John Boozman

Last updated
John Boozman
John Boozman, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
United States Senator
from Arkansas
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Servingwith Tom Cotton
Preceded by Blanche Lincoln
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Arkansas's 3rd district
In office
November 20, 2001 January 3, 2011
Preceded by Asa Hutchinson
Succeeded by Steve Womack
Personal details
Born
John Nichols Boozman

(1950-12-10) December 10, 1950 (age 68)
Shreveport, Louisiana, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)
Cathy Marley(m. 1972)
Children3
Education University of Arkansas
Southern College of Optometry (OD)
Signature John Boozman Signature.svg
Website Senate website

John Nichols Boozman ( /ˈbzmən/ ; born December 10, 1950) is the senior United States Senator for Arkansas, and a member of the Republican Party. He served as the United States Representative for Arkansas's 3rd congressional district from 2001 to 2011.

United States senators are conventionally ranked by the length of their tenure in the Senate. The senator in each U.S. state with the longer time in office is known as the senior senator; the other is the junior senator. This convention has no official standing, though seniority confers several benefits, including preference in the choice of committee assignments and physical offices. When senators have been in office for the same length of time, a number of tiebreakers, including previous offices held, are used to determine seniority.

United States Senate Upper house of the United States Congress

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol, in Washington, D.C.

Republican Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

Contents

Born in Shreveport, Louisiana, he is the brother of the late state Senator Fay Boozman. He attended the University of Arkansas, where he played football for the Arkansas Razorbacks, and graduated from the Southern College of Optometry. He co-founded a private optometry clinic in 1977 and worked as a volunteer optometrist for low-income families. He won a special election in 2002 to the U.S. House of Representatives, where he served as assistant majority whip and sat on the Republican Policy Committee. He was an advocate for drug policy issues and chaired the Veteran Affairs Economic Opportunity Subcommittee, where he led the passage of bills expanding services for unemployed veterans.

Shreveport, Louisiana City in Louisiana, United States

Shreveport is a city in the U.S. state of Louisiana. It is the most populous city in the Shreveport-Bossier City metropolitan area. Shreveport ranks third in population in Louisiana after New Orleans and Baton Rouge and 126th in the U.S. The bulk of Shreveport is in Caddo Parish, of which it is the parish seat. Shreveport extends along the west bank of the Red River into neighboring Bossier Parish. The population of Shreveport was 199,311 as of the 2010 U.S. Census. The United States Census Bureau's 2017 estimate for the city's population decreased to 192,036.

Arkansas Senate upper house of the Arkansas General Assembly

The Arkansas Senate is the upper branch of the Arkansas General Assembly. The Senate consists of 35 members, each representing a district with about 83,000 people. Service in the state legislature is part-time, and many state senators have full-time jobs during the rest of the year. During the current term, the Senate contains twenty-six Republicans, and nine Democrats.

Fay Boozman American politician

Fay Winford Boozman III was a Republican politician from the U.S. state of Arkansas, a close friend of former Governor Mike Huckabee and a 1998 candidate for Senate.

Boozman was elected to the United States Senate in 2010, defeating Democratic incumbent Blanche Lincoln by a 21-point margin and becoming the first Republican to be elected to the seat since Reconstruction. He took office in January 2011 and is the ranking Republican on the Senate Agriculture Subcommittee on Conservation, Forestry and Natural Resources, the Commerce Subcommittee on Science and Space and the Environment and Public Works Subcommittee on Green Jobs and the New Economy. Boozman became the senior Senator in 2015 when Mark Pryor left the Senate after his defeat. Boozman was re-elected in 2016.

Blanche Lincoln American politician

Blanche Meyers Lambert Lincoln is an American politician and lawyer who served as a U.S. Senator from Arkansas from 1999 to 2011. A member of the Democratic Party, Lincoln was first elected to the Senate in 1998; she was the first woman elected to the Senate from Arkansas since Hattie Caraway in 1932 and, at age 38, was the youngest woman ever elected to the Senate. She previously served in the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Arkansas's 1st congressional district from 1993 to 1997.

The U.S. Senate Agriculture Subcommittee on Conservation, Forestry and Natural Resources is one of five subcommittees of the U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry.

The U.S. Senate Environment and Public Works Subcommittee on Green Jobs and the New Economy was a subcommittee of the U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works.

Early life, education and career

Boozman was born in Shreveport, Louisiana, [1] the son of Marie E. (née Nichols) and Fay Winford Boozman, Jr. (1923–1991). [2] Boozman's father, whose last address was in Rogers, Arkansas, was a Master Sergeant in the United States Air Force. [3] His elder brother, Fay Boozman (1946–2005), was also a politician. After graduating from Northside High School in Fort Smith, Arkansas, Boozman played football for the Arkansas Razorbacks at the University of Arkansas, which he attended between 1969 and 1973, [4] while completing his pre-optometry requirements. He did not graduate from the University of Arkansas. [5] He graduated from the Southern College of Optometry in 1977 and entered private practice that same year as co-founder of Boozman-Hof Regional Eye Clinic in Rogers, which has become a major provider of eye care to Northwest Arkansas. He established the low vision program at the Arkansas School for the Blind in Little Rock and worked as a volunteer optometrist at an area clinic that provides medical services to low-income families.

Rogers, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Rogers is located in Northwest Arkansas, United States, one of the fastest growing metro areas in the country. Rogers was the location of the first Walmart store, whose corporate headquarters is located in neighboring Bentonville. Rogers is a city in the Ozarks in Benton County. Daisy Outdoor Products, known for its air rifles, has both its headquarters and its Airgun Museum in Rogers.

United States Air Force Air and space warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces, and one of the seven American uniformed services. Initially formed as a part of the United States Army on 1 August 1907, the USAF was established as a separate branch of the U.S. Armed Forces on 18 September 1947 with the passing of the National Security Act of 1947. It is the youngest branch of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the fourth in order of precedence. The USAF is the largest and most technologically advanced air force in the world. The Air Force articulates its core missions as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, and command and control.

Northside High School (Fort Smith, Arkansas)

Northside High School is one of two public high schools in the city of Fort Smith, Arkansas, both of which are administered by the Fort Smith School District. Within the state, the school is commonly known as Fort Smith Northside.

Prior to his election to Congress, Boozman served two terms on the Rogers Public School Board, which governs one of the largest school districts in Arkansas.

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

Boozman was elected to Congress in a special election after his predecessor, Asa Hutchinson, resigned to become the head of the Drug Enforcement Administration. Boozman was unopposed in 2002, defeated Democratic State Representative Jan Judy by a margin of 59 percent to 38 percent in 2004, and again won re-election in 2006, defeating Democrat Woodrow Anderson III. He was unopposed for reelection in 2008.

Asa Hutchinson 46th Governor of Arkansas

William Asa Hutchinson II is an American businessman, attorney, and politician, serving as the 46th Governor of Arkansas since 2015. Previously he was U.S. Attorney for the Fort Smith-based Western District of Arkansas, U.S. Congressman from the Third District of Arkansas, Administrator of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), and the first Undersecretary for Border & Transportation Security at the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

Drug Enforcement Administration United States federal law enforcement agency

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is a United States federal law enforcement agency under the United States Department of Justice, tasked with combating drug smuggling and distribution within the United States. The DEA is the lead agency for domestic enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act, sharing concurrent jurisdiction with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). It has sole responsibility for coordinating and pursuing US drug investigations both domestic and abroad.

Democratic Party (United States) political party in the United States

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.

Tenure

In October 2002, Boozman voted in favor of the Iraq Resolution which led to the Iraq War. [6] In 2011, after 4,500 Americans and hundreds of thousands of civilians had died, Boozman stated that the war was "worth it." [7]

Iraq Resolution

The Iraq Resolution is a joint resolution passed by the United States Congress in October 2002 as Public Law No: 107-243, authorizing military action against Iraq.

Iraq War War which started on 20 March 2003, based in Iraq

The Iraq War was a protracted armed conflict that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein. The conflict continued for much of the next decade as an insurgency emerged to oppose the occupying forces and the post-invasion Iraqi government. An estimated 151,000 to 600,000 or more Iraqis were killed in the first three to four years of conflict. In 2009, official US troops were withdrawn, but American soldiers continued to remain on the ground fighting in Iraq, hired by defence contractors and private military companies. The U.S. became re-involved in 2014 at the head of a new coalition; the insurgency and many dimensions of the civil armed conflict continue. The invasion occurred as part of a declared war against international terrorism and its sponsors under the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush following the unrelated September 11 terrorist attacks.

Starting during the 108th Congress, Boozman served as an Assistant Whip, making him responsible for helping House Republican Whips Roy Blunt and Eric Cantor secure the votes for or against major legislation.

Boozman was also named to the Speaker's Task Force for a Drug-Free America in 2003. The task force advised House Speaker Dennis Hastert on major drug policy issues and helped author legislation regarding recreational drugs, including anti-methamphetamine legislation. Boozman was the lead author of the Stop Marketing Illegal Drugs to Minors Act, a bill that would increase penalties on criminals who design and market drugs, such as candy-flavored meth, that are targeted to kids. [8] Boozman was praised by the National Association of Drug Court Professionals, earning the organization's Congressional Leadership Award in 2009. [9] In 2006, Congress passed a Boozman-authored provision promoting an expanded role for drug courts in efforts to reduce drug abuse and recidivism. [10]

During the 2008 presidential campaign, Boozman endorsed former Governor of Arkansas Mike Huckabee for President.

In the 109th Congress, Boozman served as Chairman of the Veterans Affairs Economic Opportunity Subcommittee, which focuses on ensuring veterans have a smooth transition to civilian life. He has since served continuously as the Ranking Member on this Subcommittee. [11] Boozman has used his seat on the Veterans Affairs Committee to pass legislation honoring the service and sacrifice of United States Military Veterans and increasing benefits to them and their families. In the 111th Congress, Boozman has introduced and the House of Representatives has passed the Veterans Retraining Act of 2009, which provides resources and training opportunities for unemployed veterans. [12] The House of Representatives also passed several other Boozman-authored bills, including a bill that creates grants to help disabled veterans adapt their homes and vehicles to meet their unique needs. [13]

In May 2004, Boozman was appointed to the House Policy Committee, a committee of Republicans who vet issues and formulate legislation to address them. [14]

Boozman was also a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Parliamentary Assembly (NATO PA), which is an inter-parliamentary organization of legislators from the 19 member countries of NATO and 20 associate countries. He was also appointed vice-chairman of the British American Parliamentary Group, a group of American and British lawmakers who meet to discuss issues of concern and fortify the already strong alliance between the two nations.

Boozman was a member of numerous House caucuses including the Congressional Caucus to Fight and Control Methamphetamine, the National Guard and Reserve Components Caucus, the Congressional Rural Caucus and the Congressional Sportsman's Caucus. Boozman was also one of the founding members of the Congressional I-49 Caucus to promote completion of Interstate 49, and he was the chairman of the Congressional Caucus on the Ivory Coast and West Africa Caucuses.

Congress.org's power rankings rate Boozman's power rating at 7.31, making him the 386th most powerful member out of 435 [15]

According to the April 28, 2007 Washington Post, Boozman was told by officials in the White House about its intention to fire Bud Cummins, United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Arkansas, and replace him with Tim Griffin, an aide to Karl Rove. According to the Post, none of the Democrats in Arkansas' congressional delegation were told that Cummins was to be one of eight U.S. Attorneys to be fired. Although Boozman did not represent any counties in the Eastern District, he was informed because he was the only Republican in the state's congressional delegation.

Boozman told the Post and the Associated Press that White House officials had promised him that Griffin would be subject to Senate confirmation. Instead, Attorney General Alberto Gonzales appointed Griffin as interim U.S. Attorney, using a provision of the Patriot Act that has since been repealed due to the controversy. Boozman also said that he did not think Cummins should have been fired because he was "very well respected and has served the president well." [16]

U.S. Senate

2010 election

In 2010, Boozman decided to give up his House seat to run for the election for the seat held by incumbent two-term Democrat Blanche Lincoln. He won the May 2010 Republican primary and then defeated Lincoln in the general election while winning nearly 58% of the vote.

2016 election

Boozman won a second term in 2016, defeating former U. S. Attorney Conner Eldridge with 59.2 percent of the vote. He is the first Republican to be popularly elected to a second term in the Senate from Arkansas.

Tenure

Boozman began his term in the Senate in January 2011.

Committee assignments

Source: United States Senate [17]

Caucus memberships

Political positions and votes

Boozman voted for legislation requiring the Food and Drug Administration to improve safety by regulating non-corrective colored contact lenses as medical devices. [20] This legislation was signed into law by President Bush in 2005. [21]

In the 111th Congress, Boozman introduced legislation (H.R. 2230) to provide tax credits for teachers and principals who work in challenging, low-income schools. [13] Boozman has also introduced legislation to reform the No Child Left Behind Act. One bill (H.R. 2229) would give states latitude to adopt alternate and modified standards for children with disabilities. [22] Boozman stated that this legislation "preserves accountability and helps to ensure our good schools stop ending up on the 'Needs-Improvement List'."

Other Boozman bills include legislation to provide a tax credit for volunteer firefighters, a bill to provide for parental notification and intervention when a minor seeks an abortion, and a bill to create alternatives to traditional foreign aid to poor countries in sub-saharan Africa. [13] [23]

The Zionist Organization of America has praised Boozman for his call to stop federal aid toward Hamas. [24]

On December 11, 2014, at 9:34 pm, Senator Boozman voted 'yea' on Senator Ted Cruz's point of order declaring the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 (popularly referred to as the "cromnibus" bill) to be unconstitutional because it funded President Barack Obama's executive order regarding children who are undocumented immigrants. [25] However, at 9:50 pm Senator Boozman voted for the "cromnibus" bill, thus voting for a bill he had deemed unconstitutional 16 minutes earlier. [25]

Arkansas history

Boozman has worked to honor and preserve the historical record of the role Arkansas played in the westward expansion and development of the United States. Boozman introduced legislation in the 110th Congress calling for a study of the historic Butterfield Overland Mail Trail for the potential addition to the National Trails System. This legislation passed as part of an omnibus bill (P.L. 111-11), and was signed by President Obama on March 30, 2009. [26]

In addition to preserving the historical significance of the Butterfield Trail, Boozman assisted the effort to secure the home of the U.S. Marshals Museum in Fort Smith. [27] Boozman worked with the Fort Smith Marshals Museum Steering Committee, the Western District U.S. Marshals Office to "Bring It Home." In January 2007 it was announced that Fort Smith would be the permanent home of the U.S. Marshals Museum. In the 111th Congress, Boozman introduced legislation to recognize the 225th Anniversary of the U.S. Marshals Service with a commemorative coin to be minted in 2014. [28]

Among other legislative achievements, Boozman has penned three bills, each enacted into law, to name certain U.S. Post Offices in Arkansas. [29] The Harrison Post Office was named after former Arkansas Congressman John Paul Hammerschmidt. In his remarks on the Hammerschmidt Bill (H.R. 4811), Boozman stated that "no one understands my congressional district like the kind and thoughtful gentleman who represented much of Arkansas in the Congress from 1967 through 1993. I consider John Paul Hammerschmidt a mentor and a friend. During his 26 years in Congress, John Paul became known for his strong work ethic and attention to individual constituent service. His fellow Members came to rely on his legislative expertise in highways, aviation and waterway infrastructure." [30]

Health care reform

Boozman voted against the Affordable Care Act on November 7, 2009. Boozman issued the following statement that same day: "I am for health care reform, unfortunately, this bill does more harm than good. The American people deserve health care reform that gives them access to quality and affordable health care and allows them to make decisions that are best for the care they need. Instead of increasing taxes, entitlement programs and red tape to reform health care we need to let families and businesses buy health insurance across state lines; allow small businesses to pool together to buy health insurance at lower prices and end lawsuits that contribute to escalating costs because of doctors being forced to practice defensive medicine." [31] Throughout the debate, Boozman has pointed to Medicare cuts, including cuts to Medicare Advantage, increased taxes on health insurance and innovations, and anti-abortion concerns. [32] [33] [34]

Gun violence and firearm laws

Boozman has an A rating from the National Rifle Association for his support of gun rights. [35] In May 2011, Boozman voted to table an amendment that prohibited usage of the Patriot Act to access firearm records. [36] This vote helped ensure the amendment, which would have made it illegal to use the Patriot Act to firearm records, would not reach a vote or become law. [36] In April 2013, in the wake of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, Boozman was one of forty-six senators to vote against a bill which would have extended background checks for all firearm transfers. Boozman voted with 40 Republicans and 5 Democrats to stop the bill. [37]

Boozman voted against the proposed Feinstein Amendment, in 2016, that sought to ban the sale of firearms to known and/or suspected terrorists. [38]

Employment discrimination

In November 2013, Boozman was one of thirty-two senators (all Republican) to vote against the Employment Non-Discrimination Act, a bill prohibiting discrimination, of individuals in organizations of 15 or more employees, based on sexual orientation or gender identity. [39]

In April 2014, Boozman voted against a cloture motion for the Paycheck Fairness Act, a bill that establishes additional penalties for violations of equal pay requirements in the Fair Labor Standards Act, including, among other things, a prohibition on an employer from paying a wage rate to employees of a particular sex that is lower than the rate paid to employees of the opposite sex for equal work unless such payment is made due to certain factors including, but not limited to, "a bona fide factor other than sex." [40]

Civil rights

In September 2004, Boozman voted in favor of a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. [41] The amendment did not pass. [41]

In July 2006, Boozman co-introduced and voted in favor of a constitutional amendment defining marriage as between one man and one woman. [42] The amendment did not pass. [42]

In April 2009, Boozman voted against the Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act, which sought to define crimes committed against an individual because of that individual's sexual orientation or gender identity as hate crimes. Boozman stated that he "opposed this legislation because it creates a new federal offense for so-called ‘hate crimes, and adds a special class crimes potentially motivated by the victims ‘sexual orientation, 'gender identity,' or the ‘perceived' thoughts of the alleged criminal." [43] The act passed in the House of Representatives. [43]

In December 2010, Boozman voted against repealing Don't Ask, Don't Tell, claiming that the "current policy has worked well" and that "we haven't had any significant problems with it." [44] [45] The vote passed by a margin of 250 - 175, and Don't Ask, Don't Tell was repealed. [44]

In December 2012, Boozman voted against ratifying the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, an international human rights treaty of the United Nations intended to protect the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities. [46] The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities sought to "promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity," but the convention only reached 61 of the 66 votes required for passage. [46] [47]

In February 2013, Boozman voted against re-authorizing the Violence Against Women Act, a law that has improved the criminal justice response to violence against women and ensured that victims and their families have access to the services they need to achieve safety and rebuild their lives. [48] [49] The bill passed by a 78–22 margin. [48]

Veterans Job Corps

In September 2012, Boozman voted to block advancement of the Veterans Job Corps Act of 2012, even though Boozman partially authored the bill. [50] The bill, which would have established a $1 billion Veterans Jobs Corps at a time when the unemployment rate for post-9/11 veterans was 10.9%, fell two votes shy (58–40) of the 60 needed for passage. [50]

Environment

In 2017, Boozman was one of 22 senators to sign a letter [51] to President Donald Trump urging the President to have the United States withdraw from the Paris Agreement. According to the Center for Responsive Politics, Boozman has received nearly $150,000 from oil, gas and coal interests since 2012. [52] He also argued that the EPA regulations are actually creating a dirtier climate abroad and providing no gain to the United States. [53]

Foreign policy

In January 2019, Boozman was one of eleven Republican senators to vote to advance legislation intended to block President Trump's intent to lift sanctions against three Russian companies. [54]

Electoral history

U.S. House of Representatives

Arkansas's 3rd Congressional District House Special Republican Primary, 2001
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
RepublicanJohn Boozman16,33043.24%
RepublicanGunner DeLay10,43127.62%
Republican Jim Hendren 9,40324.90%
RepublicanBrad Cates1,6024.24%
Arkansas's 3rd Congressional District House Special Republican Primary Runoff, 2001
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
RepublicanJohn Boozman19,58356.58%
RepublicanGunner DeLay15,02943.42%
Arkansas's 3rd Congressional District House Special Election, 2001
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
RepublicanJohn Boozman53,30855.68%
DemocraticMike Hathorn40,23742.03%
GreenSarah Marsh1,7791.86%
FreedomRalph Forbes4200.44%
Arkansas's 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2002
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican John Boozman*141,47898.90%
Independent George "Ozone" Lyne1,5771.10%
Arkansas's 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2004
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican John Boozman*160,83359.47%-39.43%
Democratic Jan Judy102,52937.91%+37.91%
Independent Dale Morfey7,1032.63%+1.53
Arkansas's 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2006
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican John Boozman*124,90462.24%+2.77%
Democratic Woodrow Anderson75,78837.76%-0.15%
Arkansas's 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2008
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican John Boozman*215,19678.53%+16.29%
Green Abel Noah Tomlinson58,85021.47%+21.47%

U.S. Senate

Arkansas's U.S. Senate Republican Primary Election, 2010
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
RepublicanJohn Boozman75,01052.73%
RepublicanJim Holt24,82617.45%
RepublicanGilbert Baker16,54011.63%
RepublicanConrad Reynolds7,1285.01%
RepublicanCurtis Coleman6,9284.87%
Republican Kim Hendren 5,5513.90%
RepublicanRandy Alexander4,3893.09%
RepublicanFred Ramey1,8881.33%
Arkansas's U.S. Senate Election, 2010
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican John Boozman451,61857.90%
Democratic Blanche Lincoln*288,15636.95%
Independent Trevor Drown25,2343.24%
Green John Gray14,4301.85%
Arkansas's U.S. Senate Republican Primary Election, 2016
PartyCandidateVotes%+%
RepublicanJohn Boozman*298,03976.45%
RepublicanCurtis Coleman91,79523.55%
Arkansas U.S. Senate election, 2016 [55]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican John Boozman (Incumbent)661,98459.77%
Democratic Conner Eldridge 400,60236.17%
Libertarian Frank Gilbert43,8663.96%
Write-insOthers1,0700.10%
Total votes1,107,522100.00%
Republican hold

Personal life

Boozman lives in Rogers with his wife, the former Cathy Marley, and the couple has three daughters. He has successfully raised Polled Hereford cattle that were competitive in the show ring, and in bull testing at Oklahoma State University. The Boozman family was active in the 4-H program. [56]

On April 22, 2014, Boozman underwent emergency heart surgery. [57]

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Earl Leroy "Buddy" Carter is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Georgia's 1st congressional district since 2015. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as a Georgia State Representative (2005–2009) and Georgia State Senator (2009–2014).

Bruce Westerman American politician

Bruce Eugene Westerman is a Republican U.S. Representative for Arkansas' 4th congressional district. Previously, he served as the Majority Leader of the Arkansas House of Representatives.

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U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Asa Hutchinson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arkansas's 3rd congressional district

2001–2011
Succeeded by
Steve Womack
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jim Holt
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Arkansas
(Class 2)

2010, 2016
Most recent
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Blanche Lincoln
United States Senator (Class 3) from Arkansas
2011–present
Served alongside: Mark Pryor, Tom Cotton
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Rob Portman
United States Senators by seniority
48th
Succeeded by
Pat Toomey