John Crocker Bulteel

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John Crocker Bulteel, depicted in his hunting attire with two of his favourite foxhounds, watercolour by John Frederick Lewis (1805-1876), private collection JohnCrockerBulteel ByJohnFrederickLewis.jpg
John Crocker Bulteel, depicted in his hunting attire with two of his favourite foxhounds, watercolour by John Frederick Lewis (1805–1876), private collection
Arms of Bulteel: Argent biletee gules, a bend of the last BulteelArms.png
Arms of Bulteel: Argent biletée gules, a bend of the last

John Crocker Bulteel (1793–1843) of Fleet, Holbeton, in South Devon, was a Whig MP for South Devon 1832-4 and was Sheriff of Devon in 1841. He was Master of the Dartmoor Foxhounds and bred the finest pack of hounds in England. [1]

Contents

Origins

He was the son and heir of John II Bulteel (1763–1837) of Flete in the parish of Holbeton and of Lyneham in the parish of Yealmpton, Devon, by his wife Elizabeth Perring (d.1835), whose monument survives in the chancel of All Saints Church, Holbeton, [2] daughter of Thomas Perring (1732–1791), a merchant of Modbury in Devon and of London. Thomas's brother was Peter Perring of Membland, a member of the Council at Madras, who made a fortune in the East India Company, and purchased Membland from John I Bulteel (1733–1801), [3] father of John II. [4] John II Bulteel was Sheriff of Devon in 1807/8. [5] His earliest recorded ancestor in England was Samuel Bulteel (d.1682) of Tavistock in Devon, a Huguenot refugee from France, whose son was James Bulteel (1676–1757) of Tavistock, MP for Tavistock 1703-8 and 1711–15, [6] who married Mary Crocker, daughter and heiress of Courtenay Crocker (d.1740), MP, of Lyneham in the parish of Yealmpton, Devon, the last male of the senior branch of the ancient Crocker family. Another possible relative was John Bulteel (d.1669), MP for Lostwithiel, Cornwall in 1661 and 1669, a friend of Samuel Pepys and secretary to Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, and cousin of John Bulteel the writer and translator. [7] James Bulteel inherited the estate of Fleet (alias Fleet Damarell), one of the finest estates in Devon, [8] under the will of Richard Hele (d.1709) of Flete, [9] who was no blood relation. James's son was John Bulteel (1733–1801), who in 1757 purchased the estate of Membland, in the parish of Holbeton. [10]

Education

He attended Plympton Grammar School in Devon (where Sir Joshua Reynolds had been educated) and where a fellow-pupil was Jack Russell (1795–1883), later the famous hunting parson. Bulteel and Russell fought on one occasion whilst at school, when Bulteel received a black eye from Russell, but in later life became firm friends sharing a common passion for hunting. [11]

Career

He was MP for South Devon 1832-4 and was Sheriff of Devon in 1841. In about 1835 he remodelled his residence at Fleet House to his own castellated Gothic design. [12]

Hunting career

During his father's life he lived as a young man at the family's secondary seat of Lyneham, while his father resided at Fleet. [13] He was the originator of the Lyneham Pack, afterwards famous under the mastership of Mr. Trelawny. [14] He was later Master of the Dartmoor Foxhounds.

Marriage & children

Lady Elizabeth Grey (d.1880), wife of John Crocker Bulteel (1793-1843) of Fleet, engraving by Henry Bryan Hall, after William Say, published 1841; National Portrait Gallery, London, NPG D32379 LadyElizabethGrey(Bulteel).jpg
Lady Elizabeth Grey (d.1880), wife of John Crocker Bulteel (1793–1843) of Fleet, engraving by Henry Bryan Hall, after William Say, published 1841; National Portrait Gallery, London, NPG D32379

In 1826 he married Lady Elizabeth Grey (d.1880), 2nd daughter of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey (1764–1845), by whom he had the following children: [15]

Sporting verse

A six-verse poem on the subject of Bulteel, in the style of Sir Walter Scott's The Young Lochinvar [23] was published in 1828 in the Sporting Magazine, of which the first verse was as follows: [24] [25]

Oh the young Squire of Fleet is come into the West
From the packs of the Kingdom his drafts are the best
Save Jack Square and Dick Ellis attendants he's none
He feeds them himself and he hunts them alone
If he keeps to his point and he stands on his feet,
There'll be never a man like the young Squire of Fleet.

Arms

The arms of Bulteel of Devon are: Argent, a bend between 14 billets gules with crest: Out of a ducal crown gules a pair of wings a(argent,azure)? billetty of the first. [26] However the sculpted arms of Bulteel of Fleete are visible on a mural monument in Holbeton Church, showing A bend between ten billets, 3,2,2,3, with inescutcheon of pretence of Croker. The billets appear as narrow upright rods, each of irregular shape. [27]

According to Thomas Robson the canting arms of Bulteel (of Somerset) are: Azure, three bull's heads couped argent, with crest: A bull's head gules between two wings or. [28] The Bull and Bear Lodge at Membland has gatepiers showing those heraldic beasts, supposedly a reference to the families of Bulteel and Baring, whose arms feature a bear. These are said to refer to the two principal types of allegorical beasts denoting stockmarket speculators, the bull and bear. [29]

Sources

Further reading

Allen, Vivien, The Bulteels: The Story of a Huguenot Family, Phillimore & Co Ltd, Chichester, 2004

Related Research Articles

References

  1. Llewellyn
  2. Pevsner, p.485
  3. Swete, vol. 4, p.13
  4. Burke, John, A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, 6th edition, London, 1839, p.824, Perring Baronets
  5. The London Gazette: no. 15998. p. 155. 7 February 1807
  6. http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1690-1715/member/bulteel-james-1676-1757
  7. http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1660-1690/member/bulteel-john-1669
  8. Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p.387
  9. Risdon, p.387
  10. Risdon, p.387
  11. Davies, E.W.L., A memoir of the Rev. John Russell and his out-of-door life, first published 1878, 1902 edition
  12. Pevsner, p.450
  13. Swete, John, Names of the Noblemen and Principal Gentlemen in the County of Devon, their Seats and Parishes at the Commencement of the Nineteenth Century, 1810, published in 1811 edition of Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions
  14. Davies, p.101
  15. Burke's Landed Gentry
  16. Pevsner, p.450
  17. Henry and Mary Ponsonby by William Kuhn, Chapter 3
  18. Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p.581
  19. Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.769
  20. Henry and Mary Ponsonby by William Kuhn, Chapter 3
  21. Gray, Todd & Rowe, Margery (Eds.), Travels in Georgian Devon: The Illustrated Journals of The Reverend John Swete, 1789–1800, 4 vols., Tiverton, 1999, vol 4, p.13
  22. Henry and Mary Ponsonby by William Kuhn, Chapter 3
  23. Llewellyn; From Scott's Marmion (1808)
  24. The Sporting Magazine, 1828, vol. XX, p. 440
  25. Full text at
  26. Lysons, Magna Britannia, volume 6, Devonshire, 1822, General History: Gentry, pp. CXXXII-CLX. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50553
  27. Apparently square-hewn wooden logs. See image
  28. Robson, Thomas, The British Herald
  29. Pevsner, p.566