John Bell (Tennessee politician)

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Landon Carter Haynes was an American politician who served as a Confederate States senator from Tennessee from 1862 to 1865. He also served several terms in the Tennessee House of Representatives, including one term as speaker (1849–1851). In the early 1840s, Haynes worked as editor of the Jonesborough-based newspaper, Tennessee Sentinel, garnering regional fame for his frequent clashes with rival editor, William "Parson" Brownlow.

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Millard Fillmore was the 13th president of the United States, serving from 1850 to 1853, the last to be a member of the Whig Party while in the White House. A former member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Upstate New York, Fillmore was elected as the 12th vice president of the United States in 1848, and succeeded to the presidency in July 1850 upon the death of U.S. President Zachary Taylor. Fillmore was instrumental in the passing of the Compromise of 1850, a bargain that led to a brief truce in the battle over the expansion of slavery. He failed to win the Whig nomination for president in 1852 but gained the endorsement of the nativist Know Nothing Party four years later and finished third in the 1856 presidential election.

Samuel Ramsey Rodgers was an American attorney, judge and politician, who served as Speaker of the Tennessee Senate during the months following the Civil War. He oversaw the passage of several important pieces of legislation in the senate, including the state's ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Rodgers remained loyal to the Union during the war, and chaired the convention that reorganized the state government in January 1865.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James K. Polk 1844 presidential campaign</span>

The 1844 presidential campaign of James K. Polk, then both the former speaker of the United States House of Representatives and governor of Tennessee, was announced on May 27, 1844 in Baltimore, Maryland, however Polk had originally sought the vice-presidential nomination. At the 1844 Democratic National Convention on May 27, seven ballots were held before Polk was proposed as a compromise candidate and won on the ninth ballot.

The history of the United States Whig Party lasted from the establishment of the Whig Party early in President Andrew Jackson's second term (1833–1837) to the collapse of the party during the term of President Franklin Pierce (1853–1857).


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Jonathan Atkins, "John Bell," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, 2009. Retrieved: October 10, 2012.
  2. Correspondence of James K. Polk, by James Knox Polk, Volume 6 (1842-1843), page 17
  3. The Political Lincoln: An Encyclopedia, by Paul Finkelman and Martin J. Hershock, 2008, page 52
  4. "Congress slaveowners", The Washington Post, January 27, 2022, retrieved January 30, 2022
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 Joseph Parks, John Bell of Tennessee (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1950).
  6. Anthony Gene Carey, Parties, Slavery, and the Union in Antebellum Georgia (Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1997), p. 185.
  7. "Old Lines Whig of Maury". Nashville Daily Patriot. Nashville, Tennessee. September 3, 1856. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
  8. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bell, John (political leader)"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  9. Breckinridge had the support of the influential U.S. Senator John Slidell. Another Louisiana figure, Pierre Soulé, backed Douglas. John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963, ISBN   0-8071-0834-0, p. 5
  10. 1 2 3 Oliver Perry Temple, East Tennessee and the Civil War (Johnson City, Tenn.: Overmountain Press, 1995), pp. 234-236.
  11. William G. Brownlow, Sketches of the Rise, Progress and Decline of Secession (Philadelphia: G.W. Childs, 1862), pp. 208-209.

Further reading

John Bell
John Bell (Restored).png
Bell in 1858
United States Senator
from Tennessee
In office
November 22, 1847 March 3, 1859
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 7th congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Chair of the House Judiciary Committee
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Succeeded by
Preceded by United States Secretary of War
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Tennessee
Served alongside: Hopkins L. Turney, James C. Jones, Andrew Johnson
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Constitutional Union nominee for President of the United States
Party dissolved