John Charles Thomson

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John Charles Thomson JP (1866 – 9 April 1934) was a New Zealand politician of the Liberal Party.

The New Zealand Liberal Party was the first organised political party in New Zealand. It governed from 1891 until 1912. The Liberal strategy was to create a large class of small land-owning farmers who supported Liberal ideals, by buying large tracts of Māori land and selling it to small farmers on credit. The Liberal Government also established the basis of the later welfare state, with old age pensions, developed a system for settling industrial disputes, which was accepted by both employers and trade unions. In 1893 it extended voting rights to women, making New Zealand the first country in the world to enact universal female suffrage.

Contents

Biography

New Zealand Parliament
YearsTermElectorateParty
1902 1905 15th Wallace Liberal
1905 1908 16th Wallace Liberal
1908 1911 17th Wallace Liberal
1911 1914 18th Wallace Liberal
1914 1919 19th Wallace Liberal
1922 1925 21st Wallace Liberal

Thomson was born in Invercargill in 1866. [1] He was appointed a Justice of the Peace in 1896. From 1900 to 1903, he was Mayor of Riverton. [1]

Invercargill Place in South Island, New Zealand

Invercargill is the southernmost and westernmost city in New Zealand, and one of the southernmost cities in the world. It is the commercial centre of the Southland region. The city lies in the heart of the wide expanse of the Southland Plains on the Oreti or New River some 18 km north of Bluff, which is the southernmost town in the South Island. It sits amid rich farmland that is bordered by large areas of conservation land and marine reserves, including Fiordland National Park covering the south-west corner of the South Island and the Catlins coastal region.

Riverton, New Zealand Place in South Island, New Zealand

Riverton or Aparima is a small town 30 kilometres west of Invercargill via State Highway 99 on the Southern Scenic Route. It is situated on the south-eastern shorelines of the Jacobs River Estuary being formed by the Aparima and Pourakino Rivers, which leads through a narrow outflow channel into Foveaux Strait. The main part of the town is on flat land and the northern end of Oreti Beach but South Riverton is built on the hills between the eastern shore of the estuary and Taramea Bay.

He represented the Southland electorate of Wallace from 1902, [2] when he defeated Michael Gilfedder, who was also of the Liberal Party according to Wilson. [3]

Southland, New Zealand Region of New Zealand in South Island

Southland is New Zealand's southernmost region. It consists mainly of the southwestern portion of the South Island and Stewart Island / Rakiura. It includes Southland District, Gore District and the city of Invercargill. The region covers over 3.1 million hectares and spans over 3,400 km of coast.

Wallace was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was established in 1858, the first election held in 1859, and existed until 1996. For a time, it was represented by two members. In total, there were 18 Members of Parliament from the Wallace electorate.

1902 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1902 was held on Tuesday, 25 November, in the general electorates, and on Monday, 22 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 15th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 415,789 (76.7%) voters turned out to vote.

In 1919 he was defeated by Adam Hamilton of the Reform Party. [4] He won the seat back in 1922, but retired in 1925, [2] when the seat was again won by Hamilton. [4]

Adam Hamilton New Zealand politician

Adam Hamilton was a New Zealand politician. He was the first non-interim Leader of the National Party during its early years in Opposition.

The Reform Party, formally the New Zealand Political Reform League, was New Zealand's second major political party, having been founded as a conservative response to the original Liberal Party. It was in government between 1912 and 1928, and later formed a coalition with the United Party, and then merged with United to form the modern National Party.

1922 New Zealand general election Election in New Zealand

The New Zealand general election of 1922 was held on Monday, 6 December in the Māori electorates, and on Tuesday, 7 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 21st session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 700,111 (87.7%) voters turned out to vote. In one seat there was only one candidate.

After several years of ill-health, he died at Invercargill on 9 April 1934. [1] He was 67 years old. [5] [6]

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 "Obituary". The Evening Post . CXVII (83). 9 April 1934. p. 11. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  2. 1 2 Wilson 1985, p. 240.
  3. Wilson 1985, p. 199.
  4. 1 2 Wilson 1985, p. 202.
  5. "Death Search". Department of Internal Affairs. Retrieved 11 August 2012, enter "1934/6823" as registration number
  6. "Obituary". Otago Daily Times (Dunedin). 10 April 1934.

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References

New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Michael Gilfedder
Member of Parliament for Wallace
19021919
19221925
Succeeded by
Adam Hamilton
Preceded by
Adam Hamilton
Succeeded by
Adam Hamilton