John Ashby (Royal Navy officer)

Last updated

Sir John Ashby
Born1646
Italy
Died12 June 1693(1693-06-12) (aged 46–47)
Portsmouth
Buried
AllegianceFlag of England.svg  Kingdom of England
Service/branchEnglish Red Ensign 1620.svg  Royal Navy
Years of service- 1693
Rank Admiral
Commands held HMS Advice
HMS Rainbow
HMS Pearl
HMS Lion
HMS Rose
HMS Dunkirk
HMS Constant Warwick
HMS Mary Rose
HMS Montague
HMS Henrietta
HMS Mordaunt
HMS Defiance
Battles/wars

Sir John Ashby (1646 – 12 June 1693) was an officer of the Royal Navy, who rose to the rank of Admiral. Ashby was the fourth son of Robert Ashby and his wife Alice, who was a sister of Sir Thomas Allin. He grew up in Suffolk where his father was involved in business. [1]

Contents

Early career

After Ashby entered the navy he was promoted quickly to lieutenant of HMS Adventure from November 1665 to June 1666. He was subsequently a lieutenant aboard HMS Princess in 1668 [2] before being promoted to first comment on the ketch HMS Deptford in October that year. [3]

Later career

In June 1669 he was given command of HMS Advice, followed by HMS Rainbow between 1670-1672. Ashby then was given command of HMS Pearl in January 1672 and remained there for only a year. [3] Once aboard Pearl he fought his first battle at Schooneveld. His second battle was also at Schooneveld, but this time in HMS Lion, serving in Prince Rupert's division of the Red Squadron. [3] His third battle was the Battle of Texel on 11 August 1673, where he fought again in HMS Lion. [3]

From 1674 to 1679 he commanded four more ships in American waters, [4] and played a part in numerous battles concerning the Virginian Revolution. From 1681 to 1684 he commanded HMS Mary Rose escorting the Levant trade. [3] In May 1685 Ashby became the governor of Sandgate Castle. [3]

Sir John also commanded HMS Montague as she was mobilized to counter the rebellion of the Duke of Monmouth followed by the guardship HMS Henrietta, and then HMS Mordaunt, the latter in response to the threatened invasion by William of Orange. [3] Ashby was eventually convinced to command HMS Defiance for William of Orange, as he was persuaded of the need to fight the 'popish oppression' of the current king, James II. After William III was crowned, he knighted Ashby on-board his flagship on 16 May 1689 and made him rear admiral of the Red Squadron soon after. He also presented Ashby with a diamond watch. [1]

Admiralty

In the battle of Beachy Head Ashby served as vice-admiral of the red, flying his flag on HMS Berwick. [5] His conduct was praised by Queen Mary. After the battle he was named joint admiral of the fleet with Sir Richard Haddock and Sir Henry Killigrew. [6]

At the battles of Battle of Barfleur and La Hogue he commanded HMS Victory as Admiral of the Blue. [3] He was called before the House of Commons of England after Barfleur to give an account of why he had not done more to annihilate the French fleet. He was pardoned after he gained the support of Admiral Edward Russell. [5]

From 1690 until his death three years later Ashby served on the Navy Board as Controller of Storekeepers Accounts. [3] Ashby died on 12 June 1693 in Portsmouth and was buried at Lowestoft. In his will he left most of his possessions to his brother, and the rest to cousins and naval colleagues. [3]

Related Research Articles

George Rooke Royal Navy admiral

Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Rooke was an English naval officer. As a junior officer he saw action at the Battle of Solebay and again at the Battle of Schooneveld during the Third Anglo-Dutch War. As a captain, he conveyed Prince William of Orange to England and took part in the Battle of Bantry Bay during the Williamite War in Ireland.

Cloudesley Shovell Royal Navy admiral

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Cloudesley Shovell was an English naval officer. As a junior officer he saw action at the Battle of Solebay and then at the Battle of Texel during the Third Anglo-Dutch War. As a captain he fought at the Battle of Bantry Bay during the Williamite War in Ireland.

Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford First Lord of the Admiralty

Admiral of the Fleet Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford, PC was a Royal Navy officer and politician. After serving as a junior officer at the Battle of Solebay during the Third Anglo-Dutch War, he served as a captain in the Mediterranean in operations against the Barbary pirates.

David Mitchell (Royal Navy officer) Scottish admiral, born 1642

Sir David Mitchell was a Scottish admiral, courtier and parliamentary official.

Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington 17th and 18th-century Royal Navy admiral

Admiral Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington was an English admiral and politician. Dismissed by King James II in 1688 for refusing to vote to repeal the Test Act, which prevented Roman Catholics from holding public office, he brought the Invitation to William to the Prince of Orange at The Hague, disguised as a simple sailor. As a reward he was made commander of William's invasion fleet which landed at Torbay in Devon on 5 November 1688 thus initiating the Glorious Revolution.

John Norris (Royal Navy officer) British naval officer

Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Norris was a Royal Navy officer and Whig politician. After serving as a junior officer during the Nine Years' War and the Williamite War in Ireland, he was given command of a squadron sent to North America to protect British settlements on the banks of Hudson Bay in 1697. Although he developed a plan to recapture some territories in Newfoundland and Labrador taken by French forces the previous winter, he was prevented from implementing that plan when the local council overruled him.

George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington 17th and 18th-century Royal Navy admiral

Admiral of the Fleet George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington, of Southill Park in Bedfordshire, was a Royal Navy officer and statesman. While still a lieutenant, he delivered a letter from various captains to Prince William of Orange, who had just landed at Torbay, assuring the Prince of the captains' support; the Prince gave Byng a response which ultimately led to the Royal Navy switching allegiance to the Prince and the Glorious Revolution of November 1688.

Matthew Aylmer, 1st Baron Aylmer Irish Admiral and Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Navy

Admiral of the Fleet Matthew Aylmer, 1st Baron Aylmer, of Covent Garden, Westminster, and Westcliffe, near Dover, was an Anglo-Irish Royal Navy officer and Whig politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1695 and 1720.

George Legge, 1st Baron Dartmouth English naval commander

Admiral of the Fleet George Legge, 1st Baron Dartmouth PC was an English naval commander who gave distinguished service to both Charles II and James II.

John Leake English naval officer and politician

Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Leake was a Royal Navy officer and politician. As a junior officer he saw action at the Battle of Texel during the Third Anglo-Dutch War. He then distinguished himself when he led the convoy that broke the barricading boom at Culmore Fort thereby lifting the Siege of Derry during the Williamite War in Ireland. As a captain he saw action in some of the heaviest fighting at the Battle of Barfleur and was also involved in a successful attack on the French ships at the Battle of La Hogue during the Nine Years' War.

Admiral Henry Killigrew was a Royal Navy officer who rose to the rank of Admiral of the Blue and was appointed a Lords Commissioner of the Admiralty and member of the Board of Admiralty. After retiring from the Royal Navy he pursued a career in politics and later became a Member of Parliament.

Thomas Hopsonn Royal Navy admiral

Sir Thomas Hopsonn or Hopson was an English naval officer and member of parliament. His most famous action was the breaking of the boom during the battle of Vigo Bay in 1702. After retiring from active service, he became a Navy Commissioner and the governor of Greenwich Hospital.

Sir John Kempthorne was an officer in the English Royal Navy during the Second and Third Anglo-Dutch Wars, who eventually rose to the rank of Vice-Admiral.

William Rowley (Royal Navy officer) British Royal Navy officer

Admiral of the Fleet Sir William Rowley KB was a Royal Navy officer. He distinguished himself by his determination as commander of the vanguard at the Battle of Toulon in February 1744 during the War of the Austrian Succession. He went on to be Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet in August 1744 and successfully kept the Spanish and French fleets out of the Mediterranean area but was relieved of his command following criticism of his decision as presiding officer at a court-martial.

Richard Haddock Officer of the British Royal Navy (1629-1715)

Sir Richard Haddock was an officer of the Royal Navy. He served during the Anglo-Dutch Wars, eventually rising to the rank of Admiral in August 1690. In Herge's Adventures of Tintin, Richard Haddock was one of the inspirations for Captain Haddock's 17th century ancestor, Sir Francis Haddock.

James Richard Dacres (Royal Navy officer, born 1749) Royal Navy officer

James Richard Dacres was an officer of the Royal Navy who saw service during the Seven Years' War, the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. He eventually rose to the rank of Vice-Admiral.

Sir Francis Wheler was an officer of the Royal Navy who served during the Nine Years' War.

George Martin (Royal Navy officer) officer of the Royal Navy, born 1764

Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Martin was an officer of the Royal Navy who saw service during the American War of Independence, and the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. During his long naval career he took part in several significant battles, for which he was awarded a number of honours and promotions; he commanded ships at Cape St Vincent and Cape Finisterre.

John Knight (Royal Navy officer) British Royal Navy officer

Sir John Knight, KCB was a senior British Royal Navy officer during the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries most noted for his activities as a post captain during the American and French Revolutionary Wars. Serving with the Caribbean Fleet during the American war, Knight fought a several significant battles and was commended for his service and made tutor of the young Prince William. During the French wars he served with the North Sea fleet under Admiral Adam Duncan and was engaged at the Battle of Camperdown against the Dutch. During the Napoleonic Wars that followed he held a senior administrative role at Gibraltar and retired in 1815 to his home and eight children. Although Knight was respected professionally, he was not popular with his men and fellow officers and was criticised for his ability to maintain discipline and for his close relationship with his family which some suggested had a negative impact on his performance as an officer.

John Chicheley English naval officer

Rear Admiral Sir John Chicheley was a Royal Navy officer. He commanded a squadron at the Battle of Schooneveld in June 1673 and the Battle of Texel in August 1673 during the Franco-Dutch War. He went on to be Commissioner of the Ordnance and then Senior Naval Lord. He was also a Member of Parliament.

References

  1. 1 2 Harding, Edward (1805). Naval biography; or, The history and lives of distinguished characters in the British Navy: from the earliest period of history to the present time, Volume 2. Printed for John Scott. pp. 36–37.
  2. Campbell, John; John Joseph Stockdale (1818). The naval history of Great Britain:commencing with the earliest period of history, and continued to the expedition against Algiers, under the command of Lord Exmouth, in 1816. Including the history and lives of British admirals, Volume 3. Baldwyn & Co. pp. 148–149.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Davies, JD (2004). "Ashby, Sir John (bap. 1646, d. 1693), naval officer". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.The first edition of this text is available at Wikisource:  "Ashby, John"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  4. Tanner, JR. "The Administration of the Navy from the Restoration to the Revolution. Part III.-1679-1688 (Continued)". The English Historical Review. Oxford University Press. 14 (54): 261–289. JSTOR   547657.
  5. 1 2 Stewart, William (2009). Admirals of the world: a biographical dictionary, 1500 to the present. McFarland. p. 12. ISBN   978-0-7864-3809-9.
  6. Charnock, John (1794). Biographia navalis; or, Impartial memoirs of the lives ... of officers of the navy of Great Britain from ... 1660. pp.  308–309. John Ashby navy.