|Member of the 2nd Continental Congress from New York|
May 10, 1775 – March 1, 1781
|Member of the 1st Continental Congress from New York|
September 14, 1774 – October 26, 1774
New Windsor, Province of New York
|Died||November 22, 1794|
Newtown, Queens County, New York, United States
|Resting place||Trinity Church Cemetery, New York City|
(m. 1766;died 1772)
|Parents||John Alsop, Sr.|
|Relatives|| Rufus King (son-in-law)|
John Alsop King (grandson)
Charles King (grandson)
James Gore King (grandson)
Edward King (grandson)
Richard Alsop (nephew)
John Alsop Jr. (1724 – November 22, 1794) was an American merchant and politician from New York City during the American Revolution. He was a delegate for New York to the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1776.
Alsop was born in 1724 in New Windsor, Orange County in the then British Province of New York. He was the son of John Alsop, Sr. and Abigail Sackett (1695–1752).His father was a lawyer in New Windsor, and later New York City, where he was largely interested in real estate. His parents married in 1718 and were the parents of four children, including his younger brother, Richard Alsop (1726–1776).
His paternal grandparents were Capt. Richard Alsop and Hannah Underhill (1666–1757), who first settled in New York during the 1650s and served as a major in Oliver Cromwell's army, but after a disagreement with the Lord Protector, he fled to the obscurity of colonial life.His great-grandparents were Captain John Underhill (1597–1672) and Elizabeth Feake, who was the daughter of Lt. Robert Feake and Elizabeth Fones (1610–c. 1673), a descendant of Governor John Winthrop of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
His maternal grandparents were Captain Joseph Sackett and Elizabeth Betts.His great-grandparents were Capt. Richard Betts and Joanna Chamberlayne.
As a young man he moved to New York City and entered the mercantile world with his brother Richard. The brothers became importers and merchants in cloth and dry goods.Their enterprise prospered, and the Alsops, for several generations, became one of the great merchant houses of the city.
With the business secure, John became interested in civic and political activities. He was elected by New York County to serve in the Province of New York Assembly.He was one of the civic leaders that incorporated the New York Hospital Association, and served as its first governor from 1770 to 1784. In 1757, his brother Richard retired from business and removed to Middletown, Connecticut.
During the first phases of the American Revolution, the Province of New York Assembly could not reach a conclusion about the Continental Congress. As a result, delegates were selected by the revolutionary committees in each county. In 1774, John Alsop, along with James Duane, John Jay, Philip Livingston, and Isaac Low were named by several counties, extending from Long Island to Albany.When the Congress convened on September 5, John Jay presented their credentials and the Congress accepted. Alsop didn't arrive in Philadelphia until September 14.
As the revolution escalated in 1775, Alsop was one of the leaders of the Committee of Sixty which became the provisional government in New York City. He actively supported the non-importation agreements that he had signed the previous October in the Congress, despite the costs to his business. He was active in recruiting militia and in efforts to equip and arm them. As the Assembly continued to refuse to recognize the national Congress, he was elected to the alternative revolutionary New York Provincial Congress, and they in turn returned him to the second Continental Congress.Alsop favoured reconciliation with Great Britain and so resigned as a delegate to the Congress rather than sign the Declaration of Independence.
1776 was a critical year in the struggle for New York. Alsop began the year at Philadelphia, in a session of Congress. He made several trips between there and New York, acting as an agent of congress through his business to acquire supplies, and particularly powder for the Continental Army. After General Washington visited Congress in late May, Alsop returned with him to New York in early June.He added efforts to find housing for 8,000 Continental Army troops to his earlier and continuing work on the supply problems. When his home in Newtown was captured by the British in August, he kept working from Manhattan. By September the British had occupied Manhattan as well, ending his effective contributions to the revolution. He escaped to Middletown, Connecticut and remained until the British occupation ended in 1783.
After the war he worked to help rebuild the family business, and again became active as a civic leader. He was president of New York City's Chamber of Commerce in 1784 and 1785.
On June 6, 1766, he married Mary Frogat (1744–1772) in New York City.They were the parents of one daughter who was born in New York on October 17, 1769 and died in Jamaica, New York on June 5, 1819.
Alsop died at his home in Newtown, Queens County, New York on November 22, 1794 and is buried in Trinity Church Cemetery on Manhattan.His considerable fortune was passed to his daughter and son-in-law after his death.
His nephew, Richard Alsop (1761–1815), was an author who wrote the National and Civil History of Chili, in two volumes, and was one of The Hartford Wits, also known as the Connecticut Wits, who were a group of American writers centered around Yale University and flourished in the 1780s and 1790s. In 1800, Alsop wrote a monody, in heroic verse, on the death of Washington.His son, also Richard Alsop (1790–1842), a partner of W. S. Wetmore, founded the house of Alsop & Co., in Valparaíso, Chile, and Lima, Peru.
Another nephew, Joseph W. Alsop (1772–1844), had a daughter Lucy Alsop, who married Henry Chauncey, of the firm of Alsop & Chauncey, of New York City, who founded the Pacific Mail Steamship Company in 1848. 13 His son, Joseph Wright Alsop, Jr. (1804–1878), was the father of Joseph Wright Alsop III (1838–1891), who was the father of Joseph Wright Alsop IV (1876–1953) who married Corinne Douglas Robinson (1886–1971), a niece of Theodore Roosevelt, and were the parents of Joseph Wright Alsop V (1910–1989) and Stewart Alsop (1914–1974), both American newspaper journalists and political analysts.:
Some of Alsop's notable descendants include:
John Alsop (1724 –1794).
John Alsop descendants.
Robert Robert Livingston was an American lawyer, politician, diplomat from New York, and a Founding Father of the United States. He was known as "The Chancellor", after the high New York state legal office he held for 25 years. He was a member of the Committee of Five that drafted the Declaration of Independence, along with Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Roger Sherman. Livingston administered the oath of office to George Washington when he assumed the Presidency in 1789.
William Livingston was an American politician who served as the Governor of New Jersey (1776–1790) during the American Revolutionary War and was a signer of the United States Constitution.
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John Broome was an American merchant and politician who was Lieutenant Governor of New York, from 1804 to 1810.
John Alsop King was an American politician who was Governor of New York from 1857 to 1858.
William Duer was a British-born American lawyer, developer, and speculator from New York City. A Federalist, Duer wrote in support of ratifying the United States Constitution as "Philo-Publius." He had earlier served in the Continental Congress and the convention that framed the New York Constitution. In 1778, he signed the United States Articles of Confederation.
James Gore King was an American businessman and Whig Party politician who represented New Jersey's 5th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives for one term from 1849 to 1851.
Henry Bell Van Rensselaer was an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, and a politician who served in the United States Congress as a Representative from the state of New York.
John Cameron Swayze was an American news commentator and game show panelist during the 1940s and 1950s who later became best known as a product spokesman.
Nicholas Low was an American merchant and developer from New York City. He developed properties in upstate New York, including Lowville which was named for him.
Stewart Johonnot Oliver Alsop was an American newspaper columnist and political analyst.
Jonathan Lawrence was an American merchant and politician from New York.
Corinne Douglas Robinson was an American politician who served two terms as a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives.
Charles King was an American academic, politician and newspaper editor. He succeeded Nathaniel Fish Moore to become the ninth president of Columbia College, holding the role from November 1849 until 1864.
Richard Irving Dodge was a colonel in the United States Army. Dodge was born in North Carolina and died after a long and successful career in the U.S. Army. He began as a cadet in 1844 and retired as a Colonel May 19, 1891.
Richard Alsop (1761–1815) was an American author from the Alsop family of Middletown, Connecticut.
Edward King was an Ohio legislator and lawyer who was twice Speaker of the Ohio House of Representatives, and was on the first faculty of the Cincinnati Law School.
Susan Mary Alsop was an American socialite and writer active in Washington, D.C. political circles. The wife of columnist Joseph Alsop and a descendant of founding father John Jay, her Georgetown home hosted dignitaries and publishers during the 1960s and 70s ranging from John F. Kennedy, Phil and Katharine Graham, and Isaiah Berlin, earning her the nickname "the grand dame of Washington society."
John deKoven Alsop was an American soldier, insurance executive, and politician who served in the Connecticut State House of Representatives and was an unsuccessful candidate for the Governor of Connecticut in 1958 and 1962, and was known as "one of Connecticut's most influential and colorful Republicans."
Edward King was an American banker who served as president of the New York Stock Exchange and president of the Saint Nicholas Society of the City of New York.