Johann Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

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Johann Leopold
Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Duke of Saxony
Born(1906-08-02)2 August 1906
Callenberg Castle, Coburg
Died4 May 1972(1972-05-04) (aged 65)
Grein, Austria
SpouseFeodora von der Horst
(m. 1932–62)
Maria Theresia Reindl
(m. 1963–72)
IssuePrincess Caroline Mathilde
Prince Ernst Leopold
Prince Peter Albert
Full name
John Leopold William Albert Ferdinand Victor
German: Johann Leopold Wilhelm Albert Ferdinand Viktor
House Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Father Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Mother Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Johann Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Johann Leopold William Albert Ferdinand Victor; 2 August 1906 – 4 May 1972) was the eldest son of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.

Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha German politician

Charles Edward was the last reigning duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 30 July 1900 until 1918. A male-line grandson of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, he was also until 1919 a Prince of the United Kingdom and held the British titles of Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence and Baron Arklow from birth.

Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein German princess

Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg was the consort of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and is the maternal grandmother of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.

Contents

Early life

Johann Leopold aged 9 or 10 Langhammer - Johann Leopold von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha - Verlag Albert Horn 310.jpg
Johann Leopold aged 9 or 10

Johann Leopold was born 2 August 1906 at Callenberg Castle in Coburg as the eldest son of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.

Coburg Place in Bavaria, Germany

Coburg is a town located on the Itz river in the Upper Franconia region of Bavaria, Germany. Long part of one of the Thuringian states of the Wettin line, it joined Bavaria by popular vote only in 1920. Until the revolution of 1918, it was one of the capitals of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Through successful dynastic policies, the ruling princely family married into several of the royal families of Europe, most notably in the person of Prince Albert, who married Queen Victoria in 1840. As a result of these close links with the royal houses of Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Coburg was frequently visited by the crowned heads of Europe and their families.

He was heir-apparent, from his birth, until the forced abdication of his father on 18 November 1918, to Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. The abdication was a result of the German Revolution.

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha collective name for the duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, or Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, was an Ernestine duchy ruled by a branch of the House of Wettin, consisting of territories in the present-day states of Bavaria and Thuringia in Germany. It lasted from 1826 to 1918. In November 1918, Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was forced to abdicate. Saxe (Gotha) was subsequently merged into Thuringia whereas Coburg merged into Bavaria.

German Revolution of 1918–19 Revolution in 1918–1919 in Germany

The German Revolution or November Revolution was a civil conflict in the German Empire at the end of the First World War that resulted in the replacement of the German federal constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliamentary republic that later became known as the Weimar Republic. The revolutionary period lasted from November 1918 until the adoption in August 1919 of the Weimar Constitution.

Marriage

Charles Edward hoped to arrange a marriage between Prince Johann Leopold and Princess Juliana, heir presumptive to his first cousin Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands. The match never materialized, with Charles Edward blaming his "useless" son. [1]

An heir presumptive is the person entitled to inherit a throne, peerage, or other hereditary honour, but whose position can be displaced by the birth of an heir apparent or of a new heir presumptive with a better claim to the position in question. The position is however subject to law and/or conventions that may alter who is entitled to be heir presumptive.

Wilhelmina of the Netherlands Queen of the Netherlands 1898 - 1948

Wilhelmina was Queen of the Netherlands from 1890 until her abdication in 1948.

Johann Leopold's first wife was Feodora Freiin von der Horst (1905–1991), [2] whom he married morganatically on 9 March 1932. The prince was forced to cede his own succession rights at the time of the marriage. The couple had three children and were divorced on 27 February 1962. His second wife was Maria Theresia Reindl (1908–1996), [2] whom he married morganatically on 3 May 1963. They had no children.

Issue

The Prince had three children by his first wife, all barred from the succession of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

NameBirthDeathNotes
By Feodora von der Horst
Caroline Mathilde Adelheid Sibylla Marianne Erika Prinzessin von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha5 April 1933; Hirschbergmarried, 5 December 1953, Michael Nielsen (12 August 1923 – 20 September 1975); had issue - Margarethe-Brigitte (b. 30 September 1954) and Renate Christine (b. 4 February 1957)
Ernst Leopold Prinz von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha 14 January 1935; Hirschberg27 June 1996; Bad Wiessee (suicide)married (1), 4 February 1961, Ingeborg Henig; divorced 1963; had issue (one son, Hubertus Prinz von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha)
(2), 29 May 1963, Gertraude Monika Pfeiffer; divorced 1985; had issue (two daughters, Viktoria and Alice, and three sons: Ernst-Josias, Karl-Eduard and Ferdinand-Christian)
(3), 20 January 1986, Sabine Biller, with whom he committed suicide; no issue
Peter Albert Friedrich Josias Prinz von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha12 June 1939; Dresdenmarried, 12 May 1964, Roswitha Henriette Breuer; had issue (two sons, Peter and Malte)

Ancestry

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Johann Leopold may refer to,

References

  1. Urbach, Karina (2015). Go-Betweens for Hitler. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 178. ISBN   0191008672.
  2. 1 2 Theroff, Paul. "Saxony". www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/ (Paul Theroff’s Royal Genealogy Site). Archived from the original on 2008-03-15.[ self-published source ][ better source needed ]