Johann Christoph Bach (organist at Ohrdruf)

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Johann Christoph Bach (16 June 1671 22 February 1721) was a musician of the Bach family. He was the eldest of the brothers of Johann Sebastian Bach who survived childhood.

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Life

Johann Christoph was born in Erfurt in June 1671, a few months before the family moved to Eisenach, where Johann Sebastian was born fourteen years later as the last child. [1] In 1686 Johann Christoph was sent to Erfurt to study under Johann Pachelbel for the next three years. [2] By the end of his apprenticeship he was organist in the St. Thomas church in that town for a short time, followed by some months at Arnstadt where several Bach relatives lived. [2]

In 1690 Johann Christoph became organist at the Michaeliskirche at Ohrdruf. In October 1694 he married Dorothea von Hof. [3] His mother Maria Elisabeth Lämmerhirt had died earlier that year, and his father Johann Ambrosius Bach died in March the next year. Two younger brothers, Johann Jacob and Johann Sebastian, who up till then had been living with their father in Eisenach, came to live with Johann Christoph's family in Ohrdruf. At the time, Johann Jacob was thirteen, and Johann Sebastian not even ten. Johann Christoph's five sons were born between 1695 and 1713. [4]

Johann Christoph became his youngest brother's keyboard teacher, or, at least, Johann Sebastian "laid the foundations of his [own] keyboard technique" under the guidance of his eldest brother. [5] An anecdote is told by Johann Sebastian's early biographers: [6]

The most renowned Clavier composers of that day were Froberger, Fischer, Johann Caspar Kerl, Pachelbel, Buxtehude, Bruhns, and Böhm. Johann Christoph possessed a book containing several pieces by these masters, and [Johann Sebastian] Bach begged earnestly for it, but without effect. Refusal increasing his determination, he laid his plans to get the book without his brother's knowledge. It was kept on a book-shelf which had a latticed front. Bach's hands were small. Inserting them, he got hold of the book, rolled it up, and drew it out. As he was not allowed a candle, he could only copy it on moonlight nights, and it was six months before he finished his heavy task. As soon as it was completed he looked forward to using in secret a treasure won by so much labour. But his brother found the copy and took it from him without pity, nor did Bach recover it until his brother's death soon after. [7]

The brother had however not died "soon after". [8] [6] Having stayed with his brother for five years Johann Sebastian left Ohrdruf, joining the choir of St. Michael's Convent at Lüneburg. [9] Around the time Johann Sebastian left Lüneburg a few years later he composed a Cappricio for his eldest brother, BWV 993. [10] In the years that followed Johann Christoph copied several compositions by his younger brother. [11]

All of Johann Christoph's sons became musicians, three of them at Ohrdruf. [4] He died, aged 49, in Ohrdruf.

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Johann Christoph Bach may refer to:

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The Triple Concerto, BWV 1044, is a concerto in A minor for traverso, violin, harpsichord, and string orchestra by Johann Sebastian Bach. He based the composition on his Prelude and Fugue BWV 894 for harpsichord and on the middle movement of his Organ Sonata BWV 527, or on earlier lost models for these compositions.

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References

  1. Spitta 1899, p. 174–175
  2. 1 2 Spitta 1899, p. 183–184
  3. Malcolm Boyd: Bach, pp. 7–8, ISBN   0-19-514222-5
  4. 1 2 Forkel/Terry 1920/2011, Table V p. 307
  5. "Nekrolog" of Johann Sebastian Bach by Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach and Johann Friedrich Agricola in Mizler's Musikalische Bibliothek, Volume 4. Leipzig, 1754
  6. 1 2 Spitta 1899, p. 186
  7. Forkel/Terry 1920/2011, pp. 10–11
  8. Forkel/Terry 1920/2011, footnotes 57 and 58 p. 11
  9. Forkel/Terry 1920/2011, footnotes 59 and 60 pp. 11–12
  10. Spitta 1899, pp. 249–250
  11. Stephen A. Crist. "The early works and the heritage of the seventeenth century", p. 75 ff. in The Cambridge Companion to Bach. edited by John Butt. Cambridge University Press, 1997. ISBN   9780521587808

Sources