| United States Senator |
from North Dakota
January 3, 2011
Servingwith Kevin Cramer
|Preceded by||Byron Dorgan|
|Chair of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee|
January 3, 2017
|Preceded by||John Barrasso|
|31st Governor of North Dakota|
December 15, 2000 –December 7, 2010
|Preceded by||Ed Schafer|
|Succeeded by||Jack Dalrymple|
|12th President of the Bank of North Dakota|
|Preceded by||Joseph Lamb|
|Succeeded by||Eric Hardmeyer|
John Henry Hoeven III
March 13, 1957
Bismarck, North Dakota, U.S.
|Political party||Republican (1998–present)|
| Independent (before 1996)|
|Education|| Dartmouth College (BA)|
Northwestern University (MBA)
|Net worth||$17.9 million (2018)|
John Henry Hoeven III ( // HO-ven; born March 13, 1957) is an American banker and politician serving as the senior U.S. Senator from North Dakota since 2011. A Republican, he served as the 31st governor of North Dakota from 2000 to 2010. In 2010, Hoeven was elected to the U.S. Senate, succeeding Senator Byron Dorgan, who chose not to seek reelection. Hoeven became North Dakota's senior senator in 2013 after Kent Conrad retired and was succeeded by Heidi Heitkamp, who was once Hoeven's opponent for the governor's office. Hoeven was reelected in 2016.
Before being elected governor, Hoeven was a banker who served in numerous executive roles at various banks, most notably as president of the nation's only state-owned bank, the Bank of North Dakota, from 1993 to 2000.He is on the board of directors at First Western Bank & Trust, an institution his father helped found, and has an estimated net worth of $45 million, making him one of the wealthiest U.S. Senators.
Hoeven was born in Bismarck, North Dakota, the son of Patricia "Trish" (née Chapman) and John Henry "Jack" Hoeven, Jr. His father owned a bank in Minot, North Dakota, where he worked as the president and chairman.Hoeven's ancestry is Dutch, Swedish, and English.
He studied at Dartmouth College, which his father also attended. Hoeven belonged to the Alpha Chi Alpha fraternity and graduated with honors. After graduating with an MBA from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, he managed the trust department at his father's bank.From 1993 to 2000, he was the president and CEO of the Bank of North Dakota.
In 2000 Hoeven ran for governor of North Dakota as a Republican and won, defeating Democratic NPL nominee Heidi Heitkamp, 55 to 45 percent.
In 2004, when up for reelection, Hoeven faced Democratic-NPL nominee Joe Satrom. He was reelected with 71% of the vote.
On November 13, 2008, Hoeven announced his candidacy for a third term and kicked off his campaign with stops in Fargo, Grand Forks, Bismarck and Minot.On November 4, he was reelected with 74% of the vote over Democratic-NPL nominee Tim Mathern. It was the first time in North Dakota history that a governor won three four-year terms in office, though the record for serving is still maintained by Bill Guy, who served 12 years.
Hoeven's governorship included the expansion and diversification of the state's economy, which led to a 49.5% increase in the state's real gross domestic product.Beginning in 2000, he directed the development of a multi-resource energy program for the state with incentives in each energy sector, making North Dakota one of the largest energy-producing and exporting states in the country. The state gained nearly 40,000 new jobs during his tenure. Wages and personal incomes grew faster than the national average. For a few years, the state led the nation in export growth. In late 2006, the state's reserve rose past $600 million, and now is over $700 million.
As of December 2009, Hoeven was the country's most popular governor. His approval rating stood at 87% with only 10% disapproving.In January 2007, Hoeven became the nation's most senior governor, having been inaugurated on December 15, 2000, as established by the North Dakota Constitution.
On January 11, 2010, Hoeven announced he would run in the 2010 North Dakota Senate election for the seat being vacated by Byron Dorgan.Hoeven defeated Democratic-NPL nominee Tracy Potter, 76% to 22%, making him the first Republican to represent North Dakota in the Senate since 1987. Since 2013, Hoeven has been the dean—the most senior member—of North Dakota's congressional delegation. As of 2018, he was listed as one of the seven wealthiest U.S. Senators.
Hoeven was briefly a member of the Democratic-NPL Party before becoming active in the Republican Party as a district chair and volunteer.He has walked a conservative line on some issues and a moderate one on others, including increasing education funding, ethics reform, compensation for teachers, as well as increased funding on infrastructure.
Hoeven supports decreasing access to parole for offenders.He believes that drug control policy should be a state issue, not a federal one.
Hoeven opposed the Employee Free Choice Act, which included a card check provision.
Hoeven believes that alternative fuels are a long-term solution but that increased oil drilling is required in the short term.He has been a vocal advocate for the Keystone Pipeline, arguing that it has never leaked and that environmental risks have been exaggerated. The Keystone Pipeline has leaked twice, in 2010 and in 2016.
In 2015, Hoeven submitted an amendment asserting that climate change is real and that humans are contributing to it but also that the Keystone Pipeline would not contribute to climate change.His League of Conservation Voters score was 7% for 2018.
Hoeven consistently votes for pro-gun legislation and has earned an "A+" rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA).The NRA has endorsed him multiple times, including during his campaigns for governor in 2008 and senator in 2010.
In June 2016, Hoeven voted in the Senate on four gun control proposals that were developed as a result of the Orlando nightclub shooting. He voted for Chuck Grassley's expansion of background checks and to provide funding to research the cause of mass shootings, and for John Cornyn's 72-hour wait period for purchases of guns by individuals on the terrorist watch list. He voted against Chris Murphy's proposal to require background checks for every gun sale, including online sales and at gun shows, and against Dianne Feinstein's proposal to ban anyone from the terrorist watchlist from purchasing a gun.Hoeven voted against the latter bill due to its lack of "judicial oversight or due process".
In April 2017, Hoeven co-sponsored the Israel Anti-Boycott Act (s. 720), which would bar federal contractors from participating in boycotts against Israel or Israeli settlement.
In 2013, Hoeven voted to pass Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013.
In 2013, Hoeven voted against banning discrimination based on sexual orientation.He is against same-sex marriage.
Hoeven supports investment tax credits for farm investments.
Hoeven identifies as pro-life, opposing abortion in all cases except for rape, incest, or threat to the mother's life. He opposes government funding for elective abortions and is a supporter of the Hyde Amendment, which permits federal funding for abortion services only under the above stated exceptions.Hoeven voted to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act in 2012.
|Republican||John Hoeven (Incumbent)||220,803||71.26%||+16.23%|
|Republican||John Hoeven (Incumbent)||235,009||74.44%||+3.19%|
|Republican gain from Democratic-NPL||Swing|
|Republican||John Hoeven (incumbent)||268,788||78.48%||+2.40%|
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Hoeven .|
| President of the Bank of North Dakota |
|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for Governor of North Dakota |
2000, 2004, 2008
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from North Dakota |
| Governor of North Dakota |
| U.S. senator (Class 3) from North Dakota |
Served alongside: Kent Conrad, Heidi Heitkamp, Kevin Cramer
| Chair of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee |
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Senators by seniority |
|112th||Senate: K. Conrad • J. Hoeven||House: R. Berg|
|113th||Senate: J. Hoeven • H. Heitkamp||House: K. Cramer|
|114th||Senate: J. Hoeven • H. Heitkamp||House: K. Cramer|
|115th||Senate: J. Hoeven • H. Heitkamp||House: K. Cramer|
|116th||Senate: J. Hoeven • K. Cramer||House: K. Armstrong|
|117th||Senate: J. Hoeven • K. Cramer||House: K. Armstrong|