|Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein|
|Duchess consort of Saxe-Marksuhl|
|Duchess consort of Saxe-Eisenach|
|Born||27 August 1632|
|Died||28 September 1701 69) (aged|
|Spouse|| John, Landgrave of Hesse-Braubach |
John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
|Issue|| Eleonore Erdmuthe Luise, Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Electress of Saxony |
Frederick August, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Eisenach
John George II, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
John William, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Fredericka Elisabeth, Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels
|Father||Ernest, Count of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn|
|Mother||Louise Juliane of Erbach|
Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein (27 August 1632 – 28 September 1701), was Sovereign Countess of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Altenkirchen from 1648 to 1701. She was also Landgravine of Hesse-Braubach by marriage to John, Landgrave of Hesse-Braubach, and Duchess of Saxe-Marksuhl (later Saxe-Eisenach) by marriage to John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Altenkirchen was a German county located in what is now Rhineland-Palatinate, near the river Sieg.
The House of Hesse is a European dynasty, directly descended from the House of Brabant. It ruled the region of Hesse, with one branch as prince-electors until 1866, and another branch as grand dukes until 1918.
John of Hesse-Braubach was a German nobleman and general. He was the Landgrave of Hesse-Braubach. His parents were Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Magdalene of Brandenburg.
Born in Wittgenstein, she was the sixth and youngest child of Ernest, Count of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn and Countess Louise Juliane of Erbach. She was born three months after her father's death, on 22 May 1632.She was probably named after her paternal aunt Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn, by marriage Countess of Erbach-Erbach.
Countess Louise Juliane of Erbach was a German regent; Countess of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn by marriage to Ernest of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn, she acted temporarily as regent of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn. She is remembered as the title character of the novel Die Gräfin von Sayn by Karl Ramseger-Mühle.
In his will, Count Ernest left his domains to his only son Louis, under the regency of his mother Louise Juliane during his minority. In case he would die prematurely, his two surviving daughters (Ernestine Salentine and Johannetta) would inherited the County.
Ernestine of Sayn-Wittgenstein, was a German ruler, Sovereign Countess of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hachenburg in 1648-1661. She was also Countess of Manderscheid-Blankenheim by marriage to.
When Count Louis died four years later (16 July 1636), the male line of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn died out. A violent dispute over his inheritance erupted between the Dowager Countess and the three half-brothers of her late husband (sons of Count William III and his second wife Anna Ottilie of Nassau-Weilburg), who claimed the succession of the whole County.
After two months, one of them, Count Louis Albert of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Neumagen, finally forced Louise Juliane to surrender the County to him and his brothers. In the meanwhile, Count Christian, Louis Albert's youngest brother besieged Altenkirchen and the Electorate of Mainz besieged Hachenburg, who was forced to surrender when the food ran out; without options, Louise Juliane and her daughters fled to Freusburg. When the Electorate of Trier prepared to besiege Freusburg, they fled to Friedewald, where they found safety. Louise Juliane sued her in-laws before the Reichskammergericht and the Emperor. She sent her councillors to Münster and Osnabrück where the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 was being negotiated. The rights of Johannetta and Ernestine were recognized and, with Swedish assistance, one part of the county after the other was returned to her.
Altenkirchen is a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, capital of the district of Altenkirchen. It is located approximately 40 km east of Bonn and 50 km north of Koblenz. Altenkirchen is the seat of the VerbandsgemeindeAltenkirchen.
The Freusburg is a castle high above the Sieg Valley, which also gives its name to a village. It lies between Mudersbach and Kirchen and has belonged since 1969 to the town of Kirchen. Before that, Freusburg was a self-governing municipality. In earlier times the location had its own court of justice.
The Electorate of Trier, traditionally known in English by its French name of Trèves, was an ecclesiastical principality of the Holy Roman Empire that existed from the end of the 9th to the early 19th century. It consisted of the temporal possessions of the prince-archbishop of Trier, also prince-elector of the empire. There were only two other ecclesiastical prince-electors in the Empire: the Electorate of Cologne and the Electorate of Mainz, among which Mainz ranked first.
During her family exile in Friedewald, Johannetta (aged 15) married on 30 September 1647 to Landgrave John of Hesse-Braubach (aged 37), younger brother of George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt; however, Louise Juliane retained the regency of the County of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn for her two daughters. After four years of childless union, Landgrave John died on 1 April 1651 in Bad Ems.
George II of Hesse-Darmstadt, German: Georg II von Hessen-Darmstadt was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1626 - 1661. He was the son of Ludwig V and Magdalene of Brandenburg.
Bad Ems is a town in Rheinland Pfalz, Germany. It is the administrative seat of the Rhein-Lahn rural district and is well known as a spa on the river Lahn. Bad Ems is the seat of the Verbandsgemeinde Bad Ems-Nassau. The town has around 9,000 inhabitants.
One year later (1652), Louise Juliane finally handed over the County of Sayn to her daughters, who was divided in two parts: Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Altenkirchen (for Johannetta) and Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Hachenburg (for Ernestine, who recently married Count Salentin Ernest of Mandersheid-Blankenheim).
In Wallau on 29 May 1661, Johannetta (aged 29) married secondly to Prince John George (aged 27), third surviving son of William, Duke of Saxe-Weimar.
After the death of Duke William (1662), his two older sons inherited almost all the family domains; as result, John George only received an income from the new duchy of Saxe-Eisenach and the small town of Marksuhl as residence. For this, Johannetta and her husband mainly resided in her County, where all her children were born.
The successive death of Dukes Adolf William (1668) and William August of Saxe-Eisenach (1671), enabled John George to inherited this part of the paternal domains. Since them, Johannetta became Duchess consort of Saxe-Eisenach.
Johannetta died in Jena aged 69, having survived her second husband and six of her children. She was buried in the Georgenkirche, Eisenach.
The County of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Altenkirchen remained united to the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach until 1741, when Johannetta's male line died out. Then, the County was inherited by Charles William Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, grandson of Eleonore Erdmuthe, Johannetta's eldest daughter. In 1803, the County was mediatised to Nassau-Weilburg.
She had eight children:
Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hachenburg was a German County located in Rhineland-Palatinate, near the river Sieg.
Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn was a County of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, comprising the lands of the region of Sayn. It was created as a partition of Sayn-Wittgenstein in 1607, although it was not until the next year that it obtained fully the Countship of Sayn. The succession was never clear, leading to the annexation of the County by the Archbishop of Cologne. It was not until a treaty in 1648 by the end of the Thirty Years' War was it decided the county would pass to the sisters Ernestine and Johanette, under the regency of their mother Louise Juliane. They partitioned the County into Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Altenkirchen and Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hachenburg soon after.
Johann Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
Johann Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach, was a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
John William III, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach, was a duke of Saxe-Eisenach, and came from the Ernestine line of the house Wettin.
Princess Eleonore Erdmuthe Louise of Saxe-Eisenach, was a German princess member of the House of Wettin and through her two marriages was Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Electress of Saxony.
Princess and Landgravine Maria Eleonore of Hesse-Rotenburg was Landgravine of Hesse-Rotenburg by birth and was the Countess Palatine of Sulzbach by marriage. She is an ancestor of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria.
Johann Karl August, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg was a German nobleman. By descent, he was Count of Leiningen and Dagsburg, by heritage, he was Lord of Broich and Bürgel.
Sabine of Württemberg was a princess of Württemberg by birth and by marriage, the first Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel.
Countess Johanna Magdalene of Hanau-Lichtenberg was a daughter of Johann Reinhard II of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1628–1666) and the Countess Palatine Anna Magdalena of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler (1640–1693).
William of Hesse-Philippsthal was a member of the House of Hesse and Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal from 1770 until his death.
Ernest Casimir of Nassau-Weilburg was the founder of the younger line of Nassau-Weilburg.
Christian, Count of Waldeck, was Count of Waldeck-Wildungen and also imperial chamberlain.
Eleonore Wilhelmine of Anhalt-Köthen was a princess of Anhalt-Köthen by births and by marriage successively Princess of Saxe-Merseburg and Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.
Christine Juliane of Baden-Durlach, was a German noblewoman member of the House of Zähringen and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Eisenach.
Fredericka Elisabeth of Saxe-Eisenach, was a German noblewoman member of the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels.
Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein (1632–1701)Born: 27 August 1632 Died: 28 September 1701
|New creation|| Duchess consort of Saxe-Marksuhl |
|Merged to the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach|
Title last held byMarie Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
| Duchess consort of Saxe-Eisenach |
Title next held bySophie Charlotte of Württemberg