John Addison Thomas

Last updated
John Addison Thomas
3rd United States Assistant Secretary of State
In office
November 1, 1855 April 3, 1857
President Franklin Pierce
James Buchanan
Preceded by William Hunter
Succeeded by John Appleton
Personal details
Born(1810-05-28)May 28, 1810
Cabarrus County, North Carolina, U.S.
DiedMarch 26, 1858(1858-03-26) (aged 47)
Paris, France
Catherine Ronalds(m. 18441858)
ParentsIsaac Jetton Thomas
Asenath Houston
Relatives James Houston Thomas (brother)
Alma mater United States Military Academy

John Addison Thomas (May 28, 1810 March 26, 1858) [1] was an American engineer and military officer who served in the United States Army, and later served as United States Assistant Secretary of State.


Early life

Thomas was born in Cabarrus County, North Carolina on May 28, 1810 and grew up on the family plantation in Columbia, Tennessee. [1] He was the son of Isaac Jetton Thomas and Asenath (née Houston) Thomas. His older brother was James Houston Thomas (1808–1876), a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee's 6th district. [1]

He graduated at the United States Military Academy in 1833. [2]


Upon his graduation from West Point, he was assigned to the 3rd artillery, served in garrison and as assistant instructor of infantry tactics and became 2nd lieutenant on December 1, 1835 and 1st lieutenant on June 30, 1837. [3] From 1840 to 1841 he was assistant professor of geography, history and ethics at West Point and from 1842 to 1845 he was commandant of cadets and instructor of infantry tactics. He was made captain on November 19, 1843 and resigned on May 28, 1846 to practice law in New York City, New York. On July 23, 1846, he became colonel of the 4th New York regiment which had been raised for the war with Mexico, but was not mustered into service. [3]

Thomas was chief engineer of New York state in 1853 to 1854 and from April 19, 1853 to January 14, 1854 was advocate of the United States in London, England under the convention of February 8, 1853 with Great Britain for the adjustment of American claims. From November 1, 1855 to April 3, 1857 he was United States Assistant Secretary of State, serving under U.S. Secretary of State William L. Marcy and, later, Lewis Cass, in Washington, D.C. [4] He gained reputation by his report of the convention with Great Britain and by other state papers.

Personal life

In 1844, Thomas was married to Catherine Ronalds (1820–1885), the daughter of Maria Dorothea Lorillard (1790–1848) and Thomas Alexander Ronalds (1788–1835), a New York merchant. Eleanora was the granddaughter of Pierre Lorillard II, the head of the Lorillard Tobacco Company, and a cousin of Catharine Lorillard Wolfe. Her sister, Eleanora Lorillard Ronalds, was married to U.S. Representative Frederick A. Conkling. [5] They were the parents of: [6]

Thomas died in Paris, France on March 26, 1858. [3]


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Weeks, Lyman Horace (1898). Prominent Families of New York: Being an Account in Biographical Form of Individuals and Families Distinguished as Representatives of the Social, Professional and Civic Life of New York City. Historical Company. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  2. Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John (1900). Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American biography. New York, D. Appleton. p. 85. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 Cullum, George Washington (1891). Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy. 721. 1 (3rd ed.). Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin. p. 547. Retrieved September 23, 2009.
  4. "John Addison Thomas - People - Department History". Office of the Historian, Bureau of Public Affairs United States Department of State . Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  5. Commemorative Biographical Record of Fairfield County, Connecticut: Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens, and of Many of the Early Settled Families. Higginson Book Company. 1899. p. 811. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  6. "Miss Wolfe's Heirs". The New York Times . 12 April 1887. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  7. "Col. Addison Thomas". The New York Times . 29 July 1908. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  8. "DIED. THOMAS". The New York Times . 20 May 1900. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  9. "MARRIED. Thomas -- Richards". The New York Times . 28 April 1881. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  10. Social Register, Summer. Social Register Association. 1899. p. 287. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  11. "MARRIED. Thomas -- Percy". The New York Times . 16 April 1902. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  12. Annuaire de la noblesse de France et des maisons souveraines de l'Europe (in French). Bureau de la publication. 1905. p. 377. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  13. "DOINGS OF AMERICANS IN FRANCE; Dinners Given by Mrs. Crane and Mrs. Spears on Christmas Day -- Mrs. Potter Palmer Soon Coming Home -- Engagement of Mlle. de Machado and Vicomte Henri de la Haye d'Anglemont". The New York Times . January 3, 1904. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  14. Journal of Proceedings of the ... Annual Session of the Convention. The Diocese. 1886. p. 28. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
Political offices
Preceded by
William Hunter
United States
Assistant Secretary of State

November 1, 1855 April 3, 1857
Succeeded by
John Appleton

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