John Fuller Russell

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John Fuller Russell (1813–1884), was a priest in the Church of England, a writer, mostly on theological subjects, especially religious ritual, and a notable art collector. He was a member of the committee of the Ecclesiological Society and had close connections to the High Church Oxford Movement.

Oxford Movement movement of High Church members of the Church of England which eventually developed into Anglo-Catholicism

The Oxford Movement was a movement of High Church members of the Church of England which eventually developed into Anglo-Catholicism. The movement, whose original devotees were mostly associated with the University of Oxford, argued for the reinstatement of some older Christian traditions of faith and their inclusion into Anglican liturgy and theology. They thought of Anglicanism as one of three branches of the "one holy, catholic, and apostolic" Christian church. By the 1840s many participants decided that the Anglican Church lacked grace, and converted to Roman Catholicism.

Contents

Life

Russell was born on 15 August 1813, [1] the son of Thomas Russell, a Congregationalist minister, whose surname was originally Cloutt. [2] Arthur Tozer Russell was his brother. [3] He was educated at Peterhouse College, Cambridge, where he read civil law. [3] He became one of the first sympathisers with the Oxford movement at Cambridge, and in 1836, while still an undergraduate at Peterhouse, he began a correspondence with Edward Bouverie Pusey, [3] in which he expressed a desire to revive much of the disused ritual of the Church. [4] In 1837 he visited Pusey at Christ Church. [3]

Thomas Russell, originally Thomas Cloutt (1781–1846) was an English independent minister, known for editions of theological works.

Arthur Tozer Russell (1806–1874) was an English clergyman known as a hymn-writer.

Edward Bouverie Pusey Conservative churchman of the Church of England and Hebraist

Edward Bouverie Pusey was an English churchman, for more than fifty years Regius Professor of Hebrew at the University of Oxford. He was one of the main promoters of the Oxford Movement.

In 1838 he was ordained deacon and appointed to the curacy of St. Peter's, Walworth. The next year he graduated LL.B., and was admitted into priest's orders. He held the perpetual curacy of St James, Enfield Highway, from 1841 to 1854. [3] On 2 October 1843 he married Rosalie Croshaw at the church. [5] In 1856 he became rector of Greenhithe, Kent. [3]

Walworth central district in the London Borough of Southwark

Walworth is a district of Central London, England, within the London Borough of Southwark. It adjoins Camberwell to the south and Elephant and Castle to the north, and is 1.9 miles (3.1 km) south-east of Charing Cross.

St James Church, Enfield Highway Church in Middlesex, United Kingdom

St James’ Church, Enfield Highway, is an active Anglican church in Hertford Road, Enfield Highway, Greater London. It is a parish church in the deanery of Enfield, the archdeaconry of Hampstead, and the diocese of London.

Greenhithe village in the Borough of Dartford, Kent, England, United Kingdom

Greenhithe is a village in the Borough of Dartford in Kent, England. It is located east of Dartford, in the civil parish of Swanscombe and Greenhithe.

He was a member of the council of the Society of Antiquaries, of the central committee of the Royal Archæological Institute, and of the committee of the Ecclesiological Society. [3]

Art collection

Ugolino da Siena's Last Supper (Metropolitan Museum, New York), once owned by Russell 1g Ugolino di Nerio. The Last Supper Metropolitan mus. N-Y.jpg
Ugolino da Siena's Last Supper (Metropolitan Museum, New York), once owned by Russell

When the German art historian Gustav Waagen visited Russell at Eagle House near Enfield, he found the walls "so richly adorned with specimens of the 14th century, that the spectator feels as if transported to a chapel at Siena or Florence." [6] He described Russell as "one of the most enthusiastic admirers of the grandeur and high significance of the ecclesiastic art from the 13th to the 15th century that I met with in England". [6]

His collection included the "Diptych of Jeanne of France" (now in the collection of the Musée Condé in Chantilly), believed in his lifetime to be by Hans Memling [7] six of the seven panels from the predella of Ugolino da Siena's altarpiece for Santa Croce in Florence, bought from the sale of the William Young Ottley collection, [6] [8] Abrecht Altdorfer's Christ taking Leave of His Mother (National Gallery, London) [9] and Simone Martini's St Geminianus, St Michael and St Augustine, each with an Angel above (Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge) [10]

Musée Condé

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Predella platform or step on which an altar stands

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He also had a notable collection of illuminated manuscripts and early printed books. [6]

Death

He died on 6 April 1884 at his house in Ormonde Terrace, Regent's Park, London. [3] His paintings were sold at Christie's, on 18 April 1885. [10]

Works

Russell's works relate mainly to the doctrine and discipline of the church of England. They include: [3]

He was co-editor with Walter Farquhar Hook of the Voice of the Church (2 vols. 1840), and with William Josiah Irons of Tracts of the Anglican Fathers (1841). He was also editor of Hierurgia Anglicana, or Documents and Extracts illustrative of the Church of England after the Reformation (1848). [3]

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References

  1. "Russell, John Fuller (1813–1884)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 6 December 2012.(subscription required)
  2. "Russell, Thomas (1781?-1846)"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Cooper, Thompson (1897). "Russell, John Fuller"  . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 49. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  4. Wakeling, G. (1895). The Oxford Church Movement: Sketches and Recollections. London: Macmillan. p. 114.
  5. "Marriages". The Gentleman's Magazine: 635. December 1843.
  6. 1 2 3 4 Waagen, Gustav (1854). "Pictures belonging to Rev. John Fuller Russell, Eagle House, near Enfield". Treasures of Art in Great Britain. 2. London: John Murray. p. 461.
  7. Guégan, Nicole Garnier-Pelle ; introduction by Stéphane (2009). The Condé Museum at the Château de Chantilly : the paintings collection. Paris: Flammarion. p. 121. ISBN   9782081225817.
  8. including the Last Supper (Metropolitan Museum, New York) "The Last Supper Ugolino da Siena (Ugolino di Nerio)". Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  9. Smith, Alistair; Wyld, Martin (1983). "Altdorfer's 'Christ taking Leave of His Mother'". National Gallery Technical Bulletin. 7.
  10. 1 2 "St Geminianus, St Michael and St Augustine, each with an Angel above". Fitzwilliam Museum. Archived from the original on 13 September 2014.

Sources

Attribution

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : "Russell, John Fuller". Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.