Johan Paul van Limburg Stirum

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Johan Paul van Limburg Stirum
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-00444, Johann Graf von Limburg-Stirum.jpg
Johan Paul van Limburg Stirum in 1924
Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
In office
21 March 1916 21 March 1921
Monarch Wilhelmina
Preceded by Alexander Willem Frederik Idenburg
Succeeded by Dirk Fock
Personal details
Born(1873-02-02)2 February 1873
Zwolle, Netherlands
Died17 April 1948(1948-04-17) (aged 75)
The Hague, Netherlands

Johan Paul, Count of Limburg-Stirum (2 February 1873 – 17 April 1948) was a Dutch diplomat, member of the House of Limburg-Stirum, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1916-1921), Dutch emissary in Berlin (1925-1936) and London (1936-1939). [1]

Contents

Biography

Johan Paul van Limburg Stirum was born on 2 February 1873 in Zwolle in the Netherlands.

He made a rapid career as a diplomat of the Netherlands and was, among others, envoy in China and Sweden.

Johan Paul van Limburg Stirum Johan Paul Graaf van Limburg Stirum (1873-1948). Gouverneur-generaal (1916-21) Rijksmuseum SK-A-3816.jpeg
Johan Paul van Limburg Stirum

Due to his knowledge of Asia, the government Cort van der Linden named him in 1916 Gouverneur General of the Dutch East Indies. He worked for a greater autonomy of the Dutch East Indies and for the economic development of the colony. As Governor General he adhered to the Dutch Ethical Policy and conducted administrative reforms, such as the extension of the powers of the parliament (Volksraad) of the Dutch East Indies and decentralisation of the colonial administration.

He worked in good terms with minister Idenburg, but had a difficult relationship with minister Andries Cornelis Dirk de Graeff,[ clarification needed ] who was an old friend from their days at Leiden University. After his departure from the Dutch East Indies he was sent to Egypt.

In 1925, he was sent to Berlin as Dutch emissary for Germany. He was a strong opponent of the nazi regime and refused to meet Hitler or any member of the NSDAP.

From 1936 to his retirement in 1939 he was Dutch emissary in London.

He died on 17 April 1948 in The Hague.

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References

  1. (in Dutch) Mr. J.P. graaf van Limburg Stirum, Parlement & Politiek. Retrieved on 17 January 2015.
Political offices
Preceded by
Alexander Willem Frederik Idenburg
Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
1916–1921
Succeeded by
Dirk Fock