Joe Reed (horse)

Last updated
Joe Reed P-3
Breed Quarter Horse
Discipline Racing
SireJoe Blair (TB)
GrandsireBonnie Joe (TB)
DamDella Moore
Maternal grandsireOld DJ
Sex Stallion
CountryUnited States
Color Chestnut
BreederHenry Lindsey
OwnerJohn Wesley House, Joe Slankard
AQHA Hall of Fame

Joe Reed (1921–1947), often known as Joe Reed P-3, was a Quarter Horse racehorse from the early days of the American Quarter Horse Association (or AQHA) that became an influential sire with the breed.

American Quarter Horse American horse breed

The American Quarter Horse, or Quarter Horse, is an American breed of horse that excels at sprinting short distances. Its name came from its ability to outdistance other horse breeds in races of a quarter mile or less; some have been clocked at speeds up to 55 mph (88.5 km/h). The Quarter Horse breed began when colonists in the 1600s on the Eastern seaboard of what today is the United States began to breed imported English Thoroughbred horses with assorted "native" horses. This included the Chickasaw horse, which was a breed developed by Native American people from horses descended from Spain, developed from Iberian, Arabian and Barb stock brought to what is now the Southeastern United States by the Conquistadors.. The American Quarter Horse is the most popular breed in the United States today, and the American Quarter Horse Association is the largest breed registry in the world, with almost 3 million living American Quarter Horses registered in 2014.

American Quarter Horse Association American horse breed registry for Quarter Horses

The American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA), based in Amarillo, Texas, is an international organization dedicated to the preservation, improvement and record-keeping of the American Quarter Horse. The association sanctions many competitive events and maintains the official registry. The organization also houses the American Quarter Horse Hall of Fame and Museum and sponsors educational programs. The organization was founded in 1940 in Fort Worth, Texas and now has nearly 234,627 members, over 32,000 of which are international.


Life and racing career

Joe Reed P-3 was registered with number 3 in the AQHA. He was foaled in 1921, the offspring of two famous short track racehorses. [1] He was a chestnut stallion, bred by Henry Lindsey of Granger, Texas. When he was registered with the AQHA he was owned by J. J. Slankard, of Elk City, Oklahoma. [2] He died on May 19, 1947. [1] His sire was a Thoroughbred that mainly raced on the short tracks who once famously lost to Pan Zareta. [3] Joe Reed's dam was a Louisiana bred quarter mare whose breeding has always been somewhat controversial. [4] [5]

Stallion male horse that has not been castrated

A stallion is a male horse that has not been gelded (castrated). Stallions follow the conformation and phenotype of their breed, but within that standard, the presence of hormones such as testosterone may give stallions a thicker, "cresty" neck, as well as a somewhat more muscular physique as compared to female horses, known as mares, and castrated males, called geldings.

Granger, Texas City in Texas, United States

Granger is a city in Williamson County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,419 at the 2010 census. Granger was the site for the 2010 remake of the movie True Grit, as well as an episode of the NBC drama Revolution.

Elk City, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Elk City is a city in Beckham County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 11,693 at the 2010 census, and the population was estimated at 11,523 in 2018. Elk City is located on Interstate 40 and Historic U.S. Route 66 in western Oklahoma, approximately 110 miles (180 km) west of Oklahoma City and 150 miles (240 km) east of Amarillo, Texas.

The actual decision to breed Della Moore to Joe Blair has always been attributed to the desire of the racetrack grooms to quiet the two horses during a backside craps game. According to this story, Della Moore was in heat and both she and Joe Blair were making such a racket that it was disturbing the gambling, so the horses were bred to shut them up, without any knowledge of Della Moore's owner Henry Lindsey. Several months later, it became obvious that Della Moore was pregnant and Lindsey tracked down what exactly had happened. Joe Reed later turned into a decent match racer himself, although all of his racing took place before the organization of the AQHA. [6]

Craps dice game

Craps is a dice game in which the players make wagers on the outcome of the roll, or a series of rolls, of a pair of dice. Players may wager money against each other or a bank. Because it requires little equipment, "street craps" can be played in informal settings. While shooting craps, players may use slang terminology to place bets and actions.

Heat energy transfer process, or its amount (and direction), that is associated with a temperature difference

In thermodynamics, heat is energy in transfer to or from a thermodynamic system, by mechanisms other than thermodynamic work or transfer of matter. The mechanisms include conduction, through direct contact of immobile bodies, or through a wall or barrier that is impermeable to matter; or radiation between separated bodies; or isochoric mechanical work done by the surroundings on the system of interest; or Joule heating by an electric current driven through the system of interest by an external system; or a combination of these. When there is a suitable path between two systems with different temperatures, heat transfer occurs necessarily, immediately, and spontaneously from the hotter to the colder system. Thermal conduction occurs by the stochastic (random) motion of microscopic particles. In contrast, thermodynamic work is defined by mechanisms that act macroscopically and directly on the system's whole-body state variables; for example, change of the system's volume through a piston's motion with externally measurable force; or change of the system's internal electric polarization through an externally measurable change in electric field. The definition of heat transfer does not require that the process be in any sense smooth. For example, a bolt of lightning may transfer heat to a body.

Breeding record and honors

Joe Reed was the sire of several outstanding horses, including Joe Reed II, Red Joe of Arizona, Joe Sunday, Joe's Last, and Catechu. He was the double grandsire of Leo. [7] Joe Reed P-3 sired six horses that earned a Race Register of Merit. Many of his daughters became the dams of Race Register of Merit earners. His son Joe Reed II was the Champion Quarter Running Stallion for 1942–1943. [8] His grandson Jose Uno was inducted into the National Cutting Horse Association (or NCHA) Hall of Fame. [9] More distant descendants include Zippo Pat Bars, Colonel Freckles, Goetta, Peppy San, Rugged Lark, Sonny Dee Bar, The Invester, and Zippo Pine Bar  – all members of the AQHA Hall of Fame. [10]

Joe Reed II (1936–1964) was a Quarter Horse racehorse from the early days of the American Quarter Horse Association that became an influential sire with the breed.

Leo (1940–1967) was one of the most influential Quarter Horse sires in the early years of the American Quarter Horse Association.

The National Cutting Horse Association is a non-profit equestrian organization headquartered in the US. Their primary purpose is to promote and sponsor cutting events. The association was founded in 1946 at the Southwestern Exposition and Fat Stock Show. The first NCHA sponsored cutting horse competition was held that same year in Dublin, Texas.

Joe Reed was inducted into the AQHA Hall of Fame in 1992. [10]

The American Quarter Horse Hall of Fame and Museum was created by the American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA), based in Amarillo, Texas. Ground breaking construction of the Hall of Fame Museum began in 1989.The distinction is earned by people and horses who have contributed to the growth of the American Quarter Horse and "have been outstanding over a period of years in a variety of categories". In 1982, Bob Denhardt and Ernest Browning were the first individuals to receive the honor of being inducted into the AQHA Hall of Fame. In 1989, Wimpy P-1, King P-234, Leo and Three Bars were the first horses inducted into the AQHA Hall of Fame.


Enquirer (TB)
Faustus (TB)
Lizzie G (TB)
Bonnie Joe (TB)
Bonnie Scotland (TB)
Bonnie Rose (TB)
Melrose (TB)
Joe Blair (TB)
*King Galop (TB)
Bowling Green (TB)
*Playing Fields (TB)
Miss Blair (TB)
*Pursebearer (TB)
Com-I-Cut (TB)
Isbell (TB)
Joe Reed P-3
*Queue (TB)
Crazy Cue
Old DJ
Della Moore
Blakemore (TB)
Dewey (TB)


  1. 1 2 Short First Twenty Quarter Horses p. 34
  2. AQHA Official Stud Book and Registry Combined 1–5 p. 79
  3. Denhardt "Foundation Sire Joe Reed P-3" Quarter Horse Journal pp. 18-20, 110
  4. LeBlanc Cajun-Bred Running Horses pp. 32-34
  5. Joe Reed P-3 Pedigree at All Breed Pedigree retrieved on July 4, 2007
  6. Beckman "Joe Reed" Quarter Horse Journal pp. 36, 308
  7. Close and Simmons Legends: Outstanding Quarter Horse Stallions and Mares p. 148
  8. Wagoner Quarter Racing Digest p. 556
  9. NCHA Horse Hall of Fame retrieved on July 4, 2007
  10. 1 2 American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA). "Joe Reed". AQHA Hall of Fame. American Quarter Horse Association. Retrieved September 1, 2017.

Related Research Articles

Wimpy P-1 was the first registered Quarter Horse for the American Quarter Horse Association, or AQHA.

Zippo Pine Bar (1969-1998) is the leading Western Pleasure sire of Quarter Horses.

Doc Bar (1956–1992) was a Quarter Horse stallion that was bred to be a racehorse, became an outstanding halter horse, and in his sire career revolutionized the cutting horse industry.

Joe Hancock Quarter Horse stallion and sire

Joe Hancock (1926–1943) was an influential Quarter Horse sire in the early years of the American Quarter Horse Association.

King (1932–1958), often known as King P-234, was an outstanding early Quarter Horse stallion who influenced the breed throughout the early years of the American Quarter Horse Association.

Moon Deck (1950–1974) was an influential Quarter Horse sire and racehorse.

For many years, Oklahoma Star (1915–1943) was known simply as the Tommy Moore Horse, after his breeder, owner, trainer and race jockey. He was an influential Quarter Horse stallion in the early days of the breed.

Sugar Bars (1951–1982) was a Quarter Horse racehorse and stallion who sired many Quarter horse race and show horses.

Old Sorrel, sometimes known as The Old Sorrel, (1915–1945) was a Quarter Horse stallion who was the foundation of the King Ranch linebreeding program for Quarter Horses, and the cornerstone of the King Ranch horse breeding program.

Poco Lena (1949–1968) was an outstanding cutting mare, and dam of two famous Quarter horse cutting horses and stallions: Doc O'Lena and Dry Doc.

Quo Vadis was an outstanding Quarter Horse show mare as well as being an outstanding broodmare in the early days of the American Quarter Horse Association.

Royal King was an outstanding cutting stallion and Quarter horse sire from the early days of the American Quarter Horse Association.

Doc O'Lena (1967–1993) was a Quarter Horse stallion, a champion cutting horse and a sire of champion cutting horses. He was inducted into both the AQHA and NCHA Halls of Fame, as was his dam Poco Lena. He was the 1970 NCHA Futurity Open Champion, followed by his full brother, Dry Doc, who won the title in 1971. As a sire, Doc O'Lena earned recognition as the first futurity champion to sire a futurity champion when Lenaette won the title in 1975. He also sired Smart Little Lena, the first horse to win the NCHA Triple Crown.

Peppy San (1959–1989), a Quarter Horse stallion, has the distinction of the being the first National Cutting Horse Association World Champion to sire an NCHA World Champion.

The Invester (1969–2002) was a Quarter Horse stallion who excelled at halter and at western pleasure, as well as being a famous sire of western pleasure horses.

Zippo Pat Bars (1964–1988) was a Quarter horse racehorse and showhorse who became an influential sire in the breed.

Peppy San Badger (1974–2005) was an American Quarter Horse stallion who won the National Cutting Horse Association Futurity in 1977 and the NCHA Derby in 1978. He was inducted into the American Quarter Horse Association's Hall of Fame in 2008.

Freckles Playboy was a sorrel Quarter Horse stallion sired by Jewel’s Leo Bars by Sugar Bars out of Gay Jay by Rey Jay. He was bred by Marion Flynt, and trained and shown in cutting horse competition by Terry Riddle. Freckles Playboy was the 1976 NCHA Futurity Co-Reserve Champion, placed 3rd in the 1977 NCHA Derby, and won the title of 1977 AQHA World Champion Junior Cutting Horse. In 1979, he developed navicular syndrome ending his career as a cutting horse.


International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

Further reading