Johann Ambrosius Bach (22[ citation needed ] February 1645 –2 March 1695 [ O.S. 20 February]) was a German musician, father to Johann Sebastian Bach.
Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the calendar convention used at the time described is different from that in use at the time the document was being written. There were two calendar changes in Great Britain and its colonies, which may sometimes complicate matters: the first was to change the start of the year from Lady Day to 1 January; the second was to discard the Julian calendar in favour of the Gregorian calendar. Closely related is the custom of dual dating, where writers gave two consecutive years to reflect differences in the starting date of the year, or to include both the Julian and Gregorian dates.
Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Art of Fugue, the Brandenburg Concertos, and the Goldberg Variations as well as for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time.
The son of Christoph Bach (1613–1661), Ambrosius was born in Erfurt, Germany, as the twin brother of Johann Christoph Bach (1645–1693). Ambrosius was employed as a violinist in Erfurt.
Christoph Bach was a German musician of the Baroque period. He was the grandfather of Johann Sebastian Bach.
Erfurt is the capital and largest city in the state of Thuringia, central Germany.
In 1671, he moved his family to Eisenach, in present-day Thuringia, where he was employed as a court trumpeter and director of the town musicians. He married his first wife Maria Elisabeth Lämmerhirt on 1 April 1668, and had eight children by her, four of whom became musicians, including Johann Sebastian Bach, the famous German Baroque composer and musician. She was buried on 3 May 1694. On 27 November 1694 he married Barbara Margaretha, née Keul (she had already been twice widowed). He died in Eisenach less than three months later. After Johann Ambrosius Bach's death, his two children, Johann Jacob Bach and Johann Sebastian Bach, moved in with his eldest son, Johann Christoph Bach.
Eisenach is a town in Thuringia, Germany with 42,000 inhabitants, located 50 kilometres west of Erfurt, 70 km southeast of Kassel and 150 km northeast of Frankfurt. It is the main urban centre of western Thuringia and bordering northeastern Hessian regions, situated near the former Inner German border. A major attraction is Wartburg castle, which has been a UNESCO world heritage site since 1999.
Thuringia, officially the Free State of Thuringia, is a state of Germany.
Maria Elisabeth Lämmerhirt was the mother of Johann Sebastian Bach.
Johann Bernhard Bach was a German composer, and second cousin of J. S. Bach.
Johann Aegidius Bach was organist, violist, and municipal orchestra director of Erfurt, Germany. He was Johann Sebastian Bach's uncle, Johannes Bach's son, and the father of composer Johann Bernhard Bach. He was a viola player and performer in the Stadtmusikanten Kompagnie in Erfurt. He was organist at the Kaufmannskirche and the Michaeliskirche; on 30 June 1682 he was named the director of the Ratsmusik.
The Bach family was of importance in the history of music for nearly two hundred years, with over 50 known musicians and several notable composers, the best-known of whom was Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750). A family genealogy was drawn up by Johann Sebastian Bach himself in 1735, his 50th year, and completed by his son Carl Philipp Emanuel.
Maria Barbara Bach was the first wife of composer Johann Sebastian Bach. She was also the daughter of his father's cousin Johann Michael Bach.
Johann Christoph Bach was a German composer and organist of the Baroque period. He was born at Arnstadt, the son of Heinrich Bach, Johann Sebastian Bach's first cousin once removed and the first cousin of J.S. Bach's father, Johann Ambrosius Bach. He was also the uncle of Maria Barbara Bach, J. S. Bach's first wife and second cousin. Johann Christoph married Maria Elisabeth Wiedemann in 1667. They had seven children, including four sons who became musicians: Johann Nicolaus, Johann Christoph Jr., Johann Friedrich (1682–1730), and Johann Michael (1685–unknown). Two of their grandsons later sailed to America and founded the Bach family there: Johann Heinrich Bach (1709–1789) and Johann Wilhelm Bach (1722–1794).He is not to be confused with Johann Sebastian Bach's son, Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach.
Johann Nicolaus Bach was a German composer of the Baroque period.
Vitus "Veit" Bach was a baker and miller who, according to Johann Sebastian Bach, founded the Bach family, which became one of the most important families in Western musical history. Veit's son, Johannes Bach, was the grandfather of Johann Ambrosius Bach, J.S. Bach's father, which makes Veit Johann Sebastian's great-great-grandfather. There are other theories that call a different Veit Bach, who died before 1578 in Erfurt, was the father of Johann(es)/Hans, and thus Johann Sebastian's great-great-grandfather.
Johann Jacob Bach was a German musician, composer and an older brother of Johann Sebastian Bach.
The year 1645 in music involved some significant events.
Notable people with the surname Bach include:
Johann Rudolph Ahle was a German composer, organist, theorist, and Protestant church musician.
Johann or Johannes Bach was a German composer and musician of the Baroque. He was the father of the so-called "Erfurt line" of Bach family musicians.
Johann Christoph Bach was a musician of the Bach family. He was the eldest of the brothers of Johann Sebastian Bach who survived childhood.
Johann Christoph Bach was a German musician of the Baroque period.
Johann Christoph Bach may refer to:
The Bach House in Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany, is a museum dedicated to the composer Johann Sebastian Bach who was born in the city. On its 600 m² it displays around 250 original exhibits, among them a Bach music autograph. The core of the building complex is a half-timbered house, ca. 550 years old, which was mistakenly identified as Bach's birth house in the middle of the 19th century. In 1905, the Leipzig-based Neue Bachgesellschaft acquired the building. In 1907, it was opened as the first Bach museum.
Georg Christoph Bach was a German composer. He was the son of Christoph Bach and the elder brother of Johann Sebastian Bach's father Johann Ambrosius Bach.
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