Joel Whitburn

Last updated

Joel Whitburn
Born
Joel Carver Whitburn

(1939-11-29)November 29, 1939
DiedJune 14, 2022(2022-06-14) (aged 82)
OccupationAuthor, music historian
Known forResearching record chart history
Spouse(s)Frances Mudgett
Children1

Joel Carver Whitburn (November 29, 1939 – June 14, 2022) was an American author and music historian, responsible for setting up the Record Research Inc. series of books on record chart placings.

Contents

Early life

Joel Carver Whitburn was born in Wauwatosa, Wisconsin on November 29, 1939. [1] [2] He started collecting records in his teens, first subscribed to Billboard in 1953, and when the Hot 100 was introduced in 1958 started recording the chart placings of records on index cards. After graduating from Menomonee Falls High School in 1957, [3] he attended Elmhurst College and the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, but did not receive a degree from either institution. [1]

Career

Whitburn worked on record distribution for RCA in the mid 1960s, using his chart statistics to inform radio stations, before founding his own company, Record Research Inc., in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin, in 1970. He put together a team of researchers to examine in detail all of Billboard's music and video charts, and set up a licensing arrangement with Billboard. [4] [5] [6]

Since then, Record Research has published reference books based on data from the various popular music charts and to date has published over 200 books, 50 of which are in the Record Research catalog. His research extends from 1890 to the present and covers many genres. Featuring each recording's peak position, date charted, weeks charted, label and information, and trivia on recordings and artists, Whitburn's books are used extensively by the entertainment industry (especially radio DJs) and music fans worldwide. [7]

His flagship publication was Top Pop Singles, [8] which covers the history of Billboard's popular singles charts, primarily the Billboard Hot 100. The most recent edition, Top Pop Singles 1955–2018, was released in June 2019. [9] Whitburn was also the author of the series Top 40 Hits, published by Billboard Books. [10] The ninth edition, covering the years 1955 to 2009, was published in 2012. [11]

Personal life

Whitburn was an avid collector of phonograph records, with extensive collections in his underground vaults. His collection includes a copy of nearly every 78-rpm record, 45-rpm single, LP, and compact disc to reach the Billboard charts. In 2013, his collection was estimated to contain over 200,000 singles. [4]

Whitburn was married to the former Frances Mudgett, and they had a daughter. [1] He died at his home in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin at the age of 82 on June 14, 2022. [4] [12] [13]

Related Research Articles

"Mean Woman Blues" is a rock and roll song written by Claude Demetrius. Elvis Presley recorded it for the soundtrack of the 1957 film, Loving You. In an album review for AllMusic, Bruce Eder described it as "some powerful rock & roll ... which could almost have passed for one of his Sun tracks".

"Too Young" is a popular song. The music was written by Sidney Lippman, the lyrics by Sylvia Dee. The song was published in 1951.

"Tangerine" is a popular song. The music was written by Victor Schertzinger, the lyrics by Johnny Mercer. The song was published in 1941 and soon became a jazz standard.

<i>Diamond Days</i> (The Outfield album) 1990 studio album by The Outfield

Diamond Days is the fourth album by the British band The Outfield. The album reached No. 90 on the Billboard 200 album chart. Diamond Days was the first album the band released under the MCA record label, having previously recorded for Columbia Records. Drummer Alan Jackman left the band prior to this album's recording, so this album featured a new session drummer in Simon Dawson.

Daybreak (Barry Manilow song) 1977 single by Barry Manilow

"Daybreak" is an uptempo pop song performed by Barry Manilow in 1976. It was composed by Manilow and Adrienne Anderson and first appeared on Barry's 1976 studio album This One's for You.

Mel and Tim were an American soul music duo active from 1969 to 1974. They are best known for the hit songs "Backfield in Motion", "Starting All Over Again" and "Good Guys Only Win in the Movies".

Abaco Dream was an American rock group from New York City, United States.

Another Saturday Night 1963 Sam Cooke single

"Another Saturday Night" is a 1963 hit single by Sam Cooke from the album Ain't That Good News. The song was written by Cooke while touring in England when staying in a hotel where no female guests were allowed. It reached No. 10 on the Billboard Hot 100 and was No. 1 on the R&B chart for a single week. In the UK, the song peaked at No. 23 on the UK Singles Chart.

"Lover, Come Back to Me" is a popular song composed by Sigmund Romberg with lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II for the Broadway show The New Moon, where the song was introduced by Evelyn Herbert and Robert Halliday. The song was published in 1928.

"I Understand " is a popular song. It was written by Pat Best, and was published in 1953. Hit versions were initially recorded by the Four Tunes and by June Valli.

"Trust in Me" is a song written by Ned Wever, Milton Ager, and Jean Schwartz. Popular versions in 1937 were by Mildred Bailey and by Wayne King & his Orchestra.

Daughter of Darkness (song) 1970 single by Tom Jones

"Daughter of Darkness" is a single by Tom Jones released in 1970 from his album, I Who Have Nothing. The single was a top ten hit in the UK, peaking at number five. In the United States and Canada, Jones just missed the top ten with "Daughter of Darkness", peaking at number 13 and number 11, respectively. The song went to number one in the United States on the Billboard Easy Listening chart in June 1970, and was Tom Jones final of three number ones on the chart. Elton John, who was working as a session musician at that time, also sang on the song.

<i>The Things We Did Last Summer</i> (album) 1962 studio album by Shelley Fabares

The Things We Did Last Summer is the second studio pop album by singer and actress Shelley Fabares released in 1962 on Colpix Records. It was available in both mono and stereo, catalogue numbers CP-431 and SCP-431. The album was produced and arranged by Stu Phillips who had produced her previous record. It peaked on the Billboard 200 Chart at #121 in October 1962. The album features her Top 40 hit single "Johnny Loves Me". It also includes the second hit single from the album, "The Things We Did Last Summer".

Johnny Loves Me

"Johnny Loves Me" is a pop single by Shelley Fabares released in 1962 on Colpix Records. It was the first single taken from her second album, The Things We Did Last Summer. "Johnny Loves Me" was a collaboration written by Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil. The single was produced and arranged by Stu Phillips.

Abstrac was a female R&B/dance trio. Their Reprise single "Right and Hype" was listed on the Billboard Hot 100 for six weeks in 1989–1990, reaching position 89. This song also appeared on the Hot Black Singles chart, achieving a position of 23 and appearing for 17 weeks.

Gypsy Woman (The Impressions song)

"Gypsy Woman" is a 1961 rhythm and blues song written by Curtis Mayfield and recorded by his group the Impressions. The group's first single following the departure of lead singer Jerry Butler, it reached No. 2 on the US Billboard R&B chart, No. 20 on the Billboard Hot 100 and number 17 on the Cash Box chart. It also appeared on the group's 1963 eponymous debut album. Brian Hyland(1970), Bobby Womack(1985), and Santana(1990) covered this song.

"People Say" is a hit single written by the Jeff Barry and Ellie Greenwich songwriting team and made popular by the American pop girl group The Dixie Cups. It was originally released in July 1964 on the Red Bird Records label. The song was arranged by Mike Stoller. Billboard named the song #53 on their list of 100 Greatest Girl Group Songs of All Time.

"Oh! What it Seemed to Be" is a song composed by Bennie Benjamin, George Weiss and Frankie Carle. The song was most popular in 1946, and was taken to number 1 that year by both Frank Sinatra and the Frankie Carle orchestra, the latter with Marjorie Hughes on vocals.

Charlie Ross, sometimes billed as Charles Ross III, was an American singer who had some chart success as part of a group, and as a pop and country singer. He was born in Greenville, Mississippi. He was employed as a disk jockey at WDDT, before joining the group Phantom, which eventually became Eternity's Children. While still a member of Eternity's Children, he released his first solo record. In the mid-1970s he was working as a disk jockey at KFJZ. During this time he released two singles for Big Tree Records which charted nationally in the pop field. "Thanks for the Smiles" reached #61 in 1975, and "Without Your Love " just missed the top-40 at #42 in 1976. The single was re-imagined for a different audience, and became a Billboard "Top Country Pick" and "Without Your Love" charted higher in the country genre, at #13, in 1976. He had more charting country singles for Town House Records in 1982, where his "The High Cost of Loving" appeared at #33, and "Are We In Love " was #45. Subsequently he continued his radio hosting duties, and started his own companies in communications and music production.

Thats How Much I Love You (Eddy Arnold song)

"That's How Much I Love You" is a country music song written by Arnold, Fowler, and Hall, sung by Eddy Arnold, and released in 1946 on the RCA Victor label. In October 1946, it reached No. 2 on the Billboard folk chart. It was also ranked as the No. 10 record on the Billboard 1946 year-end folk juke box chart.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Sandomir, Richard (June 17, 2022). "Joel Whitburn, Tireless Researcher of Music Charts, Dies at 82" . The New York Times . ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved June 17, 2022.
  2. "Joel (Carver) Whitburn". Contemporary Authors . Detroit: Gale. 2002. Gale   H1000105451 (subscription required)
  3. "Joel Carver Whitburn". jsonline.com. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. June 17, 2022. Retrieved June 20, 2022.
  4. 1 2 3 Unterberger, Andrew (June 14, 2022). "Joel Whitburn, Legendary Chart Historian and Reference Book Author, Dies at 82". Billboard. Retrieved June 15, 2022.
  5. Horowitz, Rick (March 26, 1995). "THE MUSIC MAN HIS CHARTING WAYS HAVE MADE JOEL WHITBURN AMERICA'S FOREMOST POP MUSIC AUTHORITY". The Buffalo News . Retrieved June 20, 2022.
  6. Horowitz, Rick (June 30, 1995). "LISTMANIA: JOEL WHITBURN IS ON TOP OF THE CHARTS". Deseret News . Retrieved June 20, 2022.
  7. Greenberg, Steve (June 15, 2022). "Joel Whitburn: An Appreciation of the Ultimate Chart Historian". Billboard . Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  8. Willman, Chris (June 14, 2022). "Joel Whitburn, Pop Chart Expert Who Published Hundreds of Books, Dies at 82". Variety . Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  9. "Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles 1955–2018". Recordresearch. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  10. "Billboard Books' Newest Stars". Billboard . June 1, 1996. p. 106. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
  11. Whitburn, Joel (July 18, 2012). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, 9th Edition: Complete Chart Information about America's Most Popular Songs and Artists, 1955-2009. Clarkson Potter/Ten Speed. ISBN   978-0-307-98512-5 . Retrieved June 19, 2022.
  12. Tamarkin, Jeff (June 14, 2022). "Joel Whitburn, Who Turned Passion for Records Into Chart Research, Dies at 82". Best Classic Bands. Retrieved June 19, 2022.
  13. Kennedy, Mark (June 18, 2022). "Pioneering pop music chart analyst Joel Whitburn dies at 82". AP NEWS. Retrieved June 19, 2022.