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Johann Georg Walch (June 17, 1693 – January 13, 1775) was a German Lutheran theologian.
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine. It is taught as an academic discipline, typically in universities and seminaries.
He was born at Meiningen, where his father, Georg Walch, was general superintendent. He studied at Leipzig and Jena, amongst his teachers being JF Buddeus, whose only daughter he married. He published in 1716 a work, Historia critica Latinae linguae, which soon came into wide use. Two years later he became professor extraordinarius of philosophy at Jena. In 1719, he was appointed professor ordinarius of rhetoric, in 1721 of poetry, and in 1724 professor extraordinarius of theology. In 1728 he became professor ordinarius of theology, and in 1750 professor primarius.
Meiningen is a town in the southern part of the state of Thuringia, Germany. It is located in the region Franconia and has a population of around 24,300 (2019). Meiningen is the capital and the largest town of the Schmalkalden-Meiningen district. From 1680 to 1920, Meiningen was the capital of the Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen.
Friedrich Schiller University Jena is a public research university located in Jena, Thuringia, Germany.
Johann Franz Buddeus or Budde was a German Lutheran theologian and philosopher.
His theological position was that of moderate orthodoxy, greatly influenced by the philosophy and controversies of the Deistic period. His university lectures and published works ranged over the wide fields of church history in its various branches, particularly the literature and the controversies of the church, dogmatics, ethics and pastoral theology.
Lutheran orthodoxy was an era in the history of Lutheranism, which began in 1580 from the writing of the Book of Concord and ended at the Age of Enlightenment. Lutheran orthodoxy was paralleled by similar eras in Calvinism and tridentine Roman Catholicism after the Counter-Reformation.
Deism is the philosophical belief which posits that although God exists as the uncaused First Cause – ultimately responsible for the creation of the universe – God does not interact directly with that subsequently created world. Equivalently, deism can also be defined as the view which asserts God's existence as the cause of all things, and admits its perfection but rejects divine revelation or direct intervention of God in the universe by miracles. It also rejects revelation as a source of religious knowledge and asserts that reason and observation of the natural world are sufficient to determine the existence of a single creator or absolute principle of the universe.
Of his works the most valuable were Bibliotheca theologica (1757–1765); Bibliotheca patristica (1770); his edition of Luther's works in 24 vols. (1740–1752); Historische und theologische Einleitung in die religiösen Streitigkeiten, welche sonderlich ausser der evangelische-lutherischen Kirche entstanden (5 vols., 1733 ff.); the companion work to this, Einleitung in die Religionsstreitigkeiten der evangel.-luth. Kirche (1730–1739), and Philosophisches Lexikon (1726, 4th ed. 1775).
Martin Luther, was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
Also important is the Historia logicae, published at Leipzig in 1721.
His life, with a complete list of his writings, which amounted to 287, Leben und Charakter des Kirchenraths J. G. Walch, was published anonymously by his son CWF Walch (Jena, 1777). Cf. Wilhelm Gass, Protestantische Dogmatik, iii. p. 205 sq.
Wilhelm Gass was a German theologian born in Breslau. He was the son of theologian Joachim Christian Gass (1766–1831).
His sons, Johann Ernst Immanuel and Christian Wilhelm Franz Walch were also noted theologians.
Johann Ernst Immanuel Walch was a German theologian, linguist, and naturalist from Jena.
Christian Wilhelm Franz Walch was a protestant German theologian and professor of theology from Göttingen. He authored numerous books.
Johann Georg Walch died in Jena, Germany, on 13 January 1775 at 81 years of age.
Ernst Wilhelm Theodor Herrmann Hengstenberg, was a German Lutheran churchman and neo-Lutheran theologian from an old and important Dortmund family.
Gottfried Christian Friedrich Lücke was a German theologian.
Wilhelm Martin Leberecht de Wette, was a German theologian and biblical scholar.
Johann Karl Wilhelm Vatke, known as Wilhelm Vatke was a German Protestant theologian, born in Behnsdorf, near Magdeburg. After acting as Privatdozent in Berlin, he was appointed in 1837 professor extraordinarius.
Johann Gottfried Eichhorn was a German Protestant theologian of the Enlightenment and an early orientalist. He was a member of the Göttingen School of History.
Johann August Ernesti was a German Rationalist theologian and philologist. Ernesti was the first who formally separated the hermeneutics of the Old Testament from those of the New.
Georg Hermes was a German Roman Catholic theologian. Born at Dreierwalde, in Westphalia, Hermes was educated at the gymnasium and University of Münster. He later taught at both of these institutions.
Johann Heinrich Hottinger was a Swiss philologist and theologian.
August Hahn was a German Protestant theologian.
Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian, was born at Bäretswil, in the Canton of Zürich.
Otto Karl Albrecht Ritschl was a German theologian, the son of Albrecht Ritschl.
Georg Calixtus, Kallisøn/Kallisön, or Callisen was a German Lutheran theologian who looked to reconcile all Christendom by removing all unimportant differences.
Theodor Kolde was a German Protestant theologian, born at Friedland in Silesia.
Johann Wilhelm Baier was Lutheran theologian of the seventeenth century in the Lutheran scholastic tradition. He was born at Nuremberg, and died at Jena.
Johann Traugott Leberecht Danz was a German Lutheran theologian and church historian born in Weimar.
Georg Ludwig Walch was a German classical philologist largely known for his edition and analysis of works by the Roman historian Tacitus. He was the grandson of theologian Johann Georg Walch (1693–1775).
Johann Friedrich Gaab was a German theologian.