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|John George I|
|Duke of Saxe-Eisenach|
|Duke of Saxe-Marksuhl|
|Successor||Johann Georg II|
|Duke of Saxe-Eisenach|
|Successor||Johann Georg II|
|Born||12 July 1634|
|Died||19 September 1686 52) (aged|
|Spouse||Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein|
|Issue|| Eleonore Erdmuthe Luise, Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Electress of Saxony |
Frederick August, Hereditary Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Johann Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
John William III, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Fredericka Elisabeth, Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels
|Father||Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar|
|Mother||Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau|
Johann Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (Weimar, 12 July 1634 – hunting accident, Eckhartshausen, Marksuhl, 19 September 1686).
Weimar is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany. It is located in Central Germany between Erfurt in the west and Jena in the east, approximately 80 kilometres southwest of Leipzig, 170 kilometres north of Nuremberg and 170 kilometres west of Dresden. Together with the neighbour-cities Erfurt and Jena it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately 500,000 inhabitants, whereas the city itself counts a population of 65,000. Weimar is well known because of its large cultural heritage and its importance in German history.
Marksuhl is a village and a former municipality in the Wartburgkreis district of Thuringia, Germany. Since July 2018, it is part of the municipality Gerstungen.
He was the fifth but third surviving son of Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau.
Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau, was a princess of Anhalt-Dessau by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.
After the death of his father (1662), his older brother Johann Ernst II inherited Weimar, and his second brother Adolf Wilhelm received Eisenach. Johann Georg received an income from the new duchy of Saxe-Eisenach and took his residence in the small town of Marksuhl.
Adolf Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach, was a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
Eisenach is a town in Thuringia, Germany with 42,000 inhabitants, located 50 kilometres west of Erfurt, 70 km southeast of Kassel and 150 km northeast of Frankfurt. It is the main urban centre of western Thuringia and bordering northeastern Hessian regions, situated near the former Inner German border. A major attraction is Wartburg castle, which has been a UNESCO world heritage site since 1999.
In 1668 his brother Adolf Wilhelm died. His fifth and only surviving son, Wilhelm August, was born eight days after his father's death and became duke from the moment of his birth; Johann George became the regent of the duchy and also the guardian of the new duke. Wilhelm August died in 1671 at only two years of age, and Johann Georg inherited the duchy.
Wilhelm August, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach was a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
The next year (1672) the death without heirs of the Duke Frederick Wilhelm III of Saxe-Altenburg forced a new treaty of division of the family lands between Johann Georg, his surviving brothers and his cousin. Johann Georg was confirmed in his possession of Eisenach and took some towns, and his younger brother, Bernhard, inherited Jena.
Saxe-Altenburg was one of the Saxon duchies held by the Ernestine branch of the House of Wettin in present-day Thuringia. It was one of the smallest of the German states with an area of 1323 square kilometers and a population of 207,000 (1905) of whom about one fifth resided in the capital, Altenburg. The territory of the duchy consisted of two non-contiguous territories separated by land belonging to the Principality of Reuss. Its economy was based on agriculture, forestry, and small industry. The state had a constitutional monarchical form of government with a parliament composed of thirty members chosen by male taxpayers over 25 years of age.
Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Jena, was duke of Saxe-Jena.
Jena is a German university city and the second largest city in Thuringia. Together with the nearby cities of Erfurt and Weimar, it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately 500,000 inhabitants, while the city itself has a population of about 110,000. Jena is a centre of education and research; the Friedrich Schiller University was founded in 1558 and had 18,000 students in 2017 and the Ernst-Abbe-Fachhochschule Jena counts another 5,000 students. Furthermore, there are many institutes of the leading German research societies.
Johann Georg thus became the founder of the most recent line of the dukes of Saxe-Eisenach, who became extinct in 1741. He was ruler in 1685 when Johann Sebastian Bach was born in the duchy.
Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Art of Fugue, the Brandenburg Concertos, and the Goldberg Variations as well as for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time.
In Wallau on 29 May 1661, Johann Georg married the Countess Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein, heiress of Sayn-Altenkirchen. They had eight children:
Saxe-Meiningen was one of the Saxon duchies held by the Ernestine line of the Wettin dynasty, located in the southwest of the present-day German state of Thuringia.
Saxe-Weimar was one of the Saxon duchies held by the Ernestine branch of the Wettin dynasty in present-day Thuringia. The chief town and capital was Weimar. The Weimar branch was the most genealogically senior extant branch of the House of Wettin.
Saxe-Eisenach was an Ernestine duchy ruled by the Saxon House of Wettin. The state intermittently existed at three different times in the Thuringian region of the Holy Roman Empire. The chief town and capital of all three duchies was Eisenach.
Johann II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, was a Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Jena.
Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, was a duke of Saxe-Weimar.
Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, was a duke of Saxe-Weimar and, from 1741, of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Johann Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach, was a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
John William III, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach, was a duke of Saxe-Eisenach, and came from the Ernestine line of the house Wettin.
John Ernest II, was a duke of Saxe-Weimar. He was the second but eldest surviving son of William, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, and Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau.
Johann Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, was a duke of Saxe-Weimar.
The Duchy of Saxe-Marksuhl was one of the Saxon Duchies held by the Ernestine line of the Wettin Dynasty. Established in 1662 for John George I, third son of Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar. Originally John George was supposed to share Saxe-Eisenach with his older brother, Adolf William. Johann Georg finally accepted the receipt of an income from the duchy of Saxe-Eisenach and made his residence in the small town of Marksuhl. Saxe-Marksuhl was reincorporated into Saxe-Eisenach on the accession of John George to the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach upon his nephew's death in 1671.
Johann Ernst of Saxe-Eisenach, was a duke of Saxe-Eisenach and later of Saxe-Coburg.
Maurice of Saxe-Zeitz was a duke of Saxe-Zeitz and member of the House of Wettin.
Johann Karl August, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg was a German nobleman. By descent, he was Count of Leiningen and Dagsburg, by heritage, he was Lord of Broich and Bürgel.
Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein, was Sovereign Countess of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn-Altenkirchen from 1648 to 1701. She was also Landgravine of Hesse-Braubach by marriage to John, Landgrave of Hesse-Braubach, and Duchess of Saxe-Marksuhl by marriage to John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
Fredericka Elisabeth of Saxe-Eisenach, was a German noblewoman member of the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels.
| Duke of Saxe-Eisenach |
Johann Georg II
Wilhelm of Saxe-Weimar
| Duke of Saxe-Marksuhl |