John Henderson (Mississippi politician)

Last updated
John Henderson
United States Senator
from Mississippi
In office
March 4, 1839 March 4, 1845
Preceded by Thomas H. Williams
Succeeded by Jesse Speight
Member of the Mississippi Senate
In office
Personal details
Born(1797-02-28)February 28, 1797
Cumberland County, New Jersey
DiedSeptember 15, 1857(1857-09-15) (aged 60)
Pass Christian, Mississippi
Political party Whig
Profession Politician, Lawyer, Flatboatman
Military service
Branch/serviceMississippi Militia
Rank Brigadier General

John Henderson (February 28, 1797 September 15, 1857) was a lawyer and U.S. Senator from Mississippi.

Lawyer legal professional who helps clients and represents them in a court of law

A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, counsellor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary. Working as a lawyer involves the practical application of abstract legal theories and knowledge to solve specific individualized problems, or to advance the interests of those who hire lawyers to perform legal services.

Mississippi U.S. state in the United States

Mississippi is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Mississippi is the 32nd largest and 34th-most populous of the 50 United States. Mississippi is bordered to the north by Tennessee, to the east by Alabama, to the south by the Gulf of Mexico, to the southwest by Louisiana, and to the northwest by Arkansas. Mississippi's western boundary is largely defined by the Mississippi River. Jackson is both the state's capital and largest city. Greater Jackson, with an estimated population of 580,166 in 2018, is the most populous metropolitan area in Mississippi and the 95th-most populous in the United States.

Born in Cumberland County, New Jersey, Henderson worked as a flatboatman on the Mississippi River and studied law. He moved to Mississippi and was admitted to the bar, commencing practice in Woodville, Mississippi. He served as a brigadier general in the Mississippi Militia and was a member of the Mississippi Senate from 1835 to 1836. In 1838, Henderson was elected a Whig to the United States Senate, serving one full term, 1839 to 1845. There, he served as chairman of the Committee on Engrossed Bills in the 26th Congress, of the Post Office and Post Roads in the 27th Congress and of the Committee on Private Land Claims in the 27th Congress and 28th Congresses. Afterwards, Henderson resumed practicing law in New Orleans, Louisiana. In 1851, he was tried in the United States District Court in New Orleans for violation of the neutrality laws of 1817 for complicity in expeditions conducted by Venezuelan filibuster Narciso Lopez to liberate Cuba from Spanish rule, however was acquitted. He retired from public life and died in Pass Christian, Mississippi on September 15, 1857. He was interred in Live Oak Cemetery in Pass Christian.

Cumberland County, New Jersey County in New Jersey

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 150,972, making it the state's 16th-largest county, representing a 2.8% decrease from the 156,898 enumerated at the 2010 United States Census, in turn increasing by 10,460 (+7.1%) from the 146,438 counted in the 2000 Census, retaining its position as the state's 16th-most populous county. Its county seat is Bridgeton. Cumberland County is named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland. The county was formally created from portions of Salem County as of January 19, 1748.

Flatboat rectangular flat-bottomed boat with square ends

A flatboat was a rectangular flat-bottomed boat with square ends used to transport freight and passengers on inland waterways in the United States. The flatboat could be any size, but essentially it was a large, sturdy tub with a hull.

Mississippi River largest river system in North America

The Mississippi River is the second-longest river and chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system. Its source is Lake Itasca in northern Minnesota and it flows generally south for 2,320 miles (3,730 km) to the Mississippi River Delta in the Gulf of Mexico. With its many tributaries, the Mississippi's watershed drains all or parts of 32 U.S. states and two Canadian provinces between the Rocky and Appalachian mountains. The main stem is entirely within the United States; the total drainage basin is 1,151,000 sq mi (2,980,000 km2), of which only about one percent is in Canada. The Mississippi ranks as the fourth-longest and fifteenth-largest river by discharge in the world. The river either borders or passes through the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana.

Related Research Articles

Mary Landrieu Louisiana politician

Mary Loretta Landrieu is an American politician, entrepreneur, and former U.S. Senator from the state of Louisiana. She is a member of the Democratic Party.

Thad Cochran American politician

William Thad Cochran was an American attorney and politician who served as a United States Senator for Mississippi from 1978 to 2018. A Republican, he served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1973 to 1978.

Augustus Hill Garland American politician

Augustus Hill Garland was an American lawyer and Democratic politician from Arkansas, who initially opposed Arkansas' secession from the United States, but later served in both houses of the Congress of the Confederate States and the United States Senate, as well as became the 11th Governor of Arkansas (1874-1877) and the 38th Attorney General of the United States (1885-1889).

Benjamin Wade American politician

Benjamin Franklin "Bluff" Wade was an American politician who served as one of the two United States Senators from Ohio from 1851 to 1869. He is known for his leading role among the Radical Republicans. Had the 1868 impeachment of U.S. President Andrew Johnson led to a conviction in the Senate, as president pro tempore of the U.S. Senate, Wade would have become Acting President of the United States for the remaining months of Johnson's term.

Henry S. Foote American politician

Henry Stuart Foote was a United States Senator from Mississippi and the chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations from 1847 to 1852. He was a Unionist Governor of Mississippi from 1852 to 1854, and an American Party supporter in California. During the American Civil War, he served in the First and Second Confederate Congresses. A practicing attorney, he published two memoirs related to the Civil War years, as well as a book on Texas prior to its annexation, and a postwar book on the legal profession and courts in the South.

Thomas Porteous American judge

Gabriel Thomas Porteous Jr. is a former United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana. He served for sixteen years before being impeached and removed from office in December 2010.

Thomas Jefferson Rusk American judge

Thomas Jefferson Rusk was an early political and military leader of the Republic of Texas, serving as its first Secretary of War as well as a general at the Battle of San Jacinto. He was later a US politician and served as a Senator from Texas from 1846 until his suicide. He served as the President pro tempore of the United States Senate in 1857.

George Poindexter American politician

George Poindexter was an American politician, lawyer and judge from Mississippi. Born in Virginia, he moved to the Mississippi Territory in 1802. He served as United States Representative from the newly admitted state, was elected as Governor (1820–1822), and served as a United States Senator.

John B. Weller United States Senator, from California

John B. Weller was the fifth governor of California from January 8, 1858 to January 9, 1860 and a congressman from Ohio, U.S. senator from California. He was strongly against slavery and attempted to eliminate slavery in California early. He was ambassador to the United Kingdom under Abraham Lincoln.

Hopkins L. Turney American politician

Hopkins Lacy Turney was a Democratic U.S. Representative and United States Senator from Tennessee.

Robert J. Gamble American politician

Robert Jackson Gamble was a U.S. Representative and Senator from South Dakota. He was the father of Ralph Abernethy Gamble and brother of John Rankin Gamble, members of South Dakota's prominent Gamble family.

Stephen Adams (politician) politician

Stephen Adams was a United States Representative and Senator from Mississippi.

Edward C. Walthall Confederate Army general

Edward Cary Walthall was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and a postbellum United States Senator from Mississippi.

Halbert E. Paine American Civil War Union General and politician

Halbert Eleazer Paine was a lawyer, politician, and general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. After the war, he was elected to three terms as U.S. Congressman from Wisconsin. After deciding not to run again, he stayed in Washington, where he had a law practice. He wrote a text on contested elections, as he had represented men in two such Congressional cases. He also wrote a memoir of his service in Louisiana during the Civil War, reflecting on its complexities as a man from the North. The latter was published for the first time in 2009 in an annotated edition.

Daniel Clark (New Hampshire politician) American judge

Daniel Clark was a United States Senator from New Hampshire and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire

Thomas J. Henderson (politician) American politician

Thomas Jefferson Henderson was a U.S. Representative from Illinois and a Union Army officer during the American Civil War.

Eaton J. Bowers American politician

Eaton Jackson Bowers was a U.S. Representative from Mississippi.

John Henry Harmanson was a U.S. Representative from Louisiana.

Kurt D. Engelhardt American judge

Kurt Damian Engelhardt is a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. Previously, he was the Chief United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana.

William Wilkins (American politician) American judge

William Wilkins was a United States Representative and United States Senator from Pennsylvania, a member of both houses of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, United States Minister to Russia and the 19th United States Secretary of War.


The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a biographical dictionary of all present and former members of the United States Congress and its predecessor, the Continental Congress. Also included are Delegates from territories and the District of Columbia and Resident Commissioners from the Philippines and Puerto Rico.

Find a Grave is an American website that allows the public to search and add to an online database of cemetery records. It is owned by

U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Thomas H. Williams
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Mississippi
March 4, 1839 March 4, 1845
Served alongside: Robert J. Walker
Succeeded by
Jesse Speight