John Harington, 2nd Baron Harington of Exton

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John Harington
John Harington, 2nd Baron.jpg
John Harington, 1620 engraving by Magdalena and Willem de Passe
Born1592
Died(1614-02-14)14 February 1614
Title Baron Harington of Exton
Tenure1613-1614
NationalityBritish

John Harington, 2nd Baron Harington of Exton (1592 – 27 February 1614), of Burley-on-the-Hill, Rutland was a young English peer and politician. He was the Lord Lieutenant of Rutland and Baron Harington of Exton.

English people Nation and ethnic group native to England

The English people are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn. Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.

A peerage is a legal system historically comprising various hereditary titles in a number of countries, and composed of assorted noble ranks.

The ancient position of Lord-Lieutenant of Rutland was abolished on 31 March 1974.

Contents

Early life

He was the surviving son of Sir John Harington (later created Baron Harington of Exton in 1603) and his wife, Anne Keilway, daughter of Robert Keilway, Surveyor of the Court of Wards and Liveries, and was born at Combe Abbey, near Coventry, Warwickshire, in April 1592. He was admitted in 1607 to Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, [1] which had been founded by Frances Sidney, his father's aunt, and to which he and his father were benefactors. [2] He was educated with the Prince of Wales and they remained close friends until the prince's death. He succeeded his father as Baron in August 1613. His distant descendants include the actor Kit Harington.

John Harington, 1st Baron Harington of Exton English politician

John Harington, 1st Baron Harington of Exton in Rutland, was an English courtier and politician.

Baron Harington of Exton

Baron Harington of Exton was a title in the Peerage of England, created on 21 July 1603 for John Harington of Exton Hall, Rutland. It became extinct on the death of his son John Harington in 1614.

Robert Keilway English politician and court official

Robert Keilway (1497–1581) of Minster Lovell Hall in Oxfordshire, was an English politician and court official.

On tour

Friend and companion of Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, on 5 January 1604 he was created, along with The Duke of York and others, a Knight of the Bath. In September he went a foreign tour with John Tovey, a master of the free school at Guildford. While abroad he corresponded in French and Latin with Prince Henry. After seven weeks in the Low Countries, where he visited the universities, courts of three princes, and military fortifications, Harington went to Italy in 1608. He wrote from Venice (28 May 1609) announcing his intention of returning through France to spend the rest of his life with his royal friend. Henry's death (6 November 1612) greatly grieved him. [2]

Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales Prince of Wales

Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales was the elder son of James VI and I, King of England and Scotland, and his wife, Anne of Denmark. His name derives from his grandfathers: Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, and Frederick II of Denmark. Prince Henry was widely seen as a bright and promising heir to his father's thrones. However, at the age of 18, he predeceased his father when he died of typhoid fever. His younger brother Charles succeeded him as heir apparent to the English, Irish and Scottish thrones.

Charles I of England 17th-century monarch of kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland

Charles I was the monarch over the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution.

Guildford county town of Surrey in England

Guildford is a large town in Surrey, England, 27 miles (43 km) southwest of London on the A3 trunk road midway between the capital and Portsmouth.

Return to England

On his return to Coventry Harington became the Member of Parliament for Coventry for a brief period (1610–1611) when the incumbent John Rogerson was taken ill. He was also appointed Lord Lieutenant of Rutland in 1613 on the death of his father, a position he held until his own death the following year. [3]

Coventry (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885-1945

Coventry was a borough constituency which was represented in the House of Commons of England and its successors, the House of Commons of Great Britain and the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

In August 1613 21-year-old Harington succeeded to his father's title and a heritage of debts, and vainly attempted to retrieve the family fortunes by obtaining a royal patent on the minting of lead farthings from the mint under a scheme proposed by Gerard de Malynes on 10 April. After the farthings proved unpopular, the young Lord Harington of Exton died at Kew on 27 February 1614 and was buried at Exton. [2]

Kew suburban district in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames

Kew is a district in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north-east of Richmond and 7.1 miles (11.4 km) west by south-west of Charing Cross; its population at the 2011 census was 11,436. Kew is the location of the Royal Botanic Gardens, now a World Heritage Site, which includes Kew Palace. Kew is also the home of important historical documents such as Domesday Book, which is held at The National Archives.

Exton, Rutland village and former civil parish in Rutland, UK

Exton is a village in Rutland, England. The population was 607 at the 2011 census. The civil parish was abolished in 2016 and merged with Horn to form Exton and Horn.

On 18 February he had sold the lordship of Exton to Sir Baptist Hicks, [4] and by his will, made at the same time, left the overplus of the estates, after the creditors had been paid (according to his mother the debts amounted to £40,000), to his two sisters, two-thirds to Lucy, Countess of Bedford, and one-third to Frances, Lady Chichester (d. 1615), whose kneeling effigy exists in Pilton Church in Devon, first wife of Sir Robert Chichester (1578–1627) of Raleigh. The Countess of Bedford eventually sold the remaining family estates in Rutland. [2]

Baptist Hicks, 1st Viscount Campden Member of the Parliament of England

Baptist Hicks, 1st Viscount Campden was an English merchant and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1621 and 1628. King James I knighted Hicks in 1603 and in 1620 he was created a baronet.

Pilton, Devon suburb of Barnstaple, Devon, England

The ancient and historic village of Pilton is today a suburb within the town of Barnstaple, one of the oldest boroughs in England. It is located about quarter of a mile north of the town centre in the English county of Devon, in the district of North Devon. In 2009, the Pilton (Barnstaple) ward had a population of 4,239 living in some 1,959 dwellings. It has its own infants and junior school, houses one of Barnstaple's larger secondary schools, and one of Barnstaple's SEN specialist schools. North Devon Hospital is also within West Pilton parish. It has a Church Hall, two public houses, two hotels, and residential homes. It has residential estates of both private and public housing including flats. It also has a historic Church that dates back to at least the 11th Century.

Rutland County of England

Rutland is a landlocked county in the East Midlands of England, bounded to the west and north by Leicestershire, to the northeast by Lincolnshire and the southeast by Northamptonshire.

Reputation

Harington's contemporaries wrote of him in the highest terms. His funeral sermon was preached by Richard Stock, pastor of All Hallows, Bread Street, and published as "The Church's Lament for the Loss of the Godly" (London, 1614), with a small woodprint portrait. [5] Appended to this publication were an epitaph and elegies by F. Herring and Sir Thomas Roe. At the same time a poem entitled "Sorrows Lenitive, written upon occasion of the death of that hopeful and noble young gentleman, &c.", was written by Abraham Jackson, and dedicated to Harington's mother and sister Lucy. John Donne took leave of poetry in a funeral ode on Harington (published after his death in hia volume of Poems, London, 1633), and Thomas Gataker, in his "Discours Apologetical", London, 1654, p. 36, styles him a "mirror of nobility". A portrait is in Henry Holland's Herωologia. [2]

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References

  1. "Harington, Sir John (HRNN607J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Bradley 1890.
  3. "HARINGTON, Sir John (1592-1614), of Richmond Palace and Kew, Surr.; Combe Abbey, Warws. and Exton and Burley-on-the-Hill, Rutland". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  4. "Sir Baptist Hicks", British History Online.
  5. "John Harington, Second Baron Harington of Exton", Oxford DNB.
Attribution

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Bradley, Emily Tennyson (1890). "Harington, John (1592-1614)". In Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney (eds.). Dictionary of National Biography . 24. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Harington of Exton
Lord Lieutenant of Rutland
1613–1614
Succeeded by
The Earl of Huntingdon
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Harington
Baron Harington of Exton
1613–1614
Extinct