John Grey of Groby

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Sir John Grey of Groby
Arms of Grey: Barry of six argent and azure
Bornc. 1432
Died(1461-02-17)17 February 1461 (about 29)
Spouse Elizabeth Woodville
Children Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset
Richard Grey
Parent(s)Elizabeth Ferrers, 6th Baroness Ferrers of Groby
Edward Grey, 6th Baron Ferrers of Groby

Sir John Grey, of Groby, Leicestershire (c. 1432 [1] – 17 February 1461) was a Lancastrian knight, the first husband of Elizabeth Woodville who later married King Edward IV of England, and great-great-grandfather of Lady Jane Grey.



Grey was the son and heir of Elizabeth Ferrers, 6th Baroness Ferrers of Groby (1419–1483) and of Sir Edward Grey (c. 1415–1457), a son of Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn. [1] [2] His father was summoned to parliament as Baron Ferrers of Groby in right of his wife. [1] [3] After the death of Grey's father in 1457, his mother married his stepfather, John Bourchier, in 1462; he assumed his wife's title, Baron Ferrers of Groby. [1]

As Grey predeceased his mother, Lady Ferrers, the title of Baron Ferrers of Groby passed to his eldest son and heir, Thomas. [1] Grey was never summoned to Parliament. Another title, Baron Grey of Groby, was created 21 July 1603 for his direct descendant, Henry Grey (c.1547–1614). On the death of his father, John inherited the title of Lord Astley from his father, who inherited it from his grandfather, which his son would inherit on his death.

Wife and children

About 1454, Sir John Grey married Elizabeth Woodville, the eldest daughter of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg. [1] They had two sons, Thomas, later Marquess of Dorset, born in 1455, and Richard, born in 1457. Richard was aged about 26 when executed on the orders of Richard III in June 1483. [2]

In 1491, John's widow, by then queen dowager, became the co-heiress of her brother, Richard Woodville, 3rd Earl Rivers. She died a year later. [1] [3]

Death at the battle of St Albans

Sir John Grey was killed in the Second Battle of St Albans in 1461, fighting for the Lancastrian cause. [1] His widow, Lady Elizabeth Grey, later secretly married Edward IV who was the successful Yorkist claimant to the throne. [1] [2]

See also

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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Douglas Richardson. Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, 2nd Edition, 2011. pg 161-164.
  2. 1 2 3 Sir John Grey (c.1432-1461), knight in Grey, Sir Richard (d. 1483), nobleman by Rosemary Horrox in Dictionary of National Biography online (accessed 26 November 2007)
  3. 1 2 Douglas Richardson & Kimball G. Everingham, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, p. 359