John B. Kendrick

Last updated
John B. Kendrick
KENDRICK, JOHN B. GOVERNOR LCCN2016859134 (cropped).jpg
United States Senator
from Wyoming
In office
March 4, 1917 November 3, 1933
Preceded by Clarence D. Clark
Succeeded by Joseph C. O'Mahoney
9th Governor of Wyoming
In office
January 4, 1915 February 26, 1917
Preceded by Joseph M. Carey
Succeeded by Frank L. Houx
Member of the Wyoming State Senate
In office
1910-1914
Personal details
Born(1857-09-06)September 6, 1857
Rusk, Texas, U.S.
DiedNovember 3, 1933(1933-11-03) (aged 76)
Sheridan, Wyoming, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s)Eula Wulfjen
Children2
Profession Politician, Rancher

John Benjamin Kendrick (September 6, 1857 November 3, 1933) was an American politician and cattleman. He served as a United States Senator from Wyoming and as the ninth Governor of Wyoming.

Cowman (profession) person who works specifically with cattle

A cowman is a person who works specifically with cattle.

Wyoming State of the United States of America

Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States. The state is the 10th largest by area, the least populous, and the second most sparsely populated state in the country. Wyoming is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, and on the west by Idaho and Montana. The state population was estimated at 577,737 in 2018, which is less than 31 of the most populous U.S. cities including Denver in neighboring Colorado. Cheyenne is the state capital and the most populous city, with an estimated population of 63,624 in 2017.

Contents

Early life

Kendrick was born near Rusk, Texas to John Harvey Kendrick and Anna (Maye) Kendrick. He grew up on a ranch and attended the public schools in Texas until he was in the seventh grade. [1] In March, 1879 he moved cattle from Texas to Wyoming (1,500 miles). [2] He arrived in Wyoming in August, 1879 and settled on a ranch near Sheridan, where he raised cattle as a cowboy, [2] ranch foreman, [2] and later cattle company owner. [1] He married Eula Wulfjen (his employer's daughter) on January 20, 1891. [3]

Rusk, Texas City in Texas, United States

The population was 5,551 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Cherokee County.

Sheridan, Wyoming City in Wyoming, United States

Sheridan is a city in Sheridan County, Wyoming, United States. The 2010 census put the population at 17,444 and a Micropolitan Statistical Area of 29,116. It is the county seat of Sheridan County.

Cattle domesticated form of Aurochs

Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae, are the most widespread species of the genus Bos, and are most commonly classified collectively as Bos taurus.

Kendrick worked as foreman for his father-in-law's cattle company from 1879 until 1883. [1] He was employed by (and invested in ownership positions in) the Lance Creek Cattle Company (1885), [1] the Converse Cattle Company (1887, owner in 1897). [2] Kendrick was also President of the First National Bank of Sheridan from 1900 to 1902. [1] [2]

A $10 National Bank Note, Series 1882 Brown Back, from the First National Bank of Sheridan, WY with the hand-signed signature of John B. Kendrick. WY-Sheridan-4604-82BB-10-727-A (Obverse).jpg
A $10 National Bank Note, Series 1882 Brown Back, from the First National Bank of Sheridan, WY with the hand-signed signature of John B. Kendrick.

Career

In 1909 he was elected President of the Wyoming Stock Growers Association. He was a member of the Wyoming State Senate from 1910 to 1914 and was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1913. He was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention from Wyoming in 1916 and 1924. [3]

The Wyoming Stock Growers Association (WSGA) is an American cattle organization started in 1872 among Wyoming cattle ranchers to standardize and organize the cattle industry but quickly grew into a political force that has been called "the de facto territorial government" of Wyoming's organization into early statehood, and wielded great influence throughout the Western United States.

Democratic National Convention series of presidential nominating conventions held every four years since 1832 by the United States Democratic Party

The Democratic National Convention (DNC) is a series of presidential nominating conventions held every four years since 1832 by the United States Democratic Party. They have been administered by the Democratic National Committee since the 1852 national convention. The primary goal of the Democratic National Convention is to nominate and confirm a candidate for president and vice president, adopt a comprehensive party platform and unify the party. Pledged delegates from all fifty U.S. states and from American dependencies and territories such as Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, and superdelegates which are unpledged delegates representing the Democratic establishment, attend the convention and cast their votes to choose the Party's presidential candidate. Like the Republican National Convention, the Democratic National Convention marks the formal end of the primary election period and the start of the general election season.

He then served as Governor of Wyoming from 1915 until he resigned in 1917, having been elected as a Democratic candidate to the United States Senate in 1916. Kendrick was reelected to the Senate in 1922 and 1928 and served from March 4, 1917, until his death at Sheridan, Wyoming, in 1933. [4] In 1932 he received an honorary law degree from the University of Wyoming. [5]

Democratic Party (United States) political party in the United States

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.

United States Senate Upper house of the United States Congress

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol, in Washington, D.C.

University of Wyoming public university in Laramie, Wyoming

The University of Wyoming is a land-grant university located in Laramie, Wyoming, situated on Wyoming's high Laramie Plains, at an elevation of 7,220 feet (2194 m), between the Laramie and Snowy Range mountains. It is known as UW to people close to the university. The university was founded in March 1886, four years before the territory was admitted as the 44th state, and opened in September 1887. The University of Wyoming is unusual in that its location within the state is written into the state's constitution. The university also offers outreach education in communities throughout Wyoming and online.

He served as chairman of the Committee on Canadian Relations (Sixty-fifth Congress) and member of the Committee on Public Lands and Surveys (Seventy-third Congress). [6] He was credited with beginning the investigations into the Teapot Dome scandal, a bribery incident that took place from 1922 until 1923. He introduced legislation that helped create the Grand Teton National Park in northwestern Wyoming. [5]

Teapot Dome scandal 1921–1923 U.S. Cabinet bribery scandal

The Teapot Dome scandal was a bribery scandal involving the administration of United States President Warren G. Harding from 1921 to 1923. Secretary of the Interior Albert Bacon Fall had leased Navy petroleum reserves at Teapot Dome in Wyoming, and two locations in California, to private oil companies at low rates without competitive bidding. The leases were the subject of a seminal investigation by Senator Thomas J. Walsh. Convicted of accepting bribes from the oil companies, Fall became the first presidential cabinet member to go to prison; no one was convicted of paying the bribes.

Grand Teton National Park United States National Park in northwestern Wyoming

Grand Teton National Park is an American national park in northwestern Wyoming. At approximately 310,000 acres, the park includes the major peaks of the 40-mile-long (64 km) Teton Range as well as most of the northern sections of the valley known as Jackson Hole. Grand Teton National Park is only 10 miles (16 km) south of Yellowstone National Park, to which it is connected by the National Park Service-managed John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway. Along with surrounding national forests, these three protected areas constitute the almost 18,000,000-acre (7,300,000 ha) Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, one of the world's largest intact mid-latitude temperate ecosystems.

Death and legacy

While serving in the United States Senate, John Kendrick died on November 3, 1933. Kendrick is interred in Mount Hope Cemetery in Sheridan, Wyoming.

Trail End, completed in 1913, is located in Sheridan, Wyoming. Known locally as the Kendrick Mansion, it was the home of John B. Kendrick and his family. It is now a house museum operated by the Wyoming Department of State Parks and Cultural Resources Trail End State Historic Site aka Kendrick Mansion-Sheridan WY-06-28-2011.JPG
Trail End, completed in 1913, is located in Sheridan, Wyoming. Known locally as the Kendrick Mansion, it was the home of John B. Kendrick and his family. It is now a house museum operated by the Wyoming Department of State Parks and Cultural Resources

Kendrick was inducted into the National Cowboy Hall of Fame in 1958. [7]

Further reading

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Bartlett, p. 255.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Peterson, p. 5.
  3. 1 2 "John Benjamin Kendrick (1857-1933)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  4. "Sen. John Kendrick". Govtrack.us. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  5. 1 2 "Wyoming Governor John Benjamin Kendrick". National Governors Association. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  6. "KENDRICK, John Benjamin, (1857 - 1933)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
  7. "John Benjamin Kendrick". NNDB. Retrieved November 18, 2012.


Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph M. Carey
Governor of Wyoming
January 4, 1915 – February 26, 1917
Succeeded by
Frank L. Houx
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Clarence D. Clark
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Wyoming
1917–1933
Succeeded by
Joseph C. O'Mahoney