". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved June 1, 2016.
  8. Truitt, Brian (October 2, 2013). "'Little Mermaid' star Jodi Benson loves life as Ariel". USA Today . Retrieved June 1, 2016.
  9. Jothen, Tiffany (November 17, 2014). "Little Mermaid, Big Faith". Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  10. Ellis, Jeffrey. "Headley, Mauzey, Benson Lead Starry Lineup for CINDERELLA, 5/14". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved Jun 17, 2019.
  11. "'Candlelight Choir' Sneak Peek: Neil Patrick Harris Returns". Disney Parks Blog. Retrieved Jun 17, 2019.
  12. JODI BENSON TO REPRISE HER ROLE AS ARIEL IN ADDITIONAL PERFORMANCE OF THE LITTLE MERMAID: LIVE IN CONCERT Oh My Disney, Retrieved June 8, 2016
  13. Coffey, Kelly (November 2, 2019). "Jodi Benson, original voice of Ariel, to appear in ABC's "The Little Mermaid Live!"". Inside the Magic. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
  14. 1 2 "An Interview with Jodi Benson, Voice of Ariel". blogs.disney.com. Disney Insider. 2014. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  15. Truitt, Brian (Oct 2, 2013). "'Little Mermaid' star Jodi Benson loves life as Ariel". USA Today. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  16. "Jodi Benson: 25 Years Of Voicing Ariel". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved Jun 17, 2019.
  17. "Jodi Benson (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved 30 April 2021. A green check mark indicates that a role has been confirmed using a screenshot (or collage of screenshots) of a title's list of voice actors and their respective characters found in its opening and/or closing credits and/or other reliable sources of information.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  18. Capcom (2004-04-27). Onimusha 3: Demon Siege . Scene: Closing credits, 0:45 in, cast.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Jodi Benson – Broadway Cast & Staff | IBDB". www.ibdb.com. Retrieved 2021-04-04.
  20. "Ken Mandelbaum's MUSICALS ON DISC: Henry Krieger and Side Show". Playbill. 1997-12-14. Retrieved 2021-04-04.
  21. "STAGE REVIEW : Checkered 'Chess' Is No Grandmaster but It Has Flash". Los Angeles Times. 1990-10-11. Retrieved 2021-04-04.
  22. "Osmond Second Generation Joseph Tour to End Sept. 27". Playbill. 1998-09-27. Retrieved 2021-04-04.