|Deputy Governor General of the Province of Canada|
18 September 1841 –24 September 1841
|Governor General||Lord Sydenham|
|Premier|| Sir Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine |
Robert Baldwin (Deputy Premier)
|Member of the Special Council of Lower Canada|
28 June 1838 –2 November 1838
|Governor General||Lord Durham|
|Born||13 December 1782|
|Died||14 October 1852 69) (aged|
Boston Manor House,Brentford,England
|Spouse(s)||(1) Sarah Christie Burton (1809)|
(2) Millicent Pole of Gloucestershire (1825)
|Children||John Christie Clitherow|
|Parent(s)||Christopher Clitherow and Anne Jodrell|
|Years of service||1799 - 1842|
|Unit||Scots Fusilier Guards|
|Commands||Commanding Officer,Military District of Montreal (1838-1841)|
Commanding Officer,Canada West (1841-1842)
|Battles/wars|| Egyptian Campaign (1801)|
Hanover Expedition (1805)
Walcheren Campaign (1809)
Battle of Beauharnois (1838)
|Awards||Order of the Crescent|
Lieutenant-General John Clitherow (13 December 1782 – 14 October 1852) was a British army officer and colonial administrator. He was briefly Deputy Governor-General of the Province of Canada in 1841.
Clitherow was born at Essendon,Hertfordshire,England in 1782,the son of Christopher Clitherow and Anne Jodrell. He was descended from Sir Christopher Clitherow,Member of Parliament (1628-1629) and Lord Mayor of London in 1635.  The Clitherow family were wealthy London merchants throughout the 17th and 18th families,and owned Boston Manor in Brentford (now part of London),from 1670 onwards. 
In 1809,Clitherow married Sarah Christie Burton,daughter of General Napier Christie Burton and granddaughter of General Gabriel Christie,who had served with the British Army in the Revolutionary War,afterwards settling in Lower Canada,where he acquired extensive land-holdings. Clitherow and his wife had one son,John Christie Clitherow,who eventually served in the Coldstream Guards. However,the marriage ended when Clitherow divorced Sarah in 1819,by private Act of Parliament.   In 1825,Clitherow married Millicent Pole of Gloucestershire. 
Clitherow enlisted in the British Army as an ensign in 1799. He served in the Egyptian campaign of 1801,an expedition to Germany in 1805,and an expedition to the Netherlands in 1809. He participated in the Peninsular War from 1810 to 1815,being wounded twice. He was promoted to colonel in 1821,and to major-general in 1830. 
In 1838,Clitherow was posted to British North America,to serve as commanding officer of the military district of Montreal. He was accompanied by his son,who served as his aide-de-camp. Clitherow arrived in Montreal in March,1838,shortly after the Lower Canada Rebellion had broken out in late 1837.
He served as an advisor to Lord Durham as a member of the Special Council that administered Lower Canada following the rebellion.
When the second rebellion broke out Clitherow commanded 3,000 regulars that marched on rebel headquarters. He also presided over courts martial that prosecuted the rebels.
In 1841,he was transferred to Canada West to command British forces there.
The Governor General of the Province of Canada,Lord Sydenham,appointed him as Deputy Governor General. In that capacity,on 18 September 1841,Clitherow prorogued the first session of the first Parliament of the Province of Canada.  Sydenham was unable to carry out his functions,as he had been badly injured by a fall from a horse. He died the day after Parliament was prorogued. 
Clitherow remained the Deputy Governor General for six days,until the Commander-in-Chief of the British Army in Canada,Sir Richard Downes Jackson,was appointed as Administrator. 
In 1842,Clitherow inherited the family estate,Boston Manor in Brentford,England. He retired to England that year.
Clitherow died at Boston Manor in 1852. 
The Province of Canada was a British colony in British North America from 1841 to 1867. Its formation reflected recommendations made by John Lambton,1st Earl of Durham,in the Report on the Affairs of British North America following the Rebellions of 1837–1838.
Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Downes Jackson KCB,born at Petersfield in the English county of Hampshire,was an officer in the British Army and subsequently colonial Administrator. Following service during the Napoleonic Wars,he was appointed the Commander-in-Chief of the British Army in British North America. During that time,he also served for a few months as the Administrator of the government of the Province of Canada. He died in Canada in 1845 and is buried there.
Sir Dominick Daly was a British colonial public servant and administrator during the 19th century,who held positions in British North America,Tobago and South Australia.
Stewart Derbishire was the first elected representative for Bytown in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada. Born in England,he was a strong Whig.
The First Parliament of the Province of Canada was summoned in 1841,following the union of Upper Canada and Lower Canada as the Province of Canada on February 10,1841. The Parliament continued until dissolution in late 1844.
Robert Christie was a lawyer,journalist,historian and political figure in Lower Canada and Canada East. Born in Scotia,he moved to Lower Canada as a young man. Elected to the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada,he generally supported the Parti bureaucrates,or government group. He opposed the union of Lower Canada with Upper Canada,but was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada. As a member,he remained opposed to the union and was an independent,not supporting any particular party. He had a reputation for being hot-headed,but also incorruptible.
Charles Dewey Day,was a lawyer,judge and political figure in Lower Canada / Canada East. He was a member of the Special Council of Lower Canada,which governed Lower Canada after the Lower Canada Rebellions in 1837 and 1838. He was elected to the first Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada in 1841,but resigned in 1842 to accept an appointment to the Court of Queen's Bench of Lower Canada.
James McGill Strachan was a lawyer,business and political figure in Canada West,in the Province of Canada.
Thomas Cushing Aylwin was a lawyer,political figure and judge in Lower Canada. He was born in Quebec City and trained as a lawyer,including a period of education at Harvard University. He developed a reputation as an excellent trial lawyer,particularly in criminal cases. He became interested in politics and supported the nationalist Parti canadien in their struggles with the British governors of the province. He did not support the armed rebellion in 1837,but defended some of the individuals accused of treason or other crimes for their roles in the rebellion.
David Burnet was a prominent merchant and political figure in Quebec City,Lower Canada. Although initially successful,both his business activities and his political career were caught short by his bankruptcy. He died around age 50 in Quebec City.
Jean-Moïse Raymond was a businessman,militia officer and political figure in Lower Canada,and briefly in Canada East,in the Province of Canada. He was active in a family business inherited from his father,and also served in the Lower Canada militia during the War of 1812,at the Battle of the Châteauguay. As a member of the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada,he was critical of British government of the province,voting in favour of the Ninety-Two Resolutions,which set out a detailed list of problems with the government. He opposed the union of Lower Canada with Upper Canada. Following the union of those two provinces into the Province of Canada,he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the new province,but resigned his seat after only one year to take a government appointment. He died in 1843.
David Morrison Armstrong was a merchant,insurance agent and political figure in Canada East in the Province of Canada. He represented the electoral district of Berthier in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada from 1841 to 1851. From 1855 to 1867 he sat in the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada,and in the Legislative Council of Quebec from 1867 until his death. He initially opposed the union of the Lower Canada and Upper Canada into the Province of Canada,and supported the reform movement for responsible government. After responsible government was achieved,he gradually became a Conservative.
Jean-Baptiste-Isaïe Noël was a seigneur,physician and political figure in Lower Canada. He represented Lotbinière in the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada from 1830 to 1838,and again in the Lotbinière electoral district in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada from 1841 to 1844.
Harmannus Smith was a physician,farmer and political figure in Upper Canada and then the Province of Canada. He represented Wentworth County in the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada from 1834 to 1836 as a Reformer and then in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada from 1841 to 1851. He served a six-year term in the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada,from 1858 to 1864.
Robert Jones was a political figure in Canada East,in the Province of Canada. He represented Missiskoui in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada from 1841 to 1844. He also served as a member of the Legislative Council of Lower Canada from 1832 to 1838 and the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada from 1849 to 1850.
John William Dunscomb was a merchant and political figure in Canada East,Province of Canada. He represented Beauharnois in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada from 1841 to 1842 as a Government supporter and supporter of the union of the two Canadas.
John Yule was a businessman,seigneur and political figure in Canada East in the Province of Canada. He lived all his life in the town of Chambly,south of Montreal. He had considerable business success providing supplies to the British Army garrison at Fort Chambly,as well as a variety of business activities in the Chambly area. He was responsible for the construction of the first bridge at Chambly across the River Richelieu. Yule represented the Chambly riding in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada from 1841 to 1843,as a unionist and Tory.
The Parliament of the Province of Canada was the legislature for the Province of Canada,made up of the two regions of Canada West and Canada East.
Quebec City was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly of the Parliament of the Province of Canada,in Canada East. It was created in 1841 and included much of Quebec City. Its boundaries were specifically drawn by the British Governor General,Lord Sydenham,to include voters of British background,disenfranchising francophone Canadien voters,an example of an ethnic and linguistic gerrymander. Sydenham's purpose was to gain support in the Legislative Assembly for the new Province of Canada,which had merged the formerly separate provinces of Lower Canada and Upper Canada,as well as his government.