John Drayton II
|Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina|
May 7, 1812 –November 27, 1822
|Appointed by||James Madison|
|Preceded by||Thomas Bee|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Lee|
|40th Governor of South Carolina|
December 10, 1808 –December 8, 1810
|Preceded by||Charles Pinckney|
|Succeeded by||Henry Middleton|
January 23, 1800 –December 8, 1802
|Preceded by||Edward Rutledge|
|Succeeded by||James Burchill Richardson|
|18th Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina|
December 18, 1798 –January 23, 1800
|Preceded by||Robert Anderson|
|Succeeded by||Richard Winn|
John Drayton II
June 22, 1766
Province of South Carolina,
|Died||November 27, 1822 56) (aged|
Charleston, South Carolina
|Education||Inner Temple (read law)|
John Drayton II (June 22, 1766 – November 27, 1822) was Governor of South Carolina and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina.
Born on June 22, 1766, in Charleston, Province of South Carolina, British America, to William Henry Drayton and Dorothy Golightly, Drayton read law in 1788 at the Inner Temple in London, England. He engaged in private practice in Charleston, South Carolina in 1788, from 1789 to 1794, from 1796 to 1798, and from 1811 to 1812. He was a warden (assistant to the intendant) for Charleston starting in 1788. He was a rice planter in Georgetown County, South Carolina from 1794 to 1822. He was a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1792 to 1796. He was Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina from 1798 to 1800. He was Governor of South Carolina from 1801 to 1803, and from 1809 to 1810. He was the Intendant (Mayor) of Charleston from 1803 to 1805. He was a member of the South Carolina Senate from 1805 to 1808.He was a member of the Democratic-Republican Party.
Drayton was nominated by President James Madison on May 4, 1812, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina vacated by Judge Thomas Bee. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 7, 1812, and received his commission the same day. His service terminated on November 27, 1822, due to his death in Charleston.
Drayton issued perhaps the earliest judicial decision holding that, under the laws of the United States, slaves captured in time of war on enemy ships could not be claimed as property.
Charles Pinckney was an American planter and politician who was a signer of the United States Constitution. He was elected and served as the 37th Governor of South Carolina, later serving two more non-consecutive terms. He also served as a US Senator and a member of the House of Representatives. He was first cousin once removed of fellow signer Charles Cotesworth Pinckney.
Thomas Pinckney was an early American statesman, diplomat, and soldier in both the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812, achieving the rank of major general. He served as Governor of South Carolina and as the U.S. minister to Great Britain. He was also the Federalist candidate for vice president in the 1796 election.
The Territory South of the River Ohio, more commonly known as the Southwest Territory, was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 26, 1790, until June 1, 1796, when it was admitted to the United States as the State of Tennessee. The Southwest Territory was created by the Southwest Ordinance from lands of the Washington District that had been ceded to the U.S. federal government by North Carolina. The territory's lone governor was William Blount.
Rawlins Lowndes was an American lawyer, planter and politician who became involved in the patriot cause after election to South Carolina's legislature, although he opposed independence from Great Britain. Lowndes served as president/governor of South Carolina during the American Revolutionary War, and after the war opposed his state's ratification of the U.S. Constitution because it would restrict the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Lowndes also served as a state legislator and mayor of Charleston before his death. Two of his sons, Thomas and William Lowndes, would serve in the U.S. Congress.
Thomas Bee was a delegate to the Second Continental Congress, Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina.
James Hamilton Jr. was an American lawyer and politician. He represented South Carolina in the U.S. Congress (1822–1829) and served as its 53rd Governor (1830–1832). Prior to that he achieved widespread recognition and public approval for his actions as Intendant (mayor) of the city of Charleston, South Carolina in 1822, during the period when plans for a slave rising were revealed. As governor, he led the state during the Nullification Crisis of 1832, at the peak of his power.
John Parker IV by birth inherited a spot in South Carolina's aristocracy. He was born to John Parker III and Mary Daniell, granddaughter of Governor Robert Daniell. He married Susannah Middleton, daughter of Henry Middleton and sister of Arthur Middleton. He was American planter of the Hayes Plantation and lawyer from Charleston, South Carolina. He also served as a delegate for South Carolina to the Congress of the Confederation from 1786 to 1788.
Thomas Bennett Jr. was an American businessman, banker and politician, the 48th Governor of South Carolina from 1820 to 1822. A respected politician, he had served several terms in the state legislature since 1804, including four years as Speaker of the House, and a term in the state Senate.
Joseph Alston was the 44th Governor of South Carolina from 1812 to 1814.
The Middleton-Rutledge-Pinckney family is a family of politicians from the United States.
Philemon Dickerson was a United States Representative from New Jersey, the 12th Governor of New Jersey and Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey.
Thomas Lee was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina.
Andrew Gordon Magrath was the last Governor of South Carolina under the Confederate States of America, a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina and a Confederate District Judge for the District of South Carolina.
John Mathews was an American lawyer from Charleston, South Carolina. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1781 where he endorsed the Articles of Confederation on behalf of South Carolina. On his return, he was elected the 33rd Governor of South Carolina, serving a single term in 1782 and 1783.
John George Jackson was a United States Representative from Virginia and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia.
John Edwards (1760–98) was the eighth intendant (mayor) of Charleston, South Carolina, serving two terms from 1795 to 1797.
Charleston Theatre, also called Broad Street Theatre was a theatre in Charleston, South Carolina between 1794 and 1833. It was the first permanent theatre in Charleston, the first with a permanent staff, and the only theater for much of its duration. It was succeeded by the New Charleston Theatre (1837–1861).
| Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina |
| Governor of South Carolina |
James Burchill Richardson
| Mayor of Charleston, South Carolina |
| Governor of South Carolina |
|Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina |