John Dickson-Poynder, 1st Baron Islington

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The Lord Islington

Lord Islington.JPG
Lord Islington in 1911.
15th Governor of New Zealand
In office
22 June 1910 3 December 1912
Monarch George V
Preceded by The Lord Plunket
Succeeded by The Earl of Liverpool
Personal details
Born(1866-10-31)31 October 1866
Isle of Wight
Died6 December 1936(1936-12-06) (aged 70)
Hyde Park Gardens, London
Spouse(s)Anne Dundas

John Poynder Dickson-Poynder, 1st Baron Islington, GCMG , GBE , DSO , PC (31 October 1866 – 6 December 1936), born John Poynder Dickson and known as Sir John Poynder Dickson-Poynder from 1884 to 1910, was a British politician. He was Governor of New Zealand between 1910 and 1912.

Distinguished Service Order UK military decoration

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 all ranks have been eligible.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

Contents

Early life

The son of Rear Admiral John Bourmaster Dickson, he was born on the Isle of Wight and educated at Twyford School, Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford. In 1884 he succeeded his uncle as sixth baronet, and on succeeding to his maternal uncle's property he assumed by royal licence the additional surname of Poynder in 1888. [1] [2] The Poynder estates in Wiltshire included Hilmarton near Calne, [3] and Hartham near Corsham, where Dickson-Poynder carried out alterations c. 1888. [4] He married Anne Beauclerk Dundas (c.1869-1958) [5] the daughter of James Dundas of Dundas and granddaughter of Baron Napier of Magdala.

Isle of Wight County and island of England

The Isle of Wight is a county and the largest and second-most populous island in England. It is in the English Channel, between 2 and 5 miles off the coast of Hampshire, separated by the Solent. The island has resorts that have been holiday destinations since Victorian times, and is known for its mild climate, coastal scenery, and verdant landscape of fields, downland and chines.

Twyford School is a co-educational, independent, preparatory boarding and day school, located in the village of Twyford, Hampshire, England.

Harrow School English independent school for boys

Harrow School is an independent boarding school for boys in Harrow, London, England. The School was founded in 1572 by John Lyon under a Royal Charter of Elizabeth I, and is one of the original seven public schools that were regulated by the Public Schools Act 1868. Harrow charges up to £12,850 per term, with three terms per academic year (2017/18). Harrow is the fourth most expensive boarding school in the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference.

Member of Parliament

He was appointed High Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1890. Elected Conservative Member of Parliament for the Chippenham constituency in 1892, he joined the Liberals in 1905. [2] He was a member of London County Council from 1898 to 1904.

High Sheriff of Wiltshire Ceremonial officer in Wiltshire

This is a list of Sheriffs and High Sheriffs of Wiltshire.

Conservative Party (UK) Political party in the United Kingdom

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom. The governing party since 2010, it is the largest in the House of Commons, with 313 Members of Parliament, and also has 249 members of the House of Lords, 18 members of the European Parliament, 31 Members of the Scottish Parliament, 12 members of the Welsh Assembly, eight members of the London Assembly and 8,916 local councillors.

Chippenham (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 2010 onwards

Chippenham is a parliamentary constituency, abolished in 1983 but recreated in 2010, and represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament by the first past the post system of election. The 2010 constituency includes the towns of Bradford on Avon, Chippenham, Corsham and Melksham.

Military career

Dickson-Poynder was first commissioned into the volunteer battalion of the Royal Scots, but transferred to the Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry where he was promoted to captain on 7 December 1898. He volunteered for active service in the Second Boer War, and was commissioned a lieutenant in the 1st Battalion (Wiltshire Company) Imperial Yeomanry on 7 February 1900, [6] leaving Liverpool for South Africa on the SS Cymric in early March 1900. [7] Appointed a quartermaster during the voyage (dated 10 March 1900), [8] he was back as a regular lieutenant in the Wiltshire company of the 1st battalion the following month. He later served on the Staff as aide-de-camp to Lord Methuen, for which he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) on 29 November 1900. [9] Following his resignation from the Imperial Yeomanry, he was on 5 February 1901 granted the rank of honorary lieutenant of the Army. [10] The following year, he was promoted to major in the Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry on 31 May 1902. [11]

Royal Scots

The Royal Scots , once known as the Royal Regiment of Foot, was the oldest and most senior infantry regiment of the line of the British Army, having been raised in 1633 during the reign of Charles I of Scotland. The regiment existed continuously until 2006, when it amalgamated with the King's Own Scottish Borderers to become the Royal Scots Borderers, which merged with the Royal Highland Fusiliers, the Black Watch, the Highlanders and the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders to form the Royal Regiment of Scotland.

Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry

The Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry (RWY) was a Yeomanry regiment of the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom established in 1794. It was disbanded as an independent Territorial Army unit in 1967, a time when the strength of the Territorial Army was greatly reduced. The regiment lives on in B and Y Squadrons of the Royal Wessex Yeomanry.

Second Boer War war between South African Republic and the United Kingdom

The Second Boer War was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa. It is also known variously as the Boer War, Anglo-Boer War, or South African War. Initial Boer attacks were successful, and although British reinforcements later reversed these, the war continued for years with Boer guerrilla warfare, until harsh British counter-measures brought them to terms.

Governor of New Zealand

Lord Islington arriving in Wellington, 1910, in a ceremonial open carriage 1910 arrival in Wellington.jpg
Lord Islington arriving in Wellington, 1910, in a ceremonial open carriage

In 1910 Dickson was appointed Governor of New Zealand, a post he held for two years, and on 27 April that same year, was created Baron Islington, of Islington in the County of London. [12] [13] He was the last Governor of New Zealand to hold the title before it was changed to Governor-General of New Zealand during the term of his successor. [14] He was made a KCMG and Privy Counsellor in 1911, and in 1912 was appointed President of the Royal Commission on the Public Services of India, on which he served with Lord Ronaldshay, Herbert Fisher, Mr Justice Abdur Rahim, and others. [15]

Governor-General of New Zealand representative of the monarch of New Zealand

The Governor-General of New Zealand is the viceregal representative of the monarch of New Zealand, currently Queen Elizabeth II. As the Queen is concurrently head of state of 15 other Commonwealth realms, and resides in the United Kingdom, she, on the advice of her prime minister, appoints a governor-general to carry out most of her constitutional and ceremonial duties within the Realm of New Zealand. Once in office, the governor-general maintains direct contact with the Queen, wherever she may be at the time.

Islington Area of London

Islington is a district in Greater London, England, and part of the London Borough of Islington. It is a mainly residential district of Inner London, extending from Islington's High Street to Highbury Fields, encompassing the area around the busy High Street, Upper Street, Essex Road, and Southgate Road to the east.

Counties of England Englands administrative, geographical and political demarcation

The counties of England are areas used for different purposes, which include administrative, geographical, cultural and political demarcation. The term 'county' is not clearly defined and can apply to similar or the same areas used by each of these demarcation structures. These different types of county each have a more formal name but are commonly referred to just as 'counties'. The current arrangement is the result of incremental reform.

Later career

Two years later he became Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, and in 1915 he became Under-Secretary of State for India. He also chaired the Imperial Institute for eight years, and was in charge of the National Savings Committee from 1920 until 1926, when he was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE), having become Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) thirteen years before.

The Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies was a junior Ministerial post in the United Kingdom government, subordinate to the Secretary of State for the Colonies and, from 1948, also to a Minister of State.

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State was a ministerial position and the Permanent Under-Secretary of State was a civil service position.

Order of the British Empire order of chivalry of British constitutional monarchy

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the civil service. It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female. There is also the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of, the order.

Death

Lord Islington died on 6 December 1936 aged 70 at Hyde Park Gardens, London, and was buried at Hilmarton, Wiltshire, his barony and baronetcy becoming extinct at his death. Lady Islington subsequently rented Dyrham Park in Gloucestershire, where she ran a nursery during the Second World War. [16]

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References

  1. "No. 25780". The London Gazette . 24 January 1888. p. 551.
  2. 1 2 Foster, Bernard John (1966). "ISLINGTON, Sir John Poynder Dickson-Poynder". In McLintock, A. H. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  3. Dunning, R.W.; Rogers, K.H.; Spalding, P.A.; Shrimpton, Colin; Stevenson, Janet H.; Tomlinson, Margaret (1970). Crittall, Elizabeth, ed. "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 9 pp49-65 - Parishes: Hilmarton". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  4. Historic England. "Hartham House (1364019)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  5. "Anne Beauclerk Dundas, Lady Islington (b.c.1869-1958) and Anne Clarissa Spencer-Churchill, Countess of Avon (b.1920), in the Great Hall, Dyrham Park, Gloucestershire". National Trust Collections. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  6. "No. 27162". The London Gazette . 6 February 1900. p. 808.
  7. "The War - Embarcation of Troops". The Times (36078). London. 1 March 1900. p. 7.
  8. "No. 27172". The London Gazette . 9 March 1900. p. 1631.
  9. "No. 27359". The London Gazette . 27 September 1901. p. 6306.
  10. "No. 27393". The London Gazette . 3 January 1902. p. 3.
  11. "No. 27441". The London Gazette . 10 June 1902. p. 3756.
  12. "No. 28361". The London Gazette . 29 April 1910. p. 2941.
  13. "Lord Islington, KCMG, DSO, PC". The Governor-General. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  14. "Earl of Liverpool, GCB, GCMG, GBE, MVO, PC". The Governor-General. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  15. London Gazette, Issue 28642 of 6 September 1912, p. 6631
  16. "History talk focuses on wartime nursery and children's homes". UWE Bristol. 6 November 2007. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lord Henry Bruce
Member of Parliament for Chippenham
1892–1910
Succeeded by
George Terrell
Government offices
Preceded by
The Lord Plunket
Governor of New Zealand
1910–1912
Succeeded by
The Earl of Liverpool
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Emmott
Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
1914–1915
Succeeded by
Arthur Steel-Maitland
Preceded by
Charles Henry Roberts
Under-Secretary of State for India
1915–1919
Succeeded by
The Lord Sinha
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Islington
1910–1936
Extinct
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Alexander Dickson
Baronet
(of Hardingham Hall)
18841936
Extinct