John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach

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John George I
Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach.jpg
Duke of Saxe-Marksuhl
Reign1662–1686
PredecessorNew Creation
Successor Johann Georg II
Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Reign1671–1686
Predecessor William August
Successor Johann Georg II
Born(1634-07-12)12 July 1634
Weimar
Died19 September 1686(1686-09-19) (aged 52)
Eckhartshausen, Marksuhl
Spouse Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein
Issue Eleonore Erdmuthe Luise, Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Electress of Saxony
Frederick August, Hereditary Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Johann Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
John William III, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Fredericka Elisabeth, Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels
House Wettin
Father Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
Mother Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau
Religion Lutheran

Johann Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (Weimar, 12 July 1634 hunting accident, Eckhartshausen, Marksuhl, 19 September 1686).

Weimar Place in Thuringia, Germany

Weimar is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany. It is located in Central Germany between Erfurt in the west and Jena in the east, approximately 80 kilometres southwest of Leipzig, 170 kilometres north of Nuremberg and 170 kilometres west of Dresden. Together with the neighbour-cities Erfurt and Jena it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately 500,000 inhabitants, whereas the city itself counts a population of 65,000. Weimar is well known because of its large cultural heritage and its importance in German history.

Marksuhl Ortsteil of Gerstungen in Thuringia, Germany

Marksuhl is a village and a former municipality in the Wartburgkreis district of Thuringia, Germany. Since July 2018, it is part of the municipality Gerstungen.

He was the fifth but third surviving son of Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau.

Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau Duchess of Saxe-Weimar by marriage

Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau, was a princess of Anhalt-Dessau by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.

After the death of his father (1662), his older brother Johann Ernst II inherited Weimar, and his second brother Adolf Wilhelm received Eisenach. Johann Georg received an income from the new duchy of Saxe-Eisenach and took his residence in the small town of Marksuhl.

Adolf William, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach Duke of Saxe-Eisenach

Adolf Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach, was a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.

Eisenach Place in Thuringia, Germany

Eisenach is a town in Thuringia, Germany with 42,000 inhabitants, located 50 kilometres west of Erfurt, 70 km southeast of Kassel and 150 km northeast of Frankfurt. It is the main urban centre of western Thuringia and bordering northeastern Hessian regions, situated near the former Inner German border. A major attraction is Wartburg castle, which has been a UNESCO world heritage site since 1999.

In 1668 his brother Adolf Wilhelm died. His fifth and only surviving son, Wilhelm August, was born eight days after his father's death and became duke from the moment of his birth; Johann George became the regent of the duchy and also the guardian of the new duke. Wilhelm August died in 1671 at only two years of age, and Johann Georg inherited the duchy.

Wilhelm August, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach was a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.

The next year (1672) the death without heirs of the Duke Frederick Wilhelm III of Saxe-Altenburg forced a new treaty of division of the family lands between Johann Georg, his surviving brothers and his cousin. Johann Georg was confirmed in his possession of Eisenach and took some towns, and his younger brother, Bernhard, inherited Jena.

Saxe-Altenburg duchy

Saxe-Altenburg was one of the Saxon duchies held by the Ernestine branch of the House of Wettin in present-day Thuringia. It was one of the smallest of the German states with an area of 1323 square kilometers and a population of 207,000 (1905) of whom about one fifth resided in the capital, Altenburg. The territory of the duchy consisted of two non-contiguous territories separated by land belonging to the Principality of Reuss. Its economy was based on agriculture, forestry, and small industry. The state had a constitutional monarchical form of government with a parliament composed of thirty members chosen by male taxpayers over 25 years of age.

Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Jena German noble

Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Jena, was duke of Saxe-Jena.

Jena Place in Thuringia, Germany

Jena is a German university city and the second largest city in Thuringia. Together with the nearby cities of Erfurt and Weimar, it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately 500,000 inhabitants, while the city itself has a population of about 110,000. Jena is a centre of education and research; the Friedrich Schiller University was founded in 1558 and had 18,000 students in 2017 and the Ernst-Abbe-Fachhochschule Jena counts another 5,000 students. Furthermore, there are many institutes of the leading German research societies.

Johann Georg thus became the founder of the most recent line of the dukes of Saxe-Eisenach, who became extinct in 1741. He was ruler in 1685 when Johann Sebastian Bach was born in the duchy.

Johann Sebastian Bach German composer

Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Art of Fugue, the Brandenburg Concertos, and the Goldberg Variations as well as for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time.

Marriage and issue

In Wallau on 29 May 1661, Johann Georg married the Countess Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein, heiress of Sayn-Altenkirchen. They had eight children:

  1. Eleonore Erdmuthe Luise (b. Friedewald, 13 April 1662 - d. Schloss Pretzsch, 19 September 1696), married firstly on 4 November 1681 to Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, and secondly on 17 April 1692 to Johann Georg IV, Elector of Saxony. By her first marriage, Eleonore was the mother of the Queen Caroline of Brandeburg-Ansbach, wife of the King George II of Great Britain.
  2. Frederick August, Hereditary Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (b. Friedewald, 30 October 1663 - killed in battle, Pressburg, 19 September 1684).
  3. Johann Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (b. Friedewald, 24 July 1665 - d. of smallpox, Eisenach, 10 November 1698).
  4. Johann Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (b. Friedewald, 17 October 1666 - d. Eisenach, 14 January 1729).
  5. Maximilian Heinrich (b. Friedewald, 17 October 1666 - d. Altenkirchen, 23 July 1668), twin of Johann Wilhelm.
  6. Louise (b. Friedewald, 18 April 1668 - d. Altenkirchen, 26 June 1669).
  7. Fredericka Elisabeth (b. Altenkirchen, 5 May 1669 - d. Langensalza, 12 November 1730), married on 7 January 1698 to Johann Georg, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels.
  8. Ernst Gustav (b. Friedewald, 28 August 1672 - d. Altenkirchen, 16 November 1672).

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Fredericka Elisabeth of Saxe-Eisenach

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References

Preceded by
Wilhelm August
Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
16711686
Succeeded by
Johann Georg II
Preceded by
Wilhelm of Saxe-Weimar
Duke of Saxe-Marksuhl
16621686