John Guillermin

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John Guillermin
John Guillermin.jpg
John Guillermin in 1970
Born(1925-11-11)11 November 1925
London, UK
Died27 September 2015(2015-09-27) (aged 89)
OccupationFilm director
Years active1947–1988
Spouse(s)
Maureen Connell (m. 19561999)

Mary Guillermin(m. 19992015)
ChildrenTwo

John Guillermin (11 November 1925 27 September 2015) was a British film director, writer and producer who was most active in big budget, action adventure films throughout his lengthy career.

Contents

His more well-known films include I Was Monty's Double (1958), Tarzan's Greatest Adventure (1959), Never Let Go (1960), Tarzan Goes to India (1962), Waltz of the Toreadors (1962), The Blue Max (1966), The Bridge at Remagen (1969), The Towering Inferno (1974), King Kong (1976), Death on the Nile (1978), Sheena (1984) and King Kong Lives (1986). From the 1980s he worked on much less prestigious projects, and his final films consisted of lower budgeted theatrical releases and made-for-TV films.

<i>I Was Montys Double</i> (film) 1958 film by John Guillermin

I Was Monty's Double is a 1958 film made by Associated British Picture Corporation (ABPC). It was directed by John Guillermin. The screenplay was adapted by Bryan Forbes from the autobiography of M. E. Clifton James, an actor who pretended to be General Montgomery as a decoy during the Second World War.

<i>Tarzans Greatest Adventure</i> 1959 film by John Guillermin

Tarzan's Greatest Adventure is a 1959 Eastmancolor adventure film directed by John Guillermin, produced by Sy Weintraub and Harvey Hayutin, and written by Les Crutchfield, based on the character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs. With a strong supporting cast that included Anthony Quayle and Sean Connery, and a focus on action and suspense, the film won critical praise as a Tarzan film that appealed to adults as well as children.

<i>Never Let Go</i> 1960 British thriller film directed by John Guillermin

Never Let Go is a 1960 British thriller film starring Richard Todd, Peter Sellers and Elizabeth Sellars. It concerns a man's attempt to recover his stolen Ford Anglia car. Sellers plays a London villain, in one of his rare straight roles.

According to one obituary, "Regardless of whether he was directing a light comedy, war epic or crime drama, Mr. Guillermin had a reputation as an intense, temperamental perfectionist, notorious for screaming at cast and crew alike. His domineering manner often alienated producers and actors... But Mr. Guillermin's impeccable eye and ability to capture both intimate moments and large-scale action scenes usually overcame that reputation." [1]

Early life

Guillermin was born Yvon Jean Guillermin in London on 11 November 1925. His parents, Joseph and Genevieve, were French. Joseph Guillermin worked in the perfume industry.

Yvon Jean Guillermin grew up in England and attended the City of London School and the University of Cambridge. He joined the Royal Air Force at age 19.

University of Cambridge University in Cambridge, United Kingdom

The University of Cambridge is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, United Kingdom. Founded in 1209 and granted a Royal Charter by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's fourth-oldest surviving university. The university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford after a dispute with the townspeople. The two 'ancient universities' share many common features and are often referred to jointly as 'Oxbridge'. The history and influence of the University of Cambridge has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world.

Royal Air Force Aerial warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force. Formed towards the end of the First World War on 1 April 1918, it is the oldest independent air force in the world. Following victory over the Central Powers in 1918 the RAF emerged as, at the time, the largest air force in the world. Since its formation, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history. In particular, it played a large part in the Second World War where it fought its most famous campaign, the Battle of Britain.

After mustering out of the Royal Air Force at the age of 22, Guillermin's directorial career began in France with documentary filmmaking. According to a critical review of Guillermin's work, "One of his stylistic constants, an expert use of handheld camera to add grit and muscle to key scenes, may be rooted in those early efforts, and they function as counterweights to Guillermin's penchant for forceful lines, a very plastic sense of interior spaces, and use of overhead shots... Guillermin's interest in conveying how people and spaces relate to one another and how decisions are reached and carried out suggests a spark to his filmmaking that one might call Griersonian even if the grandfather of British documentary focused on social development and progress as opposed to collapse." [2]

Directing

In 1948 he moved back to London. With Robert Jordan Hill he set up a small production company, Advent Films. Together they made Bless 'Em All (1948) which Guillermin helped produce. They co-directed High Jinks in Society (1949), a comedy with the cockney character actor Ben Wrigley. The company was backed by Adelphi Pictures for whom Guillermin made four further features: Melody in the Dark (1949), which he scripted for Hill to direct; Torment (1950), known as Paper Gallows in the US; Song of Paris (1952) (a.k.a. Bachelor in Paris) and The Crowded Day (1954) (a.k.a. Shop Soiled).

Robert Jordan Hill was a British director, writer, editor and producer of films. He had a partnership with John Guillermin for a time.

Bless 'Em All is a 1948 British musical comedy film starring Hal Monty and Max Bygraves, the latter in his screen debut. Three men meet when they are called up for the Second World War and fight together in the Battle of France.

<i>High Jinks in Society</i> 1949 film by John Guillermin

High Jinks in Society is a 1949 British comedy film directed by John Guillermin and Robert Jordan Hill and starring Ben Wrigley, Barbara Shaw, Basil Appleby, Peter Gawthorne and Moore Marriott.

He went to Hollywood in 1950 to study film-making methods.

Other films he made around this time include two based on scripts by Alec Coppel, The Smart Aleck (1951) and Two on the Tiles (1951). He also directed Four Days (1951) and Miss Robin Hood (1952), the latter starring Margaret Rutherford. He worked on such TV shows as Strange Stories (1953), and Your Favorite Story (1953). His film Operation Diplomat (1953) was described as "the first example of prime Guillermin... a 70-minute programmer so tautly directed that every image counts, every detail matters, every actor's movement feels perfectly timed—a true gem." [2]

Alec Coppel was an Australian-born screenwriter, novelist and playwright. He spent the majority of his career in London and Hollywood, specialising in light thrillers, mysteries and sex comedies. He is best known for the films Vertigo (1958), The Captain's Paradise (1953), Mr Denning Drives North (1951) and Obsession (1949), and the plays I Killed the Count and The Gazebo.

The Smart Aleck is a 1951 British crime film directed by John Guillermin and starring Peter Reynolds.

<i>Two on the Tiles</i> 1951 film by John Guillermin

Two on the Tiles is a 1951 British comedy film directed by John Guillermin and starring Herbert Lom, Hugh McDermott and Brenda Bruce. It was made at the Walton Studios by the independent Vandyke Productions for release as a second feature. It was one of three back-to-back productions Guillermin direction for the company at Walton along with The Smart Aleck and Four Days, and was released in the U.S. as School for Brides.

It was followed by Adventure in the Hopfields (1954), a children's film, and a Spanish shot movie, Tormenta (1955), also known as Thunderstorm . There were other TV series: The Adventures of Aggie (15 TV episodes, 1956–57) and Sailor of Fortune (1957-58). According to the BFI, "it was a modest beginning but he soon hit his stride with a string of films that transcended their meagre budgets to reveal a genuine talent." [3]

Rising Reputation

His first major movie was Town on Trial (1957), a thriller starring John Mills. Maureen Connell had a small role; she would soon marry Guillermin. According to the BFI, "Detractors have too often accused Guillermin of being merely a journeyman, lacking any real style of his own. The defence would do worse than to offer Town on Trial as its Exhibit A, drawing particular attention to its breathtaking PoV shot of the killer stalking a second victim that anticipates the camera gymnastics of Dario Argento." [3]

Following this Guillermin announced he would make Insurrection about the 1916 Easter Rising for Carl Foreman based on a story by Liam O'Flaherty. [4] Instead Guillermin made another movie with Mills, I Was Monty's Double (1958), the story of Operation Copperhead with M. E. Clifton James playing himself.

His reputation also increased when he made The Whole Truth (1958), with Stewart Granger, George Sanders and Donna Reed.

Guillermin was then hired by producer Sy Weintraub to help re-invigorate the Tarzan series. The result was Tarzan's Greatest Adventure (1959), now regarded as one of the best Tarzans. One writer called it "the most relentless and brutal Tarzan film ever made - it's Guillermin's Heart of Darkness . [2]

It was followed by a heist film with Aldo Ray and Peter O'Toole, The Day They Robbed the Bank of England (1960) and Never Let Go (1960) with Peter Sellers; Guillermin also wrote the story. Waltz of the Toreadors (1962), based on a Jean Anouilh play, reunited him with Sellers. Tarzan Goes to India (1962) was another popular Tarzan film.

20th Century Fox

Guns at Batasi (1964) was an adventure-drama set in the last days of British colonialism. It was released by 20th Century Fox, whose head of production Darryl F. Zanuck became a fan of Guillermin and signed him for two more films: Rapture (1965) and The Blue Max (1966). [5] It starred George Peppard, who said working with Guillermin was "the most exciting, creative experience I've ever had." [6] Zanuck was a mentor to Guillermin. "If he'd said he'd wanted a picture on a lab technician in the Sahara, I'd have done it eagerly," said Guillermin. [7]

Hollywood

Guillermin then received an offer to work in Hollywood, reuniting him with Peppard: P.J. (1968) (formerly known as Criss Cross). It was followed by another with Peppard, House of Cards (1968)

The Bridge at Remagen (1969) was a World War Two film originally shot in Czechoslovakia. El Condor (1970) was a rare Western.

For MGM he made Skyjacked (1972), a popular thriller with Charlton Heston, and Shaft in Africa (1973). He was also meant to make The Palermo Affair for Walter Seltzer but it was never filmed. [8]

He had a big hit with The Towering Inferno (1974) for producer Irwin Allen. Allen got most of the critical kudos which annoyed the director. "I wanted to fight it because dammit I made that picture," said Guillermin. "But I let the studio talk me out of it.They said it would only hurt business. But I was wrong, I should have fought." [7]

He was meant to make Hennessy but was replaced by Don Sharp. [9]

King Kong

He was meant to direct Midway (1976) but was replaced by Jack Smight. His next job came from Dino De Laurentis who was looking for a director for his remake of King Kong (1976). He had been turned down by Steven Spielberg, Milos Forman, Roman Polanski and Sydney Pollack before going with Guillermin. "To me John Guillermin is a talent guy," said De Laurentis. "He is a strange character, but this don't mean anything to me. All directors are strange characters. Bergman is a strange character, Fellini is a strange character - all directors. He was very open to special effects. And then, he believe in the story; he believe in the love story. And if he believe in it, it works. Because John Guillermin believe in this fantastically human love story... Every director at one point jump from one category to another category. No director can be genius from first movie. You must give a chance when people are talented. And I recognize in John some quality. And he did it with KONG. He surprised you, surprised all critics." [10]

"The original 'Kong' was part of my childhood and I loved it," said Guillermin. "I dreamed about it. What I wanted to do was to re-create what I'd felt about it the first time I saw it, but still adapt the story to our own day. I didn't think and still don't that you could simply remake it... We all wanted and tried to get back to that lyrical childhood idea of the beauty and the beast. It was tricky trying to balance all the jokes on the one hand and the danger of bathos on the other, but I wanted it to be obvious that we regarded the material with sincerity." [7]

King Kong starred Jeff Bridges who recalls "so many problems" on the film. "Every week or so John Guillermin would just explode, yelling at everybody. It got to the point where we waited for his blow ups." [11] Writer Lorenzo Semple Jr said there was "a creative tension" between Guillermin and De Laurentiis which "helped us all". [7]

Guillermin said in a 1976 interview, "I've been directing all over the bloody world for 27 years, learning my craft, and by now it's dripping from my fingers. I was ready for Kong and it was a lovely opportunity. It could've been better if we'd had more time. Still I'm damned proud. It works. It ain't bad." [7]

Another success was Death on the Nile (1978).

"In Britain they seem to have run out of things to film," he said. "Over here there's an extraordinary freedom to take on an enormous variety of subjects." [12]

"Guillermin was not very nice to me," said Lois Chiles, who had a small role in the film. "On my very first day when I questioned a direction I didn't understand, he stood there swearing at me. It was awful." [13]

In the late 1970s, Guillermin was attached to make The Godfather Part III and worked on a script with Dean Reisner and Mario Puzo. [12] He made the Canadian horror film Mr. Patman (1980). After this he was briefly connected to a big screen version of Tai Pan to star Roger Moore. [14]

Later career

He was replaced on Sahara (1983) by Andrew McLaglen. There were two attempts to repeat the success of King Kong: Sheena (1984) and King Kong Lives (1986). Sheena starred Tanya Roberts who recalled "John screams until you get it right.. He shouted at me to be 'honest’, and he wouldn't let up until I was. I'd be upset, but I worked harder until he was satisfied. He did his research, and he got sustained performances out of all of us.” [15] Guillermin's son Michael died in a car accident during the making of Sheena.

Guillermin was still grieving while making King Kong Lives. He occasionally left the set halfway through a day's shooting to go sailing. After one argument with the production staff, he stayed away for days. [1] Filming was completed by an uncredited 21-year-old documentary film-maker, Charles McCracken.

Guillermin's last film was The Tracker (1988), a made-for-TV western starring Kris Kristofferson.

For TV he was one of the directors on La Révolution française: Les Années lumière (1989).

Personality

Town on Trial (1957) showed his early craftsmanship, with Guillermin managing to obtain a menacing performance from the usually benign John Mills. Guillermin in time became known more as a general entertainment director than as an auteur director, and in his later career as a director for films with big budgets and spectacular effects. He also became known as a pipe-smoking exacting perfectionist, filming and refilming scenes to get exactly what he was looking for. Unusual camera angles and hand-held camera shots were among his preferred options.

Memoirs of actors, editors and producers indicate that Guillermin was a difficult man to work with. He is described in Norma Barzman's book where he is mentioned in connection with the shooting of The Blue Max (1966) as having a "cold, stiff-lipped manner." [16] Elmo Williams, producer of The Blue Max, described Guillermin as a "demanding director, indifferent to people getting hurt as long as he got realistic action . . . he was a hard-working, overly critical man whom the crew disliked. However, Guillermin was a master at camera setup." [17]

Producer David L. Wolper wrote that Guillermin was "the most difficult director with whom I'd ever worked." Wolper further described Guillermin as "a real pain in the ass." Guillermin was directing Wolper's The Bridge at Remagen (1969). When some members of the Czech crew were late for the first day of filming in 1968, Guillermin screamed at them. He was told by a crew member if he did this again, the entire crew would walk off the set. Guillermin later told Wolper he could not set foot on the set one day because of the complexity of the filming. Wolper told Guillermin he was therefore sacked. Guillermin apologised and was re-employed immediately. [18]

Ralph E. Winters was employed as editor for King Kong (1976) after a nice conversation with Guillermin. Winters described the director as "A skinny guy, dark, with very sharp features." In the screening room, Winters witnessed a frustrated Guillermin kicking the seat in front until it broke; Winters got an apologetic phone call the next day. Twenty-three years after the film was released, Guillermin called to compliment him on his work on King Kong. [19]

Charlton Heston described Guillermin as an "imaginative and skillful director" with an "irascible streak." [20]

Before filming started on Midway (1976), producer Walter Mirisch replaced Guillermin with Jack Smight after Guillermin requested more time and equipment, particularly aeroplanes, than the budget allowed. [21] Guillermin was also replaced as director on Sahara (1983) by Andrew V. McLaglen.

Novelist James Dickey, who worked with him on the unfilmed Alnilam project in 1989, wrote that Guillermin was "one of those megalomaniacal directors who have to be given the gates of Heaven before they consider doing a project."

His work was re-appraised in Film Comment .

Why has Guillermin's career gone unrecognized? Easy: bad timing. Guillermin hit his stride at the end of the Fifties, just as a post-studio system style of filmmaking was arising with the French New Wave, Britain's Free Cinema, and so on. For the admirers of these idioms, Guillermin's meticulously executed and unapologetically classical works, such as The Blue Max (66) or The Bridge at Remagen (69), were anathema. The only Guillermin film that was somewhat in synch with the fashion of the day is Never Let Go (60), an excursion into England's underworld that functions as a perfectly constructed parable about the new middle class's fear of falling—a kitchen-sink noir. The problem wasn't so much the disdain of new wave hipsters, as it was one of the director's attitude. Guillermin is something of a melancholic: in his coolly unflinching cinema, tired, traumatized men in desperate situations fight with dour determination for a few shreds of dignity. There's nothing conventionally uplifting about his films; his tales of violence, grimy glory, and defeat conceded with stoicism, don't make for easy viewing experiences. At their finest, Guillermin's films are howls from the soul's darker recesses—theirs is a savage heart. [2]

Personal life and death

On 20 July 1956, Guillermin married actress and author Maureen Connell. They had two children, Michelle and Michael-John, the latter of whom died in 1989 in a car accident in Truckee, California. They resided in the Los Angeles area beginning 1968. His second wife was Mary. On 27 September 2015, Guillermin died in Topanga, California, from a heart attack. [22] [23] He was 89.

Award

Filmography

Films

YearTitleCredited asNotes
1949 Bless 'Em All Associate ProducerDirected by Robert Jordan Hill
Melody in the Dark Writer / ProducerDirected, сo-written and co-produced by Robert Jordan Hill
High Jinks in Society Director / Writer / ProducerСo-directed, сo-written and co-produced with Robert Jordan Hill
1950 Torment Director / Writer / ProducerCo-produced with Robert Jordan Hill
1951 Smart Alec Director
Two on the Tiles Director
Four Days Director
1952 Song of Paris Director
Miss Robin Hood Director
1953 Strange Stories DirectorСo-directed with Don Chaffey
Operation Diplomat Director / WriterCo-written with A.R. Rawlinson
1954 The Crowded Day Director
Adventure in the Hopfields Director
1956 Thunderstorm Director
1957 Town on Trial Director
1958 The Whole Truth Director
I Was Monty's Double Director
1959 Tarzan's Greatest Adventure Director / WriterCo-written with Berne Giler
1960 The Day They Robbed the Bank of England Director
Never Let Go Director / Writer (Story)Story co-written with Peter De Sarigny
1962 Waltz of the Toreadors Director
Tarzan Goes to India Director / WriterCo-written with Robert Hardy Andrews
1964 Guns at Batasi Director
1965 Rapture Director
1966 The Blue Max Director
1968 P.J. Director
House of Cards Director
1969 The Bridge at Remagen Director
1970 El Condor Director
1972 Skyjacked Director
1973 Shaft in Africa Director
1974 The Towering Inferno Director
1976 King Kong Director
1978 Death on the Nile Director
1980 Crossover Director
1984 Sheena Director
1986 King Kong Lives Director

Television

YearTitleCredited asNotes
1953 Your Favorie Story Director4 episodes
1956-1957 The Adventures of Aggie Director15 episodes
1957-1958 Sailor of Fortune Director13 episodes
1978Death on the Nile: Making of FeaturetteDirectorTV Short documentary
1988 The Tracker DirectorTV Movie

Further reading

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References

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  2. 1 2 3 4 Möller, Olaf. "Savage Spectacles". Film Comment (50.1 Jan/Feb 2014). pp. 20–21.
  3. 1 2 Lyons, Kevin (2 October 2015). "John Guillermin (1925-2015)". British Film Institute.
  4. Schallert, Edwin (22 August 1957). "'Insurrection' to Call Siobhan McKenna; Ray Milland in New Deal". Los Angeles Times. b11.
  5. Champlin, Charles (24 April 1966). "How Zanuck Brought Life to Ailing 20th Century-Fox". Los Angeles Times. b1.
  6. Hendrick, Kimmis (1 February 1966). "'I'm an actor, not a star': Good director". The Christian Science Monitor. p. 4.
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  8. Murphy, Mary (18 April 1973). "Movie Call Sheet: 'Mikey and Nicky' Next for Peter Falk". Los Angeles Times. p. 29.
  9. Murphy, Mary (10 December 1973). "Movie Call Sheet: 'Partizan'—Rod Taylor and Cast of 10,000". Los Angeles Times. d23.
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  11. Mann, Roderick (24 December 1978). "Movies: Jeff Bridges and the Raising of 'Winter Kills'". Los Angeles Times. p. 44.
  12. 1 2 Lee, Grant (20 September 1978). "Film Clips: Life on the Nile with Guillermin". Los Angeles Times. f14.
  13. Mann, Roderick (30 October 1983). "Movies: Actress Lois Chiles—Where Did It All Go Wrong?". Los Angeles Times. u26.
  14. Mann, Roderick (14 April 1981). "Back-to-Back Spying in Roger Moore Film". Los Angeles Times. g1.
  15. "John Guillermin, film director - obituary". Telegraph. 1 October 2015.
  16. Barzman, Norma. The Red and the Blacklist: The Intimate Memoir of a Hollywood Expatriate. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, 2003. p. 394.
  17. Williams, Elmo. Elmo Williams: A Hollywood Memoir. Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company, 2006. p. 199
  18. Wolper, David. Producer: A Memoir. New York: Scribner, 2003. p. 169
  19. Winters, Ralph E. Some Cutting Remarks: Seventy Years as a Film Editor. Lanham, Massachusetts: Scarecrow Press, 2001. pp. 105–6.
  20. Heston, Charlton. In the Arena: An Autobiography. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. pp. 464–5.
  21. Mirisch, Walter. I Thought We Were Making Movies, Not History. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2008. pp. 332–333.
  22. Burchette, John (30 September 2015). "John Guillermin, Director of 'The Towering Inferno,' Dead at 89". TheWrap . Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  23. Barnes, John (30 September 2015). "John Guillermin, Director of 'The Towering Inferno,' Dies at 89". The Hollywood Reporter . Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  24. Evening Standard British Film Awards 1980 at IMDB